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at the Hague Tribunal or through making would be required. After a four years' treaties with other nations, to advocate the test of the Bishops' power, the non-ritualCalvo doctrine; it would be an entirely ists declare that the prelates have failed different thing for the United States to to do their duty. Accordingly, Mr. Aussay or intimate that it would not permit a ten Taylor recently introduced a bill in European nation to collect just debts from Parliament affirming that a panic practia South American republic by force be cally existed in the Church owing to cause of the Monroe Doctrine. In point the failure of the Bishops to restrain of fact, the Monroe Doctrine has little to the too ritualistically inclined clergy. do with this question directly. The prin- The bill removes the Bishops' veto upon ciples which apply to the arbitrary collec- proceedings against contumacious clerics, tion of a debt by force in Venezuela would gives to the civil courts the right to apply equally to similar measures as take cognizance of proceedings brought against Turkey-and in point of fact the by laymen to prevent ritualistic excesses, United States has more than once pretty and provides that a clergyman who conbroadly intimated that it might be pro- tinues disobedient for three months shall voked to taking precisely this course be deprived of his "living." The oppoagainst the Porte. While it is perfectly sition to the measure was composed, first certain that Secretary Hay will not com- of all, of Ritualists ; secondly, of High mit this country to the policy which South Churchmen, who were offended not so American States would doubtless welcome much because the bill was anti-ritualistic by defending them against their just as because it limited episcopal functions. creditors, it is interesting to note that These opponents received a notable accesArgentina urges with justice that a strong sion to their ranks in the person of the power should not apply force to a weak Prime Minister himself. While desirous power until it has exhausted all reasonable that illegal practices shall be put down, resources of remonstrance; and, it is to Mr. Balfour, though a Scottish Presbybe hoped, arbitration. Another point of terian, declared his opposition, first bemuch interest in this Argentina note is cause Dr. Davidson, the new Archbishop the recognition and indorsement given of Canterbury, had not yet been given openly to the Monroe Doctrine ; it is said time enough to carry out his plans for that this is the first time that a South reform; secondly, because the authority American nation has officially acknowl of the Church itself should be extended, edged and accepted the Monroe Doctrine and no policy countenanced to “ render as acceptable to itself.

the episcopate almost a superfluity." Sir

William Harcourt, the veteran Liberal One of the most impor- leader, replied by saying that conditions The English Church Discipline Bill

tant events of the pres- had now reached a stage where, if the

ent session of the Eng right of veto were left to the Bishops, and lish Parliament was the passage last week laymen were not given their rights in of the Church Discipline Bill through the ecclesiastical as well as in civil matters, House of Commons by the significant it would be better to disestablish the majority of 139 to 59. While much com- Church. This is also the opinion of The ment has been evoked by the excesses of Outlook. The large majority vote showed ritualism (increasingly evident in certain that public opinion as a rule in England Anglican Churches), still more comment supports Sir William's view, and last has been due to episcopal action-or week's event in Parliament would seem rather inaction-in respect to some of the to have brought disestablishment one offenders. Non-ritualists in England long step nearer. since came to the conclusion that only Parliament could drastically and definitely

During the past week Engdeal with the matter. In 1899 the House Dean Bradley, Jand and France have been

Ernest Legouvé of Commons adopted a resolution to the

called upon to mourn the effect that if episcopal efforts were unsuc

deaths of three distinguished cessful to induce avoidance of what had men. In England Dean Bradley passed been declared unlawful by the Lambeth away at the ripe age of eighty-three years. Conference, legislation by Parliament Until his resignation last summer, Dr.

Gaston Paris

Bradley had been Dean of Westminster for

Three interesting an

The Young Men's twenty-one years, in succession to Dean

nouncements of Young

Christian Association Stanley. Both men were fitted by nature

Work

Men's Christian Assoand education to enjoy and honor a posi

ciation work have been tion which in real distinction is equal to made quite recently. The first reports any bishopric and superior to most. that the Mexican Central and the MexiBoth men had been pupils of Arnold at can National Railways have agreed to Rugby, and later, at Oxford, Bradley was a

contribute $100 a month for the support pupil of Stanley himself; he then became of the Young Men's Christian AssociaAssistant Master at Rugby, Master of tion in the City of Mexico. This is the Marlborough College, and finally Master first Association in Mexico, but others of University College, Oxford. During are to be organized in the near future Dr. Bradley's Deanship of Westminster at the larger commercial centers. the Abbey was transformed from a crum- City of Mexico Association comprises bling to a solid and safe material condition, over three hundred members from among but the Dean will long be held in loving the eight thousand English-speaking young memory for a more personal labor-his men in that city. Some adverse criticism habit once a week of conducting chosen of the Association has come from Mexi parties about the Abbey. He was an cans because of the Association's refusal authority on all points concerning the to countenance Sunday baseball. This venerable building and its relation to was to be expected in a land where history.

-Ernest Legouvé, the famous the Sunday bull-fight continues to be the French dramatic writer, died at the fine great popular pastime. Despite this, the old age of ninety-six years. The writer Sunday religious meetings for young men of many plays, he will always be best are largely attended, and are addressed by known as the author, with Scribe, of the leading business men of the city. “ Adrienne Lecouvreur.” This play was One reason why the club-life feature of produced in 1849 by Rachel, who, for the City of Mexico Association is strong some whim, declined later to appear in is because the Association is housed in a Legouvé's “ Medée" and found herself fine old mansion, which, with its garden, supplanted in it by Madame Ristori. occupies nearly an entire block. The The striking success of the latter actress second announcement comes from the convinced the last doubters in the French Chicago Association, which shows nearly Academy of Legouve's worth, and he 4,900 members, who paid for their dues entered that body in triumph. For many and privileges last year over $72,000-ceryears he has been the Academy's oldest tainly an important sum. Less than onemember. -The French Academy has third of the entire membership represents also lost Professor Gaston Paris, the Protestant church affiliation. The ChiDirector of the Collége of France (suc- cago Association occupies a thirteen-story ceeding Ernest Renan), who died at the building valued at $1,600,000, the rentals comparatively early age of sixty-three from which help to support the organizayears. Gaston Paris was one of the very tion. Over two thousand young men go few French scholars who had enjoyed a to the building daily, seven hundred of German education. The thoroughness of these visiting the gymnasium and natatohis scholarship was universally acknowl- rium. Over seventeen hundred students edged. Only three weeks ago The were taught last year in the evening Outlook reviewed a translation of his school. In the summer one of the finest “Mediæval French Literature," a prov- athletic fields about Chicago is conducted ince in which he was unrivaled. His by the Association; its athletes take rank lectures were frequented by students from with the best in the country, and stand for all parts of the world, who will feel the honorable amateur athletics. The noon loss, not only of a great teacher, but a prayer-meeting, established by the late friend; for Gaston Paris was never more D. L. Moody when President of the Chiattractive than in dispensing personal and cago Association, averages over fifty men social favors, and his home was the ren- throughout the year, and has not omitted dezvous of students, scholars, and men of its daily service for over forty years. Last letters, both young and old.

year, out of over twenty-five hundred men

The Tenement

applying for employment, nearly a thou

Last week there was held in sand situations were found through the

House Fight

Brooklyn, N. Y., at PlymAssociation bureau. While the Chicago

outh Church, a mass

meetAssociation is the largest in the world, it ing to protest against the assaults on the does not limit its influence to its member- tenement-house law. The names on the ship. Fully twice the number of its mem- list of those calling the meeting included bers attend its social gatherings, thus the most influential men of the borough. being influenced in a practical and helpful The speakers were Mr. Richard Watson way towards proper manhood and citizen- Gilder, Mr. R. W. De Forest, Tenementship.

House Commissioner; Mr. William H.

Baldwin, Jr., President of the Long Isl.. The New Spirit

The third announcement and Railroad; the Rev. Lyman Abbott ;

comes from an article in and the Rev. W. P. Harmon, who prethe “ North China Daily News,” pub- sided. As several of them pointed out, lished at Shanghai, and describing the there was a peculiar appropriateness in Young Men's Christian Association plant holding this meeting in a church which there. Until recently there was not a had been associated with many historic single place in Shanghai for the meeting revolts against oppression and inhumanity. of young men for social intercourse and Especially keen was the irony directed recreation, free from the temptation

the temptation against those who had apologized for the of drink; there is now at their dis- bills undoing tenement-house reform on posal a handsome building with reading, the ground that such bills were pre-emibilliard, and dining rooms, and ten bed- nently practical measures. The most imrooms-in fact, all the concomitants of a portant speech of the evening was that modern club except the drinking bar. of Mr. De Forest, the Tenement-House The Shanghai Association enrolls among Commissioner, who explained at some its four hundred members representatives length a new measure introduced into the of every section of the community and of Legislature by the Tenement House Comalmost every shade of opinion. There mission. He made it clear that the bill are now five native student branches of was introduced, not as a compromise or a the Association, comprising a total mem- “ dicker,” but as a benefit to the tenants. bership of over a thousand. The Shang- This, he said, would be shown in reduced hai paper thus comments upon the spirit rents. He gave clear and authoritative of the work being accomplished: “Where warning that if in the course of legformerly the Young Men's Christian Asso- islative action on the bill any ciation stood for a narrow and lopsided strosities” should be attached, the bill culture, it now aims at an all-round excel- would be vetoed by Governor Odell. lence, religious, moral, and physical. Both by the applause evoked by various Nothing has done more to dispel popular utterances of the speakers, and by formal prejudice against the Association than the resolutions passed, it was evident that the achievements of the Young Men's Chris- audience was agreed in having a cordial tian Association in all manly games and confidence in the present Tenement-House athletics. They have gone far to con- Commission and its head. Three facts vince an otherwise skeptical public that concerning the present status of the tenea man need not be a milksop because he is ment-house question in New York are now religious, or cease to be a sportsman when pretty well established. First, that the he becomes a Christian.” These are timely people who in this fight have shown their words. Whether in Mexico or Chicago preference for things over men are not or Shanghai, the work of the Young Men's going to have their way. Second, that Christian Association has changed in the agitation caused by the introduction character from its somewhat pietistic atti- of inhuman bills into the Legislature has tude of three and four decades ago to a not only demonstrated the fact that the broader, wiser, more practical and rational tenement dwellers, as Mr. De Forest put plan. The work of the Young Men's it, resent the homes in which they have Christian Association as it exists to-day to live, but also has educated a large part inculcates a spirit of manly Christianity in of the community, who live comfortably, all departments of life,

regarding the fundamental nature of the

6 mon

housing problem. Third, that this battle being urged because the ground would for better tenement conditions is not inevitably and very soon become dearer. ended by any means, for it has to do with The conviction grew also among all classes establishing tenements that will remain of people that a centrally located park when the character of the population shall was a necessity in a town like Springfield, have changed and all space shall have and that it should be located on this very been built upon as thickly as the law now site, since the existing City Hall, Police allows. It will require continuous vigilance Building, Grand Army Hall, and Courtto prevent the reproach that has fallen House (the latter a Richardson structure) upon this generation from falling upon would border the proposed park. The the generation to come—the reproach well sanitary and the ästhetic values of the voiced by the workingman whom Mr. project seemed equally evident to every De Forest reported as saying to him: one, and the contributions came in with “Why didn't you give the East Side a increasing frequency until they more than chance before ?"

reached the sum proposed. The remark

able thing about them was their number; Civic Æsthetics

Years ago the community there were only fifty contributors of more

of Springfield, Mass., al- than a hundred dollars each, while many lowed the New York, New Haven, and gave less than one dollar apiece. Thus Hudson River Railroad to encroach upon this civic improvement is not only someits beautiful Connecticut River front. At thing done for the long future and well that time the enthusiasm of the citizens done, but done by the whole community. of the town was all for the railroad and not for the river. The river promised no The Paramount Issue possibilities of growth; the railroad did. Hence a lovely, almost majestic water- It cannot be doubted that the course of front was allowed to become unlovely and the Administration in respect to Delaware even hideous through the mistaken idea of has chilled the popular enthusiasm for the people that a priceless gift of nature Mr. Roosevelt as a heroic leader in the could be bartered away for a material National battle against corruption. Congain. In recent years, however, the citi- fidence in his statesmanship and his state zens of Springfield have realized their craft—his grasp of great principles and mistake. Led by the initiative of their his practical skill in dealing with conflictgreat daily paper, the Springfield “ Repub- ing factions—has been steadily increaslican," and by its steady, long-continued ing; but faith in his political heroism has appeal and pushing, not only did æsthet- received a shock. His first appointment ically inclined citizens regret the blunder of Mr. Byrne was a perplexity to his that had been made, but the community friends, but they explained it as a sudden as a whole became influenced by the ‘impulse ; his second appointment of Mr. propaganda of the “Republican." The Byrne is to them inexplicable. It seems plan to retrieve the mistake was as fol- like a public notification from the Presilows: Bordering the principal street of dent of the United States of a noile prosethe town was a large open space called qui for the men who have practiced wholeCourt Square; it was proposed to continue sale bribery in Delaware. And yet, though this square to the river and there to build we cannot doubt that this is the effect of a viaduct over the railroad tracks. The Mr. Roosevelt's action, we cannot believe expense of acquiring and improving the that it is Mr. Roosevelt's intention. If necessary property, however--$200,000— any are inclined, as some are, to think seemed prohibitive, but it was thought that that he is ready to take advantage for his if half this sum could be raised by a public party of Mr. Addicks's frauds, and to consubscription, the town could afford to bear done the offense because it is politically the expense of the rest. Impetus was profitable to the Republicans, we remind given to the project by the bequest to it them that a man whose loyalty to princiof $10,000 by the late Tilly Haynes and ple has been attested by a life of heroic by the offer of another $10,000 from Mr. devotion is not to be summarily convicted E. H. Barney. The campaign was ener- of disloyalty because of one act, however getically managed, haste in contributions inconsistent it may seem to be with his

previous record. We still hope that there sins in a nation as in an individual; better will be enough Republicans in the Senate because in fact the fatal foe to dealing ready to join with the Democrats to defeat honestly with other peoples is popular the appointment. We can conceive no leniency toward dishonest men at home. ground on which it can be justified. Not on We need only to read the history of the the ground of Mr. Byrne's distinguished past few months for evidence that the ability, for his legal record is not of the worst foes to honorable politics are disbest ; not on the ground of political honorable men. In vain has Mr. Roosevelt regularity, for he resigned his office to eloquently pleaded for generous treatment defeat the regular Republican nominee of the Cubans; in vain has he pleaded for Congress; not on the ground that he for fair treatment of the Filipinos. There is the best possible man to prosecute the is a Republican majority in Congress; rascals who have been corrupting the Cuban reciprocity and Philippine tariff elections in Delaware, for he has joined reduction are distinctly party policies; his fortunes to theirs.

there is no shadow of a question that they We understand perfectly well that poli- would be overwhelmingly supported at tics makes strange bedfellows; that in the polls by the Republican party in a politics one must often work with men general election. But the appeals of the whom one would not choose as his asso- President and the opinions of the people ciates; that in politics, when one cannot are un heeded by men to whom the supdo what he would, he must fain do what posed pecuniary interest of a few beethe can ; that in politics one must often sugar growers and a few tobacco-growers sacrifice a subordinate issue to win a overbalance all other considerations. It paramount one. We understand perfectly may take time and patience to convince well that, in order to get the Cuban treaty an honest man of the truth; but even and the Panama treaty and the anti-trust invincible ignorance will yield at last to legislation through the Senate, it was im- argument, if the ignorance is honest and portant to have two Republican Senators the argument enlightening. But time and from Delaware. But these are not the patience are wasted on men who are corparamount issues; honesty is the para- rupt and corrupters of their fellows. The mount issue—that is second to none other; only argument that weighs with a bribeall other issues are second to that. taker is a bigger bribe. Allow public mean exactly this. It would be better to corruption to go on unhalted, unconsail away from the Philippines and leave demned, unpunished, and elections will them to themselves, whatever ruin might cease to be discussions of principles : befall them, better to refuse reciprocity they will become auction sales, in which a with Cuba and leave her to fight her own minority, holding the balance of power, commercial battles, better to postpone will sell the power which they wield to the building of an interoceanic canal the highest bidder. another fifty years or leave it unbuilt for- He has read to little purpose the hisever, or let France, England, or Germany tories of Greece, and Rome, and Venice, build it, better to leave the trusts to be and Bourbon France, and England, who dealt with by industrial forces and State does not see that the issue of honest govgovernments, than to compromise with ernment is the paramount issue, whenever the corruption which buys a State in the and however it presents itself. For it open market, confesses the deed, and was because corruption conquered in justifies the bribery by the cynical decla- Greece, and Rome, and Venice, and Bourration that nothing succeeds like success. bon France that they all died; and be

It would be better, because it is better cause the corruption of England under to be an honest nation than a big nation; the Georges was conquered by the Puribetter because single-hearted integrity is tan conscience of her people that England better in a people, as in an individual, than lives. He has read to little purpose the commerciæl prosperity ; better because to history of the past decade who does not profess humanity and essay human poli- see that this plague of the nations is in cies toward the rest of mankind and con- our blood. The corruption revealed in done corruption at home is national Phari New York City, in Minneapolis, in St. saism, and Pharisaism is the worst of all Louis, in Chicago, the corruption in Mon

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