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nef merit consists in its containing a large number of specimens hich are especially instructive in the natural history and minerogy of the Pacific coast.
COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT—CLASSICAL. Although this course has lately been subject to vigorous attacks
the extreme advocates of "practical education,” it is yet regarded y nearly all leading educators as the best preparation for profesonal life.
SCIENTIFIC. This course differs from the classical chiefly in omitting the reek and prescribing only six terms of Latin, and is found to comletely meet the wants of those who are not studying with a special lew to professional life and yet desire a liberal education.
NORMAL. This course is rendered necessary as a part of our collegiate work y the demand for well-drilled teachers in our public schools. It liffers from the classical and scientific chiefly by omitting the reek and Latin and including lectures and studies on didactics. Although this is a three years' course and one may be able to teach be lower branches in the common school before entering it, it is he design of the course to fit teachers for the principalship of high chools, as well as to make them efficient teachers of the common ranches, and to give those not desiring to study the ancient lassics a good English scientific education. A diploma will be warded on the completion of this course and in our final examimation we shall endeavor to secure the cooperation of the county and State superintendents.
DEGREES. Students completing the classical course will receive the degree of bachelor of arts, and those completing the scientific course will receive the degree of bachelor of science.
The degree of master of acts will be conferred upon every bachtlor of arts of three years' standing, who, during that time, has Eustained a good moral character, and has pursued professional or scientific studies.
The degree of master of science will be conferred upon every bachelor of science of three years' standing, who, during that time, las sustained a good moral character, and has pursued professional of scientific studies.
ACADEMIC PREPARATORY. Many candidates for admission to the college are not prepared to enter any of the prescribed courses, not having satisfactorily coi pleted the common English branches. To meet the wants of suc advanced classes in these branches are organized each term, so th advantages of the high school or academy are furnished those w either desire mental training beyond what is furnished in the d trict school or wish to prepare themselves to enter the regul
ENGLISH PREPARATORY. In many parts of this State, especially in the mountainous d tricts, many families are so isolated that it is impossible for them obtain the advantages of the district school except to a limit extent, and many parents thus circumstanced either spend part the year with their families where they may enjoy school privileg or send their children from home to obtain them.
DISCIPLINE, STUDIES, GRADING, EXAMINATIONS. The government of the school is mild, but firm and decisive. A the liberty consistent with the welfare of the institution and tl good of the individual is allowed to the student, but rowdyism any kind is not tolerated, and persons habitually addicted to mi conduct will not be retained. We appeal always to the manho and womanhood of the student and use such discipline as wi develop the better nature and ennoble the character.
Studies are selected with the advice of the faculty, and no stud selected can be discontinued without the consent of the teache Excuse must be given for absence from recitation.
The grade is made on a scale of 100 from monthly reviews and written examination at the close of each term. Any student recei ing a grade of less than 65 must repeat the study before advancin
BUSINESS INSTITUTE. A commercial course in the business institute embraces bool keeping by double and single entry, and its collateral branches in cluding stock and partnership sets, wholesale and retail merchar dising, commission, compound company business, administrator books, importing, banking in all its departments with the use college currency and detecting counterfeits, commercial arithmeti short methods, rapid calculations, business paper, commercial law penmanship, lettering, composition, correspondence, the use of th automatic shading pen, and political economy or the science o wealth.
PORTLAND BUSINESS COLLEGE.
A. P. ARMSTRONG,
H. W. HERRON,
C. L. STUBBS, Engrosser and Teacher of Ornamental Penmanship, Portland School.
W. C. HARVEY,
MISS ETTA E. MOORE,
MISS GABARELLE CLARKE,
.G. V. HOOPENGARNER,
A. S. HILL,
W. I. STALEY,
MISS AZALIE COCHRAN,
J. W. MCCULLOCH,
DISCIPLINE. Discipline is of the greatest importance in the management of school. No matter how thorough the course of study, or ho efficient the teachers, without good discipline the work of the scho is without avail. Good discipline forms habits of care, industry perseverance and promptness, so essential to success in after lif Poor discipline swells the ranks of that unreliable class who are no account in any capacity. We strive to have all students fe that in us they have faithful teachers and true friends who will ai them in every possible way, and we do not intend that any studen shall come to us with good habits and principles and leave us wit] those habits and principles tarnished. "We require all students t be punctual and regular in attendance and faithful in applicatio to study. No business education is of any value without correc business babits. Those only will succeed who are honest, studiou: persevering and industrious, and these qualities we endeavor ti inculcate.
HISTORY AND DESIGN OF THE SCHOOL. In November, 1866, this school issued its first scholarship, and admitted its first student. Since that time it has been in session day and evening throughout the year, without vacation.
The course of studies has undergone many changes, also. Fron a few studies taught at first, additions have been made year by year until instruction is now given in almost any branch called for.
The design of the school is to give to young and middle-aged men and women a thorough knowledge of business affairs, so tha whatever may be their occupation, they will be the better able ti secure themselves the substantial fruits of their labor. To this end the institution is made a practical school of business, complete ir all its appointments and offering advantages of the highest orde in all its departments.
A BUSINESS EDUCATION. At no time in the history of the world has a business education been more essential to success than at the present. Competition ha grown fiercer every day until “the race of life has become intense the runners are treading upon each other's heels; woe to him whi stoops to tie his shoe-string.” The weak are pushed aside, while the strong win faine and fortune. Not only so, but the rich o to-day may be the poor of to-morrow, and the best capital one car possess is a thorough and comprehensive knowledge of business and how it is transacted. This capital is permanent; it is always available. Thieves cannot steal nor reverse of fortune impair 01 destroy it. It is the hidden force which impels through all current and over all obstacles. Thousands are to-day out of employment zcause they have qualified themselves for nothing beyond unskilled anual labor. In the great business centers of the country the ajority of those whose active minds and busy hands direct and ontrol the complex network of systems necessitated by our immense ommercial interests, are those who possess a business education nly. The demand of the day is practical knowledge suited to the sery-day affairs of life.
SITUATIONS FOR STUDENTS. We do not promise situations to students, and will not under any ircumstances. No reputable school will promise positions, either irectly or indirectly, as a means of securing patronage. Hundreds four former students are now engaged in business for themselves, - bolding responsible and lucrative positions in various sections of be Northwest, both as book-keepers and stenographers, which hould satisfy any ambitious person that work may always be had er those properly qualified. While our annual attendance is very arge, many of our students join us for the purpose of fitting themelves for going into business on their own account. None of these are for work, leaving comparatively few who really want positions. For more than a year, scarcely a week has passed in which we have but had more applications for help than we could meet.
Our school is so widely and favorably known that we receive a great many calls for help each year, from our own city and various other sections of the Northwest. We never allow to go unimproved the opportunities thus afforded of placing students in positions, if we have any out of employment at the time whom we deem to be qualified to discharge the duties of the places offered ; but we are never so unmindful of the future welfare of a student as to make a "bit or miss” response to every application for help, whether we know the one sent competent to do the work required or not. We are ever on the alert to further the interest of our patrons in every way, and deem it both a privilege and a pleasure to aid all competent and trustworthy students in securing employment. This we do entirely free of cost, and without any thought of making the mnost of such action as an advertisement. We therefore make no special display or public announcement of the names of students whom we aid in securing positions.
THE BUSINESS COURSE. The branches constituting the regular business course are single and double entry book-keeping, as applied to banking, railroading, steamboating, wholesale and retail merchandising, manufacturing,