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but we never heard of " whole heca-, have been on a recent tour in Italy ! tombs of Roman lives” offered up This is truly an age of wonders ! We the feast of St Peter and St Paul.” trust Lady Morgan, notwithstanding In page 17 we meet with the follow- her enormous importation of French ing passage:- .“ For while the classi- scepticism and Italian flippancy and cal annals of Italy, with all their vices fiction, does, after all, believe in the and crimes,” (the “vices and crimes” doctrine of the resurrection, more esof annals !) “make a part of the esta- pecially considering that so decided a blished education in England, the far proof in its favour may, in all future nobler history of the Italian republics, times, be found in her Italy, where it les siècles des merites ignorées, re- is recorded that the “ douaniers des mains but little known,” &c. It is pensées" were commissioned to appreimpossible to determine whether ig- hend the body of Voltaire, (the soul norance or nonsense predominate in not being cognizable by a legal war
“ The classical annals rant,) travelling on the frontiers", of Italy,” of which Lady Morgan of Italy, some forty odd years after knows about as much as the man in his death! But to proceed " The the moon, do eertainly “ make a part Republic of Genoa has seized on JAof the established education in Eng- NUS for her founder, ABRAHAM for land,” and we rejoice that this is the the contemporary of her highest procase, and pray that it may long conti- sperity, and Rome as a foil to her nue so; but we should certainly in- glory,” Vol. I. p. 341. As we firmly sult the understandings of our readers believe that nothing we can say will were we to attempt to vindicate the act as a foil to the glory” of this nostudy of the “ classical annals of Ita- table aggregation of words, we shall ly,” teaming, as they do, with great pass on, and conclude this head by a and immortal examples of patriotism short quotation or two, without note and virtue, or to expose the porten- or comment. “ Descriptive poets betous ignorance which could describe long only to free countries, where the study of the history of the puny, royal academies cannot put down naferocious, and sanguinary republics of ture de par le roi,' nor royal academodern Italy—of the crimes of such micians declare her inspirations faux men as Duc di Valentino and Popes et ignobles,'” Vol. II. p. 4." Here Alexander and Clementmas“ far no- stood the patrician villa, and rose the bler” than that of Nuina, of Tarquin, imperial palace ; here Lucullus enof Brutus, of Cæsar, of Pompey, of joyed--and Horace sung his SORACAugustus, or of Cicero.-"The length Te !" Vol. II. p. 169.-"Mutius Scæof time,” says Lady Morgan, p. 82, vola, and his burning hand,” &c. Vol. “ which Leonardo da Vinci employed II. p. 173. At the same place we upon his Supper is an anecdote too well learn that Rome was founded either known to dwell upon.” Our readers by the Celts or the Jews. So much will doubtless feel curious to know for Nonsense. We proceed now to how long this learned painter was oc- our second heail, of cupied in eating his supper. We
2. IGNORANCE. As Miladi has blush to say that we really cannot sa- beplastered her pages with whole tisfy them, but history informs us trowel-fulls of French and Italian, we that he was several years in painting shall select the first example which his great masterpiece of Christ's turns up of the former language. “ A
We take examples Prussian renegado was made the quite at random ; here follows a bright teacher of the army; and a source of one :-" In this department little re-, discontent was opened, never to be mains for the future traveller to glean, dried up, by the introduction of the but living, moving, breathing Italy of- coup de plat de sabre,” Vol. II. p. 26. fers the richest harvest,”' &c. “Mov- We can inform ber ladyship that a ing Italy !"
A decree went forth," Frenchman would have said, des says our author, p. 155, when speak- coups du plat de sahre." Again, in ing of the Austrian government of Italy, p. 30, we find " qui se vende AQUA "adecree went forth to les douaniers des VITA." We will not insult our readpensées, to seize Voltaire on the fron- ers by correcting the French and the tiers, and stop Gibbon on the Simp- Latin of this passage. At p. 57 we lon.” Indeed! So these arch-infidels meet with the following outrageous
attack, not more characterised by the may pass unnoticed the tomb of the Gothic ignorance, than the malevo- malignant Aretino.” Mr Hobhouse lence which it displays, against the objects, first, to evoking the shade late amiable and learned author of the of Boccacio, in coinpany with that of Classical Tonr in Italy: “ Eustace, Aretine;" and, secondly, to Mr Euin his commentary upon the loss of stace not giving the “ modern Petrothe Court and Academy of Turin tonius” the full benefit of his subsequent the British youth, observed, that they repentance,” which he thinks ought served as an introduction to the man- have arrested his exhumation ;" ners and language of Italy. This is but he, nevertheless, speaks, with the one of many instances of his fulse, courtesy of a gentleman, of the literflimsy, and pompous work, of his ut: ary merits of the amiable and intelter ignorance of Italy, or of his pre- ligent author of the Classical Tour. MEDITATEV PERVERSION OF FACTS. The truth is, the Decameron of BocThe historical and topographical de. cacio is one of the most impure tail, and even the classical quotations and licentious books (the Nouof Eustace's work, are most generally velle Heloise only excepted) excopied from Lalande’s cumbrous, and, tant in any language. But Boccatherefore, neglected Voyage en
cio is defended on two points-his Italie.' But the projected renova. style, and his repentance—for having tion of Latin, as the common language written a book offensive to modesty. of Europe, and the restoration of the With regard to his style, there can be Pope to his ancient supremacy, are no question that it is excellent, and all his own. The true character of that he is the father of Tuscan prose; this production (and it is less pain- but it remains to be shewn that á ful to make the assertion, as its au- pure style ought to be made a vehicle thor's ear is no longer alive either to for the dissemination of impure praise or censure) is to be found in thoughts and ideas. The excellence the 4th Canto of Childe Harold; and of the style is, in fact, a deep aggraLord Byron's long residence in Italy, vation of the author's guilt, for it and his intimate knowledge of the tends to give currency to the poison, country, leave his testimony on this which otherwise might have slumberoccasion beyond appeal." Now, on ed in happy concealment, among the this passage, we beg leave to remark, moths and cobwebs of some ancient in the first place, that “ the testimo- library. Boccacio and Rousseau are ny beyond appeal” is not that of dangerous by the perversion of the Lord Byron, but of Mr John Cam highest gifts. Nor is it an extenuaHobhouse, who wrote the note to tion of the offence of the former, that which the above passage refers; and, he repented of what he had done:in the second place, to accuse a cler- for so does the felon at the gibbet. gyman of a premediated perversion Mr Eustace would have been a disof facts,” because death has put a seal honour and a stain to his profession on his earthly career, and his had he written otherwise than he has is no longer alive either to praise or
done. At the same time, there is a censure," and that too without one very natural reason why he should particle of evidence produced in justi- have been exceedingly disagreeable fication of so grave a charge, is an act both to Hobhouse and this woman. of wanton and unprincipled atrocity, His “ Antigallican Philippics” neof which we really did not, for a mo- cessarily rendered him obnoxious to ment, suppose Lady Morgan capable. the former, and his habitual respect Mr Hobhouse's remarks were occasion- for taste, decency, religion, and regued by the following passage in the lar government, to the latter. But to Classical Tour, Vol. II. Chap. IX. p. proceed with our ungrateful task. 335, 3d edition: “ Of Boccacio, the We have already given a specimen of modern Petronius, we say nothing; Lady Morgan's French. Her Italian the abuse of genius is more odious is, if possible, worse. We find "conand contemptible than its absence; ciliatori” used once and again in the and it imports little where the im. singular number; and instead of pure remains of a licentious author “ niente per la dogana?” which her are consigned to their kindred dust. Ladyship takes care to repeat on all For the same reason, the traveller occasions, she ought to have written
" ha lei qualche cosa per la dogana " ligion. « Pereuntibus addita ludiIn p. 129 we have the following bria, ut ferarum tergis contecti, laniwords. :-" The canon returned in atu canum interirent, aut crucibus grand pontificalibus." - At p. 143, affici, aut flammandi, atque ubi defe * imposition foncière" is used instead cisset dies, in usum nocturni luminis of impôt foncière, or contribution fone uterentur. HORTO8 suos EI SPECcière. Her Ladyship will permit us TACULO NERO OBTULERAT, et Circento inforın her that these words mean se Ludicrum edebat, habitu aurigee the land-tax. Throughout both these permixtus plebi, vel curriculo insistens, quartos we constantly meet with ca Unde miseratio oriebatur, TANQUAM valiere servante, for cavaliere servente. NON UTILITE PUBLICA, SED IN SÆVI“ Servante" means“ keeping," where TIAM UNIUS ABSUMERENTUR.” C.
servente" signifies serving." Corn. Tacit. Ann. Lib. XV. C. 44. We ought, certainly, to apologise for This ignorant and foolish woman, who these minute, and some may think, talks of the “ fanatical inroads" and hypercritical remarks, but they tend tumultuary outrages" of the primito show the gross and deplorable ig- tive Christians, either does not know, norance of this arrogant woman, who or wilfully suppresses, the facts adhas spoken so bitterly, and rashly, mitted by Gibbon, that all they conand falsely, of the late Mr Eustace. tended for was“ the unalienable rights At p. 204 we find Pavia stated as the of conscience and private judgment," “ Insubrian Capital.” Pavia was cer and permission to decline holding tainly one of the principal towns of any communion with the gods of the Insubres, but there cannot be a Rome and of the empire ;" and that shadow of doubt that Milan (Medio- Nero, (who was universally believed, lanum) was their capital. So much by his own subjects, to have fired for Miladi's knowledge of ancient geo- Rome,) in order to divert a suspigraphy. The citizens of Pavia must, cion," which, (as Gibbon justly rehowever, feel very grateful to the ina marks, Decline and Fall of the Roventive genius of this Irish woman, man Empire, Vol. II. p. 337. 8vo who has baptized their “ good town” edition,) " the power of despotism with a new name-"THE INSUBRIAN was unable to suppress, resolved to subATHENS.”—The next blunder which stitute, IN HIS OWN PLACE, some FICfalls to be exposed is of a graver sort, TITIOUS criminals.” So far from a shaas it indicates that aversion to the re- dow of guilt being attachable to the ception of religious truth engendered Christians at Rome,—so far from their by the baleful influence of French disturbing the public peace by their scepticism.-" The first well-authen- “ fanatical inroads” and “tumultuary ticated martyrdoms occurred only af- outrages," we find, that even Pliter the establishment of a paid hierar- ny himself can discover no better chy," p. 234. In a note upon this ground for their punishment, than passage, we see the cloven foot still their heroic and « inflexible” adliemore distinctly: “ The punishment rence to their cause.“ Neque enim of fanatical inrvads upon the establish- dubitabam," says he, “quodcunque esset ed religious worship of the country, quod faterentur, pervicuciam certe et or of tumultuary outrages against the INFLEXIBILEM OBSTINATIONEM DEpublic peace, have been falsely colour BERE PUNÍRE. Much has been said ed as persecutions, by the writers un of the tolerating genius of Polytheism, this subject; and these form nearly and all the world knows, that both the whole of the well-authenticated Hume and Gibbon have exhausted cases of Pagan violence.” This state- their ingenuity, in extenuating the ment is utterly false, as may be shown horrible crimes perpetrated by the by the authority of Tacitus himself, Idolaters, against the meek and sufferwho was so far from being friendly to ing Disciples of the Cross ; but we apChristianity, that hedescribesit asexi- peal to every unprejudiced mind, it tiabilis superstitio." If Lady Morgan the spirit displayed even by the phican translate it, the following passage losophical Tacitus himself throughout ought to call into her face a blush of the whole of the chapter from which shame, for having hazarded an adser we have made the above extract, be tion equally incompatible with a re- not of the most ferocious and persegard to truth, and a reverence for re- cuting character. The punishments
inflicted, indeed, prove the cause from the course of our toilsome journey which they sprung. They do not be through the miserable trash indited tray the steady, but severe policy of 8 by this woman, we have encountered great and enlightened people, but ra• the following outlandish words, all ther indicate the resentful barbarity the legitimate offspring (we beg parof an Oriental despot tottering on his don for employing such an anti-reMusnud, if, indeed, any despot ever volutionary word) of her Ladyship’s indicted on his unhappy subjects such own cranium:
6 Ultramontains, hideous tortures as those practised by Pact, Corporators of times," the Roman emperors against the pri- Savagery, “ Dominate," -" Emitive converts to the religion of conomies of existence,"_" ProtocanChrist.
onic,"_" Elementary explosion," Having said so much on this sub- “Actrices,"_" Adhesion to a prinject, we can hardly permit ourselves ciple,"_" Fluttering infirmities," again to descend to matters of inferior «* (Auttering,” active positum, ) interest and concernment. That our * Ductile dullness meandering, strietures, however, may not be sup- “the pis-aller of unappropriated royposed to be founded on passages too alties," " A church embroidered curiously culled “ to make a show," with sculpture,”—“ Dukery,"we shall just once more turn up a vo- " Domesticity,"_" Caducity, lume at random. In p. 336, Vol. I. To hiccup, away dominions, her Ladyship speaks of " QUEEN SHE- “ Tuscisms," " Romanticism,”. BA," and in p. 339, we find " The Obscurantism,”—“ Deserts doCANTICLES of Job” reckoned among minated,”-“Impudicity,'
"_“Lovethe canonical books of the Old Testa- making through philological variement. In p. 280, the concluding line ties,” &c. &c. &c. Our next head is, of the first paragraph of “ Paradise 3. Indecency. This may appear Lost,"
an extraordinary category under which
to class the sins of" a woman's work;" And justify the ways of God to men,
yet truth compels us to speak out. is ascribed to Pope; and in p. 152, Many of the passages in this book are Vol. II. Hannibal's attack on the Ro of a kind to shame a rake of any sense mans at the lake 'Thrasymenus, (hodie and judgment, and whenever an opPerugia,) is put down as one battle, portanity occurs, we invariably find while we are informed that another her Laclyship sporting her badinage, “ fierce contest took place between the her lascivious descriptions, and double Carthagenians and the Roman forces" entendres with a freedom, facility, at Passignano. How will the reader and expertness, that may startle weak be surprised to learn, that Passignano nerves. We shall only produce one is on the borders of the lake Peru- of the least exceptionable instances of gia, and was the identical scene of the this sort of transgressions, and refer memorable ambuscade and battle that our readers to the rest. We dare not broke the fine legions of the rash Fla- pollute our pages with the odious stuff minius, and shook the power of Rome! which this ultra-radical in petticoats
After the gross and alınost incredi disports so much, con amore. ble ignorance of history and general
“ Wishing to visit the triumphal arch knowledge which we have so fully ex
at Susa, (the first and almost the last peremplified, it cannot be a matter of feet monument of antiquity to be seen in wonder that these volumes should set Italy till Rome is reached,) we were told every rule of English composition at that it stood in the gardens of the Goverdefiance. For a few glaring speci- nor, behind the fort. On ascending to its mens of errors in language, for which gates, we were received by a veteran, who, the birch would have been most mer
for a trifling douceur, admitted us within cilessly applied to a school-boy on
the walls, and presented us, not to the
' warder bold, but to the Governor's the first form, we refer the reader 20 pp. 116, Note, 128, 215, and seemed to hang from her smart French
housekeeper. The keys of the fortress 230, of Vol. I. and to p. 93, Vol. apron, and some visitants might have found II.' We select these from myriads that there was more peril in her eye than of others. It is superfluous to point fifty of their swords.' There was a saucy thero out: every reader will dis- mock humility about her, indicating one, cover them for him or herself.-In who, though hired to serve, remained to rule. As we returned, under her escort, be found in 'abundance, by all those from visiting the archi, we encountered the who desire more. “ Meantime, some Governor, a most admirable dramatic fi- devotee, who paid dearly for the prigure, in full uniforn, and powdered tou.
vilege, tottered under the burden of pee. • Shall I present you' said she, and, without waiting our answer, tripped life; while another pious athlete bore
an immense black Christ, larger than up to him, continuing, “ Here are two Signiori, (does her Ladyship mean two gen. Vol. I. p. 249. At his leisure, the
a white Christ of equal dimensions !" 'tlemen ?] who wish extremely to see your Belvedere.' The arch look with which she reader who desires further specimens, said this, let us into the secret of the Go- may consult the following pages of vernor, that his belvedere was, for the pre- Vol. I. 23, 30, 188, 200, and 24.9 ; sent, his cheval de batlaille. It was a lit- and of Vol. II. 86, 149, 179, 211, 274, tle pavilion at the extremity of a bastion : and 412. This last is quite horrible, beneath were the Pas (Quare pays) de Suze, and, except this woman, there is not, and the vales of Piedmont; above hung the
we are convinced, another English snowy Alps; and torrents fell, and streams
writer that would have penned so trickled on every side. The Governor was the very epitome of the Vieille Cour. He
atrocious an outrage on all religion walked with his hat off, shewed us his and decency. Our very blood almost flower-knots, and praised the English, by curdled to read it. But we must adwhose advice and whose assistance' for- vance with our ungrateful examinatresses once more rose, and gallant gover. tion. nors and pretty housekeepers ruled them. 5. JACOBINISM. As Lady Morgan Nothing could be more theatric than the has appropriated this epithet to herwhole scene. The old sentinel, with one self, we need have no hesitation or dearm, smoking his pipe, under a broken licacy on the subject. She boasts of arch'; an old gardener, in a faded regi. her imbecile hostility to the laws, remental, tying up a vine to the ramparts, ligion, and government, of her native were touches of high finish; for all here was old and mouldering, except the flowers country; eulogises the revolutionary and the housekeeper, who were alike mis. spirit wherever it has shown itself,
and with whatever crimes and atrociplaced amongst such objects and such ima. gery.” Vol. 1. p. 31.
ties it has been attended ; lauds the
upstart minions of the fallen military Having only one wife at a time, dynasty of France; abuses every thing Lady Morgan describes as “ the pri- high and pre-eminent in point of taa vations of virtue ;" but we must de- lent and rank in this country; and sist, and take the liberty to refer those absolutely glories in her“ Jacobinical who are curious in " women's works, Cranium!!” The following story we to pp. 36, 96, (Vol. 1.) 65, and 66, are convinced would hardly pass cur(Vol. 11.) for specimens of that shame rent in the purlieus of the Palais Royless propensity to gross allusions, by al. which both the FRANCE and ITALY of Lady Morgan are so disgracefully iterated details that there was no feudality,
“ At length, however, convinced by recharacterised. 4. IRRELIGIOx. In p. 3, Vol. I.
no corvée, no gabelle, no convents, no sti. the Christian church is described as
lettos, and no asylums; that nobles were “ founded in sacrifices enforced by obliged to ask permission to go to Milan;
obliged to pay their debts, and were not persecution, with terror for its spring, and that nothing remained of the ancient and human degradation for its object, institutions, but an heavy taxation, a mili. dark, despotic, exclusive, and san- tary conscription, and a trammelled pressguinary, and arrogating to itself a di- he invoked every Saint in the Calendar to vine origin.” This is pretty distinct witness his astonishment and indignation ; as to her Ladyship's creed: and though and called upon his boson's counsellor, compelled to do so in our justification, his better selt,' Cerutti, to know what was we cannot but solicit the indulgence cient structure were to be collected, how
to be done, how the fragments of the an. of all serious and religious persons put together, and by whon.. Cerutti who may take the trouble to wade laughed at the royal consternation ; and through this article, for contaminating told the King that for about sixpence of our pages with the following, the last Piedmontese money, he would build up extract which we shall produce under the ancient government di bel nuovo. The this head, referring merely to the sixpence advanced, the old minister hob. pages, where further examples may bled off, and in less than an hour returned