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Ωστε τοὐναντίον μᾶλλον ὑμᾶς χαι ρίσασθαι, καὶ παρακαλέσαι, μήπως τῇ περισσοτέρᾳ λύπη καταποθῇ ὁ τοιοῦτος.
a So that contrariwise ye ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.
a Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted, Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ, Gal. vi. 1, 2. And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you, Eph. iv. 32. See also on Matt. vi. ver. 12. clause 3.
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that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency, 1 Cor. vii. 5.
Οὐκ ἔσχηκα ἄνεσιν τῷ πνεύματί μου, τῷ μὴ εὑρεῖν με Τίτον τὸν ἀδελφόν μου ἀλ Διὸ παρακαλῶ ὑμᾶς κυρῶσαι εἰς αὐτὸν λὰ ἀποταξάμενος αὐτοῖς, ἐξῆλθον εἰς Μα ἀγάπην.
Wherefore I beseech you that ye would confirm your love toward him.
Εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ ἔγραψα, ἵνα γνῶ τὴν δοκιμὴν ὑμῶν, εἰ εἰς πάντα ὑπήκοοί ἔστε,
For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye be obedient in all things.
*Ὧι δέ τι χαρίζεσθε, καὶ ἐγώ· καὶ γὰς ἐγὼ εἴ τι κεχάρισμαι, ᾧ κεχάρισμαι, δι' ὑμᾶς ἐν προσώπῳ Χριστοῦ,
To whom ye forgive any thing, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it, for your sakes forgave I it in the person of Christ; • Or, sight.
a And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days,
Acts xx. 6.
b For the same form of expression see Acts xiv. 17.; 1 Cor. xvi. 9.; Col. iv. 3.; Rom. iii. 8.
a See on Matt. xvi. ver. 19. clause 3.
Ἵνα μὴ πλεονεκτηθῶμεν ὑπὸ τοῦ Σατανὰ· οὐ γὰρ αὐτοῦ τὰ νοήματα ἀγνοοῦμεν.
a Lest Satan b should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his
a See on Matt. iv. ver. 1, clause 4. b Defraud ye not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again,
a I had no rest in my spirit, becausc I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, b I went from thence into Macedonia.
a For, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without were fightings, within were fears. Nevertheless God that comforteth those that are cast down, comforted us by the coming of Titus, 2 Cor. vii. 5, 6.
b And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto him the disciples, and embraced them, and departed for to go into Macedonia. And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece, Acts xx. 1, 2.
Τῷ δὲ Θεῷ χάρις τῷ πάντοτε θριαμ βεύοντι ἡμᾶς ἐν τῷ Χριστῷ, καὶ τὴν ὀσμὴν τῆς γνώσεως αὑτοῦ φανεροῦντι δι ̓ ἡμῶν ἐν παντὶ τόπῳ,
a Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, b and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place.
a See on 1 Cor. xv. ver. 57. clause 1. bThrough mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God: so that from Jerusalem, and
round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the Gospel of Christ, Rom. xv. 19. Which is come unto you, as it is in all the world; and bringeth forth fruit, as it doth also in you, since the day ye heard of it, and knew the grace of God in truth, Col.
Ὅτι Χριστοῦ εὐωδία ἐσμὲν τῷ Θεῷ ἐν τοῖς σωζομένοις καὶ ἐν τοῖς ἀπολλυμένοις·
a For we are unto God a sweet savour
of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish:
a For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God, 1 Cor. i. 18.
Οἷς μὲν, ὀσμὴ θανάτου εἰς θάνατον· οἷς δὲ, ὀσμὴ ζωῆς εἰς ζωήν· καὶ πρὸς ταύτα τίς ἱκανός ;
a To the one we are the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things?
a And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for sign which shall be spoken against, Luke ii. 34. Unto you therefore which believe, he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient:
whereunto also they were appointed,
1 Pet. ii. 7, 8.
b See on 1 Cor. xv. ver. 10. clause 4.
Οὐ γάρ ἐσμεν, ὡς οἱ πολλοὶ, καπηλεύοντες τὸν λόγον τοῦ Θεοῦ, ἀλλ ̓ ὡς ἐξ εἰλικρι νείας, ἀλλ ̓ ὡς ἐκ Θεοῦ, κατενώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ, ἐν Χριστῷ λαλοῦμεν.
For we are not as many, which *corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we tin Christ.
* Or, deal deceitfully with. t Or, of. But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of
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God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God, 2 Cor. iv. 2. For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ, xi. 13. For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders ; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. Behold, I have told you before, Matt. xxiv. 24, 25. For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake, Tit. i. 10, 11. Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God; because many false pro phets are gone out into the world,
1 John iv. 1. For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation; ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ, Jude 4.
a Do we begin again to commend ourselves? or need we, as some others, bepistles of commendation to you, or letters of commendation from you?
a For we commend not ourselves
again unto you, but give you occasion have somewhat to answer them which to glory on our behalf, that ye may glory in appearance, and not in heart, 2 Cor. v. 12.
bAnd when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him, Acts xviii. 27.
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2 COR. III. 2—7.:
a If I be not an apostle unto others, yet doubtless 1 am to you: for the seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord, 1 Cor. ix. 2.
b I speak not this to condemn you; for I have said before, that ye are in our hearts to die and live with you, Even as it is meet for 2 Cor. vii. 3. me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the Gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace, Phil.
See on Rom. i. ver. 8. clause 3.
Φανερούμενοι ὅτι ἐστὲ ἐπιστολὴ Χριστ τοῦ διακονηθεῖσα ὑφ ̓ ἡμῶν, ἐγγεγραμμένη οὐ μέλανι, ἀλλὰ Πνεύματι Θεοῦ ζῶντος·
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statutes, and ye shall keep my judg-
Πεποίθησιν δὲ τοιαύτην ἔχομεν διὰ τοῦ
And such trust have we through
Ος καὶ ἱκάνωσεν ἡμᾶς διακόνους καινῆς
οὐκ ἐν πλαξὶ λιθίναις, ἀλλ ̓ ἐν πλαζὶ καρ- διαθήκης, οὐ γράμματος, ἀλλὰ Πνεύματος·
Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ bministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; © not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart.
a See on Matt. v. ver. 16. clause 2.
dI delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart, Psal. xl. 8. But this shall be the coI will make with the venant that
house of Israel; After those days,
τὸ γὰρ γράμμα ἀποκτείνει, τὸ δὲ Πνεῦμα ζωοποιεῖ.
a Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit * giveth life.
• Or, quickeneth.
a See on Rom. i. ver. 5. clause 1. b Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah, Jer. xxxi. 31.
For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins, Matt. xxvi. 28. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament, Heb. vii. 22. And for this cause he is the Mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal
inheritance, ix. 15.
© See on John vi. ver. 63.
Εἰ γὰρ ἡ διακονία τῆς κατακρίσεως, δόξα, πολλῷ μᾶλλον περισσεύει ἡ διακονία Tñç dinaioσúvnç év dóğy.
For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the a ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
a See on Rom. i. ver. 17. clause 1.
And what nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day? Deut. iv. 8. | Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments and true laws, good statutes and commandments, Neh. ix. 13. The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple: The statutes of the Lonb are right, rejoicing the heart: the command-nouons dóns. ment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes, Psal. xix. 7, 8. Wherefore the law is holy; and the commandment holy, and just, and good, Rom. vii. 12.
d And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while He talked with him. And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone: and they were afraid to come nigh | him. And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them. And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai. And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face. But when Moses went in before the LORD, to speak with Him, he took the vail off until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded. And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with Him, Exod. xxxiv. 29-35. *See on ver. 6. clause 2.
Καὶ γὰρ οὐδὲ δεδόξασται τὸ δεδοξασμέ νον, ἐν τούτῳ τῷ μέρει, ἕνεκεν τῆς ὑπερβαλ
For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth.
Εἰ γὰρ τὸ καταργούμενον, διὰ δόξης πολλῷ μᾶλλον τὸ μένον, ἐν δόξῃ.
For if that which was done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious.
VER. 12. Ἔχοντες οὖν τοιαύτην ἐλπίδα, πολλῇ παῤῥησίᾳ χρώμεθα,
Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great *plainness of speech:
* Or, boldness.
a For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard, Acts iv. 20. How he had preached boldly at Damascus in the name of Jesus, ix. 27. Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their And for me, that hands, xiv. 3. utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the Gospel, For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak, Eph. vi. 19, 20. According to my
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a Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, b the vail shall be taken away. a See on Rom. xi. ver. 26.
b And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations, Isa. xxv. 7. And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness, xxix. 18.
Ὁ δὲ Κύριος τὸ Πνεῦμά ἐστιν· οὗ δὲ τὸ Πνεῦμα Κυρίου, ἐκεῖ ἐλευθερία.
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2 COR. III. 12-18.-ιν. 1, 2.,
earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing l shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, 50 now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death, Phil. i. 20. But even after that we had suffered before, and were
shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the Gospel of God with much contention, 1 Thess. ii. 2. VER. 13.
Καὶ οὐ καθάπερ Μωσῆς ἐτίθει κάλυμμα ἐπὶ τὸ πρόσωπον ἑαυτοῦ, πρὸς τὸ μὴ ἀτενίσαι τοὺς υἱοὺς Ἰσραὴλ εἰς τὸ τέλος τοῦ καταργουμένου
And not as a Moses, which put a vuil over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished:
a See on ver. 7. clause 4.
Αλλ ̓ ἐπωρώθη τὰ νοήματα αὐτῶν· ἄχρι γὰρ τῆς σήμερον τὸ αὐτὸ κάλυμμα ἐπὶ τῇ ἀναγνώσει τῆς παλαιᾶς διαθήκης
μένει, μὴ ἀνακαλυπτόμενον, ὅ, τι ἐν Χρισ
* But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; bwhich vail is done away in Christ.
a See on Matt. xiii. ver. 13, 14.
̓Αλλ ̓ ἕως σήμερον, ἡνίκα ἀναγινώσκεται Μωσῆς, κάλυμμα ἐπὶ τὴν καρδίαν αὐτῶν κεῖται·
a But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.
• For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath-day, they have fulfilled them in condemning him. And though they found no cause of death in him, yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre, Acts xiii. 27-29.
a Now the Lord is that Spirit: band where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is Liberty.
a The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit, 1 Cor. xv. 47.
See on Rom. viii. ver. 2. clause 1. and ver. 15, 16.
· Ἡμεῖς δὲ πάντες ανακεκαλυμμένω
προσώπῳ τὴν δόξαν Κυρίου κατοπτριζό μενοι, τὴν αὐτὴν εἰκόνα μεταμορφούμεθα ἀπὸ δόξης εἰς δόξαν, καθάπερ ἀπὸ Κυρίου Πνεύματος.
But we all, with open face a beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, bare changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as "by the Spirit of the Lord.
* Or, of the Lord the Spirit.
a See on John i. ver. 14. clause 2. See on Rom. viii. ver. 29. clause 3.
CHAP. IV.—VER. 1. καθώς ἠλεήθημεν, οὐκ ἐκκακοῦμεν· Διὰ τοῦτο ἔχοντες τὴν διακονίαν ταύτην,
Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not:
a See on Rom i. ver. 5. clause 1. b See on Matt. v. ver. 12. clause 1.
̓Αλλ ̓ ἀπειπάμεθα τὰ κρυπτὰ τῆς αἰσ χύνης, μὴ περιπατοῦντες ἐν πανουργία, μηδὲ δολοῦντες τὸν λόγον τοῦ Θεοῦ, ἀλλὰ τῇ φανερώσει τῆς ἀληθείας συνιστῶντες Ηνίκα δ' ἂν ἐπιστρέψῃ πρὸς Κύριον, ἑαυτοὺς, πρὸς πᾶσαν συνείδησιν ἀνθρώπων, περιαιρεῖται τὸ κάλυμμα.
ἐνώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ.