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the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. In the Scottish Rites he attained the thirty-second degree. One of the founders of the East Weymouth Savings Bank, he became its honored President and was in all a representative of the best interests of the church and of the fraternal and public affairs of his environment.

Civic duty is a sacred obligation. So thought the late Judge James Humphrey whose life was full of patriotic zeal for the welfare of his native town. Fifteen years a member of the school committee, fifteen years a selectman, twenty-two years a trustee of Tufts Library, eight years Commissioner for the County of Norfolk, nineteen years Judge of East Norfolk District Court, a

representative and a senator of the General Court, for more than a generation the legal adviser of the town and prominent in the direction of all of the town affairs, Judge Humphrey stood for justice and righteousness, and for the public good regardless of personal sacrifice.

On the tenth day of October, 1788, a boy was born in Commercial street, East Weymouth. Little did his parents or neighbors dream of his future worth and usefulness to the world. True it is that his father, Colonel Joshua Bates, held a respectable position in the community, but few considered that the "boy is father to the man." At the age of four he was sent to Mrs. Porter's school and a little

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SPHINX ROCK, PROFILE OF QUEEN VICTORIA

took him to London where he ever after remained.

From that day until the day of his death the honored name of Joshua Bates, American partner of the house of Messrs. Baring Brothers & Company of London, stood for scrupulous integrity and keen financial sagacity, for sound judgment and public-spirited generosity. Joshua Bates was chosen by the United States and Great Britain as umpire to settle the longstanding claims between his native land and the country of his adoption. His relations with the great men of his generation were farreaching and most praiseworthy. When Alexander Baring, senior member of the London house, was raised to the peerage as Lord Ashburton, Joshua Bates's influences in no small degree made it agreeable for the distinguished Lord to join hands with our own Webster in wisely settling the northeastern boundary dispute between the United States and Canada, in the

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THE CONQUEROR

The tragic death of Mr. Bates's only son brought a great cloud over his domestic life and, perhaps, occasioned his deeper interest in the future welfare of the youth of his native land. In looking toward the future Mr. Bates believed that American youth, gaining real knowledge, had nothing to fear. Actuated by that belief, in 1852 Joshua Bates gave to the city of Boston $50,000 to found a Public Library. Subsequently he made his munifi-' cent benefactions over $100,000—a sum then sufficient to purchase much more of the world's commodities than a similar sum will to-day. It is as the founder of the Boston Public Library, the richness of whose collections to-day place it second in the United States, that

Joshua Bates "being dead yet speaketh."

Among Mr. Bates's friends and acquaintances was Charles Coffin Jewett, the first librarian of the City Library, from whose beautiful home in Quincy avenue, East Braintree, he was enabled to overlook the native town of the great benefactor, and in the busy city give direction to his creations.

The name of Appleton Howe, M. D., stands high among the honored citizens of the town. Graduated at Harvard in the famous class of 1815 with Jared Sparks and John G. Palfrey, historical writers of national fame, Dr. Howe selected Weymouth for his life-long home. As a member of the Massachusetts Medical society, of the Massachusetts Historical Society, as Major General of the Massachusetts Militia and as Captain of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, Appleton Howe added lustre to the town of his adoption. His successor at South Weymouth, Charles Carroll Tower, M. D., a graduate of Harvard in 1856 and a surgeon in the United States Army during the Civil War, proved himself worthy to follow his distinguished predecessor.

Among the men foremost in promoting the business interests and advancing the public welfare menlion may be made of John W. Loud, who for nearly half a century was identified with the best interests of his native town. Having served the church, the town and the Commonwealth most faithfully, he died suddenly while addressing an audience in the Union Church, April 22, 1874. His mantle fell upon his son John J. Loud, who was graduated from Harvard in 1866, and who has been

lor forty years associated with every movement for the betterment of the town of his nativity. As a member of many historical societies and especially as President of the Weymouth Historical Society John J. Loud is a representative of the best type of citizenship to be found in New England life. As author, composer of music and patriotic hymns, local historian and public speaker, he is well and favorably known. His hymn "The Commonwealth of Massachusetts" is probably his most famous contribution to patriotic literature.

Among Massachusetts men the Hon. Judge James H. Flint takes high rank. Graduating from Phillips Andover Academy in 1872, from Harvard College in 1876 and from Boston University Law School in 1881, Judge Flint immediately selected Weymouth for his future home. The author of "Flint on Trusts and Trustees" and the editor of "Lewin on Trusts" he has done much literary work in addition to his regular law practice. He represented the town in the General Court from 1804 to 1896: and was state senator from 1897 to 1899. In August, 1899, Governor Roger Wolcott appointed him Judge of Probate for Norfolk County. As a representative citizen the "town should be proud of her accomplished and distinguished Judge of Probate.

In "ye olden tymes" the town had its romance. A beautiful, charming young lady lived in the North Parish. She belonged to the most distinguished family in town. Her beauty and goodness had been sounded in the adjoining towns. A young Harvard graduate whose parents lived only a few miles away heard of her' charms. Now and then lie met the young lady herseli. In course of time he called at her home. Charmed with her manners and enamoured with her beauty his visits became more frequent, until for some unexplained reason the lady's parents became ungracious to their daughter's lover. He was no longer permitted to put his horse in her father's barn. On Saturday evenings the village people noticed the unfortunate beast hitched to the palings not far from her home. At this point in the couse of true love our young hero was not entirely excluded from his lover's home. In some way he convinced the young lady's parents of his true worth, and in due time succeeded in making her his happy bride. She lived to fill the highest social positions in the United States. Such is the story of the courtship of the accomplished Abigail Smith who became the wife of one President of the United States and the mother of another and the first "mistress of the White House" in Washington.

Other famous women there were. Of one, Harriet Martineau, whose foreign birth and education enabled her to judge discriminately of American women of her time, wrote most charmingly of her Weymouth frierrd: "I hear now. as I write, the clear silvery tones of her who said, 'My hopes are stronger than my fears.' I still see the exquisite beauty which took me by surprise; —the' slender, graceful form,—the brilliant complexion, noble profile, and deep blue eyes;—the aspect, meant by nature to be winning only, but so vivified by courage, and so strengthened by upright conviction, as to appear the very embodiment of heroism."

A leader among women of that

noble band of abolitionists that made Massachusetts for thirty years the very cradle of American freedom, Maria (Weston) Chapman of Weymouth has been recognized. Possessed of real culture and an ardent love for humanity she exerted no small influence on the work of William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, John Greenleaf Whittier, and hundreds of others in creating public sentiment in favor of human freedom. The town was notably the center of a famous company like herself who were permitted to see the consummation of their fondest hopes and the triumph of the principles for which they so vigorously contended. Mrs. Marcia E. P. Hunt and Mrs. Maria (Cowing) Willey are the only survivors of that company. Here on this old battle ground for human freedom 1 looker T. Washington, the second emancipator of the colored race, with his family, has sojourned for several summers.

Among the munificent benefactors of the town, mention should be made of Quincy Tufts, Miss Susan Tufts, and John S. Fogg,—all of a former generation. Grandchildren of Dr. Cotton Tufts, one of the most distinguished men of the town during the second half of the eighteenth century, Quincy and Susan Tufts bequeathed property to found the Tufts Library. A beautiful brick building was erected by the town at the corner of Washington and Commercial streets, and since 1870 has been constantly increasing its sphere of usefulness. Under the efficient management of Miss Caroline A. P.lanchard the library has acquired over 24.000 volumes.

In 1892 John S. Fogg, whose home by choice had been in Wey

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