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THE

GARDENER'S MAGAZINE,

AND REGISTER OF RURAL

& DOMESTIC IMPROVEMENT.

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(Forming Vol. III. of the Third Series.)

By J. C. LOUDON, F.L.S. H.S. &c.

AUTHOR OF THE ENCYCLOPÆDIAS OF GARDENING, OF AGRICULTURE, AND OF COTTAGE, FARM,

AND VILLA ARCHITECTURE, AND OF THE ARBORETUM BRITANNICUM AND

SUBURBAN GARDENER,

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THE CONDUCTOR;

1일

CONDUCTED

AND SOLD BY

LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,

PATERNOSTER ROW ;

AND A. AND C. BLACK, EDINBURGH.

1843.

The Summary for the Year 1843 is unavoidably postponed, on
account of the illness of the Conductor, who hopes he may be
able to give it early in the year 1844.

TABLE OF CONTENTS,

581

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

Page

Page

GENERAL SUBJECT.

Descriptive Notice of some of the Gardens

and Scenery around Stirling, the Strath of

On the Theory of Manures

1

Monteith, and Strathearn

584

Comparative Physiology. By R. Lymburn 190 Notice of Dalvey, the Seat of Norman Mac-
Vital Stimuli; Heat as a Vital Stimulus; Leod, Es

416
Evolution of Heat in Vegetables ; Sources;

Notes made during a Horticultural Tour from
Light as a Vital Stimulus; Developement

Lowther Castle in Westmoreland to Exeter
of Light in Plants; Electricity as a Vital

in Devonshire
Stimulus ; Pressure of the Atmosphere 333 A Classical Garden of the Mason School of

Laws of Organic Developement, General Design, prevalent about the Middle of the
View of the Functions of animated Beings,

last Century, exemplified in the Grounds
and their mutual Relations -

381 of Stoke Park, near Windsor, the Seat of
Special and Comparative Physiology:

John Penn, Esq.

- 586

Ingestion and Absorption of Aliment in Bicton Gardens, their Culture and Manage-

general

. 461. 509 ment. In a Series of Letters to the Con.

Absorption in Vegetables ; Circulation of ductor - continued.
the Nutritive Fluid generally considered ;

Letter U. House for New Holland

Circnlation in Vegetables ; Interstitial Ab-

Plants. List of New Holland Plants

20

557 Letter V. The Orange and Camellia

on the Food of Plants, and its Transforma- House, Vineries, Pineries, and Peach-

tion

397. 471

houses, Back Sheds, &c. List of Camellias 23

On Bottom Heat

113 Letter VI. Chrysanthemums. Manured

On Horticultural Exhibitions

Water. Properties of Charcoal, &c.

28

On the Exhibitions of the London Horticul.

Letter VI. The Conservatories, and

tural Society, and on various Matters con-

List of Plants in them. The Orchideous

nected with Horticultural Exhibitions 222 Houses and Stoves. Lists of Orchidex and

Notes taken during a Twelve Days' Tour in of other Stove Plants

29

Brittany and Normandy, in July, 1812 :-

Letter VIII. The Flower-Gardens. List

Dinan; Rennes ; Nantes; Angers; Le of Plants

46

Mans; Lisieux (Calvados) ; Honfleur

- 224

Letter ix. Importance of Cleanliness.

Recollections of a Gardening Tour in the

Manure Water Charcoal .

49

North of England, and Part of Scotland,

Letter X. The Rockery. The American

made from June 22. to Sept. 30. 1841 -

Garden

111

continued :

Letter XI. "The Trees in the Park. The

Stirling to Edinburgh ; Edinburgh to Lake, and the Aquatic Birds

113

Stranraer; Culhorn House: Castle Ken-

Lettor XII. Reasons for following the

nedy; Broadstones ; Stranraer to Ayr;

Business of a Market-gardener

Ayr; Alloway Kirkyard; Dounbrae Cota

Letter XIII. Growing Mushrooms

. 23+

tage; Newark Castle. By the Conductor . 250 Letter XIV. Growing, Training, and

Notices of some Gardens and Country Seats general Management of Ericas

in Somersetshire, Devonshire, and Part of

Letter Xi'. The Rust in Grapes

367

Cornwall -- continued and concluded:

Letter XVI. Culture of the Potato. Mis-

Sidmouth; Peake Houce; Nutwell Court; management it is subject to. Cause of Curl

Killerton Park; Silverton Park; Poltimore and Dry Rot -

. 419

House ; Winslade House ; Hcanton Park,

Letter XV. System of Kitchen-Gari

near Torrington ; Stevenstone, near Tor- dening. Culture of the Strawberry, As-

rington ; Roads ; Cottages; Agriculture of paragus, Sea.kalc, Celery, and Cauliflower 497

Devonshire. By the Conductor

Letter XVIII. On the Gooseberry Cater-

Hints for the Improvement of the Town of pillar

Southampton, with a short Notice of the

Leller xix. Crane-necked Short-handled

Vineyard at Shirley :-

Hoes

495

The alternate System of Burying ; Cover-

Letter xx. "The Crane or Goose.necked

ing the Bay with Water when the Tide is at Hoes: Objections to them answered. Masa

the lowest; Sewerage ; Direction of Streets ; Cavendishii, M. Dacca, and M. sapiéntuin 539

Architecture of Street Buildings; Public

Letter XXI. System of Kitchen Garden-

Walks ; Additional Supply of Water to the ing continued. Culture of the Cabbage,
Town; Vegetable and Fruit Market ; Even- Broccoli, Pea, Bean, Onion, Carrot, Pars.
ing Shelters for Working Men ; Naming nep, and Spinach

510

the Streets and numbering the Houses;

Letter XXII. The principal Causes of

Regulating the Charges made by Cabs, Canker in Peaches, Nectarines, and Apricots 601

Flies, &c.; Shops ; Vineyard at Shirley. By

Leller XXIII. Notes on the One-Shift

the Conductor

- 589 System of Potting, and on Charcoal 605

Dinbur ('astle, its Gardens and its Gar-

Leller XXI. System of Cucumber-

deners

106. 413. 578 Growing

A 2

Notice of a Visit to Bicton Gardens in Au.

gust, 1843, with Remarks on the Culture

practised there, and on the State of some of

the Plants

- 546

Notice of a Visit to Bicton Gardens, in Oc-

tober, 1813

606

Report on rare or select Articles in certain

British Nurseries and private Gardens.

Drawn up from personal Inspection, or

from communications received:

Cornwall : Carclew. Devonshire: Exeter

Nursery; Mount Radford Nursery; Sum-

merland and City Nursery, Exeter. Dor-

setshire: Merriott Nurseries, near Crew-

kerne. Gloucestershire : Durdham Down

Nursery, Bristol ; Cirencester Nursery.

Hampshire : Rogers's Nursery, Southamp-

ton. By the Conductor

3+

Hertfordshire: Sawbridgeworth Nursery.

Kent : Dartford Nursery. Middlesex ; Hor.

ticultural Society's Garden ; Abney Park

Cemetery, Stoke Newington ; Fulham Nur.

sery ; Exotic Nursery, King's Road, Chel-

sea. Norfolk : Great Yarmouth Nursery.

Somersetshire : Taunton Nursery. Stafford-

shire: Cliff Vale and Prospect Nurseries,

near Leek. Surrey : Clapham Rise Nur-

sery; New Cross Nursery; The Deepdene,

near Dorking. Warwickshire : Birming-

ham Botanic Garden ; Stoneleigh Abbey,

near Coventry. Yorkshire: Hope Nursery,

Leeming Lane, Bedale ; St. John's Nursery,

Wakefield; Beverley Nursery. Island of

Jersey : St. Helier's Nursery. - Scotland.

Edinburghshire : Lawson's Nursery, Edin.

burgh. Roy's Nursery, Aberdeen. - Ire-

land. Glasnevin Botanic Garden, Dublin ;

Carton, the Seat of the Duke of Leinster - 55

Phrenology for Gardeners and their Patrons 662

Notice of a Snow-Plough for Walks and

On making Garden Besoms

• 178

On pulverising Soil

. 115

Notice of a heating Apparatus in the Gardens

of His Grace the Duke of Wellington at

Strath fieldsaye

Description of a Propagating-Honse heated

by hot Water circulated in Brick Troughs 266

On the Squirrel -

. 117

The Squirrel

The Roller called Pica marina in Italy

18

What Gardeners might learn by attending to
the Habits of Birds

- 619
On the Hornet

- 409

Some Account of the Insects which attack

the Raspberry

411

Extent, on level Ground, exemplified in

one now being formed at Cambridge 353

VI. Design for a Cemetery on Hilly

Ground

400

VII. The present State of the London

Cemeteries, considered chiefly as Cemetery

Gardens ; Turkish Burying-grounds, Per-

sian Cemeteries ; Chinese Cemeteries

VIII. Country Churchyards; their pre-

sent State and Means of Improvement :

Want of Order; Want of Perpendicularity

in the Monuments and Gravestones; slo-

venly State of the Grass and Herbage; De-

secration; Want of Trees and Shrubs;

Want of Monuments; Laying out and

planting a new Churchyard; Situation and

Soil ; Size of the Church, and Extent of the

Churchyard; Site of the Church; Ground

Plan of the Church; Boundary Fence;

Walks of a Churchyard ; Grassy Surface of

a Churchyard ; Trees in Churchyards;

System of Interments in Churchyards ;

Church ; Parsonage House and Grounds

- 475

IX. Lists of Trees, Shrubs, and Perennial

herbaceous Plants, adapted for Cemeteries

and Churchyards ; Supplementary Engrav.

ings; Appendix
Some Account of the principal Cemeteries

in the United States, particularly those in
the Neighbourhood of Philadelphia

- 665
Hints for the Improvement of 'Kensington

Gardens and Hyde Park. By the Con.

ductor
Ground Plan and Perspective Elevation of a

Portion of improved' Landscape Scenery,
intended to point out the Errors which are
frequently committed by Persons who have
little Knowledge of Landscape Composi-

tion
On Laying out and Planting the Lawn, Shrub-

bery, and Flower-Garden. By the Con-

ductor 166. 258. 306. 371. 442. 497. 547. 634. 667

Remarks on one of the Designs in the Article

“ On Laying out and Planting the Lawn,

Shrubbery, and Flower-Garden"

On Grouping Trees in Parks and Pleasure.

Grounds

118

Hints to Proprietors who intend planting

Pleasure Grounds, Shrubberies, or other

ornamental Plantations. By the Conductor 553

Remarks on a Design for a Flower-Garden

on Gravel, with Hints for the Grouping of

Plants in Flower-Gardens

70

On the Superiority of Span-roofed Green-

houses

268

Design for Five Suburban Dwellings, form.

ing a continuous Range, with their Gar-

dens

607

How to make the most of a Cottage of only

Two Rooms

52

- 285

- 657

. 116

- 177

• 179

LANDSCAPE-GARDENING, AND GAR-

DEN ARCHITECTURE.

The Principles of Landscape-Gardening and

of Landscape. Architecture applied to the
Laying out of Public Cemeteries and the
Improvement of Churchyards ; including
Observations on the Working and General
Management of Cemeteries and Burial-
Grounds:

I. The Uses of Cemeteries. By the Con-
ductor -

93
II. The Laying out, Building, and Plant-
ing of Cemeteries ; Situation ; Soil; Extent;
Boundary Fence; Laying out the Interior
Situations of Graves; Roads, Walks, and
Green Paths; Chapels ; Yard and Sheds;
Trees and Shrubs; Flowers; Buildings;
Entrance Lodge; Vaults; Catacombs ;
Brick Graves ; Eirth Graves ; Sepulchral
Monuments ; Cenotaphs ; Walls ; Drains ;
Grave-Boards; Grave-Box ; Grave-Plat-
form ; Grave-Cover; Grave-Mould; Clergy-
inan's Shelter ; Roots and Plants

141
111. The Working and Management of
Cemeteries

IV. Certain Innovations suggested re-
lative to the Selection of Ground for Ce-
meteries, Mode of performing Funerals, &c. 292

V. Design for a Cemetery of moderate

ARBORICULTURE
Notice of a Collection of Spiræas, North Ame.

rican Oaks, Abiétina, and Cupréssinæ,
made in the Spring of 1843. By the Con-
ductor

439
On the white Oak of the United States (Quér.

cus alba L.)

The Holly

119

Dimensions of large Trees and Shrubs, col-

lected with a view to a Supplement to the

Arboretum Britannicum : - Large Trees

at Strathfieldsaye, the Seat of His Grace

the Duke of Wellington

- 125

Arboricultural Notices 181. 269. 442. 474. 637. 668

- 123

FLORICULTURE.

- 215

Botanical, Floricultural, and Arboricultural

Notices of the Kinds of Plants newly intro-

duced into British Gardens and Plantations,

or which have been originated in them

445. 499. 614

On the Culture of the Chinese Primrose

- 126
Cultivation of Forest and Fruit Trees

Horticultural Essays

• 279

and Tenantry of England, Scotland, and

Speede's Indian Handbook of Gardening 981 Ireland

313

Loudon's Laying out, Planting, and Ma- Liebig's Animal Chemistry

81

naging of Cemeteries, &c.

• 314 Solly's Rural Chemistry

Smith's Treatise on the Management and

282

Glover's History and Directory of the Bo-

Cultivation of Forest Trees

612

rough of Derby

314

Hamerton's Paper on Arboriculture - 643 Sopwith's Account of the Museum of Econo-

Antoine's Die Coniferen

80

mic Geology, and Mining Records Office

Whitley and Osborn's Catalogue of Hardy

. 504

Hosking's Introductory Lecture, delivered at

'Trees and Shrubs -

503

King's College, London

Prince's Annual Catalogue for 18+1 and 1842, The Builder -

81

of Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Kittoe's Wustrations of indian Architecture 645

Plants

80 The Country House (with designs)

Rendle's Catalogue for 1843

313 Martin's Thames and Metropolis' Improve-

Curtis's Glazenwood Catalogue for 1843, of ment Plan

American and other Hardy Shrubs, &c.

283

- 282 Restoration of the Church of St. Mary, Red.

Thorburu's Catalogue for 1843

313

cliffe, Bristol

S14

Parson's and Co.'s Catalogue for 1843 313 Hay's Natural Principles and Analogy of the

Remarks on the Management of Orchideous Harmony of Form

Plants

130

310 The British Almanack of the Society for the

Mott's Flora Odorata

- 613

Diffusion of Useful Knowledge for 1813 81

Bainbridge's Guide to the Conservatory - 643 Companion to the Almanack, or Year. Book

Pfeiffer and Otto's Abbildung und Beschrei. of General Information for 1843

81

bung blühender Cacteen, &c.

Link, Klotzsch, and Otto's 'Icones Plantarum

79 Gutch's Literary and Scientific Register and

Almanack for 1813

81

rariorum Horti Regii Botanici Berolinen. The Quarterly Journal of Meteorology and

sis

78

Sowerby's small Edition of English Botany -

Physical Science

79

Reports of Special Assistant Poor Law Com-

Baxter's British Flowering Plants

80. 503

missioners on the Employment of Women

Babington's Manual of British Botany

. 377

and Children in Agriculture

374

Paul and Sons: Catalogue of Roses · 613 Yarrell's History of British Birds

Hogg's Catalogue of Sicilian Plants

- 512 The Zoologist

Dillwyn's Hortus Collinsonianus

312 Van Voorst's Naturalist's Pocket Almanack

Manetti's Catalogus Plantarum Cæsarei Regii for 1 843

Horti prope Modiciam ad Annum 1842 613

81

Joplin's Sketch of Furness and Cartmel - 504

Buist's Catalogue of Plants

282 Dieffenbach's New Zealand and the New

Catalogue of the Fruits cultivated in the

Zealanders

126

Garden of the Horticultural Society of Dieffenbach's Travels in New Zealand; with

London

80

Contributions to the Geography, Geology,

Roberts's Comprehensive Practical Treatise

on the Culture of the Vine under Glass,

Botany, and Natural History of that Comune

try

&c.

- 645 Backhouse's Narrative of a Visit to the Aus-

Sutton's Culture of the Grape Vine in Aus-

tralian Colonies

182

tralia and New Zealand

644 Butler's Emigrant's Hand-Book of Facts,

Mears's Treatise on the Culture of the Vine

concerning Canada, New Zealand, Aus-

in Pots

Smith's Treatise on the growth of the Peach

tralia, Cape of Good Hope, &c.

284

Freese's Latin Governess

upon the open Wall .

310

Duhring's Art of Living

- 376

Rendle's Treatise on the Tank System . S09

Forbes's Inaugural Lecture on Botany 377

Low's Elements of Practical Agriculture - 614

Stephens's Book of the Farm

80

The Farmer's Calendar and Diary of Agri-

LITERARY NOTICES.

culture and Gardening for 1843

81

Lawson and Son's Treatise on the cultivated

DeCandolle', Prodromus
Grasses, and other Herbage and Forage

284
Plants, with the Kinds and Quantities of

Loudon's Remarks on the Laying out of

Seeds for sowing down Land to alternate

Cemeteries, and the Improvement

of

Husbandry, permanent Pasture, Lawns,

Churchyards

- 184

183

Loudon's Arboretum Britannicum

.673

Henslow's Letters to the Farmers of Suffolk 313 Smith's Treatise on the Management and

Three Prize Essays on Agriculture and the

284

Corn Law

80

Booth's London Nuisances

• 184

Timely Hints, addressed to the Landlords Prices of Books

• 133

A 3

.

- 57+

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