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April 4, 1903
THE WEEK :
773 The Tenement-House Bill...
745 By R. Clipston Sturgis New York's Canal Referendum". 745 Spring Song (Poem).
By C. F. Bates Boss Brayton Defines His Position. 746
The New American Navy: The Battle of The Chicago City Election . 747 Manila Bay.
779 The Newark Indictments
By John D. Long Laber Politics in England 749 A Mile with Me (Poem).
749 By Henry van Dyke La Grande Chartreuse 750 Apples....
794 750 Captain Mahan on Personal Religion
By J. Horace McFarland
801 “ The Dream of Gerontius”........ 751
By Val Ormond Jewish Socialists Take up Co-operation.. 752
A Bit of Holland in the Caribbean...... 803
By Walter Hale
808 Peace for Ireland ......
752 By Mabel Earle The Coal Commission Report..
809 756 A Preacher's Story of His Work
By John G. Whittier
811 Lenten Meditations ...
By J. S. Crellin
By Emerson G. Taylor
821 Friedrich Delitzsch (Portrait and Sketch). 761 By W. S. Rainsford The Forest. - Chapter IV, On Making
The Life of Teasle. Camp..
By Arthur Henry By Stewart Edward White
BOOKS OF THE WEEK..
834 The New Opera Director (Conried)....... 771 CORRESPONDENCE..
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287 Fourth Avenue, New York Copyright, 1903, by The Outlook Company. Entered as second-class matter in the New York Post-Office.
No. 14 The delegation which tion with a staff representative of The The Tenement-House went to Albany from Outlook. “We are,” he said, “ constantly
the city of New York passing legislation for the protection of last week to protest against any changes fish and game in the country, and it seems in the amended Tenement-House Bill as though we might legitimately pass legisprepared by the Tenement-House Com- lation for the protection of women and missioner, and passed unanimously by children in the crowded sections of the the State Senate, is said to have been one great cities.” of the largest and most influential that has ever been seen in Albany. Some
After an exciting contest three hundred citizens, including repre
in each house, the New
Canal Referendum sentatives from the tenement-house dis.
York Legislature last tricts, went up on a special train, and some week passed the bill submitting to the forty or fifty more went up on one of the voters of the State the proposition to issue regular trains. Both delegations visited the $101,000,000 worth of bonds for the conGovernor, and received explicit assurance struction of a thousand-ton barge canal in from him that no legislation would receive the place of the present Erie Canal. In his approval which had the effect to impair the Senate the vote stood 32 to 14, in the efficiency of the present law in the pro- the House 87 to 55. In both bodies a tection it affords to the poorer people in small majority of the Republicans voted New York. A hearing was to have been against the bill, while all the Democrats given on the bill by the Assembly Commit- in the Senate and all but three in the tee which has it in charge, but the canal bill House supported it. The division, howoccupied the attention of the House until ever, was in no sense partisan.
It was eight o'clock in the evening, so that most altogether sectional. The representatives of the delegation had been compelled to of Greater New York and of Buffalo, return to the city before the Committee without regard to party, supported the bill, could be convened. The selected speakers, while a majority of the representatives of however, remained, and presented the the rural counties, without regard to party, cause of the people to the Committee, voted against it. The smallness of the and they included, besides representa- Democratic vote against the bill was due tives of the Tenement-House Commis- to the smallness of the Democratic vote sion, others who represented the better from the rural counties not bordering class of builders. The opposition to the upon the canal. The arguments used bill in its present form comes mainly against the canal were the enormous cost from speculative builders, who wish to of the project, the decreasing value of put up cheap and poor tenements, and canals because of railway competition, owners of old tenements built before and the injustice of taxing rural New the present law, not constructed for York to cheapen the transportation of tenement-houses, and unequipped with Western grain.
Western grain. The replies made by the any proper sanitary provisions. These friends of the canal are badly reported in the law requires them to add, and to this the despatches, but are briefly as follows: some of the landlords object. The argu- (1) The cost of the improvement is less ment for the Commissioner's bill in proportion to the wealth of the State tersely put by an Assemblyman from one than was the cost of the original canal of the river counties in private conversa- in 1817 or its widening in 1835. The
original canal cost the State $9,000,000, or involving corresponding appropriations for $9 per capita for the million people then all other States represented by efficient living in the State; the widening and log-rollers in Congress. The producers deepening) in 1835 cost $25,000,000, or of the lake regions already have an open $12 per capita; while the present project waterway to foreign markets through calls for an expenditure of $101,000,000, Canada. It is primarily for New York
less than $14 per pita at a time State that the car:al is designed, and the when the average wealth is treble that State must and should meet the cost of in the former periods. (2) Water trans- the improvements demanded. Neither portation is still far cheaper than rail- will it do to say that a vote of “no” at the road transportation, and barge canals referendum opens the way for the improveequipped with electric traction bid fair to, ment of the present canal. This used to furnish effective competition for railways be true, but to-day the students of canal for a long time to come. Not only would problems are practically a unit in declaring they lower the transportation rates for that the barge canal equipped with electric building materials, coal, and manufactur- traction is the only businesslike proposiers' materials of all sorts carried by them- tion under modern conditions. It is this selves, but they would regulate the charges proposition which the great commercial imposed by the consolidating railroads. bodies of New York City have indorsed (3) The argument that the rural counties as essential to preserving the city's commust not be taxed for the benefit of New mercial ascendency, and it is this propoYork and Buffalo is untenable, as these sition which canal advocates throughout cities, with barely one-half of the people the State indorse as essential to effective of the State, contribute more than two- regulation of railway rates. The aggrethirds of the State taxes in which the rest gate expenditure proposed is enormous, of the State takes an equal share. Many but is only the sum expended every year by of the individual benefits of the canal the city government of Greater New York. reach nearly the whole State, and it in- If it promises to add as much to the volves no sectional injustice in the use of future wealth of the State, it should be State funds.
indorsed. We speak with diffidence upon
the problem, but we prefer to risk the That the bill which has large expenditure to the abandonment of passed the Legislature will canal competition.
be signed by Governor Odell was virtually pledged in his letter accepting the nomination for Governor.
Boss Brayton, of Rhode The people of New York State must Defines His Position Island, appears to wear therefore proceed to educate themselves
his crown-or rather upon the great business proposition to be wield his whip--with almost as easy an voted upon in November. Practically indifference to public condemnation as there are but two courses of action. Either Boss Addicks, of Delaware. When interthe proposed barge canal should be con- viewed last week by the New York“ Evestructed, or canal transportation should ning Post's " New York correspondent, be abandoned. The latter course seems
who has so forcibly exposed his misrule, to us the more hazardous of the two. Yet General Brayton talked with the utmost this is the course prescribed if a majority calmness of the situation and answered of the people of New York vote “no” at freely and fully every question put to him the approaching referendum. It will not —except one.
In brief, his statement do to say that a vote against the barge was as follows: canal proposition opens the way to the I don't think there is much outright voteconstruction of a ship canal by the Na- buying done; the voters are paid for their tional Government. In every State many
time, because they have to leave their work
and come down to the polls. Sometimes that of the firmest believers in canal competi- takes all day. The manufacturers in the State tion for railways would oppose this stu- are really to blame for present conditions. pendous project for the National Gov
Some of them haven't treated the party just ernment, because it could be inaugurated right. The Republicans have never passed only as part of a bankrupting scheme thé ten-hour law and things like that, until
there was such a strong demand from the labor wholesale grocery house of W. M. Hoyt & people and the citizens that the party had to do it, and then, with the people voting against mitteeman from Illinois, and a man of
Co. He is the Republican National Comus because we didn't pass such laws, and the manufacturers not helping us as they should, good personal standing in his community. we have been caught between two fires. ...I The chief issue of the campaign is the am an attorney for certain clients, and look out for their interests before the Legislature. I
traction question. Many of the most am retained annually by the New York, New important street railway franchises expire Haven, and Hartford Railroad Company. As on July 30 of the present year, and the every one knows, I act for the Rhode Ísland questions involved in the renewal of those Company [street-railway interests), and I franchises have constituted for the last have been retained in certain cases by the Providence Telephone Company. In addition half dozen years the most important topic to these, I have had connections, not perma- of local political discussion. During the nent, with various companies desiring fran- past winter the Council Committee on chises, charters, and things of that sort from
Local Transportation entered into negothe Legislature. I never solicit any business. It all comes to me unsought. You see, in
tiations over the question of franchise managing the campaign every year I am in a renewals with representatives of the composition to be of service to men all over the panies, among the latter being Mr. AuerState. I help them to get elected, and natu- bach and Mr. Govin, of New York, rally many warm friendships result; then when they are in a position to repay me they are representing Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan, glad to do it.
and Mr. W. F. Harrity, of Philadelphia, Apparently this statement is as accurate the noted Democratic politician, repreas it is bold. The power of the machine senting the Widener-Elkins interests. The in Rhode Island-and in every other negotiations were broken off by the repreState except Delaware-does not rest sentatives of the companies, who claimed upon the personality of the boss, but upon that the terms proposed by the city were the campaign-contributing interests for too onerous. Mayor Harrison has recently which he acts as agent. So long as the said that Messrs. Harrity and Auerbach, public conscience tolerates the giving of during the progress of these negotiations, ill-disguised corruption funds by corpora- boasted to him of their power in National tions and the receiving of ill-disguised Democratic politics, and intimated that bribes by voters and legislators, the boss higher political honor might be in store system will endure and the removal of one for him if he would but assist them to agent will but make room for another. In secure the desired franchise renewals. conclusion, it may be noted that the one The platforms of both the Republican question which General Brayton declined and Democratic city conventions take to answer was the prospective fate of the progressive ground on the street railway bill-repealing the special act forcing a bar- question. Both favor State legislation room upon the people of Block Island, authorizing cities to own and operate despite their vote. The repeal is de- street railways. Both declare against manded by well-nigh the whole public, franchise renewal grants for a longer but the boss seems to think the public period than twenty years. Both declare interest in it will die down. The private that any such grant must contain a clause interests, he knows, will remain alert. reserving to the city the right to take over
the property at or before the expiration
of the grant. The chief difference appears In Chicago at the present to be as to the referendum. Mayor HarriThe Chicago time interest centers in the son's platform demands that the people City Election
city election that is to take be given an opportunity to vote on the place Tuesday, April 7, when a Mayor renewal grants before they shall become and one-half the City Council are to be effective. Mr. Stewart's platform is silent chosen. The opposing candidates for on this phase of the question. Mr. HarMayor are Carter H. Harrison and Graeme rison, during the six years that he has Stewart. Mr. Harrison, the Democratic been Mayor, has won favor with the peonominee, is now finishing his third con- ple and has excited the enmity of some secutive term as Mayor of Chicago. Mr. of the heavy financial interests by his Stewart, the Republican nominee, is a stand on the traction question. He has, successful merchant and a member of the however, been the subject of considerable