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RULES OF SYNTAX AND MODELS
ANALYZING AND TRANSPOSING;
SELECTIONS OF PROSE AND POETRY,
FROM WRITERS OF STANDARD AUTHORITY.
BY ALLEN H. WELD, A. M.
Entered according to Aer
Cantees, in the year 1847, by ALLEN H. WELD, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Maine.
SYNOPSIS OF GRAMMATICAL RELATIONS.
See Gram. 98 35, 36, 37, 28, 34, or Parsing Book, pages 5, 6.
MODIFIERS OF THE SUBJECT. 11 PREDICATE. | MODIFIERS OF THE PREDICATE.
plete an assertion. I rarely an adjective.
The Predicate, whinse meaning is modified by one or more words, is called the MODIPIED (or logical) SUBJECT.
is called the MODIPIED (or logical) PREDICATE.
MODIFIERS OF THE SUBJECT. || PREDICATE. MODIFIERS OF THE PRED.
a council nt Cordova. He, the marquis of Cadiz, || beheld
from a distance, the peril of
the king. To die in peace,
is the privilege of the good. That you have wronged me by your denial,
U is evident
from your own admission. Evergreens only, among the trees,
verdant, in the winter. called an article,
l is derived
from a Saxon word. The rose,
so fair and beautiful to-day, ll may wither and fade to-morrow. Those, who are obliging,
Il may expect
to be accommodated.
ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES.
CLASSIFICATION OF SEN-
2. Interrogatice; as, Do you
1. Divide the sentence into its two general parts,
3. Imperative; as, Buy the
4. Subjunctive; as, If it rains,
The selections which compose the body of the following work are so arranged as to constitute a gradual course of Exercises in Analyzing and Parsing.
The Rules of Syntax are taken from Wild's English GRAMMAR by permission of the Publishers, and to these rules, and also to the Grammar from which they are taken, references are occasionally made, to assist the learner in explaining idiomatic or difficult passages.
As the extracts are from some of the most accomplished and approved writers, the Ornaments of style, Figures of Rhetoric and Scanning, may be profitably attended to by advanced classes.
The book may be used by learners in almost any stage of attain. ment after the elementary principles of Grammar are understood. The work is designed to take the place of Pope's Essay, Thomson's Seasons, Young's Night Thoughts, and other entire poems, which are used as parsing books in Schools. A variety in the selections, it is believed, will be more profitable and interesting to the learner, than any single work can be, which exhibits no gradation in style, and the peculiarities of one writer only.
A. H. W.
RULES OF SYNTAX.
1. Syntax treats of sentences, and teaches the proper construction of words in forming them.
CLASSIFICATION OF SENTENCES. Sentences are of four kinds, declaratory, imperative, interrogative and conditional.
A declaratory sentence is one in which any thing is simply affirmed or denied of a subject; as, Time flies; he will not understaud.
An imperative sentence is one in which a command is expressed; as, Buy the truth, and sell it not.
An interrogative sentence is one in which a question is asked; as, Who hath believed our report?
A conditional sentence is one in which something contirigent or hypothetical is expressed; as, If it rains; though he slay me.
Sentences are either simple or compound. A simple senlence consists of but one proposition; a compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences.
The simple propositions which make up a compound sentence, are called clauses or members.
The leading clause is one on which the other members depend.
A dependent clause is one which makes complete sense only in connection with another clause.
SIMPLE SENTENCES. A simple sentence contains only one subject or nominative, and one predicate.