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ground to complain of the choice of Deputy Governor may well be admitted, but this was quite as much Penn's misfortune as theirs, and was only an error of judgment. That they had just then cause to complain of the hardships the Eng. lish goverment was putting on them in the matter of oaths, was also true, but Penn was doing all he could to remedy it. The other charges of oppression “ about our civil rights by the Proprietary,” in various details were too trivial to be so seriously enumerated and intemperately advanced. There was an animus about the paper worse than the complaints, which hurt the goodhearted Proprietor deeply. He had spent his fortune, and was in debt as a result of his Pennsylrania burden. He thought he had given every reasonable concession, more than were enjoyed elsewhere, and if things were wrong he had expected kindly and reasonable co-operation, not bitter, unfriendly and unreasonable attack.

That Friends were to some extent on Lloyd's side in the matter, is evident.* In their minds

ISAAC NORRIS.

* “ He carries so fair with our weak country people, and those that long looked upon him to be the champion of Friends' cause in government matters in former times, that there is no possessing them.”

Logan to Penn, Correspondence, Vol. II., page 119.

he was the champion of personal liberty, to which the country Friends especially were inordinately attached. But that they still held to Penn is proven by the next election, in 1705, when Lloyd's party was left in a small minority in an Assembly of which all the members were Friends except one.* Lloyd himself got in by

* Even the quiet Friends did not get through this election without reproach. “This meeting, understanding of some disorderly carriage, language and deportment at Chester, the last election, by some professing truth, the meeting appoints to draw something in reprehension thereof, and bring the same to the next Quarterly Meeting."

The next meeting adopted their report. “ This meeting understands there have been some persons that make profession of the blessed truth and peaceable spirit of the Lord Jesus with us, but for want of keeping to it in thens. selves contrary fruits appear, so as to take liberty to speak and act as they please. . Some in this county at the last election, where their moderation should have ap. peared, but other fruits were brought forth, and seditious words and practices, insinuations and turbulent behavior

.. under a fair color of liberty and privilege to promote their sinister ends, to take revenge on those against whom they have taken a disgust. The consideration of these things hath brought a weighty concern upon this meeting that any should sacrifice the peace of the people to a private revenge. This meeting desires all monthly meetings to deal with such, and if they prove stubborn and unruly, and will not be reclaimed, then to acquit our holy profession of them."

Chester Quarterly Meeting, 1700.

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