Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 6 到 10 筆結果，共 64 筆
claims, and emphasized the importance of scientific community and practice. The
work of Harry Collins and the 'Empirical Relativist Programme' is discussed in
detail, particularly his studies of the social construction and destruction of ...
... analytic traditions, and each could be read separately as a review which
emphasizes the way descriptions are established as factual. Chapter 4 is a
linking chapter which provides brief illustrations of the themes that are developed
in detail ...
This response depends on the application of general criteria which encourage
the network to change in ways that emphasize coherence, say, or simplicity.
However, for Collins the flexibility in dealing with research results combined with
... elsewhere they may emphasize its novelty or sophistication when compared
with the original (see also Ashmore, 1988; Mulkay, 1985). Collins' study raised a
second and more fundamental problem with the orthodox account of replication.
Throughout this book I will emphasize the virtues of understanding fact
construction through considering actual cases. Both methodological relativism
and the analytic focus are very important. However, Collins' work raises some
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts