Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 6 到 10 筆結果，共 82 筆
Chapter 3 introduces the basic ideas of semiology with a discussion of Ferdinand
de Saussure's foundational work and some of Roland Barthes's later refinements
to the approach. A range of post-structuralist thinkers are discussed including ...
In Chapter 5 the topics of interest management and category entitlement are
discussed. The referencing of a speaker's interest in their description is one
major procedure for discounting it. The discussion focuses on a range of different
ways in ...
Although they draw on a range of different arenas where factual descriptions are
used, for simplicity they will return repeatedly to a small number of examples: the
relationship counselling sessions of a couple called Connie and Jimmy, the talk ...
For example, Michael Lynch (1994) notes the way in astronomy the term
observation serves as a rather loose device for collecting together a range of
actions such as setting up the position ofa telescope, connecting a particular
sensor to it, ...
In addition to this range of problems with observation there is another issue
which is increasingly apparent with ... are themselves dependent on a range of
elaborate theories which are presupposed in every observation (Feyerabend,
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts