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PREFACE. The accompanying Rules of Land Warfare have been prepared for use of officers of the land forces of the United States. The official translations will be printed in heavy type for the purpose of distinguishing them from the other portions of the text, much of which is explanatory, and yet a considerable part of which is believed to present the substantive law as to matters upon which The Hague and Geneva conventions are silent or by no means complete.
It has been found essential to make many additions to the text of The Hague and Geneva conventions (the latter, consisting of 33 articles, is reasonably complete), since these do not deal exhaustively with their subject matter.
"It will be found that everything vital contained in G. 0. 100 of A. G. 0. of April 24, 1863, “ Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field," has been incorporated in this manual. Wherever practicable the original text has been used herein, because it is believed that long familiarity with this text and its interpretation by our officers should not be interfered with if possible to'avoid doing so.
The original text of the several conventions will be found printed in the appendices numbered from 1 to 9. These are arranged in parallel columns in 'French and English as ratified by this Government. The text of the manual which is for the guidance of officers of our Army is the official translation of the in eneb miteatifiteade by the United States Senate and published
Convention No. XI, “ Relative to the laying of automatic submarine contact mines," is incorporated in the text because of its value to officers of the coast artillery primarily, and because of its interest as well to officers of the mobile troops. In view of the incomplete and unsatisfactory state of the law upon this subject, as stated in the text of this convention, it was deemed prudent to incorporate in the foot notes the rules prescribed by the Institut de Droit International at their meetings in Paris in 1910, and again at Oxford' in 1913. The latter being incorporated in a Manuel des Lois de la Guerre Maritime.”
In the preparation of these rules all of the authorities mentioned in the abbreviations were consulted, and many others. Every effort was made to give credit, and this was done whereyer possible. Especial use was made of The Rules of Land Warfare, prepared by officers of the English Army and Prof. L. Oppenheim, LL. D., and of Prof. Nagao Ariga's book, " La Guerre Russo-Japonaise," which deals so carefully and thoroughly, with the laws and, usages of war during one of the greatest wars of recent times,
N. Ariga, 1908.
Military, Government and Martial Law,
second edition, 1904.
Manuel de Droit. International Public.
Dig. Op. J. 1. G.
Digest of Opinions of the Judge 'Advocate
General of the United States Army.
-Hague Convention No. V of October 18, 1907.
International Law, fifth edition.
The Hague Peace Conference. 1909,
The Laws of War on Land. 1908.
Inst. Int. Law
Conventiones, Internationales concernant.
La Guerre sur Terre, Publiees ensuite de
790 Paix. Actes et documents. The Hague,
has Law.tu 9
Kriegsbrauch im Landkriege. Edited by the
German Great General Staff (Military
inal Historical Section). Berlin, 1902. TIE
The Law of Civil Government under Mili-
tary Occupation, third edition, 1903. net
International Law applied to the Russo-
Japanese War. By $. Takahashi. (Eng.