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John Heywood's New Educational Works.

JOHN HEYWOOD'S

MANCHESTER READERS,

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A NEW series of books of rudimentary instruction for elementary schools of all grades and classes, specially prepared to suit the requirements of the New Code, will be found to afford the most efficient instruction in Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic, for the various standards of examination.

The Reading and Spelling Lessons are on an entirely new principle. In the Primer or Elementary Reader (for the use of young children who require a book in a simpler character than that adapted to Standard I), simple narrative in monosyllables is the chief feature, the lessons in spelling and reading being graduated, on a system based on the sounds of the vowels, commencing with the short and more simple sounds, and then passing on to the long sounds and complex combinations of diphthongs and consonants. In the First Book, adapted to Standard I., in which the learner is required to read words of two syllables, the same system of gradation will be observed, leading the beginner onwards by degrees to the more difficult monosyllables in the English language, interspersed with dissyllables. In the adoption of this system, the MANCHESTER READERS will present an essential difference to books of a similar kind already in use. In the advanced books of the series this system will manifestly be no longer of advantage, but the attention of the learner will then be directed to word-building, or the construction of groups of words from single roots, with the relative meanings of the words thus constructed.

The Reading Lessons will be found to be in every way interesting to the pupil, and at the same time calculated to impart to him much useful knowledge, and to instil into his mind right principles.

Writing Lessons are given in the Primer and the First Book. In the former they are designed for practice on the slate with a slate pencil, which form the only writing implements of every boy and girl who are being educated in the first grades of our elementary schools. In every Reader in which writing copies of any utility are given, their use is diminished by showing black letters on a white ground, which the pupil is expected to copy in white letters on a black ground. In our Primer this interchange of contrast between the letter and the ground on which it is written will be obviated, for the pnpil will have placed before him letters and figures in

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Johd Heywood's New Educational Works.

John Heywood's Manchester Readers (continued).

white on a black ground, similar to those which he produces on his slate, and which his teacher produces in chalk on the black board. To give the pupil examples which he may copy in exact fac-simile as far as appearance goes, is, although a small matter, perhaps, in itself, nevertheless of more importance to a beginner than it my seem at first sight, as he will thus be enabled to discover his faults, and amend them more easily than when the colours of ground and letters in example and copy are precisely reversed. In the First Book the models are in black letters on white ground, the pupil using this book being considered capable of copying from such.

The Lessons in Arithmetic in each book will be found specially adapted to the different standards.

An entirely novel feature in the MANCHESTER READERS will be the introduction of Drawing Copies for slate-work in elementary schools, instead of the second-hand wood-cuts so frequently introduced, without any very good reason or genuine utility, in books of this class. The advantages of this new system of illustration are that it opens a new field for the exercise of the ingenuity of the pupil as a copyist, and is a most useful auxiliary to the study of writing; that it introduces a pleasing change into the work that is now required, and may be resorted to as the means of arousing anew the attention of a class which begins to flag over other school work; and that it is a step towards the introduction of a knowledge of the first principles of art into elementary schools.

The MANCHESTER READERS are printed in clear type, on good strong paper, and issued in a stout binding, calculated to resist, as far as possible, the wear and tear of every-day use in elementary schools.

Foolscap Svo, PRIMER OR ELEMENTARY READER, 64 pp., price 4d. First Book, adapted to STANDARD I., 96

6d. SECOND Book,

II., 128

8d. THIRD Book,

III., 160

10d. Fourth Book,

192

IV.,

ls. FIFTH Book,

V. & VI. 224

1s. 2d.

"

MANCHESTER: JOHN HEYWOOD, 141 and 143, Deansgate;

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT: 141, Deansgate.
LONDON : SIMPKIN, MASHALL, & Co., and J. C. Tacey.

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