Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 6 到 10 筆結果，共 78 筆
Norms and the Scientific Ethos Merton wanted to understand the way particular
social conditions paved the way for the emergence of modern science. He
suggested that the rise of Puritanism in the seventeenth century generated an
Social researchers only come into their own when they apply their skills in
understanding group processes and psychodynamics to understand how false
beliefcame about. This set of assumptions has been most effectively identified
Observations and Theories One of the most powerful and bewitching ways of
understanding facts has been to think of them as observations of how the world is
. Do I see a table there or not? Was that a blip on the photon scintillator or not?
Note also that, for Boyle, this way of understanding scientific observation was not
self-evident. He had to argue for it and he imported the practice from the more
familiar legal setting. In this century the utility of observation as a foundation for ...
This way of understanding science suggests that there could never be a crucial
experiment, a study which on its own definitively forced the choice between two
competing theories; indeed historical work has suggested that experiments ...
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts