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May 20, 1896.-The money question was covered by this resolution: “The Democratic party of South Dakota is in favor cf. the present standard of value in our money systern and the use of full legal tenier silver, coins and paper, convertible into coin on demand, in such quantities as can be maintained without impairing or endangering the credit of the Government or diminishing the purchasing or jebt-paying power of the money in the hands of the people, and it is not in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1.”
April 22, 1896.-The platform favored protection to American industries and the doctrine of reciprocity; condemned the administration of Grover Cleveland; favored completion of the Nicaragua Canal; expressed the belief that the material and commercial interests of both the United states and Cuba demand an early cessation of the present war; condemned the action of a majority of the Democratic party in the Tennessee Legislature, which Henry Clay Evans was counted out in the Gubernatorial contest; appealed for reform of the fee system, and indorsed the Tennessee Centennial Exposition. The financial plank of the platform was:
*we are unalterably opposed to any scheme that will give to this country a depreciated and debased currency. We favor the use of silver as currency; but to the extent only that its parity with gold will be maintained, and in consequence are opposed to a free and unlimited and independent coinage of silver at a ratio of 16 to 1. we believe that every American dollar should be an honest 100-cent dollar, always and everywhere.”
May 7, 1896.-The platform urged an income tax law; commended the action of the Legislature in seating Mr. Turney over H. Clay Evans as Governor; urged the reduction of costs in criminal prosecutions. It also adopted the following money plank:
*we hold that it is the high duty and honor of the Democratic party to call back the Government to the old paths, to restore it to purity and virtue, and to root out all the pernicious influences that have corrupted its legislators and the administration of its laws. As a first and most necessary step to this end, we demand the restoration of the money of the Constitution by a law providing for the free and onlimited coinage of both gold and silver as full legal-tender money at the ratio of is to 1. regardless of the action of any other nation.”
April 29, 1896.-The platform adopted the liquor traffic, and declared that men grown rich by it have paralyzed the Government against themselves: that the enernies of the saloon should be controlled by neither political party; affirmed belief in equal suffrage regardless of sex;
demanded a graduated income tax on all incomes exceeding $2,000 and a graduated inheritance tax on all inheritances of $10,000 or more; wanted criminals worked on public roads in the counties; wanted undesirable immigrants excluded; extension of the naturalization period; abolition of the fee system; local option for municipalities; favored a constitutional convention. A free silver resolution was knocked out almost unanimously.
TEXAS. REPUBLICAN (BLACK AND TAN).
March 28, 1896.-‘‘We reaffirm the historic adherence of the Republican party to sound finance. We demand an honest dollar of greatest purchasing power for every class alike; the largest issue of gold, silver, and paper compatible with se— curity and the requirements of trade, all of equal value, interchangeable, one for the other, every dollar resting on gold as money of final redemption.”
REPUBLICAN (LILY WHITE).
April 20, 1896.--"We favor bimetallism, the use of gold and silver coin as money of mutual redemption. We favor the im. mediate calling of an international monetary and reciprocity conference for the adoption of an international agreement, with such reciprocal clauses as to trade between countries that ratify the action of the conference as will force every country, through self-interest, to adopt the basis thus established.”
DEMOCRATIC (FREE SILVER).
June 24, 1896.-‘‘We favor the free and unlimited coinage of gold and silver into standard money without discrimination against either, and at a ratio of 16 to 1, independent, of the action of any other Nation, which standard money shall be legal tender for all debts, public and private, and we further demand that "the money, of the country shall consist of gold and silver thus coined, and of paper convertible into these coins on demand of the holder, and in this connection we demand that the practice of the Treasury Department of refusing to pay coin notes in silver the same as in gold shall be discontinued, because the same is an unwarranted use of power which results ir making the Federal Treasury but a broker's office for speculation in gold.
“We demand that a law shall be enacted by the Federal Congress making gold and silver coined at the ratio heretoforo mentioned and the paper convertible into such coins at the demand of the holder; of such notes as legal tender for all debts private and public, thereafter contracted without reference to any contract o agreement that debts be paid in a particular kind of money, reserving alone the
o: to designate the kind of money it .# the customs and dues may b paid."
The platform opposed the cancellation and retirement of legal tender notes and the issue of bonds in times of peace. I condemned excessive pensions and othe discriminations in granting them, favored a tariff for revenue only and demanded the submission of a constitutional amend
ment to the State permitting the levy of an income tax.
August 20, 1896.-The platform ratified the acts of the National Convention at Chicago.
SOUND MONEY DEMOCRATS.
June 23, 1896.-‘‘Holding it to be as impossible for man to measure value by more than one standard as it is to so measure any other quantity, and being firmly convinced that a change in the standard for the measure of value at this time would result in a financial panic to which the history of the world furnishes no parallel, and believing that every Government owes it to its own honor and to its citizens that it shall so order its laws as to require all debts to be paid in money as nearly as possible equal in value to the money in circulation at the time of the creation of the debt, we declare that it is the duty of the United States to maintain the present single gold standard of the measure of value, to the end that justice shall be done to all men, and the honor of the Nation preserved. We believe in the use of silver as current money, and the coinage and circulation of such amount thereof as can be kept at a parity with gold, but we oppose the free and unlimited coinage of silver by this Government alone as a measure borrowed from Populism and fraught, if successful, with dishonor and disgrace to the Nation and destruction to the people.
“We favor a tariff for revenue only, sufficient in amount to support the Government economically administered. . . . We demand the immediate retirement of this Government from the banking business and that the law authorizing the reissuance of the Treasury notes shall be repealed and such promises be retired and cancelled. We favor the establishment of a safe system of banking under rigid gov– ernmental supervision in order that the people of this country may have at all times a sound, safe and elastic currency amply sufficient for the transaction of their business."
August 6, 1896.-The features of the platform were as follows: Notes and se– curities not rendered for taxation shall be void, the object being to shift the burden of taxation on the holders of venders' lien notes and relieve the land-owners; limiting salaries of county officers to 2,000; asking Federal appropriation for improvement of Texan waterways and harbors; an eight-hour day for workingmen, and that the legal cotton tax and sugar, bounty should be devoted to the support of ex-Confederate soldiers.
April 7, 1896.-"We believe in a protective tariff; we pelieve in reciprocity; we believe in bimetallism, which is the full recognition alike of gold and silver and their free coinage in the mints of the Nation at the ratio of 16 to 1. We hold that as a tariff for revenue has failed to restore prosperity, so a protective tariff, as long as the money of the country is held, ounce for ounce, 100 per
cent higher than the money of the orient and of Spanish-America, is impotent to save our farmers and manufacturers against a competition which they are helpless to meet, and we repudiate the belief that protection without bimetallism can restore prosperity. “We ask our delegates to St. Louis to do their utmost to secure in the National Republican platform a full acknowledgment of the imperative need of a return to real bimetallism, and a promise of its swift adoption without regard to other nations, by opening our mints to the free coinage of gold and silver at a ratio of 16 to 1.” September 24, 1896.-The majority report indorsed the platform of the National donvention with the exception of the finan– cial plank. It said: “We renew the promises which have been made in former platforms of the Republicans in Utah. We believe in bimetallism, and thereby we mean the use of both gold and silver as standard money and the free and unlimited coinage of both metals at the Ratio of 16, to 1. We believe the Republ lican doctrine of protection is necessary to the return to bimetallism, and as an essential part of it; we believe by a protective tariff and other wise legislation the United States alone, without the aid of other nations, will be able to return to the free coinage of silver at the old ratio of 16 to 1, and we denounce as impossibie the present claim of Democrats that free trade and free silver can exist together.” The minority report indorsed the St. Louis platform in its entirety and made no mention of silver. A hot debate ensued, resulting in the adoption of the majority report overwhelmingly.
June 6, 1896.-The platform contained this plank: “The Democratic party of Utah, in convention assembled, reposing its trust in the honesty, intelligence, independence ... and patriotism of the people. standing upon the great essential principles of justice and liberty, upon which our institutions are founded, while reaffirming its devotion to these principles as declared from time to time in the party platforms and especially those principles announced by the Democrats of Utah in the reconvened convention of 1895, now believing that the restoration of the money of the Constitution is of paramount importance, declares in favor of the immediate restoration of the free and unlimited coinage of gold and silver at the present legal ratio of 16 to 1 as such coinage existed prior to 1873, regardless of the action or policy of other nations, gold and silver coin to be a full legal tender for all debts, public and private.” The platform also declared for the divorce of Church and State. The delegates were instructed to vote as a unit for candidates for President and VicePresident known to be in favor of the money plank. September 24, 1896.-The platform declared for the free and unlimited coinage of silver at a ratio of 16 to 1, without regard to other nations; a tariff for revenue
THE TRIBUNE ALMANAC
April 29, 1896.-"We believe in a tariff which shall raise sufficient revenue to meet the necessity of the Government, econornically administered, and at the same time furnish reasonable protection to American industries, American labor and the product of American farms. We believe in the policy of reciprocity established under the last Republican Administration, which affords us a market for our surplus products and manufactures, and enables us to obtain from other countries, terms, articles which we desire and do not produce. “We believe in a consistent and dignified foreign policy, based upon the traditional doctrine of non-intervention in the affairs of the Old World and the maintenance of the Monroe Doctrine in this. we favor a just but liberal administration of the pension laws, an adequate systerm of coast defence and a reasonable regulation and restriction of immigation. **The Republicans of Vermont are unalterably opposed to any scheme to give the country a depreciated or debased currency. We are, therefore, opposed to the free coinage of silver, except by international agreement, and until re-established we believe the present monetary standard should be honorably maintained. The continual agitation of the free coinage of silver retards the return of our confidence and rity, and stands in the way of bene: legislation, and is in every respect harmful to the best interests of the whole country. “we believe that the credit of the Government should be maintained, not by the issue of bonds and the increase of the xational debt, but by a return to a systerm of duties which shall replenish the public treasury, put in motion the now silent wheels of business, and insure living prices to American farms and work—
June 17, 1896.-‘‘We denounce and condemn the attempt to establish the free and tin limited coinage of silver as destructive to the best interests of the peopote, and if successful sure to injure and debase the credit of this country.
“we demand a currency that shall be worth a hundred cents on the dollar throughout the civilized world, and we pledge ourselves to do all in our power to prevent the issue by the Government of any other.
*we demand that sufficient revenue be raised by the Government to pay its expenses, and we declare it pernicious and wrong for the Government in time of pea:e to increase its debt for the purpose of obtaining money for its ordinary ex
“We ndhere to the doctrine of protection as held by the Republican party, and demand that the needs of the Government be supplied by duties so laid as to protect the laboring classes of our people from competition with the pauper labor of the Old World, and to promote the business interests of our people,
under the most advantageous
“Our watchword shall be an hones dollar, good the world over, protection to American labor and industries, and revenue sufficient to maintain the Govern. ment without further increasing its debt.” Other planks denounced President Cleveland's Administration, pledged earnes support to the Republican nominee fol President, and demanded the strictes economy in the affairs of the State.
May 27, 1896.-The platform commended the Administration of President Cleveland and his Venezuelan message, expressed sympathy for the Cubans in their struggle for independence, and denounced the American Protective Association. II added: “We demand the maintenance of a gold standard of value as being in the true interests... of all our people, especially those obliged to labor for what they receive, and we are opposed to free coinage of silver, except by international agreeninent. “We are opposed to the Republican the ory and methods of a protective tariff as being a criminal misapplication of the taxing power of the Nation, producing monopoly, corruption and business stagnation. ... We therefore demand tariff legislation for the constitutional purpose of providing revenues for the Government, not for the fostering of trusts, keeping always in mind that unnecessary interference with business interests should be avoided.” The platform also demanded the replacement of the Prohibitory law with a stringent license local-option system, and denounced the Republicans for “increasing the State expenses from $279,000 just after, the war to well toward $600,000
July 28, 1896.-The platform called for fiat money and free silver, and contained also the following plank:
“The resort to bribery as an instrumentality for carrying elections and for securing legislaticn or court decisions being a direct thrust at the very life of free government and no less an act of treason than firing on our country's flag, we, therefore, demand an act of Congress making it, in law as it is in fact, a capital crime for both the receiver and given of * in any form and punishable as such.
April 24, 1896.-The platform reaffirmed its allegiance to the principles of the Republican party, as enunciated in the National platform, and expressed its “pride in being a part of an organization which faithfully adheres to the principles of protection, in which no furnace fires have ever been put out, no factories closed, and no army of workers upon the streets and highways in enforced idleness.” It also condemned the Democratic attempt to call a convention to revise the Constitution as “being the first movement of the enemies of our public free schools. Its manifest purpose is to stem the swelling tide of Republican progress in our State by an effort to disfranchise our illiterate voters, both white and colored, to set up a fraudulent and pretended educational qualifica— tion, and to so amend the present free school provision as to place it in the power of future Legislatures to practically destroy the beneficent system of education engrafted in the present Constitution of the State by the Republican party.”
DEMOCRATIC. June 4, 1896.-‘‘We are for sound money, the soundest the world has ever
had or can have: the money of our Constitution, the money of the people, the money of civilization through the ages past and destined to be such, as we be— lieve, sor ages to come. “This scund money should consist of silver and gold and of paper redeemable in silver or gold at the option of the payer, the units of the whole mass to be kept at parity by coinage rights and equal legal tender functions, the only method by which the parity of the two metals has been continuously and successfully maintained. “We hold to the use of both gold and silver as the standard money of the country, and to the coinage of both gold and silver without discriminating against either metal or charge for mintage. The immediate and complete restoration of the bimetallism of money which existed in the United States from 1793 to 1873 is, in our opinion, demanded by the interests of commerce, manufactures, and agriculture, which are alike suffering from the continuous fall of prices and the consequent embarrassment or bankruptcy of those en— gaged therein; and, in order so to restore it, we demand the free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold at the ratio of 16 to 1, without waiting for the assent or concurrence of any other nation. It cannot be that this great Nation, the fore most of the earth in riches and power, is unable to form a financial system of its own, and while we would like each to come to an international agreement that would settle the vexed question, we are unwilling to defer action or make the interest of our own people dependent upon the course of others. “We warn our countrymen that unless silver be upheld as money of redemption and sustained at a parity with gold by equal privileges at the mint and by equal legal tender function, a further contrac— tion of the currency and the further accumulation of public indebtedness will be inevitable. We have four dollars less per rapita in circulation now than we had in November, 1893, when the Sherman law was repealed, and in the present strained contition of our resources, the deficits of revenue and the fall of prices each further contraction of money and accumulation of debt would paralyze business, lower wages and bring unon the country widespread panic and ruin.” Another resolution adopted declared that third-termism is against the “unwritten law of this to ~ * * ~ established by the custom and usage of a hundred years and sanctioned by the example of the greatest and wisest of those who have founded and maintained our Government, that no man should he eligible to a third term of the Presidential office.”
May 14, 1896.-On the money question the platform contained this plank: "we demand a sound-money policy" which shali maintain at an equality of purchasing Power every dollar of American money. Every American dollar must be worth io, gents. The monetary system of the United States must be as sound and safe as the soundest and safest in the world.”
It also “denounced the unnecessary isBue of Government bonds in time of peace, a transaction involved in a mystery which has surprised and pained every man who loves his country"; demanded liberal appropriations for internal improvements: and declared for “the protection of American industries as taught and maintained for thirty years by the Republican party.”
June 17, 1896.-The platform indorsed the tariff policy of President Cleveland and reaffirmed the platform of the last Democratic National Convention on the tariff issue. It demanded the restoration by law of the money of the Constitution providing the free coinage of both gold and silver as full legal tender and redemption money at the ratio of 16 to 1 regardless of the financial policy of England or any other nation. The delegation was instructed to vote for no candidate for President or vice-President who is not an avowed advocate of the policy expressed in the resolution.
August 5, 1896.-The platform indorsed that of the National Convention of 1896, and the Bryan and Watson ticket.
Wisco NSIN. REPUBLICAN.
March 18, 1896.-"The Republicans of Wisconsin, in convention assembled, renew their devotion to the doctrine of pro
tection. We believe in an adjustment of tario duties for the twofold purpose of providing sufficient revenue to meet the requirements of the Government and to furnish reasonable and adequate protection to American industries and labor, a tariff both for revenue and protection. “we also renew our allegiance to the doctrine of reciprocity. We favor as a logical and beneficial result of protective tarift laws mutual trade arrangements with foreign countries that will provide for our manufacturers and producers a market for their surplus product, and at the same time enable us to buy from them under advantageous conditions such articles as they produce and we need to purchase. **The Republicans of Wisconsin are unyielding in their demand for honest money. We are unalterably opposed to any scheme that will give to this country a depreciated or debased currency. We favor the use of silver as currency, but to the extent only and under such restrictions that its parity with gold can be maintained.” August 5, 1896.-‘‘The Republicans of Wisconsin, in convention assembled, announce their hearty indorsement of the platform of principles adopted by the late National Convention at St. Louis, and pledge a loyal, united and vigorous support of the principles and policies therein announced and defined. We believe that in the restoration to power in National affairs of the party that stands for a sound and stable currency, honest money with which to pay the wages of labor, buy the products of the farm and factory and carry on the business of this great country and for a fair and equitable protective tariff that will protect all the people and every section of the country, give employment to American labor, preserve to American producers the first charge on our great home market and at the same time give us enough revenue to pay the necessary expenses of carrying on the Government, lies the only hope of a return to our former prosperity.” The platform then indorses the nominations of McKinley and Hobart, condemns the utterings of the late Chicago Convention upon questions of National policy, declares for the restriction of undesirable Immigration, and concludes with a deliverance upon State issues.
June 23, 1896.-‘‘We believe that a tariff for revenue only would extend American commerce to the uttermost parts of the earth, and untrammelled industry would advance our country to the foremost place among nations. "We are therefore firm in our adherence to the doctrine enunciated by the last National Democratic Convention that this Government should impose no tariff taxes except for revenue. " “we believe that the demands of a commerce built upon the broad and enlightened doctrine of free trade require a currency that cannot be discredited in any civilized country. Realizing this logical demand for the best money for international trade; realizing also the dangers of a flat currency in domestic use, and aware that the present condition of com
mercial distress calls for the patriotic and sturdy maintenance of National honor and financial integrity, we declare ourselves opposed to the free and unlimited coinage of silver, and in favor of gold, the highest monetary standard of the world.” The money plank in the minority report, which was rejected by 271 to 219, read as follows: “Resolved, That we reaffirm the platform of the last National Democratic Convention, and particularly upon the subject of coinage, believing that a fair interpretation of the same favors free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold as legal-tender money of the country.”
September 2, 1896.-The platform declared for free silver; condemned the State administration for releasing the exTreasurers from the judgments which were obtained against them: demanded a coemployé act, and protested against the moneyed and corporate interests in their attempt to control elections by intimidation and corruption.
SOUND MONEY DEMOCRATS.
August 26, 1896.-The platform denounced ... the action of the National Democratic Convention at Chicago, and declared that the majority who controlled it were “men whose names are unknown in. Democratic councils and whose decla. rations and action prove them to be strangers as well to Democratic principles and traditions.” The money plank read:
In the words of the National Demo. cratic platform of 1892, "we hold to the use of both gold and silver without dis. crimination against either metal or charge for mintage, but the doilar unit of coinage of both metals must be of equal intrinsic and exchangeable value, or be adjusted through international agreement or by such safeguards of legislation as shall insure the maintenance of the parity of the two metals, and the equal power of every dollar at all times in the markets and in the payment of debt; and we demand that all paper currency shall be kept at par with and redeemable in such coin. We insist upon this policy as especially necessary for the protection of the farmer and laboring classes, the first and most defenceless victims' of unstable money and a fluctuating currency.” And to create and maintain the integrity of that dollar we adopt the words” of the Democratic party of Wisconsin, assembled in convention, in June, 1896, in favor of gold, the highest monetary standard of the world, as the true measure of unmuctuat
ing value.” POPULIST.
September 2, 1896.-Resolutions were adopted indorsing the National platform and all of the usual isms of the Populists.
May 15, 1896.-The platform contained this money plank: “We reaffirm our ailer giance to the principles of bimetalism as enunciated in the Republican State platform adopted at Casper in 1894, and we connmend the record of our Senators and Representatives in Congress in main