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PREFACE. The accompanying Rules of Land Warfare have been prepared for use of officers of the land forces of the United States. The official translations will be printed in heavy type for the purpose of distinguishing them from the other portions of the text, much of which is explanatory, and yet a considerable part of which is believed to present the substantive law as to matters upon which The Hague and Geneva conventions are silent or by no means complete.

It has been found essential to make many additions to the text of The Hague and Geneva conventions (the latter, consisting of 33 articles, is reasonably complete), since these do not deal exhaustively with their subject matter.

"It will be found that everything vital contained in G. 0. 100 of A. G. 0. of April 24, 1863, “ Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field," has been incorporated in this manual. Wherever practicable the original text has been used herein, because it is believed that long familiarity with this text and its interpretation by our officers should not be interfered with if possible to'avoid doing so.

The original text of the several conventions will be found printed in the appendices numbered from 1 to 9. These are arranged in parallel columns in 'French and English as ratified by this Government. The text of the manual which is for the guidance of officers of our Army is the official translation of the in eneb miteatifiteade by the United States Senate and published

Convention No. XI, “ Relative to the laying of automatic submarine contact mines," is incorporated in the text because of its value to officers of the coast artillery primarily, and because of its interest as well to officers of the mobile troops. In view of the incomplete and unsatisfactory state of the law upon this subject, as stated in the text of this convention, it was deemed prudent to incorporate in the foot notes the rules prescribed by the Institut de Droit International at their meetings in Paris in 1910, and again at Oxford' in 1913. The latter being incorporated in a Manuel des Lois de la Guerre Maritime.”

In the preparation of these rules all of the authorities mentioned in the abbreviations were consulted, and many others. Every effort was made to give credit, and this was done whereyer possible. Especial use was made of The Rules of Land Warfare, prepared by officers of the English Army and Prof. L. Oppenheim, LL. D., and of Prof. Nagao Ariga's book, " La Guerre Russo-Japonaise," which deals so carefully and thoroughly, with the laws and, usages of war during one of the greatest wars of recent times,

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Ariga---

La Guerre Russo-Japonaise au point de vue

continental et le droit International. By

N. Ariga, 1908.
Birkhimer

Military, Government and Martial Law,

second edition, 1904.
Bonfils_

Manuel de Droit. International Public.

Cranch.

-Reports of the Supreme Court of the United

States.

Dig. Op. J. 1. G.

Digest of Opinions of the Judge 'Advocate

General of the United States Army.

F. S. R.

Field Service Regulations of the United

States, 1914.

French Manual.

Conventions internationales concernant la

Guerre sur terre. Publiees ensuite de

decision du Conseil federal du 31 octobre,

1910.

Gall.-4---

Gallison, United States Supreme Court Re-

porter.

Genève Conference Actes--Convention de Genève. Actes de la Con-

ference de Revision. Geneve, 1906.

G. C-

The Geneva Convention of 1906.

G. O, 100, 1863-

Instructions for the Government of the

Armies of the United States in the Field,

1863.

H. III.

--Hague Convention No. III of October 18,

1907.

HIV-

Hague Convention No. IV of October 18,

1907.

-Hague Convention No. V of October 18, 1907.

H. VIII.

.Hague Convention No.' VIII of October 18,

1907.

H. IX----

-Hague Convention No. IX of October 18,

1907.

H. XI.--

--Hague convention No. XI of October 18,

1907.

H, D.

-Hague Declaration of 1899.

H. R.

- The Rules of Land Warfare contained in

annex to Hague Convention No. IV. of

October 18, 1907.

Hall.

International Law, fifth edition.
Higgins

The Hague Peace Conference. 1909,
Holland

The Laws of War on Land. 1908.

Holls.-

The Peace Conference at the Hague. 1910.

Inst. Int. Law

Conventiones, Internationales concernant.

La Guerre sur Terre, Publiees ensuite de
decision du Conseil federal du, octobre,

1910.
Int. Peace Conf. Actes ------ Deuxieme Conference International de la

790 Paix. Actes et documents. The Hague,
Jour. Int. Law bor The Journal of the Institute of International

has Law.tu 9
Kriegsbrauch.-

Kriegsbrauch im Landkriege. Edited by the

German Great General Staff (Military

inal Historical Section). Berlin, 1902. TIE

Les Lois.-

2. Les Lois de La Guerre Continentale. Lieut.

Renaultsecond edition,

Magoon

The Law of Civil Government under Mili-

tary Occupation, third edition, 1903. net

Moore's Digest.-

A Digest of International Law. By J. B.

Moore, Washington, 1906.

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