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CONTAINING

RULES OF SYNTAX AND MODELS

FOR

ANALYZING AND TRANSPOSING;

TOGETHER WITH

SELECTIONS OF PROSE AND POETRY,

FROM WRITERS OF STANDARD AUTHORITY.

BY ALLEN H. WELD, A. M.
AUTHOR OP LATIN LESSONS AND READER, AND AN ENGLISH GRAMMAR

FIFTEENTH

EDITION.

I HARVARD

UNIVERSITY
PORTLAND: LIBRARY
SAN BORN & CARTER,.'

2547*172
1848.

Entered according to Aer

Cantees, in the year 1847, by ALLEN H. WELD, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Maine.

SYNOPSIS OF GRAMMATICAL RELATIONS.

See Gram. 98 35, 36, 37, 28, 34, or Parsing Book, pages 5, 6.
SUBJECT.

MODIFIERS OF THE SUBJECT. 11 PREDICATE. | MODIFIERS OF THE PREDICATE.
The SUBJECT of a ser tence! The MODIFIERS of the subject may The PREDICATE of a The MODIFIER6 of the predicate may
may be a noun or pronoun: a be a noun in apposition: an adjec. 1 sentence may be a verb ; be a noun in the objective case, (if the
verb in the infinitive : a clause; tive; a preposition with its object or the verb be with any verb is transitive:) a verb in the infini-
or any word or lelter or which (adjunct); a participle; a verb in the Il word or expression con- tive; an adverb; a preposition with
something can be affirmed. infinitive; a relative clause; and rare nected with it, to com- its object (adjunct); a clause ; ani!
"ly an adverb.

plete an assertion. I rarely an adjective.
The Subject, whose meaning is modified by one or more words,"

The Predicate, whinse meaning is modified by one or more words, is called the MODIPIED (or logical) SUBJECT.

is called the MODIPIED (or logical) PREDICATE.

SIMPLE SENTENCES.
MODIFIED SUBJECTS.

MODIFIED, PREDICATES.
SUBJECT.

MODIFIERS OF THE SUBJECT. || PREDICATE. MODIFIERS OF THE PRED.
Ferdinand,
the king,

a council nt Cordova. He, the marquis of Cadiz, || beheld

from a distance, the peril of

the king. To die in peace,

is the privilege of the good. That you have wronged me by your denial,

U is evident

from your own admission. Evergreens only, among the trees,

verdant, in the winter. called an article,

l is derived

from a Saxon word. The rose,

so fair and beautiful to-day, ll may wither and fade to-morrow. Those, who are obliging,

Il may expect

to be accommodated.

held

An,

[blocks in formation]

write ?

so you

COMPOUND SENTENCES.

ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES.

CLASSIFICATION OF SEN-
A Compound Sentence is made up of two or more A Sentence may be analyzed by dividing it into

TENCES.
simple sentences joined by connectives. CONNECTIVES the parts of which it is composed, and explaining 1. Declarative; as, I write.
are, 1. Conjunctions ; 2. Conjunctive Adverbs ; 3. their relations.

2. Interrogatice; as, Do you
Relative words. See Gram. $ 112, or Parsing Book,
pages 6, 7.

1. Divide the sentence into its two general parts,
viz: the Subject or Modified Subject, the Predicate

3. Imperative; as, Buy the

truth.
NOUNS INDEPENDENT.
or Modified Predicate.

4. Subjunctive; as, If it rains,
Nouns which have no grammatical connection with 2. Explain the mutual relations, and point out 5. Exclamatory; as, How
the subject or predicate of a sentence, are said to be the office of every word which has any modifying much he resembles his
independent; as, O virtue!
| influence.

father!

[graphic]

PREFACE.

The selections which compose the body of the following work are so arranged as to constitute a gradual course of Exercises in Analyzing and Parsing.

The Rules of Syntax are taken from Wild's English GRAMMAR by permission of the Publishers, and to these rules, and also to the Grammar from which they are taken, references are occasionally made, to assist the learner in explaining idiomatic or difficult passages.

As the extracts are from some of the most accomplished and approved writers, the Ornaments of style, Figures of Rhetoric and Scanning, may be profitably attended to by advanced classes.

The book may be used by learners in almost any stage of attain. ment after the elementary principles of Grammar are understood. The work is designed to take the place of Pope's Essay, Thomson's Seasons, Young's Night Thoughts, and other entire poems, which are used as parsing books in Schools. A variety in the selections, it is believed, will be more profitable and interesting to the learner, than any single work can be, which exhibits no gradation in style, and the peculiarities of one writer only.

A. H. W.

RULES OF SYNTAX.

1. Syntax treats of sentences, and teaches the proper construction of words in forming them.

CLASSIFICATION OF SENTENCES. Sentences are of four kinds, declaratory, imperative, interrogative and conditional.

A declaratory sentence is one in which any thing is simply affirmed or denied of a subject; as, Time flies; he will not understaud.

An imperative sentence is one in which a command is expressed; as, Buy the truth, and sell it not.

An interrogative sentence is one in which a question is asked; as, Who hath believed our report?

A conditional sentence is one in which something contirigent or hypothetical is expressed; as, If it rains; though he slay me.

Sentences are either simple or compound. A simple senlence consists of but one proposition; a compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences.

The simple propositions which make up a compound sentence, are called clauses or members.

The leading clause is one on which the other members depend.

A dependent clause is one which makes complete sense only in connection with another clause.

SIMPLE SENTENCES. A simple sentence contains only one subject or nominative, and one predicate.

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