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country's history of unexampled difficulties and danger, you have discharged the various and exacting duties of your high office. While they do not doubt, however, what on that point will be "the verdict of that tribunal from which there is no appeal, they especially desire to bear testimony to the fact, that neither the pressure of public cares nor the weight of private sorrows — the latter seemingly too heavy to be borne — have served to disturb the exercise on your part of that courtesy towards subordinates which renders official intercourse so gratifying, and the discharge of official duties so pleasant. Earnestly hoping for their country's sake that your useful life may be greatly prolonged, and for your own that it may be attended with every possible blessing, the undersigned subscribe themselves, your obedient servants,

Geo. J. Abbot. E. Haywood.

George E. Baker. W. Hunter.

George Bartle. William Hogan.

Samuel J. Barrows. Ferd. Jefferson.

Sevellon A. Brown. Fred. Korte.

S. S. Benedict. Charles Mccarthy.

Newton Benedict. Hugh Mcgraw.

George L. Berdan. Thomas Morrison.

D. N. Burbank. J. R. O'bryon.

R. S. Chew. J. P. Polk.

R. S. Chilton. H. D. J. Pratt.

Thomas C. Cox. Dwtght T. Reed.

A. H. Clements. P. L. Shucking.

Albert Daggett. E. P. Smith.

Charles W. Davis. Jasper Smith.

James C. Derby. F. O. St. Clair.

Theodore W. Dimon. Warren C. Stone.

W. P. Faherty. E. D. Webster.

Alfred Harrisse. A. Tunstall Welch.

John H. Has Well. Arthur B. Wood.

MR. SEWARD'S REPLY.

Department Of State, Washington, D. C, March 3, 1869.

Gentlemen: I hasten to acknowledge the receipt of the very kind letter which you have just laid upon my table. It gives me sincere pleasure to recognize among the names subscribed to it every loyal, capable, trustworthy, and reliable officer whom I found in this Department when I entered it, with the exception of those who have voluntarily retired from the public service. It gives me equal pleasure to witness that there is not among the subscribers of your letter one person whom I cannot recommend for continued public service. A comparison between the list of subscribers and the official roll, as it stood when I entered the Department, and as it stood at various periods afterwards, discloses the honorable and gratifying fact, that although the country has passed through a long and severe civil war, and has subsequently passed through many political commotions consequent on the restoration of peace, only two persons have been dismissed the service for disloyalty, two or three at most for incompetency, and one for betraying the confidence of the Government. Gentlemen, it would be as idle as it would be presumptuous for us to undertake to fix a standard for the popular appreciation of .our own services. That will be the task of history, which delights in contemplating studiously the vicissitudes of nations; and that task can only be performed when we shall have ceased to be. Let us therefore, be content for the present with claiming for ourselves and conceding to each other the humble pretension, that whatever may be the errors which history may at any time detect, those errors have been in all cases errors of judgment, and not of motive or purpose. In the name of the President of the United States I thank you all, and each of you, for the efficiency, fidelity, ability and courtesy with which you have performed your several trusts; and I pray God to have you all constantly, with your respective families and friends, in His holy keeping.

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant,

William H. Seward.

To Messrs. W. Hunter, R. S. Chew, E. Peshine Smith, George E. Baker, R. S. Chilton, &c, &c, &c.

SEWARD.

Eight years of service, such as greatest kings

Might seek, yet be unable to perform:

Thou hast rode out from first to last the storm

That shook the nation. Now the day that brings

To all the land the crowning act of peace

Takes of! thy burden, gives thee glad release.

How through these years in silence hast thou borne

The cruel doubt, the slanders of debate —

The assassin's knife, and keener blade of scorn

Wielded by party in its narrow hate:

How could'st thou pause each step to vindicate

Of thy surpassing work? Lo! it is done.

Freedom enshrined in our regenerate state,

And they who were divided made as one!

A. D. F. R.

March 4, 1869.

INDEX TO MEMOIR. VOL. V.

PAGE

Adams, C. F 3, 11, 35

Adams, John 4

Adams, John Quincy. 12, 17, 36

Alabama Claims 16

Alaska 5, 25, 30

Alaska and China Treaties 30

Albany, Funeral Services 35

Albany Law Journal 13

Amendments, Thirteenth and Four-
teenth 23

Annexation, Danish Islands 29

Annexation, San Domingo 29

Arbitration 10, 15

Arguelles, The Case of 19

Assassination of President 21

Attack, Murderous, on F. W. Seward. 21
Attempted Assassination of Secretary 21

Auburn Speeches 16, 24, 28, 32

Auburn, Funeral, Tomb, etc 35

Bigelow, John 3, 37

Birthday (70th) in Egypt 32

Buchanan, President 22

Bulwer and Clayton Treaty 33

Burlingame, A 3, 29

Cabinet 6, 7, 14

Cabinet and Senators 14

Cable, Atlantic 34, 35

Canal, Isthmus 5, 33, 34

Casualties 20

Chandler Z., Telegraph 35

Chase and the Cabinet 14

Chase, Judge, Court of Impeachment. 23

Chase, Secretary 14

China 5, 29

Chinese Legation at Auburn..... 29

Chinese Treaty Negotiated 29

Chinese, Exclusion of, Deprecated 30

Claims, Alabama 16

Clayton and Bulwer Treaty 33

Clerks, Department 3, 9

Clerks, Enlistment 9

Coinage Convention 26

Council, Cabinet 6

Collins, Perry McDouougk 35

Colored men, Duty of 9

PAGE

Commission, Geneva ,. *. 17

Commissioners, Rebel 6

Congress and Mexico 27

Consular System Improved 4

Convention', Philadelphia 24

Cooper, Peter, and Isthmus Canal 34

Copenhagen, Treaty 29

Corwin, Thomas 3

Cuba, Arguelles 20

Dall, W. H., on Alaska 25

Dana on the Trent Case 11

Danish Islands, Purchase Proposed... 29

Darien Treaty 5

Dayton, W. L 3, 16

Death of Mr. Seward 35

Denmark, Treaty with 29

Department, State 3, 9

Depredations, British 16

District of Columbia 9

Dix, John A 35

Edmunds, George F 13

Election, Presidential 16

Emancipation 10

Emigration 25

Enlistments 9

Enlogium, by Charles Francis Adams. 35

Eulo^ium, bv William M. Evarts 37

Evarts, William M 18, 23, 34, 37

Evans, Albert S., Book on Mexico.... 32

Exposition, Paris 26

Extradition .19, 23

Fessenden, Senator 24

Fish, Hamilton, Secretary of State. .. 17

Fort Hill Cemetery 35

Fugitive Slaves 10

Florida, The 17

France 6, 16, 26

France and Mexico 26

Germany and Naturalization 18

Grant, Gen., for President 28, 33

Greeley, Horace, Defeat and Death of 33

Great Britain 11, 16

Grimes, Senator 24

PAGE

Hamilton, Alexander, Quoted 11

Hayes, President -5

Hayti Recognized. 18, 26

Hughes, Archbishop 7

Human Rights 18

Hunter, William 3, 21

Immigration 25

Impeachment of President 23

Inscription on Tomb 35

International Law 11

Intervention 6

Islands, Danish «. 5

Islands, West India 5

Isthmus Canal 5, 33

Jefferson on Disloyalty 33

Johnson, Andrew 16, 21

Juarez, President 30

Kearsarge, The 17

Legislature of New York, Memorial 35

Letters 8

Liberia, Recognized 26

Lyons, Lord. T 10, 12

Marsh, G. P 3

Maryland, Governor of 10, 15

Martin, W- R 36

Mason and Slidell 10

McClellan and Slaves 10

McClellan, General 10, 16

Mcllvaine, Bishop 7

Mediation, Intrigues 15

Memoir, Historical and Biographical. .3-37

Memorandum 6

Mexico, Remarkable Tour through... 31

Mexico and Congress 27

Mexico and France 26

Mexican Demonstrations of Regard... 31

Militia Called Out 10

Ministers, Character of 3

Mission, Unofficial 6

Monroe Doctrine, The 27, 33

Motley J. Lothrop 3

Napoleon 6, 16, 26

Naturalization 5, 18

New Orleans, Capture of 13

New Orleans Court 13

Nicaragua 5

Opinion, Cabinet, Confidential 6

Oration by Charles Francis Adams... 35
Oration by William M. Evarts. 37

Paper, A Cabinet 6

Paris Exposition 26

Peabody, Charles A., Judge New Or-
leans Court 13

Philadelphia Convention 24

President, The, Retains Cabinet 15

PAGE

President, The, Death of 21

Presidential Election 16, 28

Proclamation of Emancipation 13, 23

Proclamations, Ratification 24

Provisional Court in New Orleans 13

Raasloff, General 29

Reconstruction, Restoration 24

Resignation, In Cabinet 14

Resignation and Senators 14

Retirement from Office 30

Roberts, Marshall O., and Isthmus

Canal 34

Rogers, Randolph, Sculptor 36

Russell, Lord John 16,18

Russia 5,25

Samana Bay, Purchase of, Favored.. 29

San Domingo 28

Sanford, II. S 3

Santa Cruz 28

Schurz, Carl 3

Scott, General 22

Seaton, W. W 7

Senators and the Cabinet 14

Seward, F. W 3, 20, 31, 32

Seward, George F 30

Seward, Olive Risley 32

Seward, W. H * 3-37

Sumner, Charles, on Alaska 25

Sumter, Fort 6

Slave Trade 5, 12

Slave Traders hanged 12

Spain .' 19

Speeches at Auburn 16, 24, 28, 32

Speeches in Mexico 32

Speeches in New York 24, 34

St. Albans Raid 13

St. Thomas 28

Stanley, Lord 17

Statue in New York City 36

Stebbins, Sumner 8

Stoeckl, Mr. De..., 25

Surratt, John H 23

Telegraph, Intercontinental 34

Thanksgiving Proclamation, Notable.. 22

Thompson, Rev. J. P 8

Tomb and Inscription 35

Travels, Book of 32

Trent Affair, The 10

Treaties 5, 12,34

Treaties:

Alaska, Acquisition of 25

China 29

Colombia 34

Danish Islands 5, 29

Darien 5

Naturalization 18

Nicaragua. 34

Suppression of Slave Trade 5, 12

Tributes of the Nations 22

Troops through Baltimore. 10

PAGE

Troops, British, through Maine 11

Trumbull, Senator 24

Union, The, Impregnable 4

Unofficial Mission to Europe 7

Visits, Alaska 30

California and Utah 30

Mexico 30

North Pacific Coast 30

West Indies 28

Volume of Autobiography, by F. W.

Seward 32

Volume by Evans on Mexico 32

INDEX

TO DIARY, OR NOTES ON THE WAR. VOL. V.

PAGE

Volume by Olive Risley Seward,

Travels 32

Voyage around the World 32

Wages of Colored Soldiers 9

War, Foreign, Avoided 10

Washington, President 22

Webster, Daniel 11, 17

Weed, Thurlow 7

Wickham, W. H., Mayor, Unveiling

Statue 37

Wilkes, Captain Charles 10

Wilberforce ,.... 12

Adams, C. F., on the Situation 182

Alabama, The, Destroyed 136, 148

Alabama, The, Piracy Discussed 148

Amendment, 13th 122, 174

Antietam, Battle of 74, 80, 97, 101

Armies of the Union 45, 55, 75

Army of the Potomac. . .50, 74, 83, 96, 109
Assassination of Mr. Seward At-
tempted 181

Assassination, Effect of in Europe.... 182

Assassins tried by Military Court 183

Assassins Sentenced to Imprisonment

and Death 184

Atlanta, Ironclad, The, Captured 108

Atlanta, City of 144, 151

Averill, General 129, 148

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Attacked 140

Banks, General..: 54, 59, 95, 106, 123

Battles, Severe 61, 67, 74, 85, 101,

109, 127, 132

Birney, General 156

Blair^F. P., Mission to Rebels 171

Blenker, General 54

Blockade, The 48, 51, 54, 82, 90, 112

Booth, John Wilkes, Captured, Shot.. 183
British Attitude 46, 51, 53, 83, 99, 100, 136

Bull Run, Battle of 42

Burnside, General 50, 83, 89, 109

Butler, General. ....66, 106, 126, 156, 169
Butler, General, Woman Order, New
Orleans 66

Campaign, A new 119

Canby, General 127

Capital, The, Threatened 137

Cavalry, The 110

Chambersburg 109

Chambersburg Burned 145

ChancellorsviJle 126

Charleston 89, 93, 98, 107

Chattanooga 63

Cherbourg 136

Chesapeake, The Steamer 158

Chiekahominy 61

Chicago and Niagara 153

Clay and Holcombe's Intrigues 144

Cold Harbor 132

Colored Soldiers 121

Confederacy, The, its Collapse 184

Confederate States 41

Conferences 171, 180

Congress Summoned 42

Congress. .42, 47, 84, 91, 93, 117, 122,

130, 132, 135, 176

Convention, Military, Proposed 178

Corinth" 57, 81

Corps, Army, 16th and 19th 142

Counter Revolution, A, Considered 163

Currency Bill, The 132

Curtis, General 52

Dahlgren, Admiral 99

Davis Jeff., and Lincoln 117

Davis Jeff, and the Pope lis

Davis Jeff., and Georgia. 155

Davis Jeff, Indicted 184

Dayton, Minister, on the Union.. . .77, 120

Debt, Rebel, Delusions 177

Deerhound, The, at Cherbourg 137

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