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found needful to superintend the affairs of are changed, the Hawaiian vote will be commerce.” The Sultan claims (and it on one side, the white vote on the other, is difficult to prove the contrary) that there and the men of thrift and property will is no commerce at the place in question— be compelled to choose between the rule the same objection made to the establish- of unscrupulous demagogues leading an ment of a consulatė at Erzrum. Further- irresponsible people on the one hand, more, he claims that his final permission and, on the other, measures indefensible in the case of Erzrum was obtained under except on the ground that self-preservaan implied understanding that the United tion is the first law of nature, to protect States Government would abandon its themselves from such a result, claim to a consulate at the other place. While it is admitted at Washingon that there may have been foundation for this

The Parting of the Ways

It may, indeed, be understanding, it is said that the British

said that if the naGovernment has since established a con- tive Hawaiians did not desire annexation, sulate where one is now refused to us, and, the United States should not have conunder the favored-nation clause of the ceded it to the Republic of Hawaii. If Turco-American treaty, our Government this be true, then the vote of the native claims the same privileges as those ac- Hawaiians should have been taken on corded to Great Britain. The visit of the question of annexation before Hawaii the battleship Kentucky to Smyrna may was annexed. But we can conceive no relate to this question as well as to the argument for a policy which allowed a larger one of missionary indemnity. minority composed of the property-owners

and the income-earners—for both classes

were included under the old property The Hawaiian Election

The results of the qualifications—to determine that Hawaii

recent election in should be a Republic under American Hawaii, if correctly reported, afford a sovereignty, and then allowed a majority, new illustration, if one were needed, that composed largely of the idle, the incomit is a political mistake to attempt to base petent, and the thriftless, to elect in that the initiation of a new State on universal Republic a Legislature in favor of a return suffrage, regardless of the character and to the old-time native monarchy. The development of the people who constitute truth is that the Republican party is trythe community. In the Republic of Ha- ing to ride two horses which are going in waii a limited property qualification was divergent if not opposite directions, and attached to the suffrage. The Congres- that is always an impossible circus feat. sional Committee recommended that this The Republican party of the reconstrucqualification be retained. The recom- tion period committed itself to the policy mendation was overruled by Congress, of universal suffrage-one man one vote, which extended the suffrage to all resi- regardless of the character of the man ; dents who could read and write either the Republican party of the expansion Hawaiian or English. The result has period stands in Porto Rico and the Philbeen the election of a Legislature re ippines on the principle that in the formaported to be in favor of annulling the tion of a government the smaller number annexation to the United States and of wisest and best men must frame the restoring the native monarchy, and a dele government and administer it until the less gate to the United States who is said to capable have acquired capacity to take have won his election by pledging him- their place in the administration of the self to favor this policy of a restoration government. The first policy holds that of Hawaiian monarchical rule. Such a the declaration that all men are created restoration is, of course, so highly improb- equal means equal in political authority as able that the policy need not be regarded well as in natural rights; the second qualseriously; but what is serious is the intro- ifies this clause by the one which follows duction into Hawaii of a race conflict it in the Declaration of Independence, analogous to that in the Southern States, and interprets it to mean equal in their with an imminent peril that, unless the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of constitutional qualifications of suffrage happiness. The Republican party must


choose which of these principles it adopts,

The Bureau of Economic

The Rise in Prices and, adopting it, must carry it out con

Research, whose thorsistently. It is one of the anomalies of ough and impartial work we have prethe present political situation that the viously had occasion to commend, has now Democratic party, which unanimously

unanimously issued two carefully prepared bulletins adopts the second principle in the South- comparing prices during the present ern States, stands upon the first principle decade with those which prevailed during in the new possessions, while the Repub- the eighties. The prices of sixty-six staple lican party, which practically adopts the commodities--all the important ones of second principle in the new possessions, which there is a standard grade-were as yet lacks either clearness of apprehen- investigated for every year since 1879, their sion or courage of conviction to recognize average price during the eighties was repits application in the Southern States. resented by the figure 100, and their price

in each particular year compared therewith Substantial prog- by percentages. In this way the tables The Cuban Constitutional Convention ress has been made are made singularly clear. The most

by the Constitu- interesting figures are those showing the tional Convention during the past week. changes during the last four years. These The Convention has finally effected a per- are as follows for the various groups premanent organization by the choice of sented : Señor Mendes Capote as its President.

Average Price Price

Sept. Sept. Señor Capote held the office of Secretary

1879-89. 1896. 1900. of State in the Cuban Cabinet instituted I. Live stock ..

100 72 97

(Cattle, hogs, and sheep.) by General Brooke. He is attached to

II. Slaughter products.... 100 76 95 the Cuban party known as Republican, (Beef, tallow, pork, etc.) and his selection by the vote of seventeen

III. Dairy products. 100 77 92 to eleven indicates a political superiority IV. Breadstuffs

(Butter, eggs, milk, and cheese.)

100 58 79 of that party over the Nationalists which (Wheat, corn, etc.) was hardly expected. These two parties V. Plants and fibers...... 100 64 93

(Potatoes, beans, cotton, etc.) represented in the Convention are, it will

VI. Metals..

100 69 85 be remembered, united in their desire for (Pig iron, copper, etc.) Cuban national independence. The dis

The dis- VII. Minerals and lumber 100 90 101 putes about the election of delegates vill. Iron manufactures.. 100

(Coal, yellow pine, etc.)

55 56 appear to have been settled, and, although (Bar iron, steel rails, etc.) the delegates still seem confused as to IX. Mineral manufactures 100 78 94 what their course should be in recommend

(Coal, brick, etc.)

X. Manufactured farm ing or attempting to establish relations


100 66 84 between the proposed Cuban Republic (Print cloth, leather, etc.) and the United States, it is almost certain In nearly all grades, it will be observed, that this question will be left until after there has been a marked rise in prices the adoption of the Cuban Constitution. during the past four years, the greatest With the election of officers and the adop- increase appearing in the agricultural tion of an elaborate code of rules, the products. Convention is now presumably prepared to take up the various drafts of constitu

Among these the aver

The Average Advance tions (entire or partial) to be presented

age advance has been by the delegates for the consideration, nearly one-third, showing that the gains first, of what may be called a sifting com- of farmers during the recent period mittee, then for the Convention itself, and of rising prices were as phenomenal as finally for the approval of the United were their losses during the previous four States and the Cuban people. There years of falling prices. In either period has been some radical and wild talk by the impossibility of changing the supply two or three of the delegates; but the of farm products to meet the changing general disposition shown is that of calm- demand probably accounts for the vioness and deliberation. It has been decided lent fluctuations in prices. Taking all the that the meetings of the Convention shall products together, and weighing each acbe open to the public.

cording to the amount produced in this

country, the “ Bulletin ” shows that the more than he then received on the Demogeneral level of prices has changed as cratic and Fusion tickets. About onefollows:

half of the anti-Fusion Populists, who in Average Price Price 1896 voted for Bryan and Watson, cast

Price Sept. Sept.

1879-89, 1896, 1900. their votes this year for Barker and Don66 staple articles..

..100 71 88 nelly. We are informed by one of the These results for the United States corre- leaders of this wing of the Populist party spond closely with those obtained by both that many of its supporters voted this Sauerbeck and the London " Economist” year for Mr. McKinley, “not to indorse for England, and those obtained by Con- his policies, but to kill Fusion." The rad for Germany. In all these countries Prohibition vote, though nearly double during the past four years there has been that polled in 1896, does not seem to be a general advance in prices amounting to quite as large as it was in 1892. The over twenty per cent.; $1,200 will not to- only party which made decided gains was day buy as much food, clothing, furniture, the Socialist. The aggregate vote of the and building materials as would $1,000 Socialists this year was approximately in 1896. Certain charges strongly influ- one hundred and forty thousand, or just enced by custom, such as car-fares, fees, four times their vote in 1896. The entire and even rents, have changed relatively increase, however, has come through the little, but in general the purchasing power newly organized Social Democratic wing, of money has fallen about fifteen per cent. which polled over one hundred thousand Whether or not wages have risen that votes for Mr. Debs, as against barely amount cannot yet be determined. Com- thirty thousand polled by the Socialist missioner Wright's figures, published in Labor wing for Mr. Malloney. The rethese columns last month, would indicate sults for all parties put in tabular form that wages have not risen half as much stand approximately as follows: as prices, but, as his figures indicated

18%. 1900. also that wages did not fall half as Republican..

7,101,000 7,100,000 much as prices during the four years of Gold Democratic.; 134,000 hard times, they can hardly be accepted Democratic and Fusion as reliable. Nobody who has observed Anti-Fusion Populist..

6,373,000 6,400,000

130,000 70.000 industrial conditions believes that wage- Prohibition....

144,000 250,000 earners are worse off than in 1896, or Socialist...

37,000 140,000 that they were then better off than in These returns are, of course, subject to 1892, before the world-wide fall in prices further corrections, but as the official fig. set in.

ures thus far received have not, in the

aggregate, changed the pluralities we The Popular Vote

As the official returns for reported the week after the election, no

the recent election con- further change of importance is anticitinue to come in, it becomes more and pated. Mr. McKinley's plurality remains more evident that a relatively smaller vote approximately seven hundred thousand, was polled this year than four years ago. and his majority over all other candidates In most of the Southern States, and in may be safely estimated at two hundred some of the uncontested Northern States, thousand. such as Maine and Oregon, there was a positive decline in the total vote, while

A correspondent

The Vote in still others that were warmly contested,

in Woman Suffrage States asks us to state such as Ohio and Illinois, the increase

the results of the over the vote of four years ago was less than recent election in the woman suffrage three per cent. This increase, of course, States, and particularly to report how was less than the increase in the popula- generally the women voted, and

what party tion. Take the country over, the aggre they were inclined to favor. The reports gate increase in the vote was hardly one at hand do not enable us to answer hundred thousand. Mr. McKinley's vote the last question with entire certainty. is almost exactly what it was in 1896. Mr. A Cheyenne despatch to the St. Louis Bryan's vote is a trifle less than the aggre- “Globe-Democrat” claims that two-thirds gate he received in 1896, though a trifle of the women in Wyoming voted the

Republican ticket, but the reports received the State Police Bill The Republican party from Colorado indicate that most of the

in New York State will active woman suffragists were anti-impe make a great mistake if it passes Senator rialists, and that the Fusion party received Platt's State Police Bill. We say this practically as large a share of the women's without waiting to see what the terms of vote as of the men's. The fact that two the bill are; that is not necessary; for of the four woman suffrage States, Wyo Mr. T. C. Platt's son, in a temperate ming and L'tah, gave Republican majori- letter to the New York “ Evening Post." ties, and that the other two, Colorado and has made perfectly clear what its object Idaho, gave Fusion majorities, indicates is to be. That object is to take the that this year, as in the past, the chief effect police of New York City out of the conof woman suffrage was to increase the trol of Tammany by putting them under voting power of men with families, since the control of a State Board; and the nearly all married women voted with their argument for the bill is that only in this husbands and nearly all unmarried women way will it be possible to take from Tamvoted with their fathers. As to the ques many the political power exercised through tion how generally the women voted, the the police both by overawing and by reports from all States show that they favoritism, and that unless this power voted almost as uniformly as the men. is taken from Tammany it will be difficult A despatch from Wyoming stating that if not impossible to defeat it in the muthe women cast at least 7,000 votes of nícipal election next fall. The answer to 23,000 polled indicates no exception to this argument is very simple and very this rule, for the census of 1890 showed conclusive. In order to defeat Tammany that in Wyoming women constituted less it is absolutely necessary to unite all the than one-third of the adult population. anti-Tammany forces in one movement. As to the general effect of woman suf- If a Republican Legislature passes a bill frage upon the character of the campaign, the object and effect of which are to take we have seen no report half so interesting the police of the city out of the control of as that of Secretary Long, who during municipal authorities and put them under the campaign was visiting his daughters, the control of State authorities, it will alienboth of whom are voters in Colorado. ate a large Democratic and Independent Secretary Long, it should be remarked, vote and make political union impossible. was an advocate of woman suffrage There are a great many men in New York before his visit, and what he saw merely who will never vote to ratify a transference confirmed his prepossessions. As reported of the police from a Democratic to a Repubin the Boston “ Journal," his observations lican organization. They will prefer to were as follows:

endure the ills they know than fly to ills Prior to the election there was no undue hope of reforming Tammany from within

they know not of. They will have more excitement; the great mass of women, like the great mass of men, were about their ordi- than of reforming the city by transferring nary business. There were some women, as its control from Croker to Platt, or from a there were a great many men, who were talk. Democratic city to a Republican State ing politics and acting on committees for securing the registration of voters. On elec organization. No doubt many up-country tion day I was at the polls at one of the wards members regard the prejudices in New where there were more than a thousand votes York City against Mr. Platt as irrational registered, and where 899 actually voted. and baseless. Nevertheless they exist; Nothing could be more orderly or better conducted. Men and women líned up in the

and the wise politician recognizes in popusual fashion, taking their turn at the ballot- ular prejudices a political force and reckons box, and after depositing their votes went with them. If the Republican Legislature about their business. A few women and a few wishes to fasten the control of Tammany men-perhaps more than women--were active in bringing voters to the polls. But there was

on the city for another term, it can do nothing to jar the most sensitive spectator. nothing more likely to secure that result On the contrary, it was the exercise in a be- than passing a bill, no matter how framed, coming way and in a fine spirit of the interest the object and effect of which are to transwhich every citizen, man or woman, ought to feel in such an important event as a Presiden- fer the police of the city from the control tial election. The tendency is to elevate and of a municipal to the control of a State broaden and not to degrade or impair.

Board. To do this would be to sacrifice

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the principle of home rule without gaining

The prevailing impartial enforcement of the election laws.

The New York State Conference note at Albany of Charities and Correction

last week was The Appellate Di- optimistic. The admirable review of the 'The New York Anti-Trust Law Ineffective vision of the Su

progress of charitable action during the

preme Court of the past half-century by Mr. Frederic Almy, State of New York has handed down a of Buffalo, set the tune, and though at decision which restrains the Attorney- times there were minor strains, as a whole General from compelling the officers of a jubilant tone characterized the two days' the Ice Trust to appear before the referee meetings of the first State Conference of appointed to take testimony. The Court, Charities and Correction. It was really with the support of all but two of its surprising to see how much has been judges, holds that the New York statute accomplished in the way of care for all authorizes action“ to restrain and pre- sorts of distressed humanity, and how vent” the consummation of trust agree extremely modern many of the best methments, but authorizes no action “ to ods are. One of the most modern is the vacate, annul, or set aside” such agree settlement work in its various phases, ments. Therefore, says the Court, al- with its opportunity to study social probthough the papers in the case go to show lems at first hand and with sympathy. that, through the power granted the Mr. James B. Reynolds made the life and American Ice Company “to own the work most attractive as he delineated the stock of other corporations,” the company methods of the New York University Sethas created a practical monopoly and tlement with which he is connected as increased prices to whatever figures head worker. It was enough to make it thought profitable, nevertheless the the prevalent spirit a hopeful one to come statute does not provide the remedy in close contact with young men like Mr. sought. The Court concludes by say- Almy, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Folks, and Mr. ing that, inasmuch as the statute is “in Devine, of New York, Mr. Glenn, of Baltithe highest degree inquisitorial,” its en- more, Mr. Hebberd, of Albany, and many forcement must be “confined strictly others, who have hardly yet reached midwithin the limits of objects its wording dle life, devoting their strength and abilipoints out.” One judge, in a separate ties to the cause of humanity. It gave opinion, declares that a State law cannot renewed courage to those who have long adequately protect the officers of a trust borne the burden of the day--men like when it compels them to testify in a Mr. W. R. Stewart and Mr. Letchworth. suit against themselves, for their testi. It is not strange, then, that the first New mony may be made the basis of a sub. York Conference opened with a cheerful sequent suit in the Federal Courts. atmosphere. There is another side to the Although the rest of the Court did not shield, and it was fearlessly held up that specifically sustain this objection, the all might see. Though New York has made drift of the decision seemed to sustain such excellent provision for epileptics at the view that even a more effective State Craig Colony, there are nearly nine hunlaw would need further support from dred more applicants for admission than Federal legislation. Nevertheless, State can be received. Though the imbecile legislation requiring manufacturing cor- and feeble-minded have excellent care in porations to throw their books open to several State institutions, yet it is not public examination in the same way that considered wise to advertise this fact, lest banking and insurance corporations are the thousands who might apply for places now required to do is clearly within the for the unhappy children who are hidden rights of the State, and so is legislation from sight in private houses should overdenying to corporations the right to pur- whelm the superintendents with the task chase the stock of competitors with the of writing, “We have no room." Yet object or effect of creating a monopoly. every day that the State turns a deaf ear The courts have for generations firmly to such appeals she is hastening the day declared against private monopolies, and when the need for succor and protection they will continue to outlaw the old foe will be multiplied, who can say how in its new form.

many fold? In penal matters the unsat

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