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longer be engaged as an instructer. It the Lord Jesus, and at once threw his was now but rarely that he appeared in whole heart into the projected Evangelical the pulpit; but whenever he did so, as Alliance. When nearly eighty years of some of yourselves have informed me, his age, he went to London, and attended all discourses were characterised by all their the meetings in Freemason' Hall which former richness in solid doctrine, and issued in its formation. He took a remarkwere made more than usually solemn by able interest in the proceedings; giving the seriousness of his demeanour, as one his counsel in the midst of the great and standing, as he felt he did, on the verge the good ones gathered from all the ends of the grave. It was, as you know, when of the earth; and was chosen to preside matters were in this state, that his col- over one of its devotional meetings. It league was also laid down upon the bed of was indeed a pleasing spectacle to witness sickness, and with Mr Brasb's illness he one on the very verge of that happy world profoundly sympathised, and often express- where schisms and dissents are unknown, ed himself as afflicted both on his family's diffusing the spirit of his own Christian account and on yours. It was, however, charity over the representative sections of a great relief to his mind when you suc- the Church militant, and as it were enjoyceeded in getting your now sole surviv- ing the prelibations of heavenly love out ing pastor and our beloved friend, Mr of the cups of Christian union here. To Ker.

the very close of his life his heart conThough I have thus purposely dwelt at tinued with the grand object of the some length upon Dr Kidston's connec- Alliance; and only a few weeks ago, when tion with this congregation, it is meet I was leaving him to attend its annual that I also glance at his more public meeting in Dublin, he expressed his wish relationships to the Church and to society. that he had been able to accompany me. His long and great usefulness to our This ardent love of Christian union exchurch courts is well known. For nearly isted, on his part, long, long before the twenty years he was clerk to the Synod. idea of the Evangelical Alliance had been

It may be also proper to mention, that mooted. As far back as 1793, nearly sixty for the long period of forty-one years he years ago, Dr Kidston was the moving had held the same office in the Presbytery spirit in the formation of a 'Friendly of Glasgow, on retiring from which, Clerical Society' in Glasgow, consisting of some time previous to his resignation of ministers of different denominations, and the Synod clerkship he received a very which was greatly blessed for the cultivation handsome and valuable testimony of re- of brotherly love. This society consisted at gard from his brethren in and around this first of eight members, and was composed city. It was well-deserved; for a more of ministers of three different denominaobliging, painstaking, and hospitable of- tions—Messers Stewart and Dunn of the ficial than he was never lived, as many Relief Synod; Messrs Pirie and Kidston now living and labouring in all parts of of the Associate Burgher Synod; and the country can testify.

Messrs Mushet, M.Leod, Williamson, In all other respects, Dr Kidston was and M'Intosh of the Established Church. equally public-spirited. In him benevo- Ere long were added to it the late Drs lent, charitable, and missionary societies Mitchell and Muter, with Dr Love, and ever found an influential patron and a Messrs Begg, MʻLaurin, and M'Kenzie generous subscriber. He lived at the of the Established Church ; Mr Fairlie of period of the rise of the missionary enter the Associate Reformed Presbytery, and prise, and gave to it his heart and his Mr Brodie of the Relief Synod. In latter hand' when it needed support. Thus he years still, the late Messrs Macfarlane came into contact with the fathers and and Watson of the Relief, with Mr founders of the London Missionary Carment of the Establishment, joined the Society, whose spirit he admired, and society. If I mistake not, our excellent whose zeal he emulated. In general, he friend, the Rev. Dr Stuthers, of this city, was found ever in the very front rank of was also one of its members, and is now all measures for the revival of religion. its sole survivor. In the minute-book of Whoever might be present or absent, Dr this brotherhood, which was kept by Dr Kidston was always there. He was the Kidston, he states : 'Our little society was the warm friend of the slave, and advocated a novelty, highly gratifying to the benehis emancipation with the philanthropists volent heart. It happily united all the of his time. He was the friend of Israel, different denominations in this part of the and longed and prayed for their conver- kingdom, for the purpose of cultivating sion to God. He was the friend of the Christian intercourse and friendship. poor, and for more than sixty years abetted It tended greatly to forward, in this part every scheme in this city for the ameliora- of the country, the general union and cortion of their wretchedness. He was the dial co-operation of Christians in their friend of all and every Christian who loved | exertions to send the gospel to the heathen

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1852.

world. This society met once in the two his long presidency over the Glasgow months, and held its meetings alternately Missionary Society, whose jubilee sermon in the private residences, or in the vestry- he preached and published some years rooms of its members. That it had some ago; and to his presidency also over the thing sincere and earnest in its consti- Glasgow Society for the Emancipation of tution, is evident from its having existed the Slaves. But on these, and others of nearly thirty years. Hence the ardour a kindred and deeply interesting nature and promptitude with which Dr Kidston our space forbids us to enter in the prehailed the idea of the Evangelical Alliance, sent number. and which made many wonder that at

(To be continued.) eighty years of age he should feel and take such a deep interest in its success. After all, there is nothing new under the sun.' If

EDITOR'S LIBRARY. Dr Kidston was not the father of the Alliance, he was certainly one of its most Six LECTURES ON TAE CHRISTIAN EVIDENCES. distinguished progenitors.

By John Cook, D.D., Minister of St Leonards, Perhaps it may be as well in this con- St Andrews. Paton & Ritchie, Edinburgh. nection to notice, what all who knew him can testify was a strong feature in his character—his love of peace. If ever the In these Lectures the Evidences, External blessing pronounced to the peacemaker and Internal, are gone over in the usual was deserved by any, it was by him. order, without the slightest attempt at Hence in his congregation, in the Pres-originality, and yet in an agreeable and bytery, and in the Synod,'all his efforts impressive manner. were to maintain and promote peace; and

THE THRONE OF INIQUITY. By Rev. A. BARNES. be was very often successful when others failed. To such duties he ever brought

Delivered by request of the London Temper

ance League, in Surrey Chapel, London, an amount of common sense, which had

August 8, 1852. London: W. Speedie. the effect of subduing high-spiritedness in a singularly short period, and of bringing This is an able discourse on the subjeet about a comfortable settlement. This dis- of Intemperance, and the duty of civil position made very active in the prelimi- governments in reference to it. nary steps to the two great unions which The principles in legislation which Mr took place during his life in our Church- Barnes conceives bears on the air, and which that of the two great branches of the Seces he illustrates in detail-are, 1. Society sion in 1820, and that of the Relief and has a right to protect itself. 2. Society the Secession in 1847. It was perhaps should not, by its laws, protect evil. 3. from their appreciation of his peaceable Society should not undertake to regulate spirit, and active exertions to promote evil by law. 4. Society has a right to take union, as much as from his venerable age, efficient means to prevent or remove an that he was chosen to be the first moderator evil. 5. Society has a right to prevent or of the united Church-an office, the duties remove an evil by destroying private proof which he discharged with much of the perty, or rendering it valueless if necessary. wisdom and promptitude of his best days; The following is the close of the Serand when, at the opening of the Synod mon :following, he preached what was called the As showing the nature and the extent Synod sermon—which was afterwards, at of the burdens resting on the commuthe Synod's request, published-he gave nity as the result of the license system, one of the best proofs that, like Moses of and the traffic in intoxicating drinks, it old,' his eye was not dim, nor his natural may be proper to refer to some statistics force abated.' His physical strength was respecting the Philadelphia alms-house, no doubt somewhat weakened; but the eye -an institution that may be properly reof his mind was as clear as ever, and the garded as furnishing a fair illustration of pith of his judgment by no means en- the working of the present system throughfeebled. That sermon will remain as a out the land. It is taken from the report rare specimen of the sound old theology of the Guardians of the Poor :--The in which he had been trained, and the ex- number of cases treated in the Hospital, cellence and adaptation of which, to all in 1851, was 5000. Intemperate, males, holy ends, he firmly maintained to the 2709; women, 897; total, 3606, out of last-not with the mere doggedness of at- 5000. There were also of mania a potu, tachment to old things, but with the with slight delirium, 343 ; ditto, with halmanly convictions of a mind which was lucination, 114; violent mania, 157 habituated to weigh well the merits of total mania a potu, 614.' Nearly four every subject before decision was reached thousand persons supported at the public

In illustration of some of these traits expense in a single city and county, as the of his public character, I might refer to result of the traffic in intoxicating drinks, and more than six hundred afflicted with i to resist temptation; but who would feel the most dreadful form of insanity that that the brighter days of their early years ever comes upon man; a business tole- would revisit them again, if the temptation rated, protected, sustained by law, and re- were removed for ever from their reach. quiring heavy taxes on the sober and We may be told that it would be imindustrious for its support! What other possible to execute such a law, and conceivable business is there in a civilized especially in our great cities. That may and Christian land would be protected or be so; but it is never to be assumed that a tolerated, which would, in a single year, law deliberately passed by the representaand every year, in a single county, de- tives of the people, and after it has been throne the intellect in more than six hun- fairly before the minds of the people, candred cases, and convert more than six not be executed. What law is there that hundred citizens into frightful maniacs ? has not been executed? What law is

Should an evil like this be protected by there that cannot be? The remedy for law; should it be assumed that it is to obnoxious laws in a free country is not continue to exist; should an attempt be resistance, but change; and it is always to made merely to regulate it; should it have be assumed by legislators, and by the the patronage of the State, and be made people, too, that a law can be executed, and legal; should a virtuous community con- that it will be executed, until the contrary sent to be taxed to sustain it; should in- is proved. telligent and pious men lend their counte- But it may be asked still, what if we fail; nance to it? Shall a man be restrained fail in getting the law; fail in its execution? from setting up a slaughter-house, or a I answer in the words of Lady Macbeth, glue manufactory, or dye-works, at my we fail. So be it. We fail now. We door, and allowed to open a fountain that fail in all our attempts to stop the pro, is certainly destined to corrupt the morals gress of intemperance. We fail in moral and the peace of the neighbourhood; that suasion. We fail under the existing laws. is to multiply crime and pauperism, that we fail in societies ; by all appeals; by all is inevitably to ruin the bodies and the arguments; by all methods of influencing souls of men ?

the public mind; by all preaching and We shall be told, perhaps, that the pro- and lecturing; by all parental counsel, and posed law is a restraint on freedom. My by all the portraying of the wide-spread country is free, and this country is free; evils of intemperance. In all these things but neither the one nor the other is, or we fail, while the law patronizes it; while should be free for everything. They are the State legalizes it; while the statutes of not free to sell lottery tickets, or to set up the land authorize it—and in such efforts nuisances, or to counterfeit coin, or to we must always fail-just as we would in open houses avowedly of infamy.

banishing lotteries, or in closing gaming We may be told that it is wrong to pre- houses that are sanctioned by law. But vent men by law from drinking what they suppose we do fail. The evil cannot easily please. That not the point: it is that be worse, and we shall have made one the State shall not authorize them to more effort to remove that great curse manufacture and sell what they please. that has settled down on the world. But

We may be told that it is impossible to there is a God in heaven, and men in a carry the legislature for the passage of righteous cause, when they put their trust such law. That will depend on the wishes in him, do not últimately fail. of the State, for our legislators are the representatives of the people, and, in a free PRIZE ESSAY ON EDUCATION. By Rev. DAVID country, a people can do as they please. SMITH, A.M., London: James Blackwood. 1852. We

may be told that the people cannot The Educational Institute of Scotland, at be brought to such a state as to demand their annual meeting in 1850, set apart a the passage of such a law. That remains small portion of their funds to be given as to be seen. It is not absolutely certain prizes for two essays, one on a subject what would be the effect of a popular vote connected with the Theory, and another on the subject, if the question were sub- on a subject connected with the Practice mitted to the people. And, besides, it is of Education. to be assumed in every free country, that The Essay now laid before the public the people can be induced to demand the was found to be the best on the first subpassage of any reasonable and just law, ject. It treats of the branches of Educaand at they can be prevailed on to send tion which ought to be embraced in a representatives that will do it. Moreover, school curriculum; their adaptation, respecit is supposed that there may be hundreds tively, to form the character, and develope of intemperate men themselves who would the mental faculties; and the order in vote for such a law-men who see the evil of which they should be produced to the their course, and their danger; men who mind. We earnestly recommend it to desire to reform, but who have not strength the attention of parents and teachers.

LECTURE ON THE FUNDAMENTAL LAW OF CHRIS- reduced to two, but still two are not one.

TIAN Ethics. Published at the request of the Duality is not unity. Looking a little Paisley Young Men's Christian Association, more closely into this generalisation, we Paisley : Robert Stewart, 1852.

find, wonderful to tell, that the process has MR Dickson is a metaphysico-poetical actually reached to absolute unity. How genius. He has faults which he will soon is this? The objects of these two precepts rectify, but which will, for a time, lead are different; but mark, the duty incul. some to question his talents. These faults cated in both is the same, the simple, the chiefly concern his style, which is some sublime duty of Love. All our duties to times exceedingly beautiful and eloquent, God are summed up in Love; all our dubut not unfrequently deficient in simplicity: ties to man are comprised in Love. Love Mr D., however, is no commonplace man, is the one precept, the one obligation, in! and will, ere long, we trust, secure for which all others are bound up. It is the himself a high position, both as a writer great whole, of which all ethical laws are and preacher.

parts. It is all, and it includes all. It is In the lecture before us, the author, at once the fixed centre, the permeating after stating that 'simplicity in complex principle, and the enclosing circumference ity, marks and forms true greatness, and of the moral sphere. What relations can by happily illustrating the proposition, by be more complex than those between man a reference to the material universe—this and God, and between man and his fel. approaches the point—the great law of lows; and what duties can be more mani. love, which in the sequel becomes the sub- fold and interwoven, than those arising ject of his discussion.

out of these relations; and yet, behold a If the Bible be from God, as nature and miracle, a moral miracle, which I believe, man are, then the Bible will be stamped however simple the thing may be when with the same feature of simplicity in com- stated, none but a Divine intelligence plexity. Leaving its doctrines apart, could have wrought. The convolved and which, though truly manifold and com- intertwisted multitude is reduced to one plex, are yet conspicuously pervaded by a solitary law, to one autocratic and imperial principle of absolute simplicity, let us turn, principle, the law, the principle of Love. in accordance with our subject, to its Here then, of a truth, is simplicity in duties. In a revelation, we should expect complexity. I have no hesitation in $aythat the entire series, or code of precepts, ing, that had I no other evidence that respecting our behaviour towards God and Jesus was the sent of God than this single towards man, would be embodied. We generalisation, I would not refuse to set find that they are. From Genesis to the my seal with the utmost confidence and Apocalypse, there is not a single duty cordiality to his supernatural and celestial which we owe to our Maker, nor a single origin. obligation under which we can lie to our The same simplicity in cemplexity obneighbour, omitted in the catalogue. They served in the material and moral universe. may be numbered by hundreds and by shines' conspicuously in the world of the thousands, so minute and particular is the Bible; and, if I reject the divinity of the detail. Here certainly is complexity, a Scriptures I must renounce the divinity complexity absolutely bewildering. Open- of nature. One grand characteristic has ing the book of Exodus, we find the been woven into all that the Diety has myriad multitude of particulars resolved made, and into all that the Diety has into ten great comprehensive generals. spoken. This is surely a huge step through the wilderness of variety, to the simplicity of unity. But still, ten are not one. We

THE CABINET. have not therefore reached the unity of which we are in quest. We turn to the Evangelical narratives, and in Matthew

The greatest honour you can do Christ we read, " Then one of the Pharisees who this side the grave, is to trust more to his was a lawyer, asked Jesus a question, love, and go daily to him, that you may Master, which is the great commandment trust him more still, and commit every conin the law? Jesus said unto him, " Thou cern of yours into his loving hands and shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy tender care.Romaine. heart, and with all thy soul, and with all CHRIST has the same love in his heart thy mind, this is the first and great com- now, as he had when he was nailed to the mandment;

and the second is like unto it, cross; he has not changed his heart; though Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. he has changed his state and changed his On these two commandments hang all the place, yet his heart is still the same.law and the prophets.”? Here is a still | Romaine. nearer approach, through complexity, to simplicity. The ten precepts have been

THOMAS GRANT, PRINTER, EDINBURGH.

THE CLAIMS OF SONG ON CHRISTIAN WORSHIPPERS.

There is something very interesting, the feelings of the heart, onward to the very mysterious, and withal very service- powers of action. | able, in the power of music which God These things may suffice to show, not has given to man.

It that exponent of only that music may be associated with excited emotion to which the men of all piety, without the risk of incongruity, ages, of all countries, and of all conditions | but that it was given to man for expresin society, are found to resort. No doubt | sion to his piety, that this is the chief it may be modified by art, but it is not the end for which it was given to him at creature of art, and of its canons it may all, and that, in point of fact, it is not be said, as has been said of those of appreciated as it ought to be appreciated, speech

nor lifted up to its proper place, except in * These rules by art discovered, not devised,

so far as the very best of it is selected and Are nature still, but nature methodised.'

set apart to the purposes of piety, so far

as this is found to be practicable. If its Yes, it is in our nature to sing, amidst power over man be so great as all must all the diversities of our moods of mind, see and confess it to be, then is it for and all the varieties of our outward cir- Christians to remember that this power, cumstances, crushing calamity alone ex- viewed simply as power, is not a result of cepted. We sing our joys, we sing our depravity, but older than depravity-a sorrows, we sing our hopes, we sing our part of the human constitution, and given fears, we sing our loves, we sing our to us as a means of development to the hatreds, we sing our victories, we sing our moral or religious tendencies of that condefeats, and, if we be devout men, we pour stitution. Thus far are we carried by the our piety, in all its varieties, into devo- | nature of the thing itself—the work of our tional song. We do these things, more Creator as seen and felt among us—and or less, according as the relish for music when we come to his Word, we find the is strong or weak within us, and this connexion between piety and music not relish is as much a part of our nature, only permitted, but recommended, nay, although not by any means so uniform or more than recommended, sanctioned, proso importunate, as the appetite for meat vided for, and largely exemplified. Quoor drink. Man as man has an appetite tation here were endless, and to those who for music; and although there are cases know the record, it is happily superfluous. in which this appetite is scarcely, if at all, Sing unto God, sing praises unto his discernible, yet these cases are, beyond a name: extol him that rideth upon the question, exceptions to the rule, and are to heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice be put into the category, not of gifts, but before him.'* "O give thanks unto the of privations. The man whose ear can LORD: call upon his name : make known convey to his heart no pleasure from his deeds among the people. Sing unto inodulated sound is, in this respect, a de- him, sing psalms unto him; talk ye of all fective man, who may here and there be his wondrous works.'t 'Sing aloud unto found on earth, but never will be found in God our strength : make a joyful noise heaven. But there is more than pleasure unto the God of Jacob. Take a psalm, here; there is positive practical effect, in and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant the right direction or the wrong. Music harp with the psaltery. Blow up the exerts a powerful influence, first over the trumpet in the new moon, in the time mind of man, then over his actions, and appointed, on our solemn feast-day. For then, as a matter of course, over the for- this was a statute for Israel, a law of the mation of his character, for good or for God of Jacob.' | These are sayings from evil. So much is this the case, that it has heaven on the subject, which have not passed into something like a proverb-, always the deference paid to them which *Give me the song of a country in aid of their origin demands; and it is worthy of my cause, and I will give you all the elo- remark, that in the specimens of sacred quence of its senate or its bar in aid of song which are given to us by inspiration, yours.' Nay, eloquence itself owes more there are varieties—aye, and varieties of its power to its sisterhood with music steeped in devotional experience—which than its votaries are always willing to con- correspond with the varied states of mind fess: for what is eloquence but thought in which the godly may be found, from made fervid by the charm of apt ex- those who are very joyful, down all the pression ? And it were hard to find a way to the broken-hearted and forlorn. generic difference between this and the

* Psalm lxviii. 4. + Psalm cv. 1, 2. charm of music, working its way through

# Psalm lxxxi. 1-4. No. V.-New SERIES.

Vol. i.

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