Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 6 到 10 筆結果，共 78 筆
Looked at in this way science becomes a 'hard case' against which to test an
argument about the constructed nature of facts. If you can succeed in showing
that scientific fact generation deviates from idealized models, then you expect
that fact ...
Essentially, it started from a received view of the nature of scientific facts - that
they are impersonal, empirically warranted, rigorously tested - and then asked
what kind of social organization could produce such things. In what has often
Put simply, in this view of science, the facts themselves determine truth, while
error is explained by processes ofa psychological or sociological nature. The
consequence ofthis is that with true belief there was nothing to explain save for
how the ...
Philosophers in particular have traditionally taken it as given that scientific
knowledge is special; and have seen their role as being to show how this special
nature can be rigorously demonstrated. However, in their attempts to provide
such a ...
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts