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TO THE REGISTER OF DEBATES IN CONGRESS

18th CONGRESS-Second Session.

John Wilson.

List of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the linițed States.
Senate.

PENNSYLVANIA- James Allison, Samuel Breck

John Brown, James Buchanan, Samuel Edwards, William MAINE-John Chandler, John Holmes.

Cox Ellis, Patrick Farrelly, John Findlay, Walter ForNEW HAMPSHIRE-Samuel Bell, John F. Parrott. ward, Robert Harris, Joseph Hemphill, Samuel D. Ing. MASSACHUSETTS-James Lloyd, Elijah Hunt Mills. ham, George Kremer, Samuel M‘Kean, Philip S. Mark.

CONNECTICUT-Henry W. Edwards, James Lan- ley, Daniel H. Miller, James S. Mitchell, Thomas Patterinan.

i , son, George Plumer, George Wulfe, Andrew Stewart, • RHODE ISLAND-James D'Wolf, Nehemiah R. | Alexander Thompson, Daniel Udree, Isaac Wayne, Knight. .

Jaines Wilson, Henry Wilson ---26.: VERMONT-William A. Palmer. Horatio Seymour. : DELAWARE-Louis M'Lane. NEW YORK-- Rufus King, Martin Van Buren.

I MARYLAND-William Hayward, Jr. Joseph Kent, NEW JERSEY-Mahlon Dickerson, James MTlvaine. John Lee, Peter Little, Isaac Mókim, George E. Mit PENNSYLVANIA-Walter Lowrie, William Findlay. chell, Raphael Neale, John S. Spence, Henry R. WarDELAWARE-Nicholas Van Dyke, Thomas Clayton. field.-..., MARYLAND-Edward Lloyd, Samuel Smith.

1: VIRGINIA-Mark Alexander, William S. Archer, WIRGINIA- James Barbour, Littletou W. Tazewell. Philip P. Barbour, John S. Barbour, Burwell Bassett, NORTH CAROLINA-Nathaniel Macon, John Branch. John Floyd, Robert S. Garnett, Joseph Johnson, Jabez SOUTH CAROLINA-John Gaillard, Rob't Y. Hayne.

Leftwich, William M'Coy, Charles F. Mercer, Thomas GEORGIA --John Elliott, Thomas W. Cobb

Newton, John Randolph, William C. Rives, Arthur KENTUCKY-Richard M. Johnson, Isham Talbot. Smith, William Smith. Alexander Smyth, Andrew Ste. "TENNESSEE--Andrew Jackson, John Heory Eaton. venson, James Stephenson, George Tucker, John TaliaOHIO_Benjamin Ruggles, Ethan' A. Brown. - ferro, Jared Williams.-22. LOUISIANA- JosiahS.Johnston, Dominique Bouligny. NORTH CAROLINA Henry Conner, John CulpeINDIANA James Noble, Waller Taylor..

per, Weldon N. Edwards, Alfred M. Gatlin, Thomas H. MISSISSIPPI- Thomas H. Williams, David Holmes. Hall, Charles Hooks, John Long, Willie P. Mangum, Ro. ILLINOIS-Jesse B. Thomas, John Mclean.

mulus Mi Saunders, Richard D. Spaight, Robert B. ALABAMA-William R. King, William Kelly.

Vance, Lewis Williams.-12. One vacant. MISSOURI-David Barton, Thomas H. Benton.

SOUTH CAROLINA-Robert Campbell, John Carter, Joseph Gist, Andrew R. Govan, James Hamilton, Jr.

George M'Duffie, Joel R. Poinsett, Starling Tucker, bouse of Representatives, MAINE-William Burleigh, Joshua Cushman. Ebe-| GEORGIA -Joel Abbot, George Cary, Alfred Cuthrer Herrick, David Kidder, Enoch Lincoln, Stephen bert, John

an bert, John Forsyth, Edward F. Tattnall, Wiley Thomp. ngfellow, Jeremiah O'Brien.-7. .

son.-6. One vacant. JEW HAMPSHIRE-Ichabod Bartlett. Matthew Har KENTUCKY-Henry Clay, (Speaker) Richard A. , Arthur Livermore, Aaron Matson, Wm. Plumer; Jr.

| Buckner, Robert P. Henry, Francis Johnson, John T. omas Whipple, Jr.-6

si

Johnson, Robert Letcher, Thomas Metcalfe, Thomas P. LASSACHUSETTS-Samuel C. Allen. John Bailey. Moore, Philip Thompson, David Trimble, David White, acis Baylies, Benjamin w Crowninshield, Henry W. Charles A. Wickliffe. 12. ght. Timothy Fuller, Aaron Hobart, Samuel Lathrop. / TENNESSEE -- Adam R. Alexander, Robert Allen. i Locke, Jeremiah Nelson, John Reed, Jonas Sibley, John Blair, John Cocke, Samuel Houston, Jacob C. iel Webster.-13 .

Isaacks, James B. Reynolds, James T. Sandford, James HODE ISLAND-Job Durfee, Samuel Eddy,-2 Standefer.-9.6' ONNECTICUT-Noyes Barber, Samuel A. Foot,

Onio Mordecai Bartley, Philemon Beecher, John 1 Sterling, Ebenezer Stoddard, Gideon Tomlinson, W. Campbell, James W. Gazlay, Duncan M'Arthur, jel Whitman-6

William M'Lean, John Patterson, Thomas R. Ross, John ERMONT-William C. Bradley, Daniel A. A. Buck. / Sloane, Josepi Vance, Samuel F. Vinton, Elisha Whit. iel C. Crafts, Rollin C. Mallary, Henry Oliv.-5.

thesev, William Wilson, John C Wright. -14 W YORK-John W. Cady, Churchill c. Cambre

LOUISIANA-William L. Brent, Henry H. Gurley, Lot Clark, Ela Collins, Hector Craig, Rowland Edward Livingston.-3 Justin Dwinell, Lewis Eaton, Charles A. Foote, Jo

MISSISSIPPI-Christopher Rapkin.-1 yst, Moses Hayden, John Herkimer, James L. Hoge.

INDIANA Jacob Call, Jonathan Jennings, John
, Lemuel Jenkins, Samuel Lawrence, Elisha Litch-Test.---3
Dudley Marvin, Henry C. Martindale, John J. Mur! · ILLINOIS--Daniel P. Cook.--1
Tolin Richards, Robert R. Rose, Peter Sharpe, Hen. ALABAMA--John Mckee, Gabriel Moore, George

Siorrs, James Strong, John W. Taylor, Egbert W. Owen. Vi
Cyck, Albert H. 'Tracy, Jacob Tyson, William Van MISSOURI-John Scott-1 .
, Stephen Van Rensselaer, Isaac Williams, Parme-
lams, Silas Wood, William Wuods.-34

Delegates.
W JERSEY-George Cassedy, Lewis Condict, Da MICHIGAN TERRITORY-Gabriel Richard.
jarrison, George Holcumbe, James Matlack, Sa ARKANSAS TERRITORY-Henry W. Conway.
swan.-6

I'LORIDA TERRITORY- Richard K. Call. TE-Whatever changes, if any, take place during the Session, will be found voted on the last page of the dis. : Vol. KA

18th CONGRESS,

{ Message of the President, at the opening of the Session.
Mreenge of the President

(Sen. and H. of R. 20 Session. S MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT, reciprocity; to settle with each, in a spirit of candor and

liberality, all existing differences, and to anticipate and TO BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS, remove, so far as it might be practicable, all causes o At the commencement of the Second Session of the

vow of the future variance. Eighteenth Congress.

It having been stipulated by the seventh artirle of the

convention of navigation and commerce, which was conDECEMBER 7, 1824.

cluded on the twenty-fourth of June, one thousand eight

hundred and twenty-two, between the United States and Fellow-Citizens of the Senate,

France, that the said convention should continue in force and of the House of Representatives:

for two years, from the first of October of that year, ani THE view which I have now to present to you,

for an indefinite term afierwards, unless one of the parties

should declare its intention to renounce il, in which event of our affairs, Foreign and Domestic, realizes the

it should cease to operate at the end of six months from most sanguine anticipations which have been en such declaration; and no such intention having been antertained of the public prosperity. If we look to nounced, the convention having been found advantage. the whole, our growth, as a Nation, continues to ous to both parties, it has since remained, and still rebe rapid, beyond example; if to the States which

mains, in force. At the time when that convention vas

concluded, many interesting subjects were left unsettled, compose it, the same gratifying spectacle is exhi

and particularly our claim to indemnity for spoliation bited. Our expansion over the vast territory / which were committed on our commerce in the late within our limits, has been great, without indicating any wars. For these interests and claims, it was in the condecline in those sections from which the emigration templation of the parties, to make provision at a subsehas been most conspicuous. We have daily gained quent day, by a more coinprehensive and definitive treastrength by a native population in every quarter-a po. ty. The object has been duly attended to since by the pulation devoted to our happy system of Government, Executive; but, as yet, it has not been accomplished. It and cherishing the bond of union with fraternal affec. is hoped that favorable opportunity will present itself tion. Experience has already shewn, that the differ for opening a negotiation, which may embrace and ar. ence of climate, and of industry, proceeding from that range all existing differences, and every other concern ia cause, inseparable from such vast domains, and which), / wbich they have a common interest, upon the accession under other systems, might have a repulsive tendency, of the present king of France, an event which has occurcannot fail to produce, with us, under wise regulations, reil since the close of the last session of Congress. the opposite effect. What one portion wants, the other With Great Britain our commercial intercourse rests may supply, and this will be most sensibly felt by the on the same footing that it did at the last session, By the parts most distant from each other, forining, thereby, a convention of one

, forining, thereby; a conrention of one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, domestic market, and an active intercourse between the the extreines and throughout every portion of our Union. dominions in Europe and the East Indies, was arranged

the the commerce between the United States and the British Thus, by a happy distribution of power between the open princi

on a principle of reciprocity. That convention was cutNational and State Governments, governments which

firmed and continued in force, with slight exceptions, by rest exclusively on the sovereignty of the People, and!

a subsequent treaty, for the term of ten years, from the are fully adequate to the great purposes for which they went

which they twentieth of October, one thousand eight hundred and were respectively institute, causes which might other-le

eighteen, the date of the latter. The trade with the wise lead to dismemberment, operate powerfully to British colonies in the West Indies, has not, as yet, besh dror i us closer together. In every other circumstance,

arranged by treaty, or otherwise, to our satisfaction. Ar a correct view of the actual state of our Union must be

approach to that result has been made by legislative acts equally gratifying to our constitnents. Our relations

whereby many serious impediments, which had been with foreign powers are of a friendly character, although

raised by the parties in defence of their respective claies, certain interesting differences remain lunsettled with

were removed. An earnest desire exists, and bas bees some. Our revenue, under the mild system of impost

manifested on the part of this Government, to place the and tonnage, continues to be adequate to all the pur.

commerce with the colonies, likewise, on a footing of re. poses of the Government. Our agriculture, commerce,

ciprocal advantage; and it is hoped that the British Go manufactures, and navigation, fourish. O ir fortifications

vernment, seeing the justice of the proposal, and its inare advancing in the degree authorized by existing ap.

portance to the colonies, will, ere long, accede to it. propriations, to maturity, and due progress is made in the augmentation of the navy, to the linit prescribed for

The Commissioners who were appointed for the ad it by law. For these blessings, we owe to Almighty Gol, jus

tv Cod justment of the boundary, between the territories of the from whom we derive them, and with profound reve.

United States anel those of Great Britain, specified in

the fifth article of the Treaty of Ghent, having disagree! rence, our most grateful and unceasing acknowledg

in their decision, and both governments having agree? ments. . In adverting to our relations with foreign powers,

to establish that boundary by amicable negotiation be which are always an object of the highest importance, I

tween them, it is hoped that it may be satisi actorily a have to remark, that, of the subjects which have been

justed in that mode. The bounılary specifie! by time

! brought into discussion with them during the present sixth article has been established by the decision of thadiinistration. some bave been satisfactorily terminated: commissioners. From the progress made in that provi others have been suspended, to be resumed hereafter, /ed for by the seventh, according to a report recently re under circumstances more favorable to success; and ceived, there is good cause to presume that it will be others are still in negotiation, with the hope that they |

tled in the course of the ensuing year. may be adjusted, with mutual accommodation to the in

Othein. It is a cause of serious regret that no arrangement has terests, and to the satisfaction, of the respective parties. vet

parties yet been finally concluded between the two gover It has been the invariable object of this Government, to ments, to secure, by joint co-operation, the suppressi cherish the most friendly relations with every power, 1 of the slave trade. It was the object of the Bilish . and on principles and conditions which might make them vernment, in the early stages of the negotiation, to ad

permanent. A systematic effort has been made to place a plan for the suppression, which should include the cor - your commerce with each power on a footing of perfect cession of the mutual right of search by the ships of

18th CONGRESS, ? 2d Session. S

Message of the President, at the opening of the Session. [Sen, and H. of R. of each party, of the vessels of the other, for suspected will immediately be laid before the Senate for the exeroffenders. This was objected to by this government, on cise of the constitutional authority of that body, with the principle, that, as the right of search was a right of | reference to its ratification. It is proper to add, that the war of a belligerent towards a neutral power, it might manner in which this negotiation was invited and con. diave an ill effect to extend it by treaty to an offence ducted on the part of the Emperor, has been very satiswhich had been made comparatively mild, to a time of factory. · peace. Anxious, however, for the suppression of this The great and extraordinary changes which have haptrade, it was thought adviseable, in compliance with a pened in the government of Spain and Portugal, within resolution of the House of Representatives, founded on the last two years, without seriously affecting the friendly an act of Congress, to propose to the British Government relations which, under all of them, have beeh maintained an expediert which should be free from that objection, with those powers by the United States, have been oband more effectual for the object, by making it piratical stacles to the adjustment of the particular subjects of In that mode the enormity of the crime would place the discussion which have arisen with each. A resolution offenders out of the protection of their government, and of the Senate, adopted at their last session, called for ininvolve no question of search, or other question between forination as to the effect produced upon our relations the parties, touching their respective rights. It was be- with Spain, by the recognition, on the part of the United lieved, also, that it would completely suppress the trade States, of the Independent South American Govern. in the vessels of both parties, and by iheir respective ments. The papers containing that information are now citizens and subjects in those of uther powers with whom communicated to Congress. it was hoped that the odium which would thereby be at| A Charge d'Affaires has been received from the Inde. tached to it, would produce a corresponding arrange pendent Government of Brazil. That country, hereto. ment, and, by means thereof, its entire extirpation for fore a colonial possession of Portugal, bad, some years ever. A convention to this effect was concluded and since, been proclaimed by the Sovereign of Portugal signed in London on the 13th day of March, by pleni. himself, an independen: Kingdom. Since his return to potentiaries duly authorized by both governments, to the Lisbon a revolution in Brazil has established a new goratification of which certain obstacles have arisen which vernment there, with an Imperial title, at the head of are not yet entirely removed. The difference between which is placed the Prince in whom the Regency had the parties sill remaining, has been reduced to a point, been vested by the King, at the time of his departure. not of sufficient magnitude, as is presumed, to be per. There is reason to expect thai, by amicable negotiation, mitted to defeat an object so near to the heart of both the independevice of Brazil will, ere long, be recognized nations, and so desirable to the friends of humanity by Portugal berself. througliout the world. As objections, however, 'o the With the remaining Powers of Europe, with those principle recommended by the llouse of Representa on the coast of Barbary, and with all the new South tives, or at least to the consequences inseparable from American States, our relations are of a friendly chancit, and which are understood to apply to the law, have ter. We have Ministers Plenipotentiary residing with been raise !, which may deserve a reconsideratior of the the Republics of Colombia and Chili, and have received whole subj ct, I have thought it proper to suspend the Ministers, or the same rank, from Colombia, Guatimala, conclusion of a new convention until the definitive sen- Buenos Ayres, and Mexico. Our commercial relations timents of Congress may be ascertained. The doce. with all those States, are mutually beneficial and in ments relating to the negotiation, are, with that intent, creasing. With the Republic of Colombia, a Treaty of submitted to your considerauon.

Commerce has been formed, of which a copy is received, Our commerce with Sweden has been placed on a and the original daily expected. A negotiation for a footing of perfect reciprocity by treaty, and, with Russia, like 'Treaty would have been commenced with Buenos the Netherlands, Prussia, the free Hanseatic Cities, the Ayres, had it not been prevented by the indisposition, Dukedom of Oldenburgh, and Sardinia, by internal re- and lamented decease, of Mr. Rodney, our Minister there, gulations on each side, founded on mutual agreement and to whose memory the most respectful attention has between the respective Governments.

been shewn by the Government of that Republic. An The principles upon which the commercia policy of advantageous alteration in our 'Treaty with Tunis bas the United Siates is founded, are to be traced to an early been obtained by our Consular-Agent residing there, period. They are essentially connected with those upon the official document of which, when received, will be which their independence was declared, and owe their laid before the Senate. origin to the enlightened men who took the leall in our The attention of the Government has been drawn with all'airs at that important epoch. They are siveloped in great solicitude to other subjects, and particularly to that their first treaty of commerce with France o'sixth Feb. relatng to a state of maritiine war, involving the relative ruary, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-eight, riglts of neutral and belligerent in such wars. Most of and by a formal commission, which was instiuted imme. the difficulties which we have experienced, und of the diately after the conclusion of their Revolutionary strug-losses which we have sustained, since the establishment

gle, for the purpose of negotiating treaties of commerce olour Independence, bave proceeded from the unset · with every European power. The first traty of the red state of those rights, and the extent to which the United States with Prussia, which was nepotated by tha: Velligerent claim bas been carried against the neutral commission, affords a signal illustration of those princi- party. It is impossible to look back on the occurrences ples. The act of Congress of the third March, one thou. 'of the late wars in Europe, and to behold the disregard sand eight hundred and fifteen, adopted immediately, which was paid to our rights as a neutral power, and the after the return of a general peace, was a new overture Wuste which was made of our Commerce by the parties to foreign nations to establish our conmercial relation to those wars, by various acts of their respective Gnwith them on the basis of free and equal reciprocit. vernments, and under the pretext, by each, that the Tliat principle has peryaded all the acts of Congres, other had set the example, without great mortification, and all the negotiations of the Executive on the subuct and a fixed purpose never to submit to the like in fusince.

ture. An attempt to remove those causes of possible A convention for the settlement of inportant qiiegions variance by friendly negotiation, and on just princiin relation to the Northwest Coast of this Continen, and ples, which should be applicable to all parties, couli, its adjoining seas, was concluded and signed at St. Pe. it was presumed, be viewed by none other than as a Tersburg on the fifth day of April last," by the Minis- proof of an earnest desire to preserve those relations ter Plenipotentiary of the United States, and Pleni- with every power. In the late war between France potentiarics of the Imperial Government of pussia. It and Spain, a crisis occurred, in which it seemed proba

NGRESS,

{ Message of the President, at the opening of the Session. [ Sen. and H. of R. ,201 Session, ble that all the controvertible principles, involved in dollars of the loan authorised by the act of the twentyslich wars, might be brought into discussion, and set sixth of May last. In this estimate is included a stock of tled to the satisfaction of all parties. Propositions, hay. seven million dollars, issued for the purchase of that ing this object in view, have been inade to the Govern- amount of the capital stock of the Bank of the United nients of Great Britain, France, Russia, and of other States; and which, as the stock of the Bank, still held Powers, which have been received in a friendly manner by the Government, will at least be fully equal to its reby all, but as yet no treaty has been formed witii either imbursement, ought not to be considered as constituting for its accomplishment. The policy will, it is presumed, a part of the public debt. Estimating, then, the whole be persevered in, and in the hope that it may be suc- amount of the public debt at seventy-nine million dollars, cesyfirlo

and regarding the annual receipts and expenditures of the It will always be recollected that with one of the par. Government, a well-founded hope may be entertained, ties to those wars, and from whom we received those in that, should no inespec!ed event occur, the whole of the jur , W: sought redress by war. From the other, by public debt may be discharged in the course of ten years, whose then reigning Government our vessels were seized and ihe Government be left at liberty thereafter, to apply in port as well as at sea, and their cargoes confiscated, such portion of the revenue as may not be necessary for indemnity has been expected, but has not 'vet bee: l'en-current expenses, to such other objects as may be most derell. It was under the influence of the latter, that conducive to tlie public security and welfare. That ouir vessels were likewise seized by the Governments the sum applicable to these objects, will be very consis of Spain, Holland, Denmark, Swellen and Naples, and derable, may be fairly concluded, when it is recollected, from whom indemnity has been claimed and is still ex. that a large amount of the public revenue has been appected, with the exception of Spain, by whom it has plied since the late war, to the construction of the been rendered,' With both parties we had abundant public buildings in this city; to the erection of fortifcause of war, but we had no alternative but to resist that cations along the coast, and of arsenals in different parts which was most powerful at sea, and pressed us nearest of the Union; to the auginentation of the navy; to the át home. With this, all differences were settled by a trea. extinguishment of the bodian tiile to large tracts of fer. ty founded on conditions fair and honorable to both, and tile territory ; to the acquisition of Florida; to pensions which has been so far executed with perfect good faith. to revolutionary oflicety, antl soldiers, and to invalids of It has been earnestly hoped, that the other would, of the late war. Om many of these objects the expense its own accord, and from a sentiment of justice and will amually diminish, and coase at no distant periodi on conciliation; make to our citizens the indemnity to which most o: all. On the first of January, one thousand eight they are entitled, and thereby remove from our relations hundra and seventeen, the public debt amounted to any just calise of discontent on our side.

one hundred and twenty-three million four hundred and It is estimated that:the receipts into the Treasury ninety-one thousand nine fundred and sixty-five dollars during the current year, exclusive of loans, will exceed and sixteen cents; and notwithstanding the large sums eigluteen million five hundred thousand dollars, which which have been abled to these objects, it has been with the sum remaining in the Treasury at the end of reduced since that period, thirty-seven million four hunthe last year, amounting to nine million four hundred red and foriy-six thousand nine hundred and sixty-one sixty-three thousand nine hundred twenty-two dollars dollars, and seventy-eight cents. The last portion of eighty-one cents, will, after discharging the current dis- the public debt will be redeemable on the first of Ja. bursements of the year, the interest on the public debt, wary one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five; and and eleven inillion six hundred and thirty-three thousand while there is the best reason to believe, that the redollars fifiy-two cents of the principal, leive a balance sources o'tle Government will be continually adequate of more than three million dollars in the Treasury on to such portions of it as may become due in the interthe first day of January next.

val, it is recommended to Congress to seize every opA larger amount of the debt contracted during the portunity, which may present itself, to reduce the rate late war, bearing an interest of six per cent, becoming of interest in every part thereof. The high state of redeemable in the course of the ensuing year, than the public credit, and the great abundance of money, could be discharged by the ordinary revenue, the act of are at this tme very favorable to such a resul:. It must the twenty-sixth of May, authorized a loan of five million he very grantying to our fellow.citizens, to witness this dollars, at four and a half per cent, to meet the same. By flourishing itate of the public finances, when it is recol. this arrangement an annual saving will accrue to the lected, tha no burthen whatever has been imposed public of seventy-five thousand dollars.

upon them. | Under the act of the twenty-fourth of May last, a ban The Miliary Establishment, in all its branches, in the of five millions dollars was authorizeri, in order to performance of the various duties assigned to each, jus. meet the awards, :under the Florida Treaty, which was tifies the favourable view which was presented, oftbefñ. negotiated at par, with the Bank of the United States, it ciency of its organization, at the last session. All the four and a balf per cent. the limit of interest fixed by appropriatims have been regularly applied to the obthe act. By this provision the claims of our citizens, whejects intended by Congress ; and, so far as the disbursehad sustained so great 'a loss by.spoliations, and from ments have been made, the accounis have been render Ahorn indennity had been so long withheld, were ed and settled, without loss to the public. The condi promptly paid. For these advances, the public will be tion of the Arny itself, as relates to the officers and amply repaiil, at no distant day, by the sale of the landsmen, in science and discipline, is highly respectable. in Florida: Of the great advantages resulting from the The Military Aademy, on which the Army essentially acquisition of the territory in other respects, too high rists, and to wlich it is much indebted for this state of an estimate cannot be formed.'

improvement, ha attained, in comparison with any other It is estimated that the receipts into the Treasury, intitution of a like kind, a high degree of perfection. during the yearone thousand eight hundred and twenty Experience, however, has shewn, that the dispersed five, will be safficient to meet the disbursements of the conlition of the Corps of Artillery is unfavourable to year, including the sum of ten million dollars, which is the liscipline of that important branch of the Military annually appropriated by the act, constituting the Sink Establishment. To remedy this inconvenience, eleven ing Find, to the payment of the principal and interest companies have been assembled at the Fortification of the public debt.

erectedat. Old Point Comfort, as a school for Artillery *. The whole amount of the public debt on the first of instructon, with intention, as they shall be perfected in Janitary next, may be estimated at eighty-six million | the variots duties of that service, to order them to other dollars, inclusive of two millions five hundred thousand I pos!s, and to supin their places with other companies,

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