The Making of Monetary Policy in the UK, 1975-2000
John Wiley & Sons, 2003年2月14日 - 230 頁
Over the quarter of a century with which this book is concerned,the UK has had an extraordinarily diverse experience of monetarypolicy and monetary regimes. Monetary policy has been transformed,from attempts to control broad money from the supply side with theuse of indirect controls on banks' lending, to an almost exclusivefocus on interest rates in a context of inflation targeting. Theexchange rate has at times been fixed, at other times almostperfectly flexible, and at other times again more or less managed.Meanwhile the real economy has experienced large variations ingrowth, together with what most observers have seen as a sharp riseand then a gradual decline in the NAIRU; inflation has variedbetween 25% and 2%.
This is a book about the making of monetary policy in the UK,about how and why the monetary regimes changed over the period, andhow and why the monetary authorities took the decisions they didabout monetary growth, interest rates and the exchange rate. Itincludes separate chapters on monetary targeting, on policy in thesecond half of the 1980s, on the UK's brief membership of the ERM,on inflation targeting between 1993 and 1997, and on inflationtargeting with instrument independence since 1997. It also containsa detailed analysis of the factors that influenced interest ratedecisions and monetary policy with particular reference to theexchange rate, and an investigation of the nature and reasons forinterest rate smoothing in the UK.
"David Cobham has written an excellent history of British monetarypolicy over the final quarter of the 20th Century. His judgement ofthe political and economic context is sound and sensible. It iswell written with clear and helpful tables and charts. Besides thecareful historical reporting, Cobham adds some valuable extraresearch of his own, notably on the interaction between monetarypolicy and the exchange rate (Chapter 9) and on the reasons forinterest rate 'smoothing' (Chapter 10)."
Charles Goodhart, Norman Sosnow Professor of Banking and Financeat the London School of Economics
"...an essential guide covering everything the reader could everwant to know about the UK's turbulent monetary history over thelast quarter century"
Charles Bean, Chief Economist, Bank of England
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
2 Historical Introduction
3 Monetary Targeting 19771986
4 The Interregnum and the Lawson Boom 19851990
5 The ERM Interlude 19901992
6 The 19931997 New Framework for Monetary Policy
7 Monetary Policy under the MPC 19972000
8 Interest Rate Decisions and the Exchange Rate
9 Monetary Policy and the Exchange Rate
10 Interest Rate Smoothing
11 Conclusion Competence Commitment and Monetary Policy Performance
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analysis appreciation April argued average bank lending Bank of England Bank’s BEQB Black Wednesday boom broad money Budget central bank Chancellor Chapter credibility crises crisis currency debt sales decisions demand depreciation discussion DM-shadowing domestic economic effect exchange rate changes exchange rate target external February financial innovation financial markets forecast foreign exchange market FSBR German Goodhart government’s Governor inﬂation inflation target interest rate changes interest rate cuts June later Lawson Lawson boom March misalignments monetary authorities monetary growth monetary policy Monetary Policy Committee monetary targets money GDP money supply months nominal income October output outturn overfunding overshoot overvaluation period phase policy rate post-ERM pressure private sector PSBR real exchange rate reduced reference reversals rise RPIX Section September 1992 shocks smoothing stabilise sterling subperiod supply shocks Table target range Taylor rule transmission mechanism trend UK monetary UK’s uncertainty undervaluation variables velocity yes/T