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ALBERT S. COOK, EDITOR
A MIDDLE ENGLISH POEM
EDITED WITH INTRODUCTION, NOTES, AND GLOSSARY
ROBERT J. MENNER
A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School
Doctor of Philosophy
NEW HAVEN: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
HARVARD UNIVERSITY The publication of this edition of Purity, which was presented as a doctoral dissertation in 1918, was delayed for a year because of my absence on military service. Meanwhile, the text of the poem had been discussed in two articles, first by Bateson (Modern Language Review 13. 377-86), and later by Gollancz (ibid. 14. 152-62). A third important article, by Emerson (Publications of the Modern Language Association 34. 494-522), appeared when this edition was ready for the press. Although I have taken note of what seemed to me the most significant of the many suggestions made in these articles, I was unable, at this late date, to discuss some of them as thoroughly as I should have liked. Professor Emerson proposed several emendations, that I had already adopted in the text, the most important being teme for tonne of the manuscript (655); nomon (I change further to nomen) for no mon (1002); and bolle for bolde (1474). In these and other cases where he has anticipated me, and in most cases where my interpretation differs from his, I have thought it advisable to leave my notes as they stood, and simply to add a reference to his article.
I have adopted the title Purity, instead of Cleanness or Clannesse, for the reasons given by Osgood in the preface to his edition of The Pearl.
This edition was undertaken at the suggestion of Professor Albert Stanburrough Cook. I wish to express my thanks to him for his helpful advice throughout the preparation of it, though I feel that I owe him an even greater debt of gratitude for his direction and encouragement of my previous studies.
A portion of the expense of printing this thesis has been borne by the English Club of Yale University, from funds placed at its disposal by the generosity of the late Mr. George E. Dimock, a graduate of Yale in the Class of 1874. Yale University,