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The fine pheasantry in the garden of T. Kingston, esq. at Carleton House, in Somersetshire, was last week maliciously set on fire, and all the birds cruelly burnt to death.
The following may be interesting to our agricultural readers at this season; as the expence of the practice must now be comparatively trifling, in consequence of the late Act which reduced the duty on rocksalt used for agricultural purposes : —“As the season for hay-making is drawing near, we must beg leave to recommend the salting of ricks. I am persuaded few farmers are aware of the benefit arising from this practice, particularly in stacking in sultry weather. The salt preserves the hay from overheating and becoming mildewed. All kinds of cattle, &c. prefer inferior hay thus managed to the best that can be placed before them that has not been salted. The salt assimilates with the juices of the hay, and thereby prevents too great a fermen tation, and by its soporific quality gives it a superior flavour. The proper way of using it is, in building the stack, to sprinkle the salt alternately between each layer of hay, in the proportion of one hundredweight to seven or eight tons."
James Moffat, aliasM'Coul, the notorious associate of the late Hussey White, has been found guilty before the Court of Justiciary at Edinburgh, of being concerned in breaking into and robbing the Paisley Union Bank, on the 14th of July, 1811, and sentenced to be executed at Edinburgh on the 26th of July.
To ensure correct returns of averages, the Board of Trade have directed country inspectors to post up in the market-places a duplicate copy of every return transmittted by them to the receiver of corn returns, in order to afford the means of de. tecting any error on the spot.
A large swarm of bees lately visited the Market-square at Shrewsbury, and many of them settled on the head of one of the dealers in vegetable. A serjeant of the militia immediately procured a broom, which he hoisted on his halbert, whilst a female sounded the usual music on such occasions; and in about half an hour the whole of the swarm were collected on the broom, to the great joy of the market peo. ple, and hived. A dispute then arose between the serjeant and the woman, repecting which had a right to the new colony, and the latter in a passion upset the whole, in consequence of which many of the bees were killed, but fortunately no person was stung. The serjeant again, with other assistance, restored the bees to the hive; after which it was taken to the Mayor, the Rev. H. Owen, by the contending parties; when it was claimed by his Worship as Lord of the Manor of the town, to the mutual disappointment of the serjeant and his opponent.
Wednesday, June 1.
The books were opened at the Bank of England this morning to receive subscrip tions for the purpose of funding of Exche quer bills to the amount of seven millions. It was completed in a few minutes only by ten houses. Before two o'clock in
the morning there were crowds waiting outside of the Bank. About six o'clock the outer doors were opened, when the monied men were accommodated in a passage leading to the Secretary's office. At ten the doors were opened, and as they entered each received a ticket. The fortunate holders of the first tickets were thea called in, and when number nine had stated the amount required, it was found that only a hundred thousand remained. Number ten was then called, and completed the subscription. The others then departed greatly disappointed. The pressure, in gaining admission, exceeded all descrip tion. The crowd and consequent heat was excessive. Only about 200 succeeded in getting into the inner room, and tickets to about that number were issued, but at least 180 were unable to make their way to the hall-door, where the tickets were issued. There were nearly 400 applicants, and only ten, as above stated, obtained any part of the funding.
Friday, June 16.
The Spanish merchants resident in London waited on the Duke de Frias, the new Spanish Ambassador, to congratulate bim on his arrival in this country: the Duke in nand was as sincerely attached to the Conhis reply assured them that King Ferdistitution as any man in the country; and that all Spain was rejoicing over the happiness that awaited her.
Saturday, June 17.
Prince Gustavus of Sweden and suite were introduced to the King, at his Palace, in Pall Mall, by his Excellency the Rusgraciously received. sian Ambassador. The Prince was most
In consequence of the promotion of the Rev. Dr. Maut to the Bishoprick of Killsloe, he has received a present of a piece of plate, consisting of a very large circular of chased flowers. The inscription is-To salver, on feet, with a magnificent border the Reverend Richard Mant this plate is presented as a token of respect for his character as a Christian Rector, the beneficis! influence of which the donors bad the hap
piness of experiencing during his ministry in the parish of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate." Thursday, June 22.
The Westminster Quarter Sessions commenced before Sir R. Baker and a full Bench. The Chairman, in addressing the Grand Jury, adverted to the outrages which took place in various streets on the Queen's arrival, by breaking windows, &c.; and recommended associations of the respectable inhabitants of the different parishes, as the only effectual means of suppressing such riots and tumults.
F. Const, esq. is appointed Chairman of the Westminster Sessions, vice Sir R. Baker, resigned,
accompanied by Alderman Wood, young Mr. Austin being on the coach-box. going through the Hall, her Majesty was pleased to accept the supporting arms of Mr. Ald. Wood and Mr. Favell; she passed to the Council Chamber, preceded by the City Marshals, where numbers of Ladies and several Members of the Common Council were in waiting to receive her. Every one greeted her entrance with cheers, at which demonstration of attachment her Majesty was evidently much moved. The statue of our late beloved and venerated King seemed most to engage the contemplation of the Queen. After this, her Majesty went into the Court of Aldermen's room, viewed the pictures, and then passed to the Chamberlain's Office. When she returned to her carriage, the horses were taken from it, and her Majesty was drawn in procession through Cheapside, St. Paul's Churchyard, down Fleet-street, along the Strand, &c. &c.
Nearly all the Royal Letters of Summons to the Peers, to attend on the Coronation, have been issued-a few still remain unissued, in consequence of the Peers' addresses not having been transmitted to Lord Henry Howard, at the Heralds' College, agreeably to the notification in the Gazette. The Knights Grand Crosses and Commanders of the Bath are to attend in the Procession. The dresses assigned to them have for some time past been on view in the Hall of the Heralds' College.
There are now seven spots visible upon the sun's disk, six between the sun's centre and its Eastern limb. One of them of very superior magnitude, nearly in the form of a square, surrounded with a beautiful and distinct umbra, subtending an angle of about half a minute, occupying more than 915 millions of square miles. This spot will probably continue for seven or eight days. Another is a small one, with a very faint umbra, situated very near the Western edge of the sun.
EDUCATION.-A general account, show. ing the state of Education in England:
Endowed Schools-New Schools, No.302, children, 33,590; Ordinary School, No. 3,865,children, 125,843; totals, No. 4,167 children, 165,433; total revenue, 300,525,
Unendowed Day Schools-New Schools, No. 820, children, 105,582; Dames' School, No. 3,102, children, 53,624; Ordinary Schools, No. 10,360, children, 319.643; totals, No. 14,182, children, 478,849.
Sunday Schools-New Schools, No. 404, children, 50,979; Ordinary Schools, No. 4.758, children, 401,838; totals, No.5,162, children, 452,817.
Total population in 1811, 9,543,610; poor in 1815, 853,249.
SUMMER CIRCUITS.—1820. HOME-Lord Chief Justice Abbott and and Mr. Baron Wood: Hertford, July 11. Chelmsford, July 17. Maidstone, July 24. Lewes, August 3. Guildford, August 7.
WESTERN-Mr. Baron Graham and Mr. Justice Burrough: Castle of Winchester, July 17. New Sarum, July 22, Dorchester, July 27. Exeter and City, July 11. Bodmin, Aug. 7. Wells, Aug. 12. Bristol, Aug. 19.
MIDLAND-Chief Baron Richards and Mr. Baron Garrow: Northampton, July 11. Oakham, July 14. Lincoln and City, July 15. Nottingham and Town, July 20. Derby, July 22. Leicester and Borough, July 20. Coventry, July 29. Warwick, July 29.
NORFOLK-Lord Chief Justice Dallas and Mr. Justice Holroyd : Buckingham, July 10. Bedford, July 13. Huntingdon, July 15. Cambridge, July 17. Bury St. Edmund's, July 20. Norwich, 42. NORTHERN-Justice Bayley and Justice Park York and City, July 15. Durham, July 51. Newcastle, August 5. Carlisle, August 12. Appleby, Aug. 19. Lancaster, Aug. 23.
OXFORD-Justice Best and Justice Richardson: Abingdon, July 10. Oxford, 12. Worcester and City, July 15 Stafford, July 20. Shrewsbury, July 26. Hereford, July 31. Monmouth, Aug. 5 Gloucester and City, Aug. 9.
ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF
This Society met on the 10th of June. A paper by Mr. F. Bailey was read, on the method of adjusting a transit instrument by observing the passage of two stars, differing considerably from each other in declination: and a new Table was given, whereby the deviation of the instrument and the error of the clock might be readily determined without the trouble of computation. Portable transit instruments are now made with great neatness and accuracy; and are a valuable acquisition to every economical observatory, and to such persons as are travelling with a view to improve the connected sciences of astronomy and geography. Instruments of this kind are often fixed in situations which do not command a view of the pole star: and under such circumstances, the table, above alluded to, is very desirable, Sir H. Englefield requested permission to address the meeting, and called their attention to the new bodies which have lately been discovered, and which are supposed to be of a cometary nature. He noticed the discoveries of Cassini and Short, supposed to be of new planets, which have not since been observed; and wished some of the members who had time and inchnation,
nation for the purpose, would submit the observations of those two celebrated astronomers to the test of analysis, in order to determine whether those bodies assimilated in their motions to those which have been lately discovered.-The Society afterwards adjourned till the 10th of November.
SOCIETY OF ARTS.
The distribution of the rewards of this Society took place on Tuesday, June 28, at the Argyll Rooms.
Soon after 12 o'clock his Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, President, entered the room, and though the company seemed absorbed in the contemplation of the different performances of the candidates in Polite Arts, which were appended to the walls, and those of Mechanics, which covered the table, an universal expression of joy beamed in the counteDances of all. His Royal Highness bowed to the company as he passed to his Chair, and the business of the day now commenced.
Mr. Aikin, the Secretary, read an interesting paper on the rise and progress of the Institution, very particularly referring to its commencement, aud energetically adverting to the great advantages which society bad not only received by its exertions, but which would be continued, and he trusted enhanced in their value, by the labours of the day. The Premiums were then presented.
His Royal Highness, on several occasions, observed the exertions of the Candidates, aud was particularly complimen tary to those (and we observed several) who had been before him on former occasions in the same characters.
'To Mr. J. Perkins, who was honoured with three of the Society's medals, for inventions of the first consequence, and who, though an American, his Royal Highness observed, that as President of the Society, he highly participated in the national liberality which had evinced itself on the occasion; that the reward here bestowed, proved, that men of science were happy to recognize and encourage the same qualification, be it from what country it might.
To Mr. W. Hardy, another ingenious mechanic, his Royal Highness paid some compliments.
His Royal Highness eulogized the company for their attendance, observing, that the Society bad gained a great point, if the distribution had ensured the smiles of Ladies, as those Gentlemen, in all probability, who were not already Members, would serve the Institution by becoming so, in compliment to their feelings.
A band of music occasionally relieved the ceremony.
GENT. MAG. Suppl. XC. PART I.
THE ROXBURGHE CLUB. Saturday, June 17, the distinguished Literary Society, 'The Roxburghe Club,' held their Anniversary Meeting at the Clarendon Hotel. Out of thirty-one Members, the whole number of the Club, only six were absent, and two of those known to be on the Continent. The presentation of Re-prints consisted of the "New Nutborune Mayd," and the "Boke of Mayd Emlyn that had V husbandes and all kockoldes," by Mr. Isted. Two enterludes, "Jack Jugelar, wytte, and very playsent," and "Thersytes," by Mr. Haslewood. Two members stated that the unexpected delay of the press made it necessary for them to defer for a few days the delivery of their respective Re-prints. An auxiliary gift was placed on the dinner table, called "The Book of Life; a Bibliographical Melody," a poem from the pen of Mr. R. Thomson. As President, Lord Spencer took the Chair, and for the first time introduced as a toast, "The King." All the other toasts were strictly Bibliomaniacal. That of "The Roxburghe Club at Paris," was drank with enthusiasm. Among the immortal memories, the most celebrated were those of Valdarfar, Fust, Schoiffer, Sweyneym, and Paunartz, Wynkyn de Worde, and Analdus de Bruxella, the editor of an unique edition of Horace, printed at Naples, 1474. Nor was Caxton forgotten, to whose memory a simple monumental tablet was exhibited, previous to its being placed in Westminster Abbey, with the following inscription:
To the Memory of WILLIAM CAXTON, who first introduced into Great Britain the Art of Printing;
and who, A.D. 1477, or earlier,
in the Abbey of Westminster.
in remembrance of one to whom
Anno Domini MDCCCXX.
PROMOTIONS AND PREFERMENTS.
GAZETTE PROMOTIONS, &c. May 27. Forasmuch as the Kings and Queens of this Realm have been wont, in contemplation of their Coronations, to confer the insignia of the Order of the Bath on divers of their loving subjects, and by the rules established for the regulation of the said Order, certain limitations of the number and qualifications of Knights Grand Crosses and Knights Commanders of the said Order are laid down, the King is pleased to dispense on the present occasion with the said limitations and qualifications, so far as to declare and appoint, as his Majesty doth hereby declare and appoint, that General the Earl of Harcourt, Admirals Caldwell and Bligh, Gerrerals Sir H. Johnson and the Earl of Mulgrave, Admirals Sir C. H. Knowles and the Hon. T. Pakenham, Generals Lord Harris, Sir B. Tarleton, bart. Sir G. Hewitt, bart. G. Don, the Earl of Rosslyn, and the Marquis of Huntley; Lieut.-generals Craufurd and Sir H. Oakes, and the Right Hons. C. Long and C. Bagot, shall be Extra Knights Grand Crosses of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, and shall hold and enjoy all titles, privileges, immunities, rights, and advantages, which the Knights Grand Crosses of the said Order may lawfully hold and enjoy; and that Admirals Sir H. Trollope and H. E. Darby, Vice Admirals Wells and Nicholls, Captains Sir R. Barlow and the Hon. Sir G. Grey, bart, shall be Knights Commanders of the said Most Honourable Order.
June 24. Charles Bagot, esq. Page of Honour to the King, vice the Hon. T. W. Graves, promoted.
REPRESENTATIVE PEERS OF SCOTLAND.
The following are the names of the
Rev. E. Griffiths, B.D. to be Master of the Free Grammar School, Swansea.
of Tallington with the Rectory of UffingRev. B. V. Layard, to hold the Vicarage ton, Lincolnshire.
Rev. George Martin, one of the Canons
ington V. Warwickshire.
Rev. Thomas Davies, M.A. Bayton V.
Rev. R. R. Faulkner, (Curate of Romford,) to the Chaplainship of Epping.
Rev. John Woodcock, to the Minor Canonship of Canterbury Cathedral, vice J. Ratcliffe, dec.
June 7. At Bishop's Court, Isle of Man, Lady S. Murray, of a son. At Littleton, Lady Caroline Wood, of a - 15. daughter. 18. At Brussels, her Royal
Highness the Princess of Orange, of a boy, her third son. - -20. At Nun Appleton, Yorkshire, the Lady of Sir W. M. Milner, bart. of a son and heir.
April 1. Wm. Stringer, merchant, to Johanna Catharina, dau. of Hendrick Emanuel Blackenberg, esq. both of the Cape of Good Hope.
26. At St. Helena, Count Balmain, Commissioner of the Emperor of Russia, to Miss Charlotte Johnson, dau. of Lady Lowe, and grand-daughter of Sir John Johnson, bart.
May 2. Thory Chapman, esq. of Hornsey, to Susan, dau. of John Johnson, esq. of Leverington.
Edward Fairfax, esq. R. N. formerly
min, to Margaret Conner, dau. of the late
Mary Anne Keatinge, widow of the late