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the Minority side of the House; but I soon found that they had no more than the others, and that what I took for Conscience was a kind of fixture peculiar to that side of the House, aud which no one ever brought with him to the other side. Like the house in Downing street, it served any possessor equally.
I next went among the Merchants, but I could not find much Conscience; indeed, they did not pretend much to it: and when I went to those great houses which lately have failed, I found they had never dealt in that commodity.
I went to the Brokers, but the noise was so great concerning Bouds, Bills, and Long Annuities, that I was glad to retire; the many sounds of ten and fifteen per cent. convinced me that my labour would have been in vain, had I staid.
As for the Lawyers, I must do them the justice to say that they were ingenuous enough to confess that they found many inconveniences result from attending to Conscience; and after this fair confession, it would have been unfair to ask any further questions.
The Bench of Right Reverends had got it among them, but they were plaguily tenacious; some of them, however, showed a great portion of it.
I next met with a certain Alderman, and asked him where I could find Conscience?" Why," said he, “ I am at a loss to tell; for I have driven bargains, built houses, married a wife, begot children, devoured turtle, and made a fortune without Conscience; and I don't think I shall give myself much trouble about it now."
This answer silenced me, But still there is such a thing as Conscience, if one could but find it out and keep it. Yours, &c. W. R.
Mr. URBAN, Manchester, June 20.
PLAGIARISM is often imputed to
Authors upon no very reasonable foundation. In the instances anuexed, though almost verbally the same, there is much against a charge of this kind. Indeed, Sir, without attempt ing to investigate the origin and extent of ideas, it may, perhaps, be questioned, whether it is not rather to the different colouring that genius imparts, than to the actual novelty of
a subject, that we are indebted for amusement and instruction. It is useless to expect, that an age unpre cedented for the variety and extent of its poetical productions, and in which the art has been carried to consummate perfection, should originate much in addition to the accepted instruments and materials that have been handed down by successive ge nerations. He that is true to Nature, has ever been accounted the best Poet; and whilst Nature's garment remains the same, he can have but the same objects which others have enjoyed before him. Hills and dales, woods and rocks, fountains and rivers, suggest to each the same landscape; although true talent will create the charm of novelty, by the truth and superior brilliancy of its touches. la the formation of an Epic Poem too, an insight into human nature, and the springs of human action, and a power of developing the passions, and tracing the influence of those passions upon the great events of life, have ever been, as they will still continue to be, the principal resources. With some truth, perhaps, it may be asserted, that the advanced Science of our times will enable a Poet to delineate more forcibly and accurately the spring and tempest of the passions, and to explore more surely the recesses of the mind: but in these qualifications, the great Poets of antiquity show little or no deficiency; at all events they have rendered this knowledge subservient to the design of promoting the interest, happiness, and improvement, of their fellow creatures, and have left to their successors the enviable task of exposing the frailty of man, by pourtraying the worst and most licentious passious that agitate his nature. I have been led, rather unintentionally, to these observations; my object being particularly to show, by the subjoined quotations, to what different subjects the same metaphor may be applied, without violating the propriety of either. The one, as the forn exclamation of a fond though despairing lover; the latter, as the emphatic and thrilling conclusion to an appeal, not excelled in majestic solemnity of detail, and round fullness of expression, by any passage with which I am acquainted:
"O flamme toujours durable et toujours désespérée! semblable aux lampes sepul
Mr. URBAN, HE original Document was written on a fly leaf of a copy of the Calves' Head Club in my possession. It is in the band-writing of the Hon. Archibald Campbell, whose property the book once was, and is a correct transcript: "A true Bill of Fare for the Calves Head Feast, 1710. £. s. d. For Bread, Beer, and Ale...........3 10 0 For fifty Calves Heads.............5,05 0 For Bacon.....
For 6 Chickens and 2 Capons......1 00 0 For three joints of Veall...........0 18 0 For Butter and Flower.............0 15 0 For Oranges, Lemmons, Vinegar,
............1 00 0 For Anchovies, Capers, and Samphire .............0 05 0 For Oysters and Sausages,.........0 15 0 For Sorril, Sage, Parsley, Sweet Herbs, and Onions ...............0 05 0 For the use of Pewter and Linneul 00 0 For Firing in the Kitchen...........0 15 0 For Firing in the Parlour..........0 3 0 For Boat Hire and Porterage......0 05 0 For Cook's wages.....................0 15 0 For Garnishing and Strewing......0 05 0 £18 06 0
"That a sett of men were wicked enough to meet and feast according to this Bill of Fare in the year of our Lord 1710. And that this was truly the Bill of their eatables, besides drink, was attested to me by one of honour and reputation, and in a considerable publick post, who had the Bill at first band.
runt in fine elegantiss. nonnulla recentioris cujusdam Poetæ Epigrammata. Londini. Ex officina Joannis Redmayne. M.DC.LXXVI." In the recommendatory Epigrams prefixed to the Work, he is also called Oenus, from which I conjecture that his name might be Owen *. The subjoined Epigrams, selected at random, may serve as specimens of the merits of the Author:
ad Joannem Hoskins, J. C.-De suo libro.
Hic liber est mundus; homines sunt, Hos. kine, versi ;
Invenies paucos hic, ut in orbe, bonos. Epitome Historiarum sui Temporis. Ad Marianum.
Pejores patribus sumus, ut majoribus illi: lu vitium faciles nam, Mariane, sumus, Natio si nobis fuerit quoque postera pejor, Pejus erit nostrå posteritate nihil.
Opto tibi multam, nullam tibi poto salutem, Est potior potâ sicca salute salus.” Yours, &c. VIGORNIENSIS.
Copy of a Leller from Tuos. MILLS to GEORGE EARL OF SALOP, in the Duke of Norfolk's “Collections, by N. Johnson."
Y duty humbly remembered to your Honourable Lordship for the interest I know your Lordship had in the affection and service of my good uncle Somerset † in his life-time. I thought it my part and duty, for the care of his poor wife and children, which he hath cast upon me, and for the ease of my own mind in the losse of so special a friend, to wish that those things, which to their relief he hath left behind him, might light into the hands of such as himself did more than ordinarily reverence and love. To which end so oft as I do bethink myself of the disposing bis travels in matters of learning, so painfully followed for the benefit of the weale publick, that the dispersing of them into private men's hands might not defraud him of his due praise in time to come, nor prejudice the better sort of this kingdom; I have de
This conjecture is correct. "Owen's Epigrams" are not uncommon.-EDIT.
+ Robt. Glover, esq. Somerset Herald, died April 14, 1588, aged 45. Lord Burleigh purchased his MSS.-See Noble's College of Arms, p. 180.
He married Elizabeth, daughter of William Flower, esq. Norroy.
sir'd that some special person might be owner of them all together, and your Lordship, for special respects before the rest. The Officers of Arms do freely confess, that upon disposing of his books depends the wellfare and ruin, or discredit, of their office; and thereupon made shew of a will and forwardness to become humble suitors, that her Majesty, by rewarding the widow and her five children,
UMAN thoughts are like the
wou'd be pleas'd to take all his tra. H Planetary System, where many
into her hands.
But finding that neither they wou'd be able to effect so good a work, nor the widow and children's case and poverty wou'd abide so long a time of attendance, having spent four months, and nothing likely to be obtain'd by them, I was glad that, by Mr. Lascells's means, your Lordship had put on a mind to take them into your own hands, and therefore have persuaded my aunt to continue them still in close custody 'till your Lordship's resolution were fully heard and known, and that the rather, for Mr. Hercy, by your Lordship's discretion and commandment, having seen them, said he had writ to your Lordship concerning them. My aunt has already departed the City to her father in the country, to recreate herself with her friends, as I myself mean to do after a few days, leaving in the mean time the studies fast lock'd and surely seal'd; so that 'till Michael mas, the books, with all other monuments of my uncle's travails, will be at your Lordship's commandment, and them to be dispos'd as I shall hear your Lordship's pleasure. Mr. Clarencieux bore my aunt in hand, that the gift from her Majesty in recompence for the books shou'd be worth 1000 marks at the least; but I wish your Lordship had them at 1007. by year, or 501. to her and her children, by some lease or otherwise, &c. I find he took special travail in setting down the state of the office of Arms, what every one of them in their several offices in truth ought to be, according to the several Charters of the Princes of the realm: All done with so singular a method and order, with such sincerity of the truth, warranted with so strong matter and arguments, as are past all controllment, which work I especially wish may fall into your Lordship's
• Robert Cooke, esq.
are fixed, and many wander, and many continue for ever unintelligible; or rather like meteors, which generally lose their substance with their lustre.
1. The understanding is like the Sun, which gives light and life to the whole intellectual world; but the memory regarding those things only that are past, is like the Moon, which is new and full, and has her wane by turns.
2. The world is a sea; and life and death are its ebbing and flowing. Wars are the storms which agitate and toss it into fury and faction. The tongue of its enraged inhabitants are then as the noise of many waters. Peace is the calm which succeeds the tempest, and hushes the billows of interest and passion to rest. Prosperity is the Sun whose beams produce plenty and comfort. Adversity is a portentous cloud impregnated with discontent, and often bursts in a torrent of desolation and distraction.
3. Wit is like a lily; the one is as pleasing to the ear as the other is to the eye. Wit naturally fades, and if timely gathered soon withers and dies.
4. On the Tower of Ambition bangs the dial of Industry, where the Sun of good fortune marks the time and progress of Friendship on the figure of Ambition.
5. Every man may learn the elements of Geography, which is the noblest science in the world, from an attention to the temperature of his own mind. Melancholy is the North Pole-Envy the South Pole-Choler the Torrid Zone-Ambition the Zodiack-Joy the Ecliptic Line-Justice the Equinoxial-Prudence and Temperance the Arctic and Antarctic Circles -Patience and Fortune the Tropics. 6. Every little fly, and every little
+ See Account of T. Mills in Noble, p. 181. pebble,
pebble, and every little flower, are tutors in the great school of Nature, to instruct the mind and better the heart. The four elements are the four volumes in which all her works are written.
7. They who take self-love for their guide, ride in the paths of partiality, on the horse of adulation, to the judge of falsehood; but he who prefers the mandate of reason, rides in the way of probability on the courser of prudence. His journey will then be as pleasing as the object of it, which is truth, shall be sure.
8. Human destiny is a nut, of which life is the shell, and reputation the kernel. Crack it gently, and you enjoy its whole value entire and at once. But open it roughly, and ten to one you break the shell or bruise the kernel, or reduce the whole into a useless compound.
9. Prudence through the ground of misery cuts a river of patience, where the mind swims in boats of tranquil lity along the streams of life, until she arrives at the haven of death, where all streams meet.
10. Spite creeps like a snake out of the hedge of deceit or the sandbed of hypocrisy, and having fermented its venom by basking in the sun of prosperity, aims the most deadly wound at the fairest fame.
11. The Mind is a garden where all seeds are sown-Prosperities are fine painted tulips-Innocency, white lilies-The Virtues, sweet gilli-flowers, roses, violets, and primroses-Learning, savoury herbage-Affliction rue, wormwood, and rhubarb-Pride, Ambition, Extortion, night-shade and hellebore Stupidity, poppy-Sloth and Ignorance, briars and thistles.
12. Justice should be a man's Governor-Prudence his Counsellor Temperance his Friend-Fortitude his Champion-Hope his Food-Charity his House-Faith and Sincerity bis Porter Wit his Companion Love his Bedfellow- Patience his Mistress-Reason his Secretary — Judgment his Steward.
the reign of his elder brother, King Henry the Third, created Earl of Poictiers and Cornwall, and was afterwards, scil. anno 1256, elected King of the Romans.
EDMUND, surnamed Crouchback, second son of King Henry the Third, was in the 49th year of his father's reign created Earl of Leicester, and was at the same time made Steward of England; after which, in the 51st of King Henry the Third, he obtained a grant of the Earldom of Lancaster.
THOMAS, surnamed of Brotherton, fifth son by birth, but second son surviving, of King Edward the First, was, by charter dated the 16th of December, 1312, in the sixth year of the reign of King Edward the Second, his half-brother, created Earl of Norfolk, and was afterwards made Marshal of England.
EDMUND, surnamed of Woodstock, sixth son by birth, but third son surviving, of the said King Edward the First, was created Earl of Kent, per cincturam Gladii, &c. by King Edward the Second, his half-brother, on the 28th of July 1321, anno 15o. Edward II.
JOHN, surnamed of Eltham, second son of King Edward the Second, was created Earl of Cornwall in Parliament, anno 1328, in the second year of the reign of his elder brother, King Edward the Third.
EDWARD, eldest son of King Edward the Third, was made Earl of Chester, anno 7 Edw. III. and in 11 Edw. III. was created Duke of Cornwall per cincturam Gladii, which was the first precedent of creating a Duke in England, and in 17 Edw. III. he was created Prince of Wales in Parliament by investing him with a Coronet, a Gold Ring, and a Silver Rod.
RICHARD, surnamed of Bourdeaux, only surviving son of the said Prince Edward, was anno 46 Edw. III. made Custos of the Kingdom during the absence of his grandfather beyond sea, and was then stiled Ricardus filius primogenitus Edwardi Principis Aquitaniæ et Walliæ; but upon the decease of his father, he was first created Earl of Chester, and soon after succeeded him in the Principality of Wales and Dukedom of Cornwall. This Richard succeeded his grandfather, by the name of King Richard the Second.
LIONEL, surnamed of Antwerp,
third son of King Edward the Third, was in right of Elizabeth de Burgh his wife, created Earl of Ulster, in Ireland, anno 29 Edw. III. And in the 36th year of the said King, was created Duke of Clarence in Parliament.
JOHN, surnamed of Gaunt, fourth son of King Edward the Third, was in his infancy created Earl of Richmond, by charter, dated the 20th of September 1342, anno 16 Edw. III. in the 36th year of the said King. He had the Dukedom of Lancaster granted to him in Parliament, and the next year had summons to Parliament by that title.
HENRY, surnamed of Bolingbroke, only son of John Duke of Lancaster, was in the 9th year of King Richard the Second, made Earl of Derby; and on the 29th of Sept. 1897, in the 21st of the said King, he was further advanced to the title of Duke of Hereford; and was afterwards King of England, by the name of King Henry the Fourth.
EDMOND, surnamed of Langley, fifth son of King Edward the Third, had a grant of the Earldom of Cambridge, dated 13 Nov. anno 36 Edw. Ill. and by patent dated 6 Aug. anno 1385, 9 Ric. II. he was created Duke of York.
EDWARD, of York, eldest son of the aforesaid Edmond Duke of York, was, on the 25th of February, anno 13 Ric. II. created Earl of Rutland, and on the 29th of September, in the 21st year of the said King, he was further advanced to the title of Duke of Albemarle.
RICHARD, of York, surnamed of Coningsburgh, second son of the aforesaid Edmund of Langley, Duke of York, was created Earl of Cambridge in Parliament, anno 2 Hen, V.
THOMAS, of Woodstock, youngest son of King Edward the Third, was created Earl of Buckingham, anno 1 Ric. II. and was afterwards advanced to the dignity of Duke of Gloucester, by patent, dated the 6th of August, in the 9th year of the said King's reign.
HENRY, surnamed of Monmouth, eldest son of Henry of Lancaster, Duke of Hereford, was soon after his father's coming to the Crown, by the name of King Henry the Fourth, created Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Earl of Ches
ter. He had also the title of Duke of Aquitain, and succeeded his father, by the name of King Henry the Fifth.
THOMAS, of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence, second son of King Henry the Fourth, was created Earl of Albemarle and Duke of Clarence, by patent, dated 9 July, 1412, anno 13 Hen. IV.
JOHN, of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford, third son of Henry the Fourth, was on 16 May, anno 2 Hen. V. created Earl of Kendal, and Duke of Bedford for life only, but afterwards, upon surrender of those letters patent, he was created to those honours, to him and his heirs males, by patent, dated anno 11 Hen. VI.
HUMPHREY, of Lancaster, fourth son of Henry the Fourth, was created Earl of Pembroke and Duke of Gloucester in Parliament on the 16th of May, anno 1414, 2 Hen. V.
EDMOND Tudor, surnamed of Hadham, half-brother to King Henry the Sixth, was created Earl of Richmond per cincturam Gladii, &c. and to have place in Parliament next after Dukes by patent, dated auno 1452, 31 Hen. VI.
JASPER Tudor, surnamed of Hatfield, another half-brother of King Henry the Sixth, was three several times created Earl of Pembroke, and also in the first year of Henry the Seventh created Duke of Bedford.
EDWARD, of Lancaster, Duke of Cornwall, only son of King Henry the Sixth, was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester by patent, dated the 5th of March, anno 32 Hen. VI.
GEORGE, of York, sixth son of Richard Duke of York, and brother of King Edward the Fourth, was created Duke of Clarence in Parlia ment, anno 1461, 1 Edw. IV.
RICHARD, of York, youngest son of the aforesaid Richard Duke of York, and brother of King Edward the Fourth, was in 1 Edw. IV. anno 1461, created Duke of Gloucester. He was afterwards King of England, by the name of King Richard the Third.
EDWARD, of York, eldest son of King Edward the Fourth, was, on the 26th of July, 1471, anno 11 Edw. IV. created Prince of Wales, and in 15 Edw. IV. was stiled Duke of Cornwall, and Earl of Chester. In the 17th of Edward the Fourth, the King conferred on him the title of Earl of Sa