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the subject. Such convulsions of piety, they will say, are not sane. If, however, they will have the patience to read to the end, I believe that this unfavorable impression will disappear; for I there combine the religious impulses with other principles of common sense which serve as correctives of exaggeration, and allow the individual reader to draw as moderate conclusions as he will.

My thanks for help in writing these lectures are due to Edwin D. Starbuck, of Stanford University, who made over to me his large collection of manuscript material; to Henry W. Rankin, of East Northfield, a friend unseen but proved, to whom I owe precious information; to Theodore Flournoy, of Geneva, to Canning Schiller, of Oxford, and to my colleague Benjamin Rand, for documents; to my colleague Dickinson S. Miller, and to my friends, Thomas Wren Ward, of New York, and Wincenty Lutoslawski, late of Cracow, for important suggestions and advice. Finally, to conversations with the lamented Thomas Davidson and to the use of his books, at Glenmore, above Keene Valley, I owe more obligations than I can well express. HARVARD UNIVERSITY,

March, 1902.

CONTENTS

PAGB

RELIGION AND NEUROLOGY

. 1

Introduction : the course is not anthropological, but deals

with personal documents, 1. Questions of fact and questions of
value, 4. In point of fact, the religious are often neurotic, 6.
Criticism of medical materialism, which condemns religion on
that account, 10. Theory that religion has a sexual origin
refuted, 11. All states of mind are neurally conditioned, 14.
Their significance must be tested not by their origin but by
the value of their fruits, 15. Three criteria of value; ori-
gin useless as a criterion, 18. Advantages of the psychopathic
temperament when a superior intellect goes with it, 22 ;
especially for the religious life, 24.

LECTURE III

THE REALITY OF THE UNSEEN

Percepts versus abstract concepts, 53. Influence of the latter

on belief, 54. Kant's theological Ideas, 55. We have a sense of
reality other than that given by the special senses, 58. Examples
of sense of presence,' 59. The feeling of unreality, 63. Sense

--

LECTURE X

CONVERSION – concluded .

217

Cases of sudden conversion, 217. Is suddenness essential ?

227. No, it depends on psychological idiosyncrasy, 230. Proved

existence of transmarginal, or subliminal, consciousness, 233.

• Automatisms,' 234. Instantaneous conversions seem due to

the possession of an active subconscious self by the subject, 236.

The value of conversion depends not on the process,

but on the

fruits, 237. These are not superior in sudden conversion, 238.

Professor Coe's views, 240. Sanctification as a result, 241.

Our psychological account does not exclude direct presence

of the Deity, 242. Sense of higher control, 243. Relations of

the emotional .faith-state' to intellectual beliefs, 246. Leuba

quoted, 247. Characteristics of the faith-state : sense of truth ;

the world appears new, 248. Sensory and motor automatisms,

250. Permanency of conversions, 256.

1

LECTURES XI, XII, AND XIII

SAINTLINESS

259

Sainte-Beuve on the State of Grace, 260. Types of charac-

ter as due to the balance of impulses and inhibitions, 261. Sov-

ereign excitements, 262. Irascibility, 264. Effects of higher

excitement in general, 266. The saintly life is ruled by spir-

itual excitement, 267. This may annul sensual impulses perma-

nently, 268. Probable subconscious influences involved, 270.

Mechanical scheme for representing permanent alteration in

character, 270. Characteristics of saintliness, 271. Sense of

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