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Lord Liverpool considered the delay this he no doubt contemplated violating it. would create as unnecessary.
It must be remarked, that he had never The Marquis of Buckingham then moved made any complaint to the Allies of nonfor a Committee ; but, upon a division, observance of the Treaty, nor afforded the motion was rejected by 20 to 8. them any opportunity to render him re
dress. This conduct, he contended, gave May 22.
us the right of going to war. With regard The following Message from the Prince to the second head, as to the expediency Regent was presented to both Houses : of commencing hostilities, his Lordship
“G.P. R.-The Prince Regent, acting argued, that the past conduct of Napo. in the name and on the bebalf of his Ma leon Buonaparte had exbibited so much jesty, thinks it right to inform the House ambition and perfidy, that the principal of Coinmons, that, in consequence of the Powers of Europe were united by a conevents which have recently occurred in viction that oo peace could be maintained France, in direct coutravention of the with him ; and that refraining from immeTreaties signed at Paris in the course of diate hostilities, would afford bim au opthe last year, bis Royal Highness has portunity of consolidating the power which thought it necessary, in concert with his he had usurped, increasing his military Majesty's Allies, to enter into such eo means, and enable him to attack and gagements against the common enemy, as overwhelm them individually. No other may prevent the recurrence of a system alternative, his Lordship observed, rewhich experience has shewn to be incom. mained but war or armed peace, which patible with the peace and security of laiter was almost equivalent to war in Europe. His Royal Highness has ordered point of expence, and would leave the Copies of the Treaties concluded with the country in a feverish state of anxiety as to Allies to be laid before the House, for its defence. It was true that this might be information; and he confidently relies preferable, if the Powers were not preupon the support of his faithful Commons, pared or were indisposed to the contest. to enable hinu to fulfil the stipulations But now, when our Allies were all pretherein contracted, and to take such steps, pared, it was right to seize the moment to in conjunction with his Allies, as may be strike, when the blow could be struck with indispeņsably necessary at this important effect. They had now the means of succrisis."
cess; but if the opportunity was foregone,
when was it likely that it would arise again? Muy 23.
He would look next to the question of ecoThe Regent's Message having been nomy. Aod here it could not be denied, read, the Earl of Liverpool rose to take it that a state of peace was of particular into consideration. His Lordship divided importance to the finances of the country; his speech under two heads : first, as to but it should not be forgotten, that at the right of going to war; and, second, some times a shabby and pusillanimous as to the expediency of engaging in hosti economy was the greatest extravagance in lities, should war be just. In regard to the end. If we went to war now, we the first head, he observed, that the Allies, might hope to bring it to a happy and a before they entered Paris, declared, by speedy issue ; but if we began with all the proclamation, their determination not to heavy expences of an armed peace, sooa negociate with Buonaparte. Upon that to terminate in a defensive war, we should foundation his resignation of the Sovereign repent of the policy pursued.-His Lordauthority proceeded -- upon that founda- ship declared, that it had never been the tion, the assembled representatives of the wish or the intention of Ministers to goad nation pronounced his forfeiture -- upon the Allies into warlike efforts : on the that foundation and upon these terms, the contrary, they had been anxious that the act of forfeiture was declared ;-and in the Allies should reconsider their opinious, whole course of the Transactions at that and the declarations they had issued, acperiod, the same stipulation, that Buona. cording to the new circumstances that parte was to be no longer at the head of arose. Their unanimous. conviction was the French Goyernment, was either ex indispensably necessary. They wished pressly stated or clearly implied; and up not to see France abandoned to the ra. der the belief that the Governmeat of vages of war, ber provinces or her reFrance was to be administered by some sources curtailed, but only such a governother person, terms were granted, and se ment existing in that country as would curities dispensed with, which would other. afford security to the rest of Europe.
In wise have been insisted upon. His return this view he thought it would be generally to France and his resumption of the Sove- admitted that the restoration of Louis reign Power, was a clear and fundamental XVIII. to his throne was an object dear violation of the whole of the Treaty. The to the heart, not only from feelings of pretences urged by him were futile; for sympathy, but froni a principle of general at the moment when he signed the Treaty, expediency. He could state it as the con
viction of his mind, founded on the fullest mitted by the Allies as would justify his inquiry (which it was his duty to make) conduct. It had been held by all writers that the great majority of the people of on the Law of Nations, that one condition France, he would say three-fourths of them, violated, abrogates an entire treaty. So desired the return of the King. As far as it was with Buonaparte ; and as such he the weight of moral evidence went, he be was justified in attempting to regain his lieved this to be the sentiment of the authority.--He next adverted to the cha. South of France, of the West, and of the racter of the war, and remarked on the North. With that opinion of the state of tendency of the Declaration of the 17th of
ublic sentiment in that country, and March, and begged their Lordships to looking to what was best for the general consider to what an alternative they would security and repose of Europe, he was not reduce the country, when they exasperated ashamed to avow his anxious wish for the a man of Buonaparte's talents, at the head restoration of Louis XVIII. to his throne. of so powerful a country as France, and It was true we had no right to dictate to agitated by such bad passions as are iman independent country what its Govern- puted to him; and what hope would this ment should be, or who should be its head; country have, if conquered, to receive but we had a right to interfere and say, favourable terms ? -The Noble Lord (Lithat France shall not have a Government verpool) had spoken confidently of success, which threatens the repose, the security, and grounded his hopes on the disturbed and the very existence of surrounding state of France. But did the Noble Lord nations; still more, when the Allies had consider the sources from whence the acalready given, and France had received, count of these disturbances came: they conditions of peace more favourable than all came through interested chanuels, and the former would have given, or the latter at the very best were but of doubtful pareceived, had the existence of such a ture. The Noble Lord then adverted to government been prolonged.—The Noble the system which had been adopted by Lord "concluded by moving an Address Buonaparte of arming the population of in answer to the Prince Regent's Message, France, and said, that this was the strongassuring his Royal Highness of their est proof that could be given of the opinion cordial support in all the measures he which Buonaparte could declare of bis might deem necessary against the common confidence in the people.—He then proenemy.
ceeded to take a review of the comparaEarl Grey said, the speech which the tive force of the Allies at the latter end of Noble Lord had just concluded was one the last campaign, and of that commanded abounding in assertion, but containing by Buonaparte-urged the defection of little indeed of reason. It was a speech the Saxon troops, and contended that the assuming every thing of success, but Allies could not enter into the contest with looking at nothing on the other side of the the same prospects of advantage as last question. The Noble Lord had talked of year. He submitted that Buonaparte, in the right of making war. A war might in the course of his confinement, had had an deed be just, but to be just, it must be opportunity of viewing the consequences necessary; and, on the present occasion, of his own inordinate ambition, of apprehe could not see the necessity which exist- ciating the wisdom of adopting a different ed to make this a just war. What were line of policy, and of abandoning those the cases in which, heretofore, nations had errors for which he had already paid so thought it right to iuterfere in other Go dear.-The Noble Lord concluded by movvernments except their own ? He had ing an Amendment to the Address, assurlooked carefally into this subject, and the ing his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, only case in which he had found foreign that they cordially agreed to support him, States interfere in the interoal Govern- in conjunction with his Allies, in any ment of others, was where the particular measures likely to secure the independ. Government, by family or other alliances, ence of Europe; but that they did not threatened the liberties of other countries. think it justifiable to enter into a war -The Noble Lord then proceeded to enter against any person the French nation into a review of the Pragmatic Sanction might think proper to place at the head and the War of Succession; and contended of its Government. that such was the origin of two wars Earl Bathurst contended, that the House which threatened and endangered the had determined on a recent occasion, that liberties of Europe. He believed it was we had sufficient cause for going to war never yet heard of before, that the private with France. The Noble Earl (Grey) was character or person of the Governor of mistaken in his calculation of ibe present any nation was to be made a plea of in- forces of the Allies. He (Earl B.) then terminable war with that country.--As to contended that every par: of the conduct the alleged violation of the Treaty of Fone of the Allies towards Saxony was perfectly tainbleau by Buonaparte, it had been justifiable; and denied that the whole of allowed that such breaches were com. the Saxon corps was in a state of mutiny;
for, by a gentleman who arrived yester- security against the aggression of France day, it appears Blucher's guard was and Buonaparte, under the seal of TreaSaxons, and his head-quarters among the ties. Let them show him one country in Saxon troops. The Austrian, Prussian, Europe that had sought security in a and Russian armies now marching down peace with Buonaparte, and that bad not to the frontiers of France were larger than found its evils aggravated when that Jast year. He argued that the Common- Treaty came to be put in force. When wealth of Europe bad a right to interfere the very existence of his own country was as to the form of any Government which depending, he could only trust to certainseemed to endanger the peace and safety ties ; for the return of Buonaparte shewed of the other Powers. There appeared to more strongly his inordinate and unconhim to be no other security for the peace querable ambition than any former act of of Europe, but the destruction of Buona his life. No step had been taken in bis parte's Government.
(Buonaparte's) favour by any but the Lord Grenville considered that the per soldiery of France; and the very cause son now at the head of the French Go that discontented them with Louis XVIII. vernment was justly described in the Mes was because he kept his Treaties of peace sage as being the common enemy of with his neighbours. For that crime, and Europe. If he (Lord G.) had been in a for that alone, he was deposed by them; situation to have advised the Regent, from if (as they thought it) it was a crime to what he now knew, he could have had no keep good faith. No other crime could hesitation in advising this war; and there. they alledge against him. He concluded fore he thought the House should support by supporting the original Address. Ministers in immediate and determined The division was then loudly called for;
But he trusted that those whose and Earl Grey's amendment was negatived fates were linked with ours, would go to by 156 to 44. the contest with as steady an opinion of its necessity as we were impressed with. House of COMMONS, May 24. He considered this war unavoidable, or if Lord Milton, alluding to the grant by not, only for a short time, and therefore he the East India Company of 20,000l. to thought it more likely to be successful to Lord Melville, to pay off the debts of bis enter into it at once. All history shewed father, remarked, that the recommendathe right of nations to interfere where the tion of this grant by the Earl of Buckinginterests of another country were at vari- hamshire was corrupt in its conception, and ance with theirs. He thought the Allies mischievous in its consequences. It was last year wasted too much time in fruitless but two or three Sessions ago that the attempts at negociation with a man whom East India Company, applying for a loan, experience has proved it impossible to obtained from that House two millions and negociate with, in a hope of his keeping a balf, getting 500,0001. more than they the Treaty inviolate. We ought not then required, and that by the means of a to violate our contracts entered into with Minister of the Crown, who, the next Europe by the Treaty of Paris. It was year, solicited them to give 20,0001. to impossible to doubt but that Buonaparte one of his own colleagues. He then and his family were excluded from the moved, that, in transmitting the letter, the Government of France by the Treaty of Chairman of the East lodia Coinpany Fontainbleau; and surely it was not law had acted contrary to the spirit of the Act ful for France now to break that bargain, of the 24th of the King, &c. The motion and to tell us we might keep all that we was, after some conversation, negatived, had got by it. The moment that bargain by 86 to 30. was violated by France, that moment we had a just cause of war with her. Was it
May 25. to France, and to France alone, that the Sir Francis Burdett presented a Petition Powers of Europe were to say,
from the City of Westminster, the objects not to be considered as bound by your of which were peace and a reform in ParTreaties as the other nations of the world
liament. It was read once, and Lord are ?” He considered that the paper, Castlereagh desired that the first paracalled unblushingly by Caulincourt, a pro graph_might be read again : it declared position for peace, was the most insulting that, Eugland being on the eve of a new he had ever met with in the annals of di war, on the avowed grounds, as alledged by plomacy. The answer should have been, Ministers, of interfering with France in its 6. You have broken your Treaty made choice of a Sovereign, and Goverument when you could not else have avoided having manifested a determined refusal destruction; and, therefore, no Treaty to treat for peace, the war was necessarily can now be made with you.” If we failed an unjust one ; that, cruelly taxed as the in observing the stipulations of the Treaty people of this country already were, they of Paris, it would be a direct breach of were still to endure the burden of fresh Treaty towards our Allies. There was no taxes; that such a policy as was now pur
sued, might be regarded as resembling you would avoid explaining yourself clear. madness. Did they not recollect that the ly upon every thing which may relate to domestic enemies of the country had delivering up the fortresses of Antwerp, robbed the people of their legitimate re Mayence, and Alexandria, if you should presentation; that it was the personal in- be obliged to consent to those cessions ; terest of Ministers to be stirring up want, his Majesty intending, even though he and that their conduct was such as deserv. should have ratified the Treaty, to be guided ed impeachment, &c. ?
by the military situation of affairs. Wait Lord Castlereagh objected to the Petition till the last moment. The bad faith of being received, as it was an insult to the the Allies in respect to the Cap ations House.
of Dresden, Dantzick, and Gorcum, auSir F. Burdett said, that the meaning of thorizes us to endeavour not to be duped. the word Petition was not a begging cap- Refer, therefore, these questions to a miin-hand, but a seeking as a matter of litary arrangement, as was done at Pres. right, and in the Petition of Right the burg, Vienna, and Tilsit. His Majesty word was demand. He had no doubt that, desires, that you would not lose sight of if the Noble Lord requested it, the House the disposition which he will feel not to would not receive the Petition, for a per- deliver up these three keys of France, if son in his situation was used to the obe- military events, on which he is willing still dience of the House. One Petition was, to rely, should permit him not to do so, however, recorded in the Journals, which even if he should have signed the cession offered to prove that 17 persons returned of all these provinces. In a word, his 74 Members, and that 150 persons actually Majesty wishes to be able, after the returned a majority of that House. It Treaty, to be guided by existing circumwould be his duty, when he should meet stances, to the last moment, He orders with proper support from without, to shew you to burn this letter as soon as you have that the House was any thing but a repre- read it.- March 19, 1814. sentation of the people. He had great re The Noble Lord concluded with moving spect for the Members of the House indi an Address to the Prince Regent, assuring vidually: they were a body of gentlemen his Royal Highness of their cordial supof enlightened minds and well-informed port in the measures he may take in conunderstandings, and of much worth in pri- junction with his Allies, against the comvate life : indeed, he thought them re mon enemy. spectable in every point of view, except Lord George Cavendish willingly conwhen they were assembled in this place, curred with the first part of the Address; and acted not as if they had the public, but moved an amendment to the latter but their own private interests at heart. part, declaring it to be unjust and unwise At any rate, he did not appreheud that it to commence a war for the mere purpose was important to the City of Westminster of excluding an individual from the gowhether it was accepted or not; for expe vernment of a country; and it left us no rience had shewn that Petitions of this na alternative between the total destruction ture, when laid upon the table, were no of that Government and the disgrace of more regarded than those thrown under it. being at last compelled to treat with it in
Mr. Fitzgerald said, that the Hon. Ba the event of failure. ronet had attained the object he had in Mr. J. Smith seconded the Amendment. view ;--that of making the speech which Mr. Grattan declared, it was with regret they had just heard.
he differed from those friends with whom Lord Castlereagh moved, that His Royal ḥe usually voted : but the conviction of Highness's Message be taken into consi- bis mind was, that we could not treat with deration. The topics urged by him being Buonaparte, and that war was inevitable, similar to those used in the other House just, and necessary. by the Earl of Liverpool, it may not be Sir F. Burdett admired the eloquent aud necessary to recapitulate them. To shew ingenious address to the passions of the the perfidy of Buonaparte, and how im- Right Hon. Gentleman; but thought his possible it was for him to succumb to his exaggerations equal to those imputed to destiny, and to submit to his disappoint- the French. He opposed the inotion. ments, be read the following letter:
Messrs. Law and Wynne also spoke in Translation of a Letter from the Duke of favour of the Motion; and Messrs. Pon.
Bassano to the Duke of Vicenza, in the sonby and Tierney in favour of the Amend. cypher of the Emperor with his Ministers. ment.
SIR, - Your Excellency will have re. Lord Milton thought a state of war bet. ceived, or will doubtless in the course of ter than a peace without any of its usual to-day receive, the dispatch from Rheims advantages. of which M. Frochot was the bearer, and The Amendment was then negatived, by which was accompanied by a letter from 331 voices to 92 ; and the Address was the Emperor. The Emperor desires, that carried.
on the Rhine, 225,000 (besides 150,000 The House having resolved itself into a under Gen. Wittgenstein, assembled on Committee to consider farther of the Sup- the Russian frontiers, ready to march at plies to be granted to his Majesty, Lord a few days notice); Prussia, 236,000 ; Castlereagh said, he should state the whole German States, including Bavaria, Wir amount of the charge coming under the temberg, Hanover, Saxony, Hesse, and head of foreign expenditure which, in the the Hanse Towos, 150,000; Holland, course of the present Session, Parliament 50,000; Great Britain, 50,000; total would be called upon to sarction. It had 1,161,000 men. The subsidy to be been deemed expedient to retain posses
divided between the minor German sion of the Dutch West India Settlements Powers would be two millions and a half, of Demerara, Berbice, and Essequibo, calculated at the low price of 11l. 2s. per as now comprizing a mass of British pro man, Wbat quota Sweden, Portugal, or perty, and to furnish Holland an adequate Spain, would furnish, he could not at pre. remuneration. It had been agreed to pay sent say. He concluded by moving ibe Re. one million as the remuneration, and to solution for the subsidy of Five Millions. defray jointly with the Dutch Government, Mr. Bankes, though friendly to the war, the expence of strengthening the fortresses was averse to the subsidies; our expendi. in the Netherlands, so long as they should ture exceeding the revenue by 20 millions. continue under the dominion of the House All our Allies had basely deceived us of Orange. This would create a charge when it suited their interest. He thought of two millions, making an additional it preferable to furnish a quota of 150,000 charge of three millions for Holland. It men rather than the subsidies. had also been determined to defray, with Mr. Baring remarked, that none of the the King of the Netherlands, the interest Maritime Powers were called upon to conof a Loan fopnierly negociated by Russia tribute. Holland, which was growing in in the Low Countries, while they continued wealth, and was relieved from a hurtbenunder their present dominion. This would some taxation, was called upon for no interest Russia in the preservation of those sacrifice. Nay, we were to pay ber for putcountries. The subsidies to Russia, Aus ting her frontier towns in a state of defence. tria, and Prussia, would amount to five Mr. Whitbread said, it was ridiculous to millions, for which they would maintain think that the contest would be terminated an efficient force of 150,000 men. He in a few months; and, if prolonged, our was happy to say, however, that their subsidies must be to a larger amount. force would far exceed their stipulated Messrs. Bennett, Douglas, C. Grant, quota nay, so deeply interested were Stuart Wortley, W. Smith, and P. Moore, they in the issue of the war, that it would shortly spoke. be doubled, as the following list would The Committee then divided, when the shew': Austria, 300,000; Russian Army Resolution was carried, by 160 to 17.
INTERESTING, INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES. LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. arrived at Civita Vecchia on Wednesday
Foreign- office, June 5.-Extracts of let- from Palermo, which he left on the 8th : ters, from Edward Cooke, esq. one of His he reported to me that the King bad left Majesty's Under Secretaries of State, dated Palermo for Messina ; and that the BriRome, al Via della Croci, May 20.
tish and Sicilian troops were ready to emI inclose copies of military reports from bark. Letters had been sent from Gen. Col Church, who is employed under Gen. Nugent and Lord Burgbersh, by TerraNugent, to the 18th inst. by Lord Stewart's cina and Ponza, to Gen. M.Farlane, ad. directions. On Tuesday last, I went to vising the debarkation to be as near Naples Civita Vecchia, with the view of communi. as possible. If Lord Burghersh's discating with Lord Exmouth in his passage patches have arrived, your Lordship will from Genoa to Naples. On Thursday have been informed that the Duc de Gallo evening his Lordship's flag appeared in had surrendered two sail of the line, and the offing, with four sail of the line, and I the whole arsenal of Naples, by capitulawent on board, and put him in possession tion, to Capt. Campbell, of the Tremen of all details; upon which he proceeded dous, on his threatening to bombard the forthwith to the Bay of Naples, where he city. The accounts herewith sent will must have arrived this morning. - The prove satisfactorily to your Lordship that Berwick, of 74 guns, Capt. Bruce, came the war is on the eve of being successfully to Civita Vecchia on Saturday: finding terminated. The Neapolitan army does that a French frigate had gone into Gaeta, not support the cause of Murat, much probably with a view of carrying off the less the people, who receive the Allied Buonaparte family, he proceeded, by my troops as liberators, and are merely desire, on Tuesday evening, in order to anxious for the restoration of their antient blockade Gaeta. - A Neapolitan General and legitimate Sovereign, being exaspe