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hold this figure of the venerable William Courtenay, who had requested that he should be entombed here;" it was not added, "but he was buried at Canterbury," because that was a fact so notorious in the age when the epitaph was written that it was not considered that even posterity would require to be informed of it. With reference to Mr. Poste's observations on these lines (p. 89) it is only necessary to add, that the word "hic" must be understood in a general sense, "here" in this church of Maidstone, and not as in contradiction to the particular spot designated in the will; and that, though there may be a mistake of one year in the poetical date, such mistakes do occasionally occur without all the contemporaries of the deceased having first passed away.
On the stall seats there are some interesting examples of heraldic differences, which have not hitherto received their due appreciation from those who have described the church, the present author (p. 34) supposing them to have been "rather fancifully introduced." On the seat Mr. Poste has numbered 10, is the pall of the see of Canterbury impaling the coat of Courtenay differenced by three mitres on the label. This is of course the archbishop's own difference. In another place, No. 8, the difference is nine roundles (called torteaux by Mr. Poste); in another, No. 7, nine crescents; and in another, No. 9, three mullets-all placed in like manner on the label. Now, on reference to the Forage, it will be seen that the archbushop was the fourth of the eight Bons of Hugh second Earl of Devon; and it is evident that the above were some of the ways in which those bothers differenced their arms. The eklost son would bear the label plain,* the others charged with the differences, and we find that the nine platos (not "forteaux") were the difference of Sir Philip Courtenay, of Powderham, the sixth son, the direct anooster of the present Earl of Devon. The mullers (there nine, not three, in numbers) are again found on the sopulctural bass of Koward Courtenay, at Oxtonst (engraved in T. Fisher's
Oxford Brasses). He was a son of Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Haccombe, who was the third brother, and ancestor of the 10th, 11th, and 12th Earls. (See also our vol. XXI. pp. 381, 496, where the noble youth's other sepulchral effigy, at Haccombe, is engraved and described.)
We must beg excuse for a few further remarks on the explanations which Mr. Poste has received from his friend with respect to the paintings remaining in the recess of the tomb of John Wootton, the first Master of the College. We are told they represent John Wootton's "exaltation to heavenly bliss," and that the angel presents him to the Virgin Mary, "bearing testimony to his merits" but the fact is, that it is a representation of the Annunciation, in the usual manner, before which a small figure of the priest is kneeling as in prayer. Besides these figures there are those of two female saints, one of which has lost her symbol, and the other is shown by her wheel to be Saint Katharine. At either end of the tomb are a bishop and an archbishop; the latter of these, we are told, "is evidently Courtenay," and the former some bishop, a friend of Wootton. On the contrary, they are shown by their nimbi to be saints. The archbishop is doubtless Saint Thomas of Canterbury, and the bishop is probably Saint Nicholas. We may add, that we saw these paintings some fifteen years ago, and the archbishop had certainly then a cross-headed staff, the constant symbol of sainted archbishops, and the usual ensign, we believe, of archiepiscopal effigies, though Mr. Poste says that the effigies of Stratford, Courtenay, and Warham at Canterbury have the ordinary crosier. The reason of this we are not able to explain.
the remarks to which this volume Though we have not exhausted all might give rise, we have now exhausted our space, and must conclude by recommending it to attention, as the work of a diligent and investigating antiquary, such as have in latter times more abounded in them than any other been rare in Kent, though it formerly county in England.
We believe the label was never entirely removed from the coat of the English
An Archæological Index to Remains of Antiquity of the Celtic, Romano-British, and Anglo-Saxon periods. By John Yonge Akerman, F.S.A. 8vo. 204. 18 Plates.
THE author introduces this work to his readers by congratulating them that the senseless ridicule with which it was so long the fashion to assail the pursuits of the Antiquary is at length hushed, "and the mute but eloquent relics of Antiquity are now regarded with interest by all who aspire to be informed of the manners and customs of those who have preceded us." This change may be fairly ascribed not merely to the accession of intelligence and of taste which is now employed on the study of archæology,-for there were always some who pursued the subject with taste and intelligence,but also particularly to the improved system and classification with which the objects of antiquarian research are now treated. This classification is what is really required in order to elevate the hobby of the virtuoso into the science of the true antiquary.
As regards our own country, Mr. Akerman has made an excellent commencement of such an arrangement in the present manual, in which he has lightly touched in succession on the several remaining monuments of the Celtic, the Romano-British, and the Anglo-Saxon periods.
One remarkable circumstance in relation to this distribution will be noticed by those who are conversant with the lucubrations of our antiquaries of the last century. Where are all their Danish antiquities, those numerous monuments which they were induced to attribute to the period of the occupation of Britain by its Danish invaders? They seem to have vanished into non-entity. We have before been witnesses when the presumed Danish barrows of the Bartlow hills have been proved to be Romano-British, and the Danish round towers of East Anglia have been shown to be post-Conquestal; and we presume that the result of further investigation is, that the Danes have not left any memorials in this country characterized by features distinguishing them from their Anglo-Saxon contemporaries.
There is an elegance and good taste in the productions of Mr. Akerman,
but they are not so elaborate as those of some others of his plodding fraternity. The present volume is handsomely printed, and the plates are as neatly executed as they are instructively compiled, each plate containing from twenty to sixty objects represented in outline. There is, however, in the body of the work an occasional want of the scrupulous exactness which we are wont to expect from the painstaking antiquary. We speak particularly of the chapters relating to Roman monuments, and their inscriptions. Whilst Mr. Akerman has told us much, we cannot but feel that he could have told us much more.*
Some of the antiquities he describes are so rare that the limits of his volume would admit of a catalogue raisonnée of all that are known. those which are of more frequent occurrence, such as the vases, fibulæ, pins, &c. that are found in sepulchral tumuli, he discourses with the experience of an old barrow-digger, and his scientific arrangement of these articles will be of the greatest value to those who are interested in that particular line of research. In Roman antiquities we think he may make large improvements in a future edition. His account of tesselated pavements, those most beautiful specimens of the domestic decorations of that people, is particularly brief and unsatisfactory.
The student of the Roman antiquities of Britain will, however, find the Appendix acceptable, as it presents him with an annotated copy of the Itinerary of Antoninus, followed by
Thus the chapter upon Altars concludes with this remark: "But the most interesting monument of this class is, perhaps, the altar inscribed to the Genius of Britain, found in the last century in Scotland." (p. 80.) We would have said, at Auchindavy in Dumbartonshire, on the line of the wall of Antoninus Pius, in the year 1771 and some allusion should have been made to the corresponding inscriptions which were noticed in our number for last June, p. 593.-In p. 43, reference is given only to the History of Dorsetchalk-hill at Cerne Abbas, and none to shire for the gigantic human figure on the the late Mr. Sydenham's separate publication on the subject, entitled "Baal Durotrigensis," reviewed in our vol. XIX. p. 294.
The Anglo-Sazon Vernon of the Life of St. Gattast, berms of Comical with a Transition and Notes by Charles Wyclife Goodwin MÁ Felon of Cathare Hill, Canbrudze. 12mo.
THIS is the editio pronospa of a very interesting relic of Anglo-Saxon lite rature, and it is edited with great grammatical and philological care. It is not, however, ascertained at what period it was written; for it is clearly a translation from the Latin lite of St. Guthlac, and the editor remarks that "the style is not that of Enfric, to whom it has been groundlessly ascribed." The only MS. which is in the Cottonian collection, was supposed by Wanley to be in the same "handwriting as the Bodleian Heptateuch, which he assigned to a date shortly after the Conquest.
The original work in Latin, of which we find five printed editions enumerated by Mr. Wright in his Biographia Britannica Literaria, vol. i. p. 249, was certainly written in the first half of the eighth century, being addressed to Alfwold king of the East Angles, who died in A.D. 749. The author's name was Felix, who is supposed to have been a monk of Crowland.
Of the Anglo-Saxon version, the MY TOWN HOT the Comcntian volime aready mentreed; except that two macters are as found in the ce
eret om Vervelenes. Of these, with great very samentos vsrubens de ecisar has made a careful
The poetical legend of Saint Guthlas vid is preserved in that singular mean of Angio-Saxon poetry the Codex Express is also franded upon the sume Laca de by Felix.
By the sodore of a translation. Mr. Godva has made this Inle volame BECOME the historical reader as Vass the philingist. Several histrick persons are ment oed, and we have cely to complain that the book WES EDx, which would have been succed with very triing trouble, as on counting the names we find they do not exceed twenty-five. The only are Crowland, places that Graz bester incidentally), and Repto The resurable passare describing Crowland has been already extricted by Mr. Wright. Repton was the place where Gate received the
When he was four-and-twenty years old, be forsook the pomps of the world, and set all his hopes on Christ. And after that he went to a monastery which is called Hrypadun, and there recerved the mystical tonsure of St. Peter the Apostle, under abbess Fifthrytha.”
A subsequent abbess of the same monastery provided for the holy man's burial.
"It happened also on a time that the venerable maid Ecgburh, abbess, the daughter of Aldwulf the king, sent to the venerable man Guthlac a leaden coffin, and winding sheet thereto, and besought him by the holy name of the Celestial King, that after his departure they should place his body therein."
This, from a subsequent passage, we find was duly performed. The hermit, who would not whilst he lived accept the luxury of a linen garment, desired to be wrapped in the sheet sent by Ecgburh, "for love of the maid of Christ." The passage is worthy of remark as a record of funereal customs, and as a proof of the occasional use of leaden coffins by the Anglo-Saxons.
A Guide to the Castle of Newcastle upon Tyne. By J. C. Bruce. 12mo. pp. 58.-Our readers have been informed, by the statement which appeared in our Magazine for last April, p. 405, that a restoration of the magnificent Keep of the New Castle upon Tyne is now in contemplation, with due regard to the true principles of its original architecture. Some five and thirty years ago it was rescued from destruction by public-spirited and well-meant efforts: but there was then less acquaintance than now with the purpose and meaning of the several component parts and features, and consequently less attention to their preservation in their integrity, or restoration with propriety and consistency. These matters will now be duly attended to; and at such a time so sensible and judicious a guide to the building as the present cannot fail to be acceptable. We always feel it a duty to distinguish between mere trading compilations and original works: and we have much pleasure in stating, that the present decidedly belongs to the latter class. The author has evidently studied not merely the subject of his pages, but military architecture in general, and he is therefore prepared to describe the structure in its various parts, and to discuss their several uses with critical discrimination. The book is illustrated with plans and sections, reduced from those published by the Society of Antiquaries, and by so many woodcut vignettes, (which well support the wonted credit of the town and school of Bewick,) that when we add the whole is given for a single shilling, we do not know that we could point out a really cheaper work in these days of cheap literature, certainly not in the department of antiquities.
Ecclesiastical Sketch of the Parish of St. Nicholas, Cork. sq. 12mo. 24 pp.This sketch, compiled by the Rev. John Woodroffe, the Rector, is accompanied by the form of prayer observed on laying the foundation stone of a new church in the parish on the 11th Nov. 1847. In preparing the foundation, portions of three previous structures have been discovered, the last of which was built no longer ago than 1720, but had fallen into great decay, a state which was in part attributed to a violent storm, which occurred at an early period of its existence, in the year 1726. Let us anticipate for the new structure greater permanence and increased utility. From a view prefixed, it seems intended to be plain, but strictly ecclesiastical in appearance, and commodious in plan, having transepts and a tower and spire attached to the western side of the north transept. The style is that of the GENT. MAG. VOL. XXIX.
13th century, and it is designed by Joseph Welland, esq. architect to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for Ireland. The cost will be 8,0001. of which 5001. is contributed by the Commissioners, and the remainder will be raised by public subscription.
Wayside Verses. By W. J. Brock.We can only afford room for one specimen, so many other poetical rivals are crowding for admission.
Sweet flowers that ope at close of day,
Recollections of a Parish Priest who sometime held a Cure of Souls in Cambridge. By one of his Parishioners. (Second Edition.) sq. 12mo. pp. 24.-—The former edition of this little Essay appeared not long since in a Cambridge newspaper; and it is easy to conclude from various other circumstances that the person intended is Dr. Perry, who has recently sailed to Australia as Bishop of the new see of Melbourne in that colony. His character, as here delineated, is such as is justly suited to such an apostolic mission; it has been marked by the free render of himself and his substance to the service of his Heavenly Master. He undertook, we are told, the charge of a poor and populous parish, the income of which perhaps only sufficed to pay his Curate, and furnish his amount of support to the parochial charities; he promoted the erection of two new churches, and a noble day-school; he laboured in his vocation with untiring zeal and assiduity; and finally, "As he had quitted his college
life at the call of duty, so he relinquished his parish, under the solemn conviction, that God required of him to undertake a most important charge elsewhere, involving onerous duties and great sacrifices." We have much pleasure in bearing testimony to the good sense and modesty with which this character is delineated,-a somewhat delicate task, but the execution of which does much credit both to the head and the heart of the writer.
Facts from the World of Nature. By Mrs. Loudon. The author informs us of the intent of her work to present the wonders of creation as discernible in the physical world, and in the form of beasts, birds, and fishes. It was originally intended to add reptiles, insects, and plants, but as these subjects are too extensive to be compressed into narrow limits, it has been thought better to confine the work to a few subjects treated upon at length, than to run the risk of making the whole book dry and uninteresting by too much compression." The work is arranged in four leading divisions: 1. Wonders of the Earth. 2. Wonders of the Waters. 3. Atmospheric Phenomena. 4. Wonders of Animal Life. The first division or book is again divided into eight chapters, including mountains, rocks, volcanoes, caverns, mines, &c. The second book is divided into six chapters-oceans, lakes, rivers, icebergs, &c. The third book into four chapters-optical phenomena, meteors, winds, &c. The fourth or last book into three chapters--mammalia, birds,
The style in which the book is written is clear and adapted to the subject. The facts and opinions are in general correct, and the whole is both instructive and amusing. We extract one passage: This curious phenomenon (the mirage) is produced when the surface of the earth
sea becomes suddenly much more heated than the atmosphere. The earth first communicates its heat to the layer of aft immediately above it, and which thus becomes less dense than the upper strata, and when the rays of light pass through a dense medium to one less dense, they become reftacted and turn back. Sir David Brewster illustrated this phenomenon by holding a heated iron over a mass of water, and as the heat descended, the density of the fluid gradually increased from the my face to the bottom. He then withdrew the heated from and substituted another www.hich a quantity of ice was laid. This suddenly ended the upper part of the air www the want, leaving the lower part WALM and out the whole became of the same degree of heat, the lower strata of gh which was next the water produced all
the beautiful effects of refracting light from the objects around it which are observed in the different forms of the mirage."
Lays of Christmas. By the Rev. Thomas Boyles Murray, M.A. Rector of St. Dunstan in the East, and Prebendary of St. Paul's. 12mo.-Mr. Murray, whose efforts to recommend divine truths in the attractive form of simple verse have been previously crowned with success in An Alphabet of Emblems, and The Two City Apprentices, (illustrated by Hogarth's Industry and Idleness,) which we have already introduced to the notice of our readers, has prepared for the present season a correspondent little book under the above title. It is, like the former, very prettily embellished, and its contents are prepared with the like care for the holy object in view. It is evident that the author's dethan to manifest his own poetical skill. Of sire is rather to inculcate pious sentiments the latter, however, he need not be ashamed. We have been particularly pleased with his lay on "Christmas Plants," of which we quote a part.
How I love thee, burnish'd HOLLY,
Trim with berries red and bright;
For a new unfading home.
In the Summer's richest glow.
Since at Yule-tide, with a frown,
Ere the light of truth and gladness
Settled on our favour'd clime?
Cheerly with the northern blast;
Humorous Verse. By W. Edwards Staite. Fables for Children, Young and Old, in sq. 12mo.- Somewhat too ambitious for the powers of the author; who has been led by the trammels of his verse into many expressions either unsuited to the capacity and whose notion of pleasing "children of the young, or bordering on vulgarity; of a larger growth" can scarcely come to pass in this "Puuch "-feasted generation.