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hears prayer, for his own prayers were shewn but dimly and uncertainly amidst answered. He was assured of forgiveness the clouds of his recent trials, but now in for his sins, for the peace of God which the clear light it was too plain that it was passeth all understanding' was with him; moving fast onward. The sbades were and the speculative difficulties which had pointing eastward, and the night was at once seemed to hedge him round and hide hand. God's face from him, fled away at the His sufferings from the return of the sound of prayer to that shadow-land which disease were not (at least in his own estiskirts the horizon of this life, and kept mation), for some considerable time, sesilence whilst he found answer to the vere; and he was slow to reveal to his regreat practical question, 'How shall man latives his true condition. For a brief be just before God ?'
season his anxious desire to spare their Meanwhile his bodily ailment under feelings warred in his heart with his scruwent no improvement. At intervals he pulous truthfulness, but before long the visited Carlisle to obtain the opinion of latter prevailed. his attached friend and fellow-anatomist, Dr Lonsdale; but as he was constrained
He now gave up all hope of recovery, in faithfulness to acknowledge that there a
men | and turned with absorbing interest to was no amendment, Dr Reid fulfilled his
the Bible. intention of going to London and consult Through the long painful nights which ing the surgeons there.
he often spent alone in his study, it was The opinion of the doctors was neither his chief companion. He acquired in a very satisfactory nor cheering. They re short period an amazing mastery over its commended simple medicines, seclusion, contents. His readings were chiefly in and silence, and hinted that, in the event the New Testament and in the Psalms. of the disease progressing, an operation The prophets were less read, and the would be necessary. Shortly after return historical books of the Old Testament ing from London, he retired for a season least of all. It was natural that one cirto the quiet village of Innerleithen, where cumstanced as he was should choose his he was for a time led to hope that a heal- reading thus, and God is very merciful, ing process had commenced. But, alas! and has allowed his children a large.liberty the favourable symptoms soon disappeared, as to preferring one part to another of that and it became evident to himself that the Scripture, which is all given by inspiraonly hope of an extension of life rested in tion. The Psalms were to John Reid as the removal of the diseased part of the to other Christian invalids, especially tongue by surgical operation. The ma-welcome. I wonder a little that he did jority of his medical friends dissuaded him not more frequently read the book of Job, from submitting to such a perilous remedy, that most remarkable of all diaries of the and he himself was far from being san invalid. The twenty-third Psalm, a reguine of its success. Professors Ferguson membrance of which, though there were of London and Bennet of Edinburgh were, none other, will link thousands of the however, of a different opinion. It was redeemed in a common sympathy, he done, and, for a time, all went well. His never tired of reading, or hearing read. sufferings, which, before the operation, had Thus cheered and comforted, he savr been severe, were relieved, and hope once the dark valley in which all our lifelong more dawned on his dark path. The we walk, grow darker before him; and the wound inflicted by the surgeons had not black shadow of death become blacker as healed, however, before omens of return it drew nearer ; whilst he could say, 'I ing disease began to show themselves— will fear no evil; for thou art with me: not in its original seat, but in the glands thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.' of the neck. After some delay, a second So the months of May and June went operation was undergone, and, finally, a past, and it was plain to all that the end third, on the first of January 1849. Now could not be far off. Like the forlorn Incame a time of suspense to his friends and dian whose oarless canoe drifted slowly himself. Was the disease rooted out, or down the Niagara, and was inevitably would it again return? This was a ques moving towards the fatal Falls, John Reii which the future alone could determino. saw each day separate him further fronı
To some men the suspense of such wife, and mother, and child, and friends ; waiting would have been intolerable, but and the sound of the dark waters rose with it was no tax on John Rein's unfaltering increasing distinctness in the hearing at patience; and he had not long to wait. A all. Neither could help the other, or stay week was all; before the first month of the great River whose Sea is death. Every the new year had reached a close, all hope moment made more dim the mourning was at an end. The shadow, which it had figures on the receeding shore, and the been fondly hoped had gone back upon helpless mariner could hear, though no the dial in token of lengthened life, had other could, the swelling murmur of the
waves that break upon the shore of Eter- | nal, they are the stipend of sin. Sin is nity. But he had no dread of shipwreck; | the most mischievous thing in the world, nor had they. The anchor was within the for it begins in turning the heart from veil, and was certain to prove true.
God, and ends in turning God from the After the 7th of July he was not able to heart; now is not this man like to be leave bed, and thereafter the disease made turned into hell? Sin is that unhappy accelerated progress.
womb that hath been productive of all the On the 14th, acute suffering came on; on penal judgments that have been in the the 16th, the cancer opened an artery, and world; the first and the second death; the bleeding which followed seemed the fire and famine; poverty and prison; swift precursor of death ; but the strong plague and pestilence; the rack and the body would not yet give way. On the stake; binding and banishing; bleeding 18th, violent hæmorrhage occurred, and all and burning, they are the products of sin. thought and all hoped that death was at Oh my soul, all thy cares and crosses; all hand: but still the Last Enemy was kept thy fears and frowns; all thy sorrows and at bay. For several days no food or drink sufferings; all thy tears and troubles; all was taken. Every function but breathing thy trials and travels, they are the monseemed suspended. Yet, when sensitive strous and prodigious births and effects of ness to all else appeared extinct, the con sin. Wonder not that one said, I fear sciousness of agony returned, and before nothing but sin Sin is the mother; death the final close, the suffering, but for chlo is the daughter. "By one man sin entered roform, would have been extreme. To | into the world, and death by sin, and so the last he was contented, trustful, and death passed upon all men, in whom all calm. They read the Scriptures and have sinned. Sin is like Pandora's box, prayed with him so long as he could listen; which being opened was full of all evils; and at length, on the 30th July 1849, the filling the earth with diseases, and all other brave spirit passed to its eternal rest, and calamities. death was swallowed up in victory.
What is said of war, may be said of sin, Thus lived and died this amiable and it is a complex, and complicated evil. talented individual; but had his life wanted Sin is evil; only évil; all evil; alway evil; the Christian element, and closed only altogether evil. We cannot speak worse with the Stoical consolation of an earlier of sin than it is, nor of man (being a sinperiod, 'Better men than I have suffered ner) than he is. As God is that good, in this fate,' would have been like a serene whom is all good, and no evil; so sin is summer day eclipsed at noon, and setting that evil, wherein is all evil, and no good. in dark electric clouds. Over his grave Death is the product of sin. Let the great we could but have raised the Pagan em doctor of the Gentiles speak, who had a blem of the broken, uncompleted column. great command of oratory. By man But for him, it pleased God, that at even (Adam) came death :' that is, by the sin of ing time it should be light. The close of man came death of man; by the sin of man his life was like the setting of the Arctic came the first, and the second death upon sun, which but dips below the horizon, | man. By man came death; not only morand then bounds up again into the bright tality, as one saith, but also eternal death. heavens. His work is all done, and he When the Jews are under a stroke, they awaits perfection. We can build him no say, this is a part of the golden calf, that befitting tomb; but we can think of him is, this suffering is for our sin, and from as'a pillar in the house of God, which our sin. Is it not pity, that any man shall go out no more for ever.
should say of his sin, as she did of her son ? I close with the prayer for every reader Let me die, so he may live. Dost thou and for myself which John Reid's prede say, let my sin live, though I die and be cessor in a Chair at St Andrews, Dr damned ? Then I say, thou seemest to me Chalmers, offered up when he left his to be within a step of death; within a step mother's death-bed, “May I be enabled to of damnation. Dost thou say to thy sin, sit loose to a world, all whose cares, and as God did to Joshua; ' I will not fail thee, pleasures, and triumphs, but guide every nor forsake thee.' Then I say, thou art in child of Adam to the bed of his last danger of hell fire, and it is mercy to a agonies.'
wonder; yea, mercy above wonder, that thou art out of hell. All men that live
must die, and all that die are bound for THE WAGES OF SIN IS DEATH.
the grave, that is the next stage. When
sin came into the world, and that came by Man hath sinned, therefore man is mor- eating, death came in with it. Well may tal, and must die. Sin is that wretched we cry, Ah sin! sin! sin! thou hast digged womb where death lay. The wages of sin all the graves, and made all the funerals, is death. All sorts and kinds of death, that have been in the world. It was once whether violent, natural, spiritual, or eter- said of the goodly buildings of Rome, that the sins of the Germans (meaning the shall live, and when he shall die. My money got by popes' factors, for sin-par- times are in thy hand. He who inhabits dons granted the Germans) bare built eternity is also the Lord of time. Some these. Thus when we see those goodly live as if they were masters of time, and buildings the bodies of men, cast unto the could appoint out their own term; as if ground, yea cast into the ground, we may they had made a covenant with the grave, truly say, the sins of men have unbuilt, and an agreement with death; they speak have pulled down their bodies.
as if their tongues and their time were Man is formed out of the dust, therefore their own. "To-morrow shall be as this man is mortal and must die. As our day, and much more abundant.' That bodies dwell in houses of clay, the founda- rich caitiff, looked upon his time as his tions whereof are laid in the dust, so our own; Soul, take thine ease, thon bast goods bodies are but clay-builts, and they cannot laid up for many years: but God said, stand long. We were reared at first out Thou fool, this night shall thy soul be reof the dust, and we are tending to our quired of thee. The Psalmist doth not centre every moment. Bodies are but speak himself the master, but the servant clay-builts, though some be painted, and of time. My times are in thy hand. decked, and beautiful more than others. That is, all my times; my times of health, yet all are dust, and that tends to its or sickness; of joy, or sorrow: of truth, centre. Soul, as thy original was, so shall or triumph; of light, or darkness; of life, thy conclusion be; as thy beginning was, or death; all my times are in thy hand. so shall thy ending be. Though man now It is well that our times are in God's seem to be somewhat better than dust, | hands. Man is not wise enough to use yet to dust shall he return; bodies alive the time that God sets him, much less is are but living dust. Man is dust while he he wise enough to set his own tiine. God lives; returns to the dust when he dies, appoints death; all manner of deaths; and is turned into dust after death. It four kinds of deaths, saith the prophet. was said to Adam, and in him to all man- Death is heaven's statute, and who can kind, not only as a curse, but also as a reverse that? Was not that to be reversed command - In the sweat of thy face shalt by man, that was sealed with the king's thou eat thy bread, until thou returnest to ring? who then can reverse death? the to the ground;' that is, until thou diest ; | law of nature? the statute of mortals? the for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou circumference of the universe? Death is return. As thy Alpha was, so shall thy the house appointed for all living. I Omega be. Hence the body of man is know that thou wilt bring me to death, and called vile. "Who shall change our vile to the house appointed for all living. As, body, and make it like his glorious body? I know that my Redeemer liveth, so I "The body of the first Adam was formed know that I shall die, and go to the grave out of the earth, and is said to be of the of silence. Death brings us back to earth, earthy. And, as in the first body, what we once were, and shows us what we so in the bodies of all men, earth is the are. It is true, as I have written, that predominant element; our bodies are vile, some have lived, and not died, and some the chief ingredient of their mixture being shall live, and not die ; yet those few exthe earth, which comparatively to those ceptions do not infirm, but rather confirm higher and nobler elements is but vile. the truth of the general rule, which is, that Abraham writes himself dust and ashes. all must die, because none escape, but ! Dust is earth made by the heat of the sun; upon some special exception. Death is ashes, earth made by the heat of the fire called a change. “If a man die, shall he They who now lie upon beds of ivory must live again?' All the days of my appointed lie down in a bed of earth, and rest their l time will I wait until my change come. heads upon a pillow of dust. Most sleep Death is natural, but we die by a law; we in the dust while they live, but all must die by appointment; the house appointed! sleep in the dust when they die. He only for all living. Some say of malefactors! who hath laid up his heart in heaven can who are put to death for crimes against comfortably think of laying down his head the law, that they are slain by the law.! in the dust. Then shall the dust (the We may say of every man, he is slain by body) return unto the earth as it was, and a law; the house appointed for all living. I the spirit (the soul) unto God who gave Thou 'turnest man to destruction, that is it.' Man's body is dust materially while to death; the destruction of all inen as to he lives, and dust formally when he is their corporeal constitutions, and external dead.
enjoyments. But what then? And sayest God hath appointed death, therefore Return, ye children of men. God, having man is mortal, and must die. It is once turned man to death, saith presently, Reappointed for man to die, it is enough turn ye children of men ; that is, go back that it is appointed once. As the statute unto what ye were; return to the dust. is past that man must die, so how long he | Mayhew.
THOUGHTS ON ANCIENT
ings of thy father hath prevailed above the LEBANON.
blessings of my progenitors unto the ut
most bound of the everlasting hills.' There AMONG the mountains of the Bible,' | is something in great age and stability Lebanon is, perhaps, the least directly fitted to inspire feelings of peculiar interest spoken of, but, from the frequent allusions and veneration. And such was Lebanon. made to it, we are led to regret it with It overlooked a vast extent of country. feelings of' pleasure and delight. The No one could ever view it with an intellipoetry of David and Solomon has gathered gent eye without meditating on the various around it images of beauty and fertility tribes of men, savage and civilized, idolaters with which no other mountain is invested, and devout worshippers of the true God, and though these high-strained allusions who have come into existence and passed are indefinite as to a true estimate of its into the eternal world, while itself remains character, we are constrained to consider the same; and without reflecting that it is it as an object calculated to inspire lofty destined to behold still more glorious and ennobling sentiments.
scenes than it has ever yet witnessed, when Lebanon is a mountain, or rather a the Jews shall be brought again into their range of hills, covered with the most own land. When looking at Mount stately trees, and exhibiting to the eye of Lebanon, we cast our thoughts backward a spectator, according to the station from to the patriarchial ages, and forward to the which he contemplates it, an almost end day when rejected and dispersed Israel less variety of grand and picturesque shall be gathered in with the fulness of the scenery. Beheld from one point, it pre Gentile nations; and we gladly reflect on sents one aspect; beheld from another the destination of the millions of our point, it presents a different aspect. species, who are to be saved through the Whether he view it from the plain below, merit of the amazing decease which Jesus or as he ascends its side, the traveller is accomplished in the neighbourhood of this gratified, at almost every step, with a new mountain. and interesting prospect. Its height and The view of Lebanon delights the specmagnitude inspire him with a sentiment tator by the calm beauty of its aspect. of awe; its calm beauty and variety inspire The appearance of this mountain is never him with a feeling of delight. .
that of a volcano. Its atmosphere is never Picture to your imaginations a range darkened by clouds of smoke. The noise of mountains shooting their lofty summits of thunder is never heard from within its above the clouds, and stretching along to bowels. It has no crater whence to send an immense distance. Suppose a tra forth black vapours, and showers of ashes veller on the top of one of them, raised so | and stones. There are never to be seen high as to hear at times the thunder rolls rolling down its sides torrents of boiling ing beneath his feet, and to have such a lava, spreading consternation and ruin all vast prospect on every side, as to induce a | around. Such is often the terrific aspect momentary persuasion that he commands presented by Etna or Vesuvius. But on a view of nearly the whole earth. Such Lebanon, the eye could repose with unan elevation naturally fills his soul with disturbed tranquillity. On its verdant sides solemn awe. From the station which he the cedars were to be seen waving their now occupies, how puny must men and all majestic tops in serene beauty; while the their works appear. The sight of the stu- | sun shed a mild and verdant glory on its pendous scene necessarily prompts him to lofty summit, white with eternal snow. meditate on the almighty power of its Lebanon delights the eye by the Author-ofthat great Being who'weigheth variety which it exhibits. Variety is an the mountains in scales, and the hills in a essential ingredient in the beauty of all balance '—who removeth the mountains natural scenery. Destitute of this quality, and they know not; who overturneth them no assemblage of objects, however fine in his anger. You can conceive, then, individually, can yield much pleasurable the impression which would be made upon feeling to the mind. What is it that gives you by the view of the height and magni its charms to a landscape, which continues tude of Lebanon.
long to regale the eye ? Is it not the conBut Lebanon also awakens veneration, trast of hill and dale, the interposition of by inspiring ideas of age and durableness. | woods and rivers, of meadows and fields of It is impossible for any one to stand upon corn? What is it that beguiles the the summit of a mountain raised far above length and weariness of his journeyings, the adjacent country, and view its craggy and preserves the spirits of the traveller sides, which have braved the fury of so buoyant and lively? Is it a path, in which many tempests for so many ages, without for many a mile there is not a single windfeeling prompted to apply to it the epithet | ing, and which lies through a country employed by Jacob on pronouncing the where nothing is presented to the view, blessing on his son Joseph :-'The bless- but a scene of uniform flatness and steri
lity? No, it is the agreeable succession the influence of the same pernicious prinof prospect, of towns and villages, of ciple, many who have access to the light cottages and mansions, of fields, now in a of revealed truth contrive either to forget state of cultivation, and anon, in a state of God, or to misrepresent his character; as nature. It is this diversity of objects ris- if he were so far exalted above them, as to ing continually before us, which relieves disregard their conduct, or so exclusively the tedium of life, and renders that a pleas- tender and merciful as to be incapable of ing recreation which would otherwise be all inflicting panishment. While men consource of pain and fatigue. To this law, tinue either so blind as to deny, or so of our nature, the Author of our being hardened as to despise his holiness and has most kindly adapted our situation. righteousness, they cannot possibly return The unbounded variety of objects by which to the enjoyment of his favour. They we are surrounded, the perpetual series of may indeed be pleased with a god of their scenes and events, even the marked diffe own framing, they may worship the idol rence between every two individuals of of their deceived imagination; but whether the same species of beings, clearly evince they adore the work of their hands, or the that the love of variety has not been im- false representation of God which they planted in our nature without being have framed in their minds, they are still intended to be gratified. And in Lebanon idolaters, and still without the true God in this desire was fully met. We can easily the world. Let such persons he instructed conceive a mountain of such a figure, that, concerning the adorable perfections of Jefrom whatever point it be viewed, it will | HOVAH, as they are revealed in the Scrippresent an almost entire similarity of tures; inform them how righteous and holy appearance; and the country around it he is; that he demands their supreme love may be of so uniform an aspect, that no- and constant obedience, that he is their ever thing will be gained by ascending it, but a present witness, beholding the secrets of wider extent of prospect. Such, however, their hearts, and that he will render imwhen Solomon wrote his song, and for partial judgment to every man according long after, was not the appearance of Leba to his works:- let these things be explained, non; though, alas ! its cedars, those trees proved, and inculcated on their minds of God which he had planted, are now no with perseverance; and, as soon as they more. We are assured that nothing begin to understand and believe that he could surpass the rich variety of views observes, and hates, and punishes sin, which it furnished to regale the eye. The their conscious sin will produce insupporttraveller, on ascending to its summit, was able dread of him. They will perceive charmed, at every short interval, with a their inability to answer for their thoughts now and delightful prospect. He seemed and ways, or stand in his awful presence. to tread on enchanted ground, and felt They will remember with how little reverthat magic herself could not produce more ence they formerly addressed him, and rapid or wonderful changes of beautiful or with what presumptuous self-complacency romantic scenery.
they uttered their formal prayers, in the
days of their thoughtless ignorance; but NECESSITY FOR A MEDIATOR.
in proportion as their attention is directed
toward his infinite majesty and immaculA MEDIATOR between God and his people ate purity, they will find that they cannot was necessary, because he had become an lift up their eyes before his throne, that object of overwhelming dread to them. As their mouth is shut, their heart oversin renders those who are chargeable with whelmed with terror, and the interposition it, unclean and abominable in the sight of of a suitable mediator is indispensably rethe Most High, his fiery indignation de- quisite to bring them near his throne with nounced against them on account of it, acceptance, and embolden them to present renders him an object of terror to the their requests. guilty, as soon as they begin to reflect When the old covenant was proclaimed seriously on their offences. Hence, our to the Israelites, they were deeply affected first parents had no sooner transgressed with their need of one to mediate them his law, and discovered their nakedness, and God, and free their minds from the than they fled, and vainly attempted to hide slavish fear of being consumed by the fire themselves from his presence. For the of his jealousy: ‘All the people saw the same reason, the heathen did not like to thunderings, and the lightnings, and the retain the true God in their knowledge, noise of the trumpet, and the mountain but changed his glory into images of smoking: and when the people saw it, earthly objects, according to their depraved they removed, and stood afar off. And imagination ; that they might combine they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, the rites of their religion and the indul- and we will hear : but let not God speak gence of their wicked lusts, without the with us, lest we die.' Exod. xx. 18, 19, restraint of conviction or fear. Under Deut. v. 23-31.