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miles square, in which they shall have exclusive juris diction;
To make rules concerning captures from an enemy; • To declare the law and punishment of piracies and! felonies at sea, and of counterfeiting coin, and of all offences against the laws of nations ;
To call forth the aid of the militia to execute the laws of the union, enforce treaties, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions ;
And to make all laws for carrying the foregoing powers into execution.
The legislature of the United States' shall have the power to declare the punishment of treason, which shall consist only in levying war against the United States, or any of them, or in adhering to their enemies. No person shall be convicted of treason but by the tes. timony of two witnesses.
The proportion of direct taxation shall be regulated by the whole number of inhabitants of every description; which number shall, within 11 years after the first meeting of the legislature, and within the term of every year after, be taken in the manner to be prescribed by the legislature.
No tax shall be laid on articles exported from the states; nor capitation tax, but in proportion to the census before directed.
All laws regulating commerce shall require the assent of two thirds of the members present in each house. The United States shall not grant any title of nobility. The legislature of the United States shall pass no law on the subject of religion; por touching or abridging" the liberty of the press; nor shall the privilege of the
writ of babeas corpus ever be suspended, except in case of rebellion or invasion.
All acts made by the legislature of the United States, pursuant to this constitution, and all treaties made under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land ; and all judges shall be bound to consider them as such in their decisions.
ARTICLE VII. The senate shall bave the sole and exclusive power to declare war; and to make treaties; and to appoint ambassadors and other ministers, to foreign nations, and judges of the supreme court.
: They shall have the exclusive power to regulate the manner of deciding all disputes and controversies now subsisting, or which may arise, between the states, respecting jurisdiction or territory.
The executive power of the United States shall be vested in a President of the United States of America, which shall be his style ; and his title shall be His Ex. cellency.' He shall be elected for shall be re-eligible.
He shall from time to time give information to the legislature, of the state of the union, and recommend to their consideration the measures he may think necessary. He shall take care that the laws of the United States be duly executed. He shall commission all the officers of the United States ; and, except as to ambassadors, other ministers, and judges of the supreme court, hetshall nominate, and, with the consent of the senate, appoint, all other officers of the United States. He sbal} receive publick ministers from foreign nations ; and may correspond with the executives of the different states. He sball bave power to grant pardons and reprieves, except in impeachments. He shall be commander in chief of the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states; and shall receive a compensation which shall not be increased or diminished during his continuance in office. At entering on the duties of his office, he shall take an oath faithfully to execute the duties of a President of the United States. He shall be removed from his office on impeachment by the house of delegates, and conviction in the supreme.court, of treason, bribery, or corruption. In case of his removal, death, resignation, or disability, the president of the senate shall exercise the duties of his office until another president be chosen. And in case of the death of the president of the senate, the speaker of the house of delegates shall do so.
ARTICLE IX. The legislature of the Ubited States sball have the power, and it shall be their daty, to establish such courts of law, equity, and admiralty, as shall be necessary.
The judges of the courts sball hold their offices during good behaviour ; and receive a compensation, which shall not be increased or diminished during their continuance in office. One of these courts shall be termed the supreme court, whose jurisdiction shall extend to all cases arising under the laws of the Upited States, or affecting ambassadors,other publick ministers and consuls; to the trial of impeachment of officers of the United States; to all cases of admiralty and maritithe jurisdiction. In cases of impeachment affecting ambassadors, and other publick ministers, this jurisdic. tion shall be original; and in all the other cases ap. pellate.
All criminal offences (except in cases of impeachment) shall be tried in the state where they shall be committed. The trials shall be open and publick, and be by jury.
Immediately after the first census of the people of the United States, the house of delegates shall appor. tion the senate by electing for each state, out of the citizens resident therein, one senator for every members such state shall have in the house of delegates. Each state shall be entitled to have at least one member in the senate.
No state shall grant letters of marque and reprisal, or enter into treaty, or alliance, or confederation ; nor grant any title of nobility ; nor, without the consent of the legislature of the United States, lay any inpost on imports ; nor keep troops or ships of war in time of peace ; nor enter into compacts with other states or foreign powers, or emít bills of credit, or make any thing but gold, silver, or copper, a tender in payment of debts ; nor engage in war, except for self defence when actually invaded, or the danger of invasion is so great as not, to admit of a delay until the government of the United States can be informed thereof. And to render these prohibitions effectual, the legislature of the United States shall have the power to revise the laws of the several states that may be supposed to infringe the powers exclusively delegated by this con. stitution to Congress, and to negative and annul such
The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. Any person, charged with crimes in any state, fleeing from justice to another, shall, on demand of the executive of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, and removed to the state having jurisdiction of the offence.
ARTICLE XIIÍ. Full faith shall be given, in each state, to the acts of the legislature and to the records and judicial proceedings of the courts and magistrates of every state.
The legislature shall have power to admit new states into the union on the same terms with the original states ; provided two thirds of the members present in both houses agree.
On the application of the legislature of a state, the United States shall protect it against domestick insurrection.
If two thirds of the legislatures of the states apply