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Every one knows that mites and maggots are found in cheese. They are seen in the skins of dead beasts, and in their flesh, where large flies lay their eggs, which afterwards change into an animal like that which lạid them. Although insects are not fond of fat or oily substances, they sometimes howeyer logge in bacon, which hath lost some of its fat by being smoaked. Lastly, it is but too well known that moths lodge in cloth, in paper, and in books.
How admirable is the providence of God! He hath not only provided a habitation for man, but with infinite wisdom hath likewise taken care to turnish, for every ipecies of animal he hath created, a fuit. able and appropriate place. They are all devoid of reason, and yet there is not one of them that is not endowed with a natural instinct which leads it to inhabit the places destined for it, where it finds the food which best agrees with it. Can we be surprised at this ? He who has endowed them with this instinct is the same, “ who hath
planted the Cedars of Lebanon, where the. birds make their nests, who hath given the fir
tree as an house for the stork, the high hills as a is refuge for the wild goats, and the rocks for the 66 conies. Ps. Civ. 17,18. At his command “ doth the eagle mount up and make her nest on s high, she dwelleth, and abideth on the rock, from 6. whence she seeketh the prey; for her eyes behold " afar off.” Job. xxxix. 27,29. « God doth “ great things which we cannot comprehend, he “ makes the beasts go into dens, and remain in their “ places." JoB. XXXVII. 5. 6.
What inference ought we to draw from this paternal care which providence hath taken to provide a habitation for all its creatures ? It is very plain. If God hath provided with so much goodness for the
wants of the smallest infect, and furnished it with a : lodging convenient for it, ought we to fear that he will neglect or abandon us? Are we not of more value than these little creatures ? Should it happen, that on account of our perseverance in the faith we should be exposed to persecution, and that those who persecute us, should force us to fly from our country, our houses and our homes, the Lord of the Universe will provide a place for us to retire to. Of this we have lately had an example in the persons of the Saltzburghers. These poor people, being driven from their habitations for the sake of the gospel, have not wandered hither and thither without knowing how to provide for themselves. The Lord of heaven and earth made them find an asylum in many places, even in the bofom of America. Different sovereigns took pleasure in affording a retreat to people whom their cruel country had expelled. Should the perfecution be so violent as to present no alternative between losing life and renouncing the gospel, let us not hesitate. Let us continue firm in the faith persuaded that our body alone will return to the dust, but that our souls, redeemed with the precious blood of Jesus Christ, will be received into those everlasting habitations which God hath prepared for the faithful after death. In my Father's house,' saith Jesus < Christ to his disciples, ' are many mansions: had it
not been so, I would have told you; I go to pre$ pare a place for you; and when I am gone and
have prepared a place for you, I will come again, © and take you with me, that where I am, there you
may be also. JOHN XIV. 2,3.
May we not likewise infer, from what has been faid of the spermatic animals of which man is form, ed, and of that multitude of insects which live on us both within and without, how ill it becomes us to be proud? A creature which perhaps derives its origin from
an iniect so small as not be discoverable by our senses, and which serves as food to such myriads of others,CuIInot be too humble or too sensible of its own wretchednels. Worms make as it were a part of ourselves; they enter cur bodies with the first food we take, even in the womb, and from the common mother of all mankind, have perpetuated themselves continually from generation to generation. At our birth wearenot delivered from them; the milk and other aliments we take are impregnated with them. They insinuate themselves into our bodies, which become for them a. fort of moving house where they grow, and feed, and multiply. As God has made no new creation, these insects must undoubtedly have been formed at the beginning of the world; but I will not say that they were created to inhabit man. If they were, God has endowed them with the qualities necessary for living in our bodies without hurt to us, or inconvenience to themselves. The food destined for them is perhaps a superfluity, the abundance of which would be hurtful to man. At any rare, God does nothing without a reason; and if he meant that animals should live within us, we must believe that they are necessary for our welfare. This we are sure of, that they are so deeply rooted in our bodies that the fpecies has been preserved there from the beginning of the world without perishing or being inconimoded by the place they inhabit. Thus do wretched more! tals carry in their bofom, millions of enemies ready to devour their bodies the moment the soul quits them.' None are excepted from this general law, they no more respect the carcase of a lord, a prince or a king, than the lowest of the human race. Kings may defend themselves against the attacks of their enemies by opposing formidable armies ; but can they refist those legions of infects! And who after this does not feel his own wretchedness? Who will not exclaim with one of the friends of Job ? " The
66 moon and the stars are not pure in the fight of 6 God; how then can he be clean that is born of a « woman? man that is a worm, and the son of man so that is but a worm?"- JOB xxv. 4.6.
CH A P. X.
OF THE MOTIONS OF INSECTS.
It is worthy of admiration that the faculty of motion is diversified in as many different ways as it hath pleased God to create beings. The course of the Sun and the Moon, and Stars is fixed and invariable; the Sea has its motion of flux and reflux in a manner peculiar to itself; and all animals have in general one fort of motion proper to their species and adapted to their wants. Some move in a straight line; others like lizards proceed in a winding line. The motion of snails is very low, they glide along almost imperceptibly by gluing their body to the ground on which they creep, by means of a slimy liquor they are abundantly provided with. Frogs move in a sin. gular manner, and can leap to a great distance by means of their hind legs. The little green frors cala led Graileis by the French, creep with ease along the most polished surfaces, and find a sort of steps where we can scarcely perceive the smallest roughness. The manner in which ferpents advance is very remarkable; they have neither wings nor legs to help
their motion ; they move however at pleasure, fomes times quick, sometimes slow. The rings of the hinder part of their body contracting those of the fore part dart forward, and draw after them the rest of the body. What agility do not fishes discover in their various movements ? They swim to every side with equal facility, darting sometimes upwards and sometimes downwards with the velocity of lighıninga The wings of birds support them in the air in which they move in all directions and cleave it with the greatest rapidity. The mole, blind and without a guide, makes itself a road under ground. This vast variety, which is observable in the motions of different fpecies of animals, has appeared fo remarkable to many authors, that they have thought it worthy of their particular attention ; but as they have not entered at large upon the motion of insects, I hope it will not be useless to take some notice of it here, and to impart my observations on the subject to the reader.
- The motion of insects varies according to the ele. ment they inhabit. Those which live in water move in one way; and those which continue always on land in another. Besides, each species has a motion peculiar to itself. In the water some swim in a straight line, moving their head alternately to the right or left side, while their tail keeps a corespond. ing but oppofi:e,motion, and thus the animal always preserves the figure of the letter S. This is the case with the larvă of the common gnat. Others swim from one side to another, advancing sometimes in a straight line, sometimes defcribing a circle or some other curve. Thus Swammerdam observed three different ways of swimming in the Monoculus Pulex, first in a right line like a fish; secondly, by an irregular motion like the flight of a sparrow, and thirdly by a sort of tumbling like some pigeors. Some spring in the