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respect to Miss Clarissa. I have told every body they are false, and as I know it is every thing to be first upon the ground, I have been round with the story myself to all my friends and acquaintances; and thanks be to my sincere friendship for the Doctor and his family, half the county are acquainted with it by this time. Well, to be sure, who would have believed it; that Miss Clarissa, she who always looked so prudish, she whose face was scarcely visible except through the sticks of her fau. But I am resolved that I will not believe it. To be sure I thought that she grew very round of late, and I even made the observation to some of my friends, but I thought it might be the country air and new milk. But still I will not believe it. Do, my dear Sir William, enable me to contradict it.'

“The gossips might have gone on till doomsday, Sir William saw nothing, heard nothing; his feelings became at length ma vifest in his changed appearance, and the friendly gossips observed it with a knowing wink at each other.

"My dear young gentleman,' said Miss Sncer, you are indisposed.-We will assist you into the house.'

"Sir William made no answer.

"Whence is it, my dear Hymenea, that in all disasters of this kind, indeed in all the vicissitudes of female life, women are so invariably uncharitable, and unkind towards each other; and that where a probability and a possibility concur, and the possibility only is unfavourable to their own sex, they immediately adopt it. Would not one expect that we should have a leaning towards each other.-Tell me, Hymenæa, can you account for this strange perversion of our good humour."

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It originates, in a very proper feeling," said I; “virtue, honour, and chastity, are such essential requisites in the character of a woman, that the moment she takes a decided leave of them, in the same moment she becomes worthless. Let a woman

He seems very ill indeed,' said the be weak once, as it is called, and the other lady, the amiable Miss Blink.

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"The ladies took his hand, his pulse had eeased to beat, and he fell as if breathless into their arms.

chance is, that she will be for ever aban-
doned. Every woman, therefore, feels a
very becoming horror at the vice of an-
other. We have so many greater restraints,
not to say greater obligations, to the most

"The ladies had the humanity to feel
some concern; the servants were summon-perfect purity of conduct, that a woman is
ed, and Sir William removed into bed. not entitled to the same indulgent con-
Surgical remedies being applied, the young sideration with a man. It is an error to say
Baronet was awakened with difficulty into that virtue and vice are the same in both.
something like life, but still so indistinct The degrees of virtue and vice depend
as not to warrant the assurance of the Sur-
upon the circumstances of greater or less
geon, that his recovery would be certain. obligations. Now, as our obligations are
The ladies had remained as long as there manifestly greater, as our temptations are
was any thing to gratify their curiosity. manifestly less, and as the restraints op-
They now deemed it but decent to make posed to us are evidently stronger, so must
their retreat; after a few further inquiries, it require a bolder viciousness, a more
therefore, from some of the female domes-powerful bad principle, to break through
tics they withdrew.
these restraints, than to offend where there
are none such."

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them. That Sir William was so cut to the
heart by the Doctor's well merited re-
proaches, that he was carried lifeless to
bed; but that after all Miss Clarissa had
been alone to blame, that all the art and
seduction were upon her side; that Sir
William was quite a good young man, but
had the ordinary passions of his youth and
sex.—That Clarissa was a licentious hussey,
had voluntarily thrown herself into the
way of ruin, and was to be considered as
the sole instrument of it.

"On the following day, it was immediately spread over the neighbourhood that the original story was erroneous.-That Miss Clarissa was not pregnant by Edward, but by the young Baronet.-That she had eloped ; and that the Doctor, after soundly ating the young Baronet, had pursued

"Your argument is opposed by fact,"
said my aunt. "Is not the seduction most
frequently on the side of the other sex."
Certainly, replied I; but still the
strongest restraints are on our side."
[To be continued.]

06

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PERSIAN LETTERS.

No. 11.

FROM MULEY CID SADI, ONE OF THE SECRETARIES TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE PERSIAN AMBASSADOR IN LONDON, TO OSMAN CALI BEG HIS FRIEND IN ISPAHAN.

cepts, that Persia was not the only land in the world in which the women were beautiful and the men wise. With the single exception of their religion, these Infidels seem nearly upon a par with Musselmen themselves. They do not believe in Mahomet, but they are the best manufacturers in the world. Another of your precepts is almost daily and hourly exemplified, that the goods of this world are not invariably bestowed on the most worthy; these Infidel dogs possess a greater abundance of wealth and worldly prosperity, than the sons of the true faith.

In my last letter, friend of my youth, I gave you some account of the objects which first impressed me upon arriving in the land of Infidels. Well do I now understand the justice of your frequent pre-carpets from Persia and Turkey, and being an ingenious race of people, have infinitely improved on our invention. The English have dealt in the same way with the Chi nese. They used formerly to import alļ their fine earthen vessels from China, but they continued this practice only till they learned the art themselves. The genius of English trade and commerce has adopted one maxim, which the philosoper Sadi has put at the head of his moral maxims to depend as little as possible upon others, to learn to stand upon our own legs, and to live upon our own bowels. It is a maxim, therefore, of English trade to sell as much and to buy as little as they can, to supply the world, and to receive the world's money in exchange.

The floor is covered with a carpet which, by its pattern, I should think to be one piece, but I understand that it is not so. The English have borrowed the fabric of

A description of the house in which we live, and the mode in which it is furnished, will give you no bad idea of the manners of this people. As if persuaded that their infidelity left them no chance of another life, these Infidels expend all their time and thoughts on the provision for this. Their houses are accordingly little paradises; and though our religious books justly denominate them dogs in their habitations, the Grand Vizir of our So vereign is not better lodged than a London grocer.

The house in which we live is situated in one of the squares, which is a large area, surrounded on its four sides with houses. The under apartments, which are termed kitchens, are for the use of the lower domestics of his Excellency's family. In the upper apartments we live ourselves.

One room, on the first floor, is termed the drawing-room; it is here that his Excellency passes the day, and in compliance with the manners of the country receives company. This room is furnished so peculiarly in the manner of this country, that a detailed description of it may perhaps interest you.

No. II. Vol. I.-N. S.

The English, however, being in many respects still barbarians, do not recline in the manner of civilized beings. When they want to rest themselves in the day time, they do not recumb in a prostrat manner, like all the highly civilized nations of Persia, Turkey, and Barbary; but they sit on raised stools with backs to them, which they term chairs. Nothing can be more ungraceful, more disgusting, than these postures.-Yet so ignorant and barbarous are these dog-faced Infidels, that when upon our first entrance into their houses, his Excellency and myself, and some others, threw ourselves prostrate upon the carpet, our English attendants, after a stare of astonishment, broke forth into a peal of laughter. I understand, however, that there is one very respectable frater nity even amongst these Infidels who sit in the manner of civilized nations; these are a class of men whom they term Taylors; who I understand sit cross-legged by dozens on a raised floor, or board.

Mention this to our much respected
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Ben Hali, the President of our Persian Mo- mit and reflect the contours of figures, by narch's Academy of Sciences and Anti- returning the various rays of light which quities, perhaps he may be enabled to de- are prevented from passing through by duce the cause of the peculiar refinement means of quicksilver, the properties of in this body; perhaps he may discover in which is to repel these rays. The effect the next sitting of his Society, that the of these glasses is very happy; they enable English taylors are descendants from some a woman to see herself, and to array herself Persian refugees, who have fled into Eng-in all her loveliness; they enable a man to land, and under all the varieties of climate curl his whiskers; and they enable his and government have managed to retain Excellency to assume that look of might their ancient practices and characteristic and dignity which is necessary to awe the civilization. English Ministers and other great men. Of all their pieces of furniture I chiefly approve of their glasses; and a monkey which his Excellency brought with him from Ispahan is so delighted with them, that he passes whole days playing his antics before them, and almost keeps the women from them.

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To how many absurdities does one absurd practice necessarily give rise? As the English do not recline but sit, as they do not naturally prostrate their bodies but unnaturally elevate them, so are they compelled to follow the same absurd practice through all its ramified consequences.— Thus, for example, as they have chairs so are they compelled to have another monstrous piece of absurdity, which they term tables. These are raised small floors, standing on four legs, to correspond with the elevation of their chairs. These chairs and tables are very highly and expensively ornamented; they cost more than a whole house in Persia. The English are so riched steel, and is surmounted by marble.— The Infidels are not without taste, and they have money at command, as you may, in fact, easily conjecture from what I have said above as to their paper. How can the people of that country want money, where every man may tear up his shirt into Bank Notes.

This country being a land of heavy fogs, it becomes necessary to have perpetual fires, and this is contrived by means of open iron vessels which they denominate stoves, or grates. This, too, is very useful, and the ingenuity of the English manufacturers renders it likewise very ornamental. The stove is made of polish

that they shower their gold and silver on their most trumpery articles,-every thing is either gold or gilded. This latter is an apology for the former, and by means of it iron, lead, wood, and every other material, assumes the external appearance, and as far as the eye goes, the external effect of gold. This, in fact is one of the peculiar arts of this people,-that they turn every thing into gold, and in its turn make gold of every thing. I understand, for example, that in one great house in the kingdom, denominated the Bank of England, all the gold of the country is turned into paper; and this paper passes current for gold.-steel, and add much to the general look Really these people are a most unaccountable nation, where every rag merchant may become a coiner, and every piece of paper be converted into gold coin. It is not so in Persia.

I have now mentioned the chairs and tables,-another prominent piece of furniture in our drawing-room is the glasses and mirrors. These are plates which ad

These are the principal articles of furniture in an English drawing-room; there are several minor articles, such as instruments for animating the fire, which they term pokers and tongs; and one for guarding it from the room, which they term a fender. All these are made of polished

of magnificence and comfort. Upon my
word, the King of Persia himself is not
better lodged than these Infidels.

From London, the city of Infidels,
in the Month denominated January."

[To be Continued.]

HISTORY OF THE OLDCASTLE FAMILY.

THE HISTORY OF THE OLDCASTLE FAMILY.
AN ORIGINAL NOVEL,

[Continued from Page 16.]

THE party of their visitors returned on the following day, and Lady Beachcroft and her daughter, in high spirits. Sir George and Tony appeared as unusually grave. Lady Priscilla could not avoid demanding of the ladies what had so much exhilarated them?

"The most fortunate rencontre in nature, sister," replied Lady Beachcroft. "To please Sir George, as well as to see you, my dear Lady Priscilla, I consented to come to the Land's End; but to confess the truth, I thought we should be there buried alive; and instead of that we have found the sweetest party.-But finish what I was going to say, Juliet, my dear, for I see by the opposite glass that a visit to my toilette will not be malapropos." Saying this her Ladyship shot out of the room, and Juliet gladly took up her unfinished

"Here's Tony come," said Miss Beach"he is famous at an explanation; croft; he shall tell you. Tony, tell the ladies whom it was we met at the cottage."

Tony, who had never spoken ten words together in his whole life except to his groom or farrier, replied only with a laugh, and—“ IIa, ha,-good efaith,—the The devil cottage,-a d-d good thing. take that eternal blockhead, he is taking the horses to water though they are as hot as if they danced a walsh; d—m him, c—e him." With these words he rushed out of the room, but not a moment sooner than Lady Priscilla wished him.

66

sentence.

"Why, you must know, aunt, that the place where the fiddlers were to be found was a very cross country road, and we had lost our way amongst fields and lanes, when we saw upon the brow of one hill, and between two others like lofty walls upon each side of it, a small thatched house, like one of those lovely fancy cottages which you see in landscapes or designs. The front of the cottage was open to the sea, between the bills. The tops and sides of the hills were thinly planted with firs and other trees. Dear me, mamma, said I, what a lovely place, who can live there?

Lame my horse, if I know,' said Tony. • May I be pigeoned if I can tell,' said Sir George. And may this pimple be my death, if I can even guess,' said my mamma."

'Bless me,' said Juliet, 'how he swears. I believe he does it to show his teeth; but I mean to cure every body swears now. him of it if I cau, for I hate to be sworn at. But now I will tell you about the cottage. Well, we soon after met a poor fellow, and demanded of him who lived at the cottage? We could make nothing out of the fool's answer; he told us that he and his neighbours did not know what to make of them; that they were gentle folks, as he called them, who had come down to save money, and yet they spent it as fast and as idly as if they were canvassing the county; and they had come down' for solitude and retirement, to be quiet, alone, and the like of that,' as he termed it, and yet their house was full from morning to night, and as noisy as a playhouse between the acts."

"A very good account, I think," said Lady Priscilla, "of one of those caprices of fashion called a cottage. A party no sooner grow weary of the town, that is to say, of the same place, than they resolve to try the sweets of rural life, and remove

"Well," said Lady Priscilla, "and who from the hurry, the noise, and the trouble of the busy world, to retire to a cottage. was it, Juliet?" The cottage is found; stabling for six horses; a double coach-house, and all conveniences. An upholsterer is ordered to furnish the cottage, and executes his order for a sum that would purchase half the cottages in the kingdom. A party of about fifty, beaur and belles, young lords, young ladies, knights, and squires, set off, arrive,

K 2

“You shall hear aunt.—Well, we went forwards some way farther.-Bless me, Agnes, how handsome you look to-day; mamma has given me a box of patches, do let me put one on the right side of your lip, child,-'twill so much improve you." "Nonsense," said Lady Priscilla; "who lived in the cottage?"

and the recess begins. Their silence is a continued course of music, singing, and revelling from morn to night; their solitude consists in feasting the country; and their contemplation in adding every day to their pleasures. We have had one or two of them down in Cornwall; pray Heaven defend us from any more."

"

I am sure they are very pretty things, aunt. Well, and as we could make nothing out of the fellow's description, we resolved to sport a face, and under pretence of paying them a visit, being in the ountry, and neighbours, &c. to gratify our curiosity. And so we called. And, Oh, my dear aunt! the very first who received us was Lady Arminia Pringle, the two Townlys, Colonel O'Hara, Mr. Townsend, the poet of Grosvenor-square, and Mr. Palsgrave, he who walked on foot from London to Edinburgh for a bet. Was not this charming? And they were all so delighted to see us. The ladies kissed us over and over; the gentlemen bowed and smirked; I do believe they were all tired of each other, and so very glad to have their party recruited by this addition. And Lady Arminia insisted upon having beds made up, and implored As to stay the summer with her. But I told her we were with you; and they all stared with astonishment, for they had heard what kind of being you were, aunt." "Thank you, my dear," said Lady Prisilla, good humouredly smiling.

"But I told them," continued Juliet, "that you liked company as well as any one, only that there was none in your neighbourhood. And I told them it would be charity to come and see you, and that you would be so happy to see them."

"God forbid!" said Lady Priscilla, now Comewhat alarmed.

"And they said they would come."(Lady Priscilla here almost groaned, and arose from her chair.)" Aye but, said I, when will you come, you know the old proverb about promises and pyecrust; come soon and I will answer for your welcome. 'We'll come, and stay too,' said the Colonel; ha, ha, ha, faith we'll beat up my Lady's quarters.' And so, my dear aunt, I would not let them alone before I made them promise to come and stay a whole fortnight with you."

·

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"Is he deformed then?" said Agnes. "O dear, no, he is reckoned extremely handsome, but he is so odd, such a monster.-Why he is as good a scholar as if he was brought up for a schoolmaster, and though he is not five-and-twenty, as grave and formal as Lady Priscilla. He does not swear like Tony, nor bet, nor drink like my papa. He would have been in Parliament if it were not for his folly; for my father put him up for the borough of C. One of the voters came to vote for him, but insisted on having five guinea for his vote. My brother asked him if he did not know that he could not sell his vote without being guilty of perjury, and the man said he did know it, but that was his own business.-'No,' says my brother, it is my business, friend, for if you are willing to be a principal in perjury, I will not be an accessory; you may be base enough to sell a vote, but I will not be so contempt

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