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plans, and perfect comprehensive systeins. They need and seek help from the men and women about them; they want the strengthening sympathy of one party, the kindly fellowship in hard work of another, the all.compelling gold of a third. So united, the thought and faculty of many working together for good, as truth has declared, and fable fore-shadowed, the difficult becomes practicable, the seeming impossible a work completed. All this is known and accepted truth, yet, once again it must be said and reiterated, and twice told to those who cannot choose but hear.

What the managers of St Joseph's Industrial Institute have been able to accomplish through means of the aid, which in some quarters has been most generously vouchsafed to them; and what has been left undone, destroyed, or marred, for want of more extended encouragement and support, shall now be shortly told. The

year about to close, has been one of great anxiety and dificulty to the managers. The laundry, which in their regard was a most important means of carrying out their views in respect to the education and support of poor girls, they were most reluctantly obliged to give up. The house was found too small; and the con. tinual outlay attendant on insufficient accommodation, the occasional illness of the interns, which obliged the managers to support at times hands unable to work, together with the too onerous responsibilities entailed by such an establishment, when no funds were provided to meet accidental expenses, forced them to abandon, what in their confinence of public support they had perhaps too adventurously undertaken. Since last July, that department has ceased to work. The girls in the employment of the Institution at the time the laundry work was interrupted, have all been respectably and comfortably settled; for the most part provided, through the kindness of ladies interested in the establishment, with situations in private families, where they have been hired to employments suitable to their capacity, or where they remain, while receiving wages, to be trained to domestic service. Of the number so provided for, only one has left her place-in this case, notwithstanding the extreme kindness of the lady who received her into her service, the pernicious effects of a long detention in the poorhouse were found unconquer. able ; sloth and inertness having grown with the girls growth, and formed habits strong enough to resist the many inducements to a life of independent exertion. It is most satisfactory to know, that not one of the young girls dependent at that time on the Institution, was thrown out

bread by the stoppage of the work. In fact, not alone was each girl's condition considerably improved during her abode in St. Joseph's, but her prospects in life were much bettered by the manner in which she left it. The laundry work was altogether in operation, somewhat less than two years. During that time, nine. teen girls principally of the very lowest grade, from fourteen to five and twenty years of age, were received into that department of the Institution. They remained various periods of time, from three months to twenty months, and the following table will show the cir cumstances under which each girl left the Institution in


Dismissed for bad conduct
Returned to a vagrant life
Went home, being no longer obliged to work
Returned to the poorhouse on account of ill health
Left in search of better provision
Provided with respectable situations

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The Industrial School, by which a class of younger workers has always been designated, remained after the discontinuance of the laundry. Between thirty and forty children were then in attendance. During the long summer vacation usually given in public Schools, many children from the neighbouring National and Convent Schools were admitted to the industrial class, taught crochet to keep them from idleness, and at the least, were saved the danger, moral and physical, of a scampish life in the streets. At that time, the managers, who were always anxious to give as much literary instruction as possible to the children, engaged a young lady, a trained national teacher, whose time was free during the vacation, to come for two hours every day, and according to the admirable system of oral and simultaneous instruction approved by the Board of Education, give lessons to the classes in reading, geography, grammar, arithmetic. This help was very timely, as it happened that most of the ladies who had been in the habit of visiting the school to give instruction in these branches, had left town for temporary excursions, or had dis. persed to their various country residences. To those who have stu. died the system above referred to, or who have ever observed the at. tention and nervous interest with which a gallery lesson given by a first class teacher is listened to by a group of children, it is unnecessary to say, that the effect was instantaneous and most gratifying. Many a child who had been but a straggler before, now came regularly, and remained at least for the lessons; and in cases where a taste for industry was not paramount, a love for learning was often found not wanting. On these occasions, it often happened that the younger branches of an industrial household were brought by the hand to School ; because the natural guardian, a sister, perhaps a couple of ears older, should either bear the little burthen along with her, or adopt the alternative of staying away altogether--or because it was hoped the infant might be induced to sit quiet an hour or so, and with childish interest, imbibe a taste for abstract know. ledge.

The delight of the Irish poor in school learning is well known; the managers of St. Joseph's were quite in possession of the fact, but unfortunately had hitherto lacked the means of gratifying the taste sufficiently.

Now, however, the time had come for carrying out what the founder had ever considered a most important part of the system, and an opportunity seemed offered for testing the possibility of com. bining literary and industrial education, the one being made to as. sist and bear efficiently upon the other. The house being available

siace the discontinuance of the laundry work, room could now be found affording facilities for adopting a more comprehensive seheme. Enquiries were made concerning the practicability of attaching an Infant School, placing it under the superintendence of the Board of Education, and of obtaining at the same time, the annexation of the separate Industrial School with privilege for it of teacher's instruc. tion, share of books according to rule, salary for mistress, and liberal grant to aid in the maintenance of that important department.

It was soon found that some assistance would be given by the Board. All that the managers hoped to obtain has not yet been granted, but their choice of a very competent teacher was approved by the Board, £17 a year allocated for part salary to her ; £8 a year appointed for Workmistress, and a large free stock granted of books, maps, and school requisites. Mach delay unavoidably took place before all this was finally arranged; but now the whole system, though necessarily working on a small scale, can be found in complete operation.

When the opening of the Infant School was announced, the industrial children were desired to bring their young brothers and sisters to school instead of staying at home to mind them (an excuse often given for non-attendance,)

or letting them run wild through the streets with others of the idle generation. They were likewise recommended to try to bring with them, the little boys and girls of their own street or lane, who did not attend any school. The result was, that about forty infants were thus brought in the first day without any further trouble to the managers the children proving in this, as in many other instances, how thoroughly independent they are in their own movements, and how entirely they legislate for themselves, if not for the whole family. Little families of four and five are not unusually seen wending their way these cold wintry mornings to St. Joseph's, some falling into the rank and file of the infant classes, and some re. tiring to the industrial benches.

An account of the day's routine will give in the shortest possible order a clear idea of the system adopted.

Fires being lighted, school opens in the morning at nine o'clock. The teacher gives instruction to the industrial class in reading, writing, arithmetic, grammar, geography. These lessons last two hours. Some two or three of the industrial children are kept in the room to act as monitresses, with a view of preparing them to be entered in the Marlborough-street Training School; the rest of the class then retires to the work room, and is taken in charge by the work mistress. During the day, the Industrial School is visited alternately by ladies who spend some time talking familiarly with the children, reading for them some instructive book, a chapter of Bible History, or an amusiag story, teaching them to sing new hymns, and pleasant school songs, giving them religious instruction, and preparing them for the sacraments; in this way, imparting not only sound and practical information, but cordially exercising that best of influences to which the Irish poor are so peculiarly sensitive, that, nainely, which the educated manner, and high-toned nature of gentle ladyhood so naturally exereises over the simple minded chil.

dren of the lower orders. There is hardly a day passes on which, besides the regular inspection of the managers, four or five ladies do not visit the School, and in one way or other make their coming a de. sired event to the children, and leave upon their young hearts the impress of their beneficial presence.

Meanwhile, the whole admirable routine of infant education is car. ried on in the adjoining room. The separate little classes are formed and gathered round their tiny monitresses. The general reading lesson and the particular writing lesson, are given by the teacher. The gallery lessons, so often amusing, from the ludicrous answers, given by the children in their anxiety to show their proficiency, are listened to with breathless attention. The lectures on history, com. mon science, trades and arts, which a well trained teacher contrives to render plain and acceptable to the understanding of a mere infant, and yet knows how to make interesting to minds of a larger growth, are all eagerly expected. And then at fixed and frequent intervals take place those exercises of voice and limb, and those marching processions to and from the play yard, which effectually break up the mere school work, and prevent the tediousness of monotonous instruction. During the intervals alluded to, such of the children on the infant roll as are old enough to get industrial training also, are allowed to go to the work room to learn the stitch, or get off a new pattern. Thus they gain something which will keep them safely occupied when they go home in the evening-giving them, moreover, occasion to run with joy to school in the morning to receive praise for having finished a star or two during the previous evening, and allowing them to look forward with pride to the ce. remony of sitting on the gallery with the regular industrials on Saturday to receive their proportion, no matter how small, of wages for the week's work. At three o'clock the infant children are sent home, and the Industrial School generally breaks up at the same time; although it frequently happens that some of the children pray to be allowed to remain some hours longer to finish their work—the quiet, the clean room and bright fire being an attraction to them ; and in such cases, when leave is given, the poor children run home to dinner, the merest ceremony unfortunately too often to them, and then return to enjoy the privilege of working in peace by the light of a candle subscribed for by themselves. The average attendance during the last five months has been Infant School

30 lodustrial School



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All this when read may seem small enough; it may be thought that it is hardly worth while to speak of a school which does not count its classes by hundreds, or of an industrial establishment in which few of the children enrolled, earn three shillings a week. The motive principle must be greater than has set found expression in action; and it is even so. Want of funds is a crushing fact. The bard necessity of keeping within narrowed possibilities is most disas

trous in the wearisome annoyances, obstacles, hinderances conse. quent on the fatal limitation According to the means in this, as in other instances, must the progress be calculated. The object aimed at, be it well understood, is by no means to give a trade for life to the children of St. Joseph's; nor is it for a moment pretended that all the children received into the classes are to earn at once their support, or in any extraordinary way assist their parents. But it is sought above all things to tempt into the school, the numerous class of female children, who, in a neighbourhood which without being absolutely immoral, is notoriously idle and disorderly, lead a vagabond life in the filthy lanes and byways, between Ballybough Bridge and Mud Island, and give as an excuse for non-attendance at the National and Convent Schools their poverty, and the wretched necessity of driving asses carts, trafficking in pennyworths of turf and canal water-running to and fro with cans, tubs and pitchers, on the same profitless errand-minding neighbour's children for a few pence a week, and multiform avocations of similar kind It was deter. mined that opportunity should be given to these girls, by which they should receive a sound education, and at the same time, he enabled to earn in money wages, more than their attendance at school obliged them to forego. Above all, it was determined to give them while at school, steady habits of industry, and so prepare them for being put to trades, or sent to situations when they should arrive at the proper age of being so placed. In the short history of the school, are many instances of the successful attainment of these objects, and many al. so in which happily even more has been achieved.

One wild unruly girl who was taken from the streets, and persuaded to remain in the school, and who, though she never could be made a proficient in crochet work, was soon so thoroughly reformed, as to acquire the character of a model girl, bas lately been appren. ticed by her parents to a trade, and continues to conduct berself steadily and becomingly. A smart intelligent young girl, who from sheer wildness was perfectly useless to her parents, after some months training in the school, was so altered as to be able to give her father, a boot maker, considerable assistance in finishing and taking home his work; and when, as unfortunately is too often the case, he is forced by bad health to remain idle, the girl runs up to the Indus. trial, gets a share of the work on hands in the school, and instead of pernicious loitering at home, readily earns half a-crown or three shillings a week. Two children in the infant school, being industriously disposed, before they were three weeks in attendance, managed to earn from 1s. 6d. to ls. 10d. a week in the intervals of school business and in the course of the evenings at home. Four girls of one family living near Ballybough Bridge are in daily attendance at St. Joseph's; one of them, the youngest, is kept altogether in the infant school'; another is the established messenger of the Institu. tion, and being a stout girl and able to do rough household work, she is occasionally hired for a day by the ladies frequenting the school. Though still somewhat uncivilised in appearanee she is thoroughly trustworthy, and is frequently sent to the city with bills, invariably coming back safely and regularly, sometimes with large

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