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a petty post at Scottsboro', where he , Stoneman, as directed by Thomas, was repulsed and his command scat- started from Knoxville in pursuit of tered: getting over the Tennessee the now over-matched and retreating with a remnant of 200 men, but los- foe: taking three mounted brigades, ing his last gun. Being still pur- led by Burbridge and Gillem ; at sued, he fled to a place known as whose head, he swept *' rapidly eastRed hill; where his bivouac was ward, skirmishing, to Bristol; while surprised" by Col. W. J. Palmer, Gillem, on his right, struck Duke at 15th Pa. cavalry, and 100 of his men Kingsport, capturing 300 prisoners, taken. Lyon escaped, after surren- with several well-laden trains, and dering, by seizing a pistol, shooting dispersing Duke's command. Pusha sentinel, and vanishing in the dark- ing Burbridge on to Abingdon, Va., ness. This was the final blow given where he was rejoined" by Gillem, to Hood's army.

| Stoneman captured that place also; Thomas expected now to put his destroying there a large quantity of forces into well-earned Winter-quar- stores. ters; but he soon received advices Vaughan, with the Rebel frontier from Washington that this did not force of cavalry, had been flanked by meet the views of Gen. Grant, who this rapid advance, but had moved proposed to crush what was left of parallel with our column to Marion; the Rebellion first and then rest. Ac- where Gillein now struck” him and cordingly, Gens. Smith's, Schofield's, chased him 30 miles into Wytheville; and Wilson's corps were taken up by capturing 200 men, 8 guns, and a boats at Clifton, on the Tennessee, large train. Vaughan was again atand conveyed to Eastport, Miss; and tacked and driven at the lead mines, Gen. Wood's was directed to Hunts- 15 miles farther east, which were capville, north Alabama, preparatory to tured, and all the works destroyed. a further Winter campaign.

At Max Meadows, near this point, .

Gillem destroyed the railroad and Meantime, matters of decided in other valuable property. terest had occurred in East Tennes- Breckinridge had by this time see and south-western Virginia. Gen. concentrated what was left of his Stoneman had been dispatched by various subordinate commands, and Thomas from Louisville to Knoxville had been following our advance on to take command there, while Bur- Wytheville. Stoneman now turned bridge, with all his disposable force, upon and met him near Marion, exwas sent thither from eastern Ken- pecting to give battle next morning; tucky through Cumberland gap. but Breckinridge, deeming his force Breckinridge, doubtless apprised of quite too slender, retreated across the this movement, withdrew from this mountains into North Carolina durneighborhood quite as rapidly as he ing the night; losing a few wagons had advanced; while Gen. Ammen, and caissons by our pursuit, which just arrived with 1,500 men from was not long persisted in. Chattanooga, was pushed out to This retreat-doubtless, inevitably Strawberry plains on his track. 1-abandoned to its fate Saltville, * Jan. 14. 29 Dec. 6. 30 Dec. 12.

Dec. 15. ** Dec. 16.


659 with its extensive and costly salt-, he had captured 1 Major-General, 7 works, hitherto successfully guarded Brigadiers, 16 Colonels, 14 Lt.-Coloand defended; and it now fell to nels, 22 Majors, 212 Captains, 601 Stoneman without a struggle: 8 Lieutenants, 89 Surgeons and Chapguns, 2 locomotives, many horses and lains, and 10,895 non-commissioned mules, and a large quantity of am- officers and privates: total, 11,857; munition, being here captured. The beside 1,332 who had been exchanged. salt-works were utterly destroyed. He had also received and adıninisterAnd now—there being no hostile ed the oath of submission and amnesty force left in this quarter to over- to 2,207 deserters from the Rebel sercome, the country pretty thoroughly vice. He had captured 72 serviceable devastated, and East Tennessee ut- guns and 3,079 infantry small arms. terly cleared of the enemy-Stone- Our total loss during this campaign man and Gillem returned quietly to amounted, in killed, wounded, and Knoxville; while Burbridge led his missing, to about 10,000; which was force back through Cumberland gap less than half that of the enemy. In into Kentucky.

fact, the Rebel army had almost Gen. Thomas, in summing up the ceased to exist when Gen. Hoodresults of his campaign, states, that then at Tupelo, Miss.—was "relieved from Sept. 7, 1864, to Jan. 20, 1865, at his own request,” Jan. 23, 1865.


GEORGIA-THE CAROLINAS. GEN. SHERMAN, after sending back | but, at length, cutting that,' after to Chattanooga his sick and wounded, sending his parting messages, his surplus guns, baggage, and the garri army stood clear of all posts and sons of his more northern posts in communications—a strictly movable Georgia, had still under his imme-column-and commenced its memodiate command the 14th, 15th, 17th, rable march. and 20th corps, numbering 60,000! For this, it had been organized in infantry and artillery and 5,500 two grand divisions or wings: the cavalry. Concentrating these around right led by Gen. 0. 0. Howard, Rome and Kingston, Georgia, he comprising the 15th corps, Gen. P. thoroughly destroyed' such portions J. Osterhaus, and the 17th, Gen. of the railroads and such other pro- Frank P. Blair; the left, led by Gen. perty as he judged might be used to H. W. Slocum, comprising the 14th his prejudice by the enemy, reserving corps, Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, and the for the last sacrifice the telegraph 20th, Gen. A. S. Williams. Gen. which still connected him with Judson Kilpatrick led the cavalry; Grant, Washington, and the North; which careered in front and on either "Nov 2-11, 1864.

*Nov. 11. VOL. II. -44









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-15 A.C. RT. WING

ATLANTA trating on Milledgeville, which was

entered without opposition; Sherman LEFT

thus far accompanying the 14th corps, MACÓONOUGH

which was the last to leave Atlanta, JACKSON

and had not had a chance to fire a

shot. In fact, the principal resistance FORSYTHO

encountered by our infantry was that MONTICELLO

of the bad roads of Georgia at that MACON

rainy season. Osterhaus had seen

(for a moment) a few Rebel cavalry GREENSBORO

at the crossing of Cotton river; but, GORDON

UNIONPT. though they set fire to the bridge, IRWINTON!

they were driven off so promptly that only the planks were damaged.

Thus far, our infantry had mainly been busied with destroying railroads and foraging on the plenty of central Georgia ; each subordinate commander being instructed to live on the country so far as possible; saving to

the utmost the twenty days' bread, CUSHING


forty days' beef, coffee, sugar, &c., and three days' forage, contained in

our wagons. Helping the trains ÇÁMERONA

across the Ocmulgee and its tribu

taries, and up the long, steep hills JEDEN::

beyond, had been the principal labor .. SPRINGFIELD

of the march; which was intended to

average 15 miles per day. MEJALLISTERİR SAVANNAK

Kilpatrick held the laboring oar. e40_130 1,50 Moving south' from Atlanta with BLIERMAN'S MARCH TO THE SEA.

Howard, he had been confronted at flank of the infantry, so as to screen, East Point by Rebel cavalry; with so far as possible, the direction of our whom he skirmished, driving them advance and the points to which it to Flint river, which he crossed at was directed. Each wing had its Jonesboro' at 7 A. M. Dext day; folseparate and efficient pontoon train. lowing the enemy to Lovejoy's, where Gen. Sherman marched and camped they had taken post in the old Rebel first with one wing, then with the works, having two guns. Dismountother.

ing Murray's brigade, Kilpatrick atMoving rapidly to Atlanta,' How- tacked and carried the works, capturard advanced thence by McDonough, ing 50 prisoners; Atkins's brigade Monticello, and Clinton, to Gordon; soon after charging the fleeing foe, while Slocum advanced by Coving- and taking their guns. Kilpatrick ton, Madison, and Eatonton, concen- pushed thence by McDonough and

.Nov. 14. • Nov. 23. Nov. 23. Nov. 16. * Yor. 15.




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KILPATRICK ADVANCES TO WAYNESBORO'. 691 Monticello to Clinton; whence he taxed the best efforts of our engineers made a dash at Macon, driving in and axmen. the enemy's cavalry; but was unable At Millen, on the Central railroad, to carry the defenses, which were half way from Sandersville to Savanheld by infantry and artillery. He nah, was a great prison-camp, where burned a train of cars, and broke up some thousands of our captured sol. the railroad; covering all the roads diers had long endured unspeakable which diverged eastward from Ma- privations. Sherman was intent on con, by the aid of Wolcott's brigade reaching and liberating them. To of infantry, which was sharply this end, he had sent Kilpatrick, assailed from Macon, but worsted with most of our cavalry, far to our and beat off its assailants; while left, so as to give the impression that the right wing marched by to Gor- he was making for Augusta rather don.

than toward the coast, lest the prisHoward now advanced to the oners should be removed from Millen. Oconee at Ball's ferry, where a small Kilpatrick had advanced from Milforce in his van crossed on a raft, but ledgeville by Sparta and Gibson was driven back with loss. When to Waynesboro'," skirmishing with his two corps had been brought up, Wheeler, who constantly menaced, and a detachment thrown across the but did not seriously attack bim; swift current in boats, the enemy had and now Kilpatrick learned that the decamped. Meantime, the Georgia enemy had taken the alarm and reCentral railroad had been demolished, moved the prisoners from Millen: $0 and the right wing pushed on, keep- he judged it wiser to fall back on ing to the right of that road, and the left wing than to persist in a hazencountering no serious resistance. ardous, unsupported advance, which Sherman was here with Blair; How- had no longer a motive. In effecting ard with Osterhaus.

this retreat, Kilpatrick and his staff, Slocum had moved out of Mil with the 8th Indiana and 9th MichiJedgeville simultaneously with How- gan, were, through a misapprehenard's advance from Gordon, and had sion of orders, cut off from the main concentrated at Sandersville,' driving body and very nearly surrounded by out a small party of Wheeler's cav- | Wheeler ; but they fought their way alry. Thence, the left wing followed out and rejoined their comrades with the Central railroad, breaking it up little loss. Wheeler pressing on, Kilto the Ogeechee, which it crossed 10 patrick dismounted, selected a good at Louisville; whence it kept north position, threw up a breastwork, and of that road, striking out for the received the enemy's charge ; which, Savannah river. The roads and though desperately made, was rebridges in our advance, bad at best, pulsed at all points with little loss. were of course made worse by the He then moved on a few miles and enemy; while the great swamps camped, unpursued; being soon rewherein this region abounds ren- enforced by Col. M. C. Hunter's brigdered the movement of our trains ade of Baird's division, which Jeff. and guns a matter of difficulty, and C. Davis, hearing of his peril, had * Nov. 24-5. * Nov. 26.

Nov. 28-9. " Nov. 25-28.

his dirbanks was

sent from the left wing to his aid. | off, taking a gun and some prisoners. The need of assistance, however, was He followed the fugitives across the now over. Kilpatrick now joined Little Ogeechee to within 8 miles of the left wing, and covered its flank the city, where he halted, and rewhen it again advanced.

sumed breaking up the Gulf railSherman, still with Blair, crossed " road; King's bridge having been the Ogeechee near Barton, advancing burned by the enemy. No force reto Millen ;" Howard, with Wood's mained in our front here save the and Corse's divisions of the 15th garrison of Fort McAllister. And corps, still moving south of the Ogee- now Blair's pontoons were laid across chee on the old dirt road to Savan- the Ogeechee, near Fort Argyle, and nah; while Hazen's and John E. the two wings thus substantially uniSmith's divisions, keeping farther to ted before Savannah. the right, reached Statesboro'.“ Ha- Slocum had set forward from Louiszen had a skirmish here with a regi- ville 7—the 20th corps in advancement of cavalry, which was easily and had moved down between the driven ; but the roadless swamps Savannah and the Ogeechee; finding were vanquished with more difficulty. the roads mainly of quicksand, coated Wood threw " over the Ogeechee, by by a thin crust of firmer sand, which a foot-bridge, Williamson's brigade, was soon cut through by our trains, which moved down the left bank; rendering their movement barely while Corse crossed his division on possible, and requiring miles of corpontoons at Jenks's bridge, some dis- duroy. At intervals, the Rebels had tance below; Rice's brigade, in ad-fallen trees across the roads, but not vance, having a smart skirmish with exactly where they were wanted. a Rebel battalion which disputed The 14th corps had advanced farther the passage; losing 5 men and taking to the left, with Kilpatrick still 17 prisoners. The right wing now farther east; Sherman's object being moved down both banks of the riv- still to threaten Augusta and beer; Osterhaus crossing Cannouchee wilder the enemy as to his purpose. creek; while Blair encountered " a Thus Kilpatrick, supported by Baird, Rebel force holding an intrenched was thrown out again to Waynes. line, with guns in position and rifle- boro'; fighting " Wheeler and drivpits in front, in a dense swamp, ing him 8 miles across Briar creek; where his men had to wade knee- while Baird destroyed the Augusta deep to form line of battle. The railroad; when the 14th was concenenemy were not in great force, how. trated on Jacksonboro', and all moved ever, and were easily driven : two rapidly down Briar creek toward the brigades pushing on to the Savannah Savannah ; Baird and Kilpatrick in and Gulf railroad and breaking it; the rear, which was now pressed by while J. E. Smith's division closed Wheeler, with sharp skirmishing, but up on Corse's, and Corse pressed on with little loss on either side. Gen. toward Savannah. He was opposed Morgan, in Davis's van, was halted, by 600 infantry and 2 guns; but his near Ebenezer church, a strong fieldadvance brigade quickly ran them work in his front,' which seemed to

" Nov. 30. Dec. 2. "Dec. 4. 15 Dec. 6–7. 16 Dec. 9. ? Dec. 1. 18 Dec. 4. Dec. 9.

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