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ments of the Missisippi Territory and the Choctaw nation.--And the said nation does by these presents relinquish to the United States and quit claim forever, all their right, title and pretension to the land lying between the said line and the Missisippi river, bounded south by the thirty-first degree of north latitude, and north by the Yazoo rin vers where the said line shall strike the same; and on the part of the comunissioners it is agreed, that all persons who may be settled beyond this line shall be removed within it, on the side towards the Missisippi, together with their slaves, household furniture, tools, materials and stock, and that the cablins or houses crected by such persons shall be. demolished.
ARTICLE IV. The president of the United States, may, at his discretion, proceed, to execute the second article of this treaty ; and the third article may be carried into cffe&t as soon as may be convenient to the government of the United States, and without unnecessary delay on the part of the other, of which the president shall be the judge ; the Chocławs to be reasonably advised, by order of the president of the United States, of The time when, and the place where, the re-survey and re-marking of the old line referred to in the preceding article, will be commenced.
ARTICLE V. The commissioners of the United States for, and in consideration of the foregoing concessions on the part of the Choctaw nation, and in fuli satisfaction for the same, do give and deliver to the Mingos, chiefs and warriors of the said nation, at the signing of these presents, the value of two thousand dollars in goods and inerchandise, nett cost of Philadelphia, the receipt whereof is lately acknowledge, and they further agree to give three sets of blacksmith's tools to the said nation.
ARTICLE VI. . This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting para ties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the president of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof. Done at Fort Adams, on the Missisipi, the seventh day of Decembers
in the year of our Lord one thousand éight liundred and one.
Articles of a Creaty
Concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowee, near Seneca Old Town, on the tentk
day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousard seven hundred and cighty-six, between Benjamin Hawkins, ' Andrew Pickens, and Joseph Alartin, Commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one part; and Piomingo, Head Warrior and first Minister of the Chickasaw Nation ; Mingatushka, one of the leading Chiefs ; and Latopoia, first beloved Man of the said Nation, Commissioners plenipotentiary of all the Chickasaws, of the other purt. THE commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of Ame.
1 rica give peace to the Chickasaw Nation, and receive them into the favor and protection of the said states, on the following conditions; ARTICLE I. The commissioners plenipotentiary of the Chickasaw nation, shall restore all the prisoners, citizens of the United States, to their entire liberty, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation. They shall also restore all the negroes, and all other properly taken during the late war, from the citizens, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation, to such person, and at such time and place, as the comniissioners of the United States of America shall appoint.
ARTICLE JI. The commissioners plenipotentiary of the Chickasaws, do hereby acknowledge the tribes and the towns of the Chickasaw nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever.
ARTICLE II. The boundary of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaw nation to live and hunt on, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning on the ridge that divides the waters running into the Cumberland, from those running into the Tennessee, at a point in a line to be run north-east, which shall strike the Tonnessee, at the mouth of Duck river; thence running westerly along the said ridge, till it shall strike the Ohio; thence down the southern banks thereof to the Missisippi; thence down the same, to the Choctaw line of Natches district; thence along the said line, or the line of the district eastwardly as faras the Chickasaws claimed, and lived and hunted o!), the twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two. Thence the said boundary, eastwardly, shall be the lands allotted to the Choctaws and Cherokees to live and hunt on, and the lands at present in the possession of the Creeks į saving and reserv.. ing for the establishment of a trading post, a tract or parcel of land to be laid out at the lower post of the illuscle shoals, at the mouth of Occchappo, in a circle, the diameter of which shall be five iniles on the
river, which post, and the lands annexed thereto, shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America.
ARTICLE IV. Ifany citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaws to live and hunt on, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States of America, and the Chickasans may punish him or not, as they please.
ARTICLE V. If any Indian or Indians, or persons residing among them, or who shall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any citizen of the United States, or person under their protection, the tribe to which such offender or offenders may be long, or the nation, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States in Congress assembled : Provided, that the punishment shall not be greater, than if the robbery or murder, or other capital crime, had been cominitted by a citizen on a citizen.
• The name of the River not in the original.
ARTICLE VI, If any citizen of the United States of America, or person under their protection, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any Indian, such offender or offenders shall be punished in the same manner as if the robbery or murder or other capital crime had been committed on a citizen of the United States of America ; and the punishment shall be in presence of some of the Chickasaws, if any will attench at the time and place, and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice, if practicable, of such intended punishment, shall be sent to some one of the tribes.
ARTICLE VII, It is understood that the punishment of the innocent under the idea of retaliation is unjust, and shall not be practised on either side, except where there is a manifest violation of this treaty; and then it shall be preceded, first by a demand of justice, and if refused, then by a decla. ration of hostilities,
ARTICLE VIII. For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, and for the prevention of injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.
ARTICLE IX. Until the pleasure of Congress be kuown respecting the eighth art ticle, all traders,,citizens of the United States, shall have liberty to go to any of the tribes or towns of the Chickasaws to trade with them, and they shall be protected in their persons and property, and kindly treated.
ARTICLE X, The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the United States of America, of any designs which they may know or suspect to be formed in any neighboring tribe, or by any person whosoever, against the peace, trade or interests of the United States of America.
ARTICLE XI, The hatchet shall be forever buriel, aná the peace given by the United States of America, and friendship re-established between the said states on the one part, and the Chickasaw nation on the other part, shall be universal; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavors to maintain the peace given as afuresajd, and friendship re-established,
Creaty of reciprocal Advantage and
mutual Convenience, Between the United States of America, and the Chickasaws, concluded at
Chickuscio Blufs, on the tsventy-fourth day of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and one. HE president of the United States of America, by James Wilkin
son, brigadier-general in the service of the United States, Benjamin Ilawkins of North-Carolina, and Andrew Pickens of Souti-Carolina, gommissioners of the United States, who are vested with full powers,
and the Mingco, principal men and warriors of the Chickasaw nation, representing the said nation, have agreed to the following articles.
ARTICLE I. The Mingeo, principal men and warriors of the Chickesaur nation of Indians, give leave and permission to the president of the United States of America, to lay out, open and make a convenient waggon-road through their land between the setilements of Mero district in the state of Tennessee, and those of Natchez in the Missisippi Territory, ia such way and manncr as he may deem proper; and it shall be a highway for the citizens of the United States and the Chickasaws. The Chickasaws shall appoint two discreet men to serve as assistants, guides or pilots, during the time of laying out and opening the road, under the direction of the officer charged with that duty, who shall have a reasonable compensation for their service ; Provided always, thet the necessary ferries over the water courses crossed by the said roid shall be held and deemed to be the property of the Chickasaw nation.
AKTICLE II. The commissioners of the United States give to the Mingeo of the Chickasaws, and the deputation of that nation, goods to the value of seven hundred dollars, to compensate him and them and their attend. ants for the expense and inconvenience they may have sustained by their respectful and friendly attention to the president of the United Siates of America, and to the request made to them in his name, to permit the opening of the road. And as the persons, towns, villages, lands, hunting ground, and other rights and property of the Chicka. saws, as set forth in the treaties or stipulations heretofore entered into between the contracting parties, more especially in anl ; a certificate of the president of the United States of America, under their seal of the first of July 1794, are in the peace and under the protection of the United States. - The commissioners of the United States do hereby rurther agree, that the president of the United States of America sbal take such measures from time to time, as he may taink proper, to assist the Chickasaws to preserve entire all their rights ar ainsi tlivcic croachments of unjust neighbors, of which he shall be the jung, ani also to preserve and perpetuute friendship and brotheriood butween the white people and the Chickasaws.
ARTICLE III. The commissioners of the United States may, if they deen it 20visable, proceed immediately to carry the first article into operation, and the treaty shall take efect and be obligatory on the contractina parties as soon as the same shall have been ratified by the president of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consenta the Senate of the United States,
2 Treaty of peace and friend thip
Ma le and concluded at the city of Vex-Purk, on the sevenin day of Jugust,
one thousand seren hundred anil ninety, betsveen the President of the Unit. ed States of America, on the jie port, and the Kings, Chiefs and Wars riors of the Creek Nation of Indians, on the other part THE parties being desirous of establishing permanent peace and
friendship between the United States and the said Creek Nation,
and the citizens and members thereos, and to remove the causes of war by ascertaining their limits, and making other necessary, jusi and friendly arraigements: The president of the Unitid Status by Henry anos, secretary for the departineni of war, whom he hath constituted with full powers for these purposes, by anci with the allvice and consent or the Senate of the United States, and the Creck Vaiion, by the kings, chicks and warriors, ram senting the said nation, have agreed to the following articles.
ARTILE I. There shall be perpetual peace and siendship between all the citizens of the United States of Ancrica, and all the individuels, towns and tribes of the Upper, Middle and Lower Creeks üid Semanolies, composing the Creek nation of lucians.
ARTICLE II. The kings, chicis and warriors, for themselves and all parts of the Creek nation within the limits of the United States, do ackconledge themselves, and the said parts of the Creck nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever; and they also stipulate that the said Creck nation will ict hold any treaty with an individual state, or with incividuals of any state.
AKTICLE III. The Creek nation shall deliver as soon as practicable to the com, marding officer of the troops of the United States, stationed at the Rock-Landing on the Oconee river, all citizens of the United States, white inhabitants or negroes, who ars now prisoners in any part of the said nation. And if any such prisoners or negroes should not be so delivered, on or beture the first day of June ensuing, the gavernor of Georgia may empower three persons to repair to the said nution, in order to cluii. and i'cceiro sucli prisoners 2.11 negroes.
ARTICLE IV. The boundary between the citizens of the United States and the Creek Vaiicit is, and shall be, from where the old line stiliste river Savannalı ; thence up the sui liirst to a place on the most northern branch of the sainc, cominorly called the scoice, where a north-east line to be drawn from the top of the üccuma mountain suintersect; thence along the said iine in a south-west direction to 'Tujelu sirer; thence to the top of the Currahee n.ountain; thence to the headcrsource of the main south branch of the Oconce river, called the Appalachee ; thence down the inidula ofthusaid main south branch and river Oconee, to its conuence with the Oakinulgree, which forinthe river Altanaha ; and thence down the middle of the said altamaha to'the old line on the said river, and thence along the sailcidine to the river St. Mary's.
And in order to preclude forever all disputes relatively to the head or source of the main south brauch of the river Oconee, at the place where it shall be intersected by the line aforesuid, fion the Currahee mountains, the same shall be ascertained by an able survey or on the part of ih, United States, who shall be assisted by three chi citizens of Georgia, who may be appointed by the governor of the said state, and three old Crock chiefs, to be appointed by the said nation; and tie said surveyor, citizens and chicís stailussenble for this purpose, on the first way of October, one thousand $7kundredital zinoty-o!!c, at the