Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 6 到 10 筆結果，共 56 筆
The problem with starting with the storybook view of scientific facts, as many
subsequent analysts have pointed out, is that it isjust that: a storybook account
which does not describe the actual practices of scientists. For example, it is
possible to ...
... notion that scientific beliefs are bound together in complex networks; and an
emphasis on scientific communities and practices. Observations and Theories
One of the most powerful and bewitching ways of understanding facts has been
Practices of observation in the sorts of settings that scientists actually work in are
much more complex than these simple, isolated visual exposures imply (for
example, Goodwin, 1995; Lynch and Woolgar, 1990; Knorr Cetina and Aman,
... stands only in the loosest relation to research practices in this community. The
Web of Belief Another facet of this critique of empiricism considers the way
scientific statements or beliefs are connected together in a network. In the early
Kuhn's important modification was to stress that such a network does not hang in
some abstract conceptual space, but is embodied in the knowledge and practices
of specific groups of scientists. Scientific beliefs are expressed in debate and ...
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts