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then consulted, and declared his unabated attach: ment; and his entire confidence in her virtues and affections. The gentlemen who had thus inter ceded, insisted then, that as the affair had been thus public, its termination should be public and instantaneous. In a few moments, but with some opposition by the father of the young lady, this course was agreed upon. They then all returned into the court; the recent reconciliation and adjustment were announced and explained; their kind mediator addressing each of them, earnestly charged them not to marry, unless they knew and felt that their confidence and affections were unabated and unchanged. This being declared, and a respectable clergyman being present, a license was issued, and the young couple were legally and solemnly united, in the holy estate of matrimony, before Almighty God, “and in the presence of this worshipful court.”

Religious Obligations.

Glasgow, ( Scotland) April 9. During the trial ef a horse cause, at the Leicester assizes, last week, a Mr. Davenport, a surgeon, was examined as follows, by Mr. Clark, counsel for the plaintiff.

Mr. Clark—Have you been examined as a wit. ness before? I have. You know then the religious obligations of an oath? I do.

Do you consider the oath which you have taken as binding upon you, to speak the whole truth? I d

0. Do you believe in the holy scriptures? I believe in sin. I ask you, sir, do you believe in the scriptures upon which you have just sworn to speak the truth? I do not believe in every part of them. Do you believe in the divinity of Christ?–Witness to the learned judge: My lord, am I obliged to answer that question? Mr. Serjeant Vaughn. My lord, I apprehend the witness is not obliged to answer such interro gatories. Mr. Baron Garrow. As you have taken the objection, it is my duty to say he is not. I should not, however, have prevented him from giving an answer if he had chosen, because the answer unight have vindicated him from the imputation which the question conveyed. But, whatever might have been his answer, whether he declared himself to be a believer in every part of the holy scriptures or not, I should, in my address to the jury, have said, that his belief or disbelief in there matters showld not impeach his testimony. He might be equally disposed to tell the truth, whatever were his religious opi nions. If, however, Mr. Davenport had the misfortune not to entertain the same opinion as he did, he would advise him to be more sparing of his declarations on that subject; as such opinions delivered from a person whom it must be sup posed had passed through a regular education, might have a very mischievous effect upon the minds of ignorant persons.

Fat not Tallow.

FROM AN ENGL1sh Magazine of 1817. Wiltshire Assizes.—At the assizes, H. Maidment, aged 24, was indicted for stealing 89 lbs of tallow, the property of Francis Webb, of Mere. It was stated that Webb had recently received a great

*An appropriate interpolation in the marriage ceremony.

deal of tallow, from which the quantity mestionet
in the indictment had been taken. It being declar-
ed that the prisoner had no counsel, the judge very
cheerfully became his advocate.
Judge Abbot, for the prisoner.-How do yog
know, Webb, that you lost just 89 lb. of tallow?
I am sure of it, my lord.
I want to be sure of it too; do you keep an account
of what you receive, or what you use?
No, my lord.
What, no book, in which you minute down your
goods?
Yes, my lord, I keep a day-book.
Well, that is what I wanted, and did you in this
book make any entry of the tallow received, or
taken from it, for the purpose of making candles?
No, my lord, for it was not fit to make candles of
No! not fit to make candles of: why then, man,
it was not tallow?
Yes, it was my lord.
Then why not fit to make candles?
Because, my lord, it was not run into tallow.
Not run into tallow?
No, my lord.
Why, then, it must be fat, and not tallow.
Yes, my lord.
Ah! what's very well. Gentlemen of the jury,
(said the learned judge) you find by the pro-
secutors own evidence, that you must acquit the
prisoner. This man charges the prisoner with
stealing tallow. The prosecutor is a tallow-chand-
ler; and yet, gentlemen, you hear from this tallow-
chandler's mouth, that he does not know the dif.
ference between tallow and fut?
Acquitted.

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to. - precess The goods, wares and merchandise : : place : laden on board the sloop Pitt. said

These cases, on the preliminary question of the right of the claimants to a delivery of the vessel and cargo on stipulated bonds, were argued before Fisher, district judge, by Mr. Read, district attorney, on the part of the United States, and by Mr. Rodney, on the part of the claimants.

As the judge briefly recites the arguments of counsel, in the opinion here given, they are omitted in their proper place.

JNovember 17, 1818.

Fishen, district judge;—The case now before this court arises on two libels filed on the part of the United States against the sloop Pitt, (a British bottom) her tackle, apparel and furniture; and also against her cargo, consisting of 46,000lbs. of cocos, a small number of raw hides, and seventy sticks or pieces of fustick. These libels are instituted upo an act of congress of the 18th of April last, entitled “an act concerning navigation.” The act was passed with a view to exclude from the country, after the 30th of September last, all vessels owned by Bri. tish subjects, arriving from a colony which, by the British navigation laws, is closed against vessels

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owned by citizens of the United States. In case of its violation, the act inflicts a forfeiture of ves. sel and cargo. In these cases claims have been put in by Messrs. Lewis, Haven and Co. merchants of Philadelphia, the consignees of the sloop and cargo against which the prosecutions are instituted. A preliminary question, of great importance, is submitted to the decision of this cnurt, on a motion made by the claimants’ counsel, praying an order for the delivery of the vessel and cargo, on bonds for their appraised value.—To me it is a subject of regret, that this question has not arisen in some other district, and been decided by a judge, to whose opinion, the utmost deference would have been paid. As, how. ever, this has not occurred, I must tread the unbeaten path, and dispose of the question to the best of my ability and judgment. It is contended on the part of the United States, that if the proper y in the present instance be de. livered, the spirit of the law, which goes to exclude British bottoms arriving from prohibited ports, will be effectually defeated; that the defective appraisements of the property will be an encouragment to vessels of this description to enter our ports, and that thus the navigation act will be set at definance, and become a dead letter; that if the property be perishable, which is admitted in the present case, a sale of it ought to be ordered by this court, and the proceeds of such sale should be retained in court in usum jus habentis; that the cases of delivery heretofore allowed by the practice of this court, were between the United States and their revenue officers, and our own citizens, and are distinguishable from the prosecutions which may arise under the navigation act, framed as it is, to shut our ports effectually against those British colonies which our vessels are not permitted to enter, by the laws of trade of the B.itish government. The argument on the part of the claimants, is that it would be against equity to enforce a sale of property, which may have arrived innocently in our ports, that such a course would be presuming an intention to violate our law, when in fact, no such i., tention had actually existed; that the practice of this court has heretofore been in accordance with the claimants’ motion for a delivery of the property, and in cases too, of goods prohibited by our restrictive laws, and not dutiable under any statuve of congress; that the good; in the present case are dutiable, provided they do not arrive from ports prohibited to our citizens by the ordinary laws of navigation of the British government; and that the fourth section of the act, on which the present libels are sounded, recognizes the provisions and proceedings of the revenue laws of the United Ś lates, from the inception to the close of the prosecutions, which may be instituted under it. In the case under consideration we are exercising the powers of a court of admiralty on the instance side of it, which generally, and perhaps always, proceeds in ren. We are now in a course of proceeding against a thing, that is prohibited from entering our ports, by our navigation act. The confiscation or restoration of this rem or thing, will eventually be the subject of our consideration and decree, when the case shall be heard upon its merits. The question at present, therefore is, shall we receive in court a substitute for this thing, or shall we retain and order it for sale, for the use of the party, in whom the right may ultimately be decided? it was the practice of this court and of all the district courts of the United States, during the Sur. To Vol. XVI.

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late war, to deliver vessels and cargoes on stipula. lion bonds, or on the claimant giving what is called in the books upon admiralty practice, a side jussory caution. The Delaware district led the way to this practice, by the introductorv decree in the case of the Good-Friends, Stephen Girard claimant. The decree in that case became the law of the country (in prosecutions under the restrictive laws) by its adop:ion in every district of the union. There was nothing to be found in our restrictive laws, either favoring or disallowing such a course, but it was viewed as being in accordance with the admiralty practice of England, on the instance, and very frequently on the prize side of that court. This prac. tice was there adopted, as far back as the 11th of April, 1780, as appears from Marriott’s forms, p. 5; see a decree for delivery on bond, in same authority, p. 221, 2, 3. How much longer the delivery of ye-sols and cargoes on bond had been adopted by the English admiralty, I have not now the means of ascertaining, since the first order of the kind, within my research, is the one first above cited. But I was of opinion, in the case of the Good-Friends, and I still retain the same opinion, that that part of the 89th section of the collection law, relating to delivery on bond, was framed with a view to what had been understood to be the usual course of ad. miralty practice. I could discover nothing in the cases commonly called the Amelia Island cases, or in any prosecution arising under the restrictive laws, which ought to distinguish them from those of ordinary seizure and prosecution under the revenue laws of this country. It was under this conviction, that this court formed its decree for delivery on bond, in the case of the Good-Friends. The court was strengthened in its decision of that case, by the authority of the case of Jennings vs. Carson, 4 Cranch, 23. In that case C. J. Marshall, in speaking of the constitution and character of a court of admiralty, remarks as follows—“The proceedings of that court are in rem, and their sentences act on the thing itself. They decide who has the right and they order its delivery to the party hav. ing the right. The libellant and claimant are both actors. They both demand from the court the thing in contest. It would be repugnant to the principles of justice and to the practice of courts, to leave the thing in possession of either of the parties, without security, whi e the contest is depend. ing. If the practice of a court of admiralty should not place the thing in the custody of its officers, it would be essential to justice that security should be demanded of the libellant to have it forthcoming to answer the order of the court.” . From the foregoing authority, it is couceded, that the power of the court may be exercised, in ordering a delivery of property, on security, while the contest is depending. Does the navigation act contain any provision by which the practice of the courts should be remodelled, or in any wise altered, in relation to delivery of vessels and their cargoes on stipulated ironds? The spirit of the act is, no doubt, as has been contended, to exclude British bo; toms from our ports, in case such bottoms came from colonies interdicted to the citizens of this country, but how will the spirit of this act be infringed by this court pursuing a practice, which has received the sanction of every district in the union, and which practice congress has not modified or abolished, by uny provision of the navigation acio H.d a new course been prescribed, this court would consider itself bound to conform to legislative direction,

and to refuse the application now made, though E.

founded on a practice adopted upon much and able discussion, and after mature reflection—The only argument (tempted to be given, why the spirit of the act will be eluded by a delivery on bond, is that defective appraiseme, ts will be made, and that they will operate “s so many encouragements to the introduction of future vessels, in violation of the act. To this argument, I respectfully reply, that if defective or improper appraisements should be made, this court will be ever ready to efford that redress which is amply within its power; namely, by setting aside appraisements and appointing new appraisers as often as corrupution of nois: conduct may have exhibited an inadequate estimate of the property. A vigilance of this kind will alway: secure an ample substitute for the thing proceeded against, which will remain within the power of the court, to respond to the United States, for the breach of their statute, made by the lawless intrusion of a vessel of a prohibited character.

But will it be equitable to order the sale of a vessel and cargo, when possibly she might have entered our waters without any intention of violating the navigation act? might not a sale operate as a premature penalty on an innocent person, and a decree of restoration remit to him the scanty proceeds of a hurried sale of his property?—While in the case of a condemnation, the bonds will afford to the prosecution ample amends for the violation of a public and beneficial law. .

Lastly, this court is of opinion, that the fourth section of the navigation act, recognizing as it does, the course of proceeding prescribed by the revenue laws, in terms at once broad and comprehensive, (and inclusively too from the commencement to the close of the prosecution) impliedly at least, adopts the provisions of the 89th sec. of the collection law in relation to the delivery on appraisement and bond, and as nothing restrictive of any practice of the judiciary, heretofore existing on the subject of delivery on bonds, is discoverable in the navigation act, the inference is a fair one, that no alteration of such practice was in the contemplation of congress when the act was passed.

The decree of this court, therefore, is that the sloop Pitt, her tackle, apparel and furniture, together with her cargo, be delivered to the claimants, on their securing duties payable by law, enteriog into bonds to respond the appraised value, &c. &c.

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The City of London—12th Century. 1 be following “description of the most honorable city of London,” was originally written in Latin, by William Fiz Stephen, who died in 1191. It was translated early in the 18th century, and is the oldes, description of London extant. Fitz Stephen was a monk o Canterbury, and was present when archbishop Becket was murdered at the altar of the Cauledral. In the account which he pub. lished of the murder of the archbishop, he took occasion to introduce this very curious description of une capital of England. , in the hope of giving additional interest to the description we shall sub. joir, a few notes, generally with a view of contrast. ing the state of London in the reign of Henry II with what it is in the reign of George III Colquhoun’s Police of London, is a work of considerable merit and great industry. In less than six centuries, a desire to ascertain the present condition, trade, police, manners, &c. of the city of Philadelphia, will lead to much cu. rious research, and the result will excite as much

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astonishment in the minds of posterity, as is now excited on reading the account of London, left us by the monk of Canterbury—[Democratic Press. The situation thereof. Amongst the noble cities of the world, honored by fame, the city of London is the one principal seatin the kingdom of England, whose renown is spread abroad very far; but she transporteth her wares and commodities much farther, and advanceth her head so much the bigher. Happy she is in the wholesomeness of the air, in the Christian religion, her munitions also, and strength, the nature of her situation, the honor of her citizens, the chastity of her matrons. Very pleasant also in her sports and passtime, and replenished with honorable personages, all which I think meet proper severally to consider. Temperateness of the air. In this place the calmness of the air doub molify men’s minds, not cor. rupting them with venereal lusts, but preserving them from savage and rude behaviour, and sea. soning their inclinations with a more kind and free temper. Of the Christian religion there. There is in the church of St. Paul, a bishop's see; it was formerly a metropolitan, and it is thought, shall recover the said dignity again, if the citizens shall return back into the island; except, perhaps, the archiepiscopal title of St. Thomas the Martyr, and his bodily presence, do perpetuate this honor to Canterbury, where now his reliques are. But seeing St. Tho. mas hath graced both these cities, namely, London with his birth, and Canterbury with his death, one place may allege more against the other, in respect of the sight of that saint, with the accession of holiness. Now, concerning the worship of God in the Christian faith; there are in London and the suburbs 13 greater conventual churches, besides 26 lesser parish churches: [39 churches in all.]" Of the strength and site of the city. It hath on the eastern part a strong palatine, very large and very strong: whose court and walls rise up from a deep foundation; the mortar is tempered with the blood of beaste.f. On the west are two castles well fenced. The wall of the city is high and great, continued with seven gates, which are made double, and on the north, distinguished with turrets by spaces. # 1.ikewise on the south, London hath been

*In 1810, which is the latest account of London I have, upon which I can rely, the following is given as a list of all the Christian places of worship in London.

Churches of the established religion, 109 Chapels of do. 57 Foreign protestant churches and chapels, 19 Roman catholic chapels, 13

Meeting houses and methodist chapels of various sects, dissenting from the established church, 136 Quaker meetings. 6 Making 340 public places of worship. fMt. Johnson, a builder in London, in 1780 obtained a patent for a new stucco for the outside of buildings, the improvement was the miring up of the materials with blood. This is another illustration of the uruth that there is “nothing new under the sun.” #The walls and gates of London, except Temple Bargate, have long since been demolished. In the reign of Edward IV. the whole extent of the wall was sonnething more than two miles. Originally there were but four gates, corresponding with the freat military roads, to which six o hers were alded, as new roads were constructed.

inclosed with walls and towers, but the large river of Thames, well stored with fish, and in which the tide ebbs and flows, by continuance of time, hath washed, worn away, and cast down those walls. Farther above, in the west part, the king's palace is eminently seated upon the same river; an incomparable building, having a wall before it and some bulwarks; it is two miles from the city, continued with a suburb full of people. Of the gardens planted. On the north side are fields for pasture, and open meadows, very plea: sont; among which the river waters do flow, and the wheels of the mills are turned about with a delightful noise. Very near lieth a large forest in which are woody groves of wild beasts; in the coverts whereof do lurk bucks and does, wild boars and bulls. Of the fields.-The arable lands are no hungry pieces of gravel ground; but like the rich fields of Asia, which bring plentiful corn, and fill the barns of those that till them, with an excellent crop of the fruits of Ceres, Of their Wells.--There are also about London, on the north of the suburbs, choice fountains of water, sweet, wholesome and clear, streaming forth among the glistening pebble stones: in this number, Holywell, Clerkenwell, and St. Clement's well, are of most note, and frequented above the rest, when scholars and the youth of the city take the air abroad in the summer evening * of the citizens' honor.—This city is honored with her men, graced with her arms, and peopled with a rnultitude of inhabitants. In the fatal wars under king S.ephen, there went out to muster, men fit for war, esteemed to the number of 20,000 horsemen armed, and 60,000 footmen. The citizens of London are known in all places, and respected above all other citizens for their civil demeanor, their good apparel, their table and their discourse, Of the chastity of their matrons.—The matrons of this city may be paralleled with the S bine women:t Of their schools.-In London three famous schools are kept at three principal churches, St. Paul’s, the Holy Trinity, and St. Martin's, which they retain by privilege and ancient digniy; yet, for the most part, by favor of some persons, or some teachers, who are known and famed for their philosophy, there are other schools upon good will and sufferance. Upon the holidays, the masters with their scholars celebrate assemblies at the festival churches. The scholars dispute there for exercise sake; some use demonstrations, others topical and probable argument; some practice enthymemes, others do better use perfect syllogisms; some exercise themselves in dispute for ostentation, which is practised among such as s' rive together for victory; others dispute for truth, which is the grace of perfection. The sophisters, which are dissemblers, turn verbalists, and are magnified when they overflow in speech and abundance of words: some also are entrapped with deceitful arguments. Sometimes certain orators,

*London is now, and has long been supplied with water, by means of leaden pipes. The new river and London Bridge water works supply the city with great regularity. There are about 170,000 houses into which the water is conveyed, at an average expense to each house, of less than two dollars a year.

fThis is a very curious compliment. . It was, however, written many hundred years before London became notoricus for the number of its trials for Crim. Con.

with rhetorical orations, speak handsomely to persuade, being careful to observe the precepts of art, who omit no matter contingent. The boys of divers schools wrangle together in versifying, or canvas the principles of grammar, or dispute the rules of the practer, perfect and future tenses. Some there are that in epigrams, rhimes and verses, use that trivial way of abuse. These do freely abuse their fellows, suppressing their names, with a fescennine railing liberty; these cast out most obusive jests: and with Socratical witty expresSions, they touch the vices of their fellows, or perhaps of their superiors, or fall upon them with a satirical bitterness, and with bolder reproaches than is fit. The hearers prepared for laughter, make themselves merry in the meantime. How the affairs of the city are disposed —The several craftsmen, the several sellers of wares and workmen for hire, all are distinguished every morning by themselves, in their places as well as grades. Besides, there is in London upon the river's bank a public place of cookery, among the wines to be sold in the ships, and in the wine cellars. There every day we may call for any dish of meat, roast, fried or boiled; fish, both small and great; ordinary flesh for the poorer aort, and nore jainty for the rich, as venison and fowl. If friends come upon a sudden, wearied with travel, to a citize.’s house, and they be loth to wait for curious preparations and dressings of fresh meat, let the ser. vant give them water to wash, and bread to stay their stomach, and in the mean time they run to the water side, where all things that can be desired are at hand. Whatsoever multitude of soldiers, or other stangers enter into the city at any hour of the day or night, or else are about to depart, they may turn in, bait here, and refres: themselves to their content, and so avoid long fasting and not go away without their dinner. If any one desire to fit their duinty tooth, they take a goose; they need not to long for the fowl of Africa, no, nor the rare Godwit of Inia." This is the public cookery, and very convenient for the state of the city, and belongs to it. Hence, it is we read in Plato's Georgiac, that next to the p'ysician's art is the trade of cooks. Of Snithfield-Without one of the gates is a certain field, plain, (or smooth) both in name and situation. Every Friday, except some greater festival come in the way, there is a fine sight of good horses to be sold; many come out of the city to buy or look on, to wit, earls, barons, knights, citizens, all resorting thither. It is a pleasant sight there to behold the animals well fleshed, sleek, and shinning, delightfully walking, and their feet on either side up and down together by turns; or else trotting horses, which are more convenient for men that bear arms: these, although they set a little harder, go away readily, and lift up and set down together the contrary feet on either side. Here are also young colts of a good breed, that have not been well accustomed to the bridle; these fling about, and by mounting, bravely shew their mettle. Here are principal horses, strong and well limbed. Here also are breast horses, perhaps race horses, fit to be joined by couples, very fair and handsome, and

*The number of taverns, eating houses, cook shops, alamode beef houses, soup shops, &c. &c. in London and its environs, is now some hundreds, besides that in every decent public house, entertainment may be had. The number of public houses are about 5900, and the quantity of liquor sold by them in a year, is calculated to be in value, 3,000,000. sterling, equal to $14,636,663 67 cent.

sleek about the ears, carrying their necks aloft, bring well fleshed and round about the buttocks. in another part stand the country people with Catle, and commodities of the field, large swine, and kine with their udders strutting out, fair bodied oxen, and the woolly flock. There are also cart horses, fit for the dray, or the plough, or the chariot; and some mares big with foal; together with others that have their wanton colts following them close at their side. Concerning shipping and merchandise—To this city merchants bring in wores by ships from every nation under Heaven. The Arabian sends his gold; the Sabean his frankincense and spices; the Scythia', arms, oil of palms from the plentiful wood; Babylon her fat soil, and Nylus his precious stones: The Seres send purple garments; they of Norway and Russia trouts, furs and sables; and the French their wines * Its antiquity and government —According to the report of chronicles, it is more ancient than the ciy of Rome; for both being descended from the same Trojan stock: Brute builded this, before Remus and Romulus did the other. Whence still it useth the same ancient laws and common institutions f For this our city, like to that, is disinguish

others fling down their fellows and get beyond

them. In Easter holidays they counterfeit a sea-fight;" a pole is set up in the middle of the river, with a target well fastened thereon, and a young man stands in a boat which is rowed with oars, and driven, on with the tide, who with his spear hits the target in his passage; with which blow, if he breaks the spear and stand upright, so that he bold footing, he hath his desire; but if his spear continue unbroken by the blow, he is tumbled into the water, and his boat passeth clear away; but on either side of this target two ships stand inward, with many young men ready to take him up afer he is sunk, as soon as he appeareth again on the top of the water; the spectators stand upon the bridge, and in solars upon the river, to behold these things, being prepared for laughter. Upon the holidays all summer, the youth is exercised in leaping, shooting, wrestling, casting of stones, and throwing of javelins, fitted with loops for the purpose, which they strive to fling. beyond the mark: they also use bucklers, like fighting men. As for the maidens, they have their exercise of dancing and tripping till moon-light. In winter, almost every holiday before dinner,

ed by wards and several limits; it hath sheriffs every the foaming boars fight for their heads, and preyear, answerable to their consuls; it hath aldermen, pare with deadly tushes to be made bacon: or else enjoying the dignity of senators, besides inferior some lusty bulls or huge bears are bated with dogs. magistrates; it hath also common sewers and con- When that great moor which washed Moorfields, veyances for water in the streets. Concerning causes at the north wall of the city, is frozen over, great in question, there are several places and courts for companies of young men go to sport upon the ice,

causes deliberative, demonstrative, and judicial; upon their set doys also they have their common council and great assemblies. The only plagues of London are immoderate drinking of idle fellows, and frequent fires.{ Of sports and pastimes —F very Sunday in Lent, after dinner, a company of young men ride out into the fields on borses which are fit for war, and principal runners; every one among them is taught to run the rounds with his horse.

The citizens’ sons issue out through the gates by troops, furnished with lances and warlike shields, the younger sort have their pikes, not headed with iron, where they make a representation of battle, and exercise a skirmish. There resort to this exercise many courtiers, when the king ties near hand, and young striplings out of the families of barons and great persons, which have not yet attained to the warlike girdle, to train and skirmish. Hope of victory inflames every one; the neighing and fierce horses bestir their joints, and chew their bridles, and cannot endure to stand still, at last they begin their race, and then the young men divide their troops; some labor to outstrip their leaders, and cannot reach them;

*Perhaps there is no one particular in this de scription so remarkable and pregnant with so much useful reflection, as the wonderful revolutions in commerce, which have taken place in the world,

and bind to their shoes bones,f as the legs of some beasts, and hold stakes in their hands, headed with sharp iron, which sometimes they strike against the ice, and these men go on their speed, as does the bird in the air, or darts shot from some warlike engine; sometimes two men set themselves at a distance, and run one against another, as it were at tilt, with these stakes, wherewith oue or both parties are thrown down, not without some hurt to their bodies; and after their fall, by reason of their violent motion, are carried a good distance one from another; and wheresoever the ice doth touch their head, it rubs off a!' the skin and lays it bare; and if one fall upon his leg or arm, it is usually broken; but young men being greedy of honor, and desirous of victory, do thus exercise themselves in counterfeit battles, that they may bear the brunt more strongly when they come to it in good earnest.

Many citizens take delight in birds, as sparrownawks, goose-hawks, and such like, and in dogs to hunt in woody ground. The citizens have authority to hunt in Middlesex, Hertfordshire, all the Chilterns, and in Kent as far as Gray. Water.

JVatives of London.—The city of London has brought forth some who have subdued many king. doms, and the empire of Rome to themselves; and many others, who, being lords of this world, were deified in another.;

And in the times of christianity it brought forth

since Fitz Stephen wrote his account of London.

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the noble emperor Constantine, who gave the city of Rome, and all the Imperial arms of God, to St. Peter, and Sylvester the Pope, whose stirrup,

*It would appear from this, that the counterfeit sea-fight on the Serpentine river, Hyde Park, in 1814, was only a revival of an old custom.

f'These bones were evidently the origin of skates,

plague, in the place of which they were used.

+We have not been able to ascertain, with any

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