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interpreted as a mark of fear, or discomposure of mind, in the apprehension of those gloomy scenes that lay before him? Surely, if he had been an impostor, or had entertained the least doubt of the doctrines he taught, something of this kind must have escaped him, when writing to so intimate a friend, with whom he could intrust all the secrets of his breast. On the contrary, upon the most calm and deliberate survey, he expresses an entire satisfaction, in reflecting on the part he had performed, and the character he had sustained in the Christian cause; and earnestly recommends it to his beloved pupil, to follow his example in maintaining the same glorious cause, even at the hazard of his life. He appears, throughout this epistle, to have felt a strong inward conviction of the truth of those principles he had embraced, and glories in the sufferings he endured in support of them, triumphing in the full assurance of being approved by his GREAT MASTER, and of receiving at his hands an immortal crown.
CHAP. I. 1 Paul's love to Timothy, and the unfeigned faith which was in
Timothy himself, his mother, and grandmother : 6 he is exhorted to stir up the gift of God which was in him, 8 to be stedfast, and patient in persecution, 13 and to persist in the form and truth of that doctrine which he had learned of him : 15 Phygellus and Hernogenes, and such like, are noted, and Onesiphorus is highly commended.
A. D. 66. PAUL, an & apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise, of life which is in Christ Jesus, 2 To Timothy, my dearly beloved
beloved son: a Grace, mercy, mercy, and
from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
CHAP. I. a See on 1 Cor. i. 1.
• Eph. iii. 6: That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the Gospel. Tit. i. 2: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began. Heb. ix. 15: And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testa.. ment, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
c See on Acts, xvi. 1. d See on Rom. i. 7.
3 I ethank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in
my prayers night and day;
4 Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy ;
5 When I call to remembrance the "unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and 'thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also.
6 Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that
e See on Rom. i. 8.
Acts, xxii. 3 : [I Paul] was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day. do. xxiii. 1: Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day. do. xxiv. 14: After the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers. do. xxvii. 23 : For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve. Rom. i. 9: God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the Gospel of his Son. Gal. i. 14: And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.
& HEB. xiii. 18.: Pray for us : for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live honestly.
h 1 Thes. i. 2: We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers. do. iii. 10: Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith. See on LUKE, xviii. I.
i 2 Tim. iv. 9, 21 : Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me. Do thy diligence to come before winter. Eubulus greeteth thee, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren.
k 1 Tim. i. 5: The end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned. do. iv. 6 : Nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.
Acts, xvi. 1 : Then came be to Derbe and Lystra : and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed ; but his father was a Greek.
thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.
7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the Ftestimony of our Lord, nor of me his ‘prisoner : but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the Gospel according to the power of God;
9 Who hath "saved us, and called us with
2 timidity, or cowardice. Ham. 3 right onderstanding. Co. soberuess of mind. Ma. - soffer thou adversity with the Gospel, according to, &e. Co. Cr. Bi. be a co-sufferer with the Gospel, &e. Pu.
m See on Eph. iv. 30. * See on Acts, vi. 6.
• Acts, xviii. 9: Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and bold not thy peace. do. xxi. 13: I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus. Rom. viii, 15 : Ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear. 1 John, iv. 18: There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear : because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.
PLUKE, xxiv. 49: Tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high. Acts, i. 8: Ye shall receive power after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you. do. ix. 22 : Saul increased the more in strength, and confounded the Jews which dwelt at Damascus. 2 Tim. ïi. 1.
. See on MAT. X. 33.
Phi. iv. 14: Ye have well done that ye did communicate with my affliction. Col. i. 24: And fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh. 2 Tim. iv. 5: But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.
u Mat. i. 21 : And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS : for he shall save his people from their sins. 1 Tim. i. 1: Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope. Tit. iii. 4: After that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared.
"1 Thes. iv. 7: For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness. Heb. iii. 1 Wherefore, holy bre
an holy calling, "not according to our works, but according to * his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began ;)
10 But is now ? made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath *abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel :
5 from eternal ages. Dod. before the ancient times. Pu.
thren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus. . w See on Eph. ii. 9. * See on Rom. viii. 28, 30.
y Rom. xvi. 25 : According to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began. Eph. i. 4, 9, 11: According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself. In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. do. iii. 11: According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord. Tit. i. 2: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began. 1 Pet. i. 20 : Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. Rev. xiii. 8: Whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. do. xvii. 8: Whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world.
z Rom. xvi. 26 : But now is made manifest, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith. Eph. i.9: The words under ver. 9. COL. i. 26 : Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints. Tit. i. 3: But bath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour. 1 Pet. i. 20 : Who was manifest in these last times for you.
a See on 1 Cor. xv. 26. 6 See John, v. 24–29.
11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.
12 For the d which cause I also suffer these things : @ nevertheless I am not ashamed : for fI know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him ? h against that day.
13 i Hold fast the form of 'sound words, which thou hast heard of me, min faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
14 That good thing which was " committed unto thee keep by the Holy Ghost ° which dwelleth in us.
15 This thou knowest, that P all they which
6 trusted. A, V. 7that which I deposited with him. Dod. Han. 9 concerning faith. Co.
See on Acts, ix. 15. d See 2 Tim. ii. 9. See on Eph. iii. 1. e Rom. i. 16: I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ. f See on 1 Pet. iv. 19. & See on 1 Tim. i. 18.
h Ver. 18. 2 Thes. i. 10 : When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe-in that day. 2 Tim. iv. 8: A crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day.
Heb. x. 23 : Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; for he is faithful that promised. Rev. ii. 25: But that which ye have already hold fast till I come. See on 1 Tim. i. 10.
k See on Rom. ii. 20.
m 1 Tim. i. 14: The grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
n See on 1 Tim. i. 18.
• Rom. viii. 11: But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
P Acts, xix. 10: And this continued by the space of two years ; so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks.