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(BEING THE ELEVENTH OF A NEW SERIES.)
PART THE SECOND.
PRODESSE ET DELECTARE.
E PLURIBUS UNUM.
By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.
LONDON: Printed by NICHOLS, SON, and BENTLEY,
where LETTERS are particularly requested to be sent, POST- PAID.
TO SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.
IN days of yore, a Bard with harp well.
Thus of departed CAVE, prophetic sung:
Avert destruction, and defy the tomb *."
Predicting true, that name should ne'er
For, as the Sun from his meridian height,
As, round the circle of the varied year,
As Frontispiece to grace the New Year's [seen, Lo! Cardiff's stately tower and vanes are Encomiums high th' enlighter'd mind await [fate.
That sav'd the structure from impending From thy bright garland, Urban, choose, and give
The sweetest flower to Bowles, whose name
True Church, his triumphs ever shall dis-
While New and No Church scowl, and slink
'Where goodness, charity benign, unite.
His silver medals, and his coins of gold:
Again do Princely Nuptials greet the sight, [light; And Albion's Realm around receives de
Gent. Mag. Jan. 1754, vol. XV. p. 41.
The Royal Dukes now take a blooming [preside;
May choicest blessings o'er each Pair
Who plann'd the operations of the field,
The choice remarks on Signs of Inns
Historic illustration to the heart;
The number such, the Muse can't here
Say! what eulogium shall the Nation give?
The ships that to the Arctic regions sail'd,
Its race canine, and things unknown be-
Horace renown'd thus clos'd his bright
Ere perennius will my works appear.
Such the foundation laid by great, immor-
SECOND PART OF THE EIGHTY-EIGHTH VOLUME.
presenting ourselves before the Publick again with grateful açknowledgments for their past support, we think that we now do so under promising aspects. The Political Machine, so long hacknied in a War direction, of course became for a time unfit for use in another form. The wheels appeared simply to hang together, without the capacity of effective action. But, the stream of pecuniary capital seeming now to be applied with increasing force, we think that the National energy is beginning more and more to develope itself, and will, under Providence, effect as many blessings in Peace, as it has glories in War.
How much Literature and Science are impeded by War, is well-known ; but we need only allude to the eagerness and zeal with which all the different Nations of the Globe are now explored by Englishmen, and the number and immense circulation of Encyclopædias, to justify a most favourable expectation of high National improvement in mind and morals. In adverting to our own humble share in political concerns, it is of course limited to such effects as may be justifiably presumed to result from the diffusion of principles, we trust, correct in reference to the Constitution in Church and State. We think that we act rightly, where the object is of most momentous concern, and the thing itself is the creature, not of theory, but of time and experience. We do not deny (to use a homely allusion) that there may be very good Constitution-Tailors in all countries: but, if their coats will not fit, to what purpose is their calling? We conceive that Englishmen do not assimilate the Inhabitants of any other Nation. They use more labour and activity. They talk at freedom of Politicks and Religion. They quarrel differently; even in their Duels, they do not seek sanguinary revenge, so much as vindication of their bravery. If they become rich, they expect titles and honours; nor indeed do they like to adopt any vocation which does not promise either wealth or promotion; nor are they happy if they do not mix in society with perfect liberty of speech and action. Let us add to this, that their pecuniary interests are so intimately involved in their constitution, and that their habits are so formed by that very constitution, that we do not see why we are to listen to clamorous Quacks, who would persuade us that we are in a state of high disease, in order that we may take their medicines. Whoever differs from us in opinion, will at least admit that caution is a necessary property of respectability.
From an earnest zeal for the good of Science, properly so called, we have ever kept our pages open to the discussion of all points which add to information, or promise useful results. We have been honoured by communications from the first and the best-informed minds. Whoever
knows how much useful and interesting matter would inevitably be lost to the world, were it not for Periodical Miscellanies, will see their importance in its real light. If our first Scholars, or our active minds, had not these channels of communication, much of their labours, if even reduced to writing, would become useless, and share the fate of the letters and papers of deceased Attorneys; devolve to the heir, and be used for waste paper. We trust that we have claims to public respect in restricting our Miscellany from degeneration into a political pamphlet, in substituting intelligible elegancies of the higher order of composition, the fine and delicate classicalia of finished Scholars and Gentlemen, for the superstition of Literature, the heavy metaphysical jargon of discontented Politicians and Religionists. We also can proudly boast that we set the example of paying due regard to departed worth, by having amplified our OBITUARY.
We do not profess to usher our Readers into a dark room, where there is a pulpit in one corner, and a tribune in another, for raving declaimers; we do not think that the mind of NEWTON was formed either by religious or political enthusiasm, and we know that science alone can display the glory of God, can enable us to behold his admirable Museum of the Universe, study in his Library, and understand the language which He speaks.
We speak not thus intemperately; but, in every period, when, from circumstances, religious and political discussion have been carried to extremes, feeling has been substituted for sense, and nonsense has abounded through the encouragement of Party. We could even name modern Writers of high fame and eloquence, engaged in the propagation of gloom and misery, by perverting the most evident attributes of Deity, and professing to combat an infidel petitio principii by others of even silly absurdity. But our object is not to censure: we mean only to warn; and, in the spirit of meekness, solicit our Literati to protect and secure the taste of the Country from miserable deterioration; and divert the national attention from aiming at impossibilities, to rational improvements in Science and the Arts.
In promotion of these laudable objects, we solicit the continuation of the favours of our Literary Friends. They know our principles, and we trust, that they will duly appreciate our motives. To useful, elegant, and liberal studies, we own ourselves highly friendly, because we think that they alone are capable of satisfactory results: and we trust that the Gentleman's Magazine will ever retain its character of being a Temple, where may be found a variety of Ceimelia, in Greek delicacy of fabrick, choice offerings from the fine-minded devotees of pure taste, and deep and elegant learning.
December 31, 1918.
LIST OF PLATES.
Antiquities, Miscellaneous, 305.
Essex, antiquities found in, 305.
Marston Magna Church, Somerset, 105.
St. Martin's Le Grand, Architectural
St. Paul's School, 233.
Sharp, Granville, Portrait of, 489.