« 上一頁繼續 »
spade that he held in his hand; commanding me at the same time to break with it the ground on which we stood. I obeyed his order, and after I had given some strokes with the spade, he told me he was Ali, and that as many of my sons should enjoy the Khalifat as I had given strokes upon the ground with the spade. Then he enjoined me to be kind to his family, and particularly those members of it that lived under my government. In consequence therefore of the promise I made him, as well as in point of justice, I ought to restore the 30,000 dinars to the descendants of that Imân, to whom they properly belonged."
people to prayer at an unlawf
80 much leni
The Khalif tice ought cident as poor boy must hav certainl action
A soldier having once by force picked some bunches of grapes of a certain Moslem's Vine, the man im mediately carried his complaint to the Khalif; who commanded both the soldier and his captain to appear before him, in order to receive the punishment he should think fit to inflict upon them. Some of the people about him demanded what crime the captain had committed; he auswered, “I saw him kill a man unjustly in my uncle's reign, and then made a vow to punish him for so enormous a crime, if ever the Khalifat shoulded a fall into my hands, and he should be force found guilty of any other fault."
A Turk attempting to ravish by force a girl in the city of Bagdad, she found herself obliged to call in all her neighbours to her help. At the cries of this girl, Sheikb Khaiath ran to her relief, and begged the Turk, in the most pressing terms, not to offer her any violence. But the brute was so far from paying any regard to his entreaties, that he insulted him, and treated him in a very injurious manner. The Sheikb, not being able to think of any other ex pedient to prevent him from accom plishing his design, mounted the nárch, or steeple, of the great m que, and from thence called the ple together to prayer, thongh it out of the stated times of praye order to excite the Moslems sembled to succour the poor and deliver her effectually out hands of the insolent Turk. Khalif, having been apprized action, but being ignorant of tive to it, commanded the be brought before him, and reprimanded him for conv
ays, that understand sage, I find and did not , as far as I nod neither in nologia, (where As a suite of Epidicate on the Caielsewhere any derest of her attitude. ught, that the Venus s that which was found, or from that town it was Constantinople, and from they have perhaps thought, to bring it to Rome. Acto Cedrenus, it must have ced in the palace of Lausi at tinople; but I have no conin the assertions of Authors time, and of this kind. It is
that there was a Venus in tude of the Cnidian, but, that as the identical statue, requires proof. Even should this nomore worthy of credit than it we may oppose the general conration under Leo 1. in 462, which royed three quarters of the town, the Grand Imperial Library, with
finity of antient works of art, as hat may have destroyed the Caidian Teus, as well as the Olympian Juer. The Authors, with whom I
acquainted, do not speak posively of these works, but they mention, in detail, the quarters and the places of the town, which were the prey of the flames; in this number is the palace of Lausi. (See Zonur. Ann. xiv. p. 50. Cedren. Hist. Comp. 348. Evagr. Hist. Eccles. L. 2. et Falois, ibid.")
"It is to be particularly observed, that the two arms of the Venus de Medicis
TI.] Anecdotes of the antient Arabs-Beer Cider,
norius: and was exhibited in, a open on all sides, that
Ad well care pleased with tri-, where a vast multitude of peo ad been set before is ple from different countries will le pon the pout of searing embled." As there was a pref ace, the poor man, well go see of merchants sad estace dine him, tires arders, coming from all the remoter at his feet, and must gas of the Eat, at Baghdad, this thal de wond men predictions embed the inhabitante red me its abe of that capital, as were extremely entering the toe, mens that the erected mound uner er te ardan is those places that ada
ry way seen. But interestingdition
s Venus of the French idian, ought to be an it of the famous couré. (See Athenæus, 13. dippus in Clemens Alexs quoted by Montfaucon) the attitude, by which the Medicean, and Mr. Hope's re characterized, belonged to ass of persons, appears from Indelicate passages in Apuleius morphos, L. ii. p. 36. ed. Bipont. Hope's Venus, of Parian marble, nd at Baiæ, one of the most peret Statues known, is in the attitude f the Medicean Venus, as to both arms; but both that and the figure of the Cuidian Medallion is taller than the famous Florentine Statue alluded to; nor are the Portraits similar. It is probable that many Venuses are portraits of favourite females, placed in the Medicean attitude, from popularity of the pattern. (To be continued.)
Philoas the d. Med.
with the e privilege ve not preGoddess was without dradus by Praxi(Plin. xxxvi.
Louth, June 8. N answer W. S. in who anxious to know what Selby Esis tate is alluded to in Hasted's History of Kent, or any circumstances connected with the loss of that Estate to the right heir; I beg leave to observe, that Thomas James Selby, esq. died in 1772; and in his Will (proved in December of that year) left his Estates to his "right and lawful heir;" for the better finding out of whom, he directed advertisements to be published immediately after his decease in some of the public Papers. He then adds:
"I do hereby order and direct the legacies to be paid by the said heir, his heirs, executors, or assigns, within twelve months after my decease; but should it so happen that no heir at law is found, I then do hereby constitute and appoint William condition he takes the name of Selby, I Lowndes, Esq. my lawful heir; and on. give him the Estates and all the Manors before mentioned."
in Venus be or .ot) the present it is most certain ct is represented struck at Cnidus; is in attitude with xcept that one arm holds drapery over ed to contain pert engraved in Mont1. I. p. 70. Ed. Humphitude is certainly not so hat of the restoration, arm screens the bosom, titude is antient. Cedreely says, "The Cnidian made of white marble, is d covers her modesty with i only, and was made by es of Cnidus." It was at in the time of Arcadius and
In the Saxon we have the last word rendered "beor;"- Wickliffe gives "syder." But it must be allowed, that the words "strong drink" are by far more appropriate than either "beer" or "cider." Antiently the latter word meant all kinds of strong liquors (except wine), but in that sense (as Doctor Johnson himself tells us), it has been long wholly ob. solete, but certainly it was not so in Wickliffe's days. Beer was the usual and common beverage of our Saxon ancestors, into which they put Ground Ivy (and from the use to which it was applied, it afterwards obtained the names of "Alehoof" and "Tunboof") instead of Hops.
It is probable that the Apple Tree was first propagated in this country by the followers of Wm. Duke of Normandy soon after the Battle of Hastings and if that was the case, it was not unreasonable to suppose, that in the course of three centuries, from that event, to the time of publishing Wickliffe's Bible, they had become completely naturalized, and so much increased as to render Cider a common drink at that time in England, and therefore the venerable Rector of Lutterworth became fully justified in the use of the word "Sydyr," independant of the antient meaning of that term before hinted at.
ACCOUNT OF THE ANTIENT SCULP TURES IN THE ROYAL MUSEUM AT PARIS; WITH REMARKS BY MR. FOSBROOKE. No. IV.
(Continued from p. 326.) XLIV. VENUS OF CNIDUS. A Bust, The antient head of this Goddess is of divine beauty; and it belonged to a copy of the Cnidiau Venus, the chef-d'œuvre of Praxiteles. The other part is a restoration. (Visconti, p. 19.) The first writer upon Venuses is Lessing. He says, that restorers have been perpetually creating Venuses. "The greater part of these figures were torsos of women, without any appropriation; others were simple portraits of pretty women; others were Venuses, but without any of the attributes, which the restoring artist added, in creating in this manner, a Venus de Medicis, or a Venus Victrise, Urania, &c. Thus, from all the statues restored in modern times, we can learn nothing sure or positive cou
cerning the different manners in which the antients represented this goddess."
As the Cnidian Venus is an interesting subject in Sculpture, it is worth while to discuss it at length.
"According to common opinion," says Lessing, the Venus de Medicis is the same as the Cnidian, that is to say, the chef-d'œuvre of Praxiteles, in marble, which was brought to Caidus, and to which that town owed its celebrity aud concourse of strangers. (Plin. xxxvi. 5. sect. 4, 5.) We know positively that this Venus had a smiling air, that she was naked, and covered the sexual parts with her left hand. Lucian (Amor. 13.) says, that she is quite naked; if I understand well the sense of this passage, I find there proof that the hand did not cover the bosom; and, as far as I know, there is not found neither in Lucian, or the Anthologia, (where nevertheless there is a suite of Epigrams not very delicate on the Caidian Venus) nor elsewhere any description of the rest of her attitude. It has been thought, that the Venus of Florence is that which was found at Cnidus; for from that town it was brought to Constantinople, and from thence, as they have perhaps thought, it was easy to bring it to Rome. According to Cedrenus, it must have been placed in the palace of Lausi at Constantinople; but I have no confidence in the assertions of Authors of that time, and of this kind. It is possible, that there was a Venus in the attitude of the Cnidian, but, that this was the identical statue, requires better proof. Even should this notice be more worthy of credit than it is, we may oppose the general conflagration under Leo 1. in 462, which destroyed three quarters of the town, and the Grand Imperial Library, with an infinity of antient works of art, as that may have destroyed the Cnidian Venus, as well as the Olympian Jupiter. The Authors, with whom I am acquainted, do not speak positively of these works, but they mention, in detail, the quarters and the places of the town, which were the prey of the flames; in this number is the palace of Lausi. (See Zonar. Ann. xiv. p. 50. Cedren. Hist. Comp. 348. Evagr. Hist. Eccles. L. 2. et Valois, ibid.")
"It is to be particularly observed, that the two arms of the Venus de Medicis
Medicis are modern: the right from the shoulder, and the leit below the elbow. In general, she is composed of many pieces, antient and modern, especially the legs, which were entirely broken. It is said, that this accident happened when she was brought from Rome, under the pontificate of Innocent XI."
The Belvidere Venus, issuing from the Bath, is that which approaches nearest in attitude to the Cnidian. She covers with her right hand the sexual parts, and lifts with her left her drapery, laid upon a vase."
Thus Lessing. Winckelman says, "The Venus de Medicis is similar to a rose, which appears at the end of a fine dawn, and expands at sun-rise. She is of that age, when the vessels begin to swell, and the bosom assumes its form. The eyes of Venus are full of sweetness, with the languishing and amorous look, which the Greeks called vypov. This look is very different from the lascivious traits, by which modern Sculptors have pretended to characterize their Venuses. For, by the antient Artists, as well as Philosophers, Love was regarded as the colleague of Wisdom. (Euripid. Med. v. 483.")
If I have said, that among the Goddesses, Venus alone, with the Graces and Hours, had the privilege of appearing naked, I have not pretended to say, that this Goddess was constantly represented without drapery. The Venus of Cnidus by Praxitiles shows the contrary. (Plin. xxxvi. c. 5.)
Whether the Cnidian Venus be or
be not (probably not) the present Venus de Medicis, it is most certain that the real object is represented upon a Medallion, struck at Cnidus; and it corresponds in attitude with the Medicean, except that one arm is extended and holds drapery over a vase, presumed to contain perfames. (See it engraved in Montfauc. Suppl. vol. I. p. 70. Ed. Humphreys). This attitude is certainly not so graceful as that of the restoration, where this arm screens the bosom, and such attitude is antient. Cedrefus positively says, "The Cuidian Venus is made of white marble, is aked, and covers her modesty with er hand only, and was made by raxiteles of Cnidus." It was at nidus in the time of Arcadius and
Honorius: and was exhibited in, a small temple, open on all sides, that it might be every way seen. But there is still an interesting dition to be made; this Venus of the French Museum, as Cnidian, ought to be an actual portrait of the famous courtesan, Phryné. (See Athenæus, 13. 6. and Posidippus in Clemens Alexandrinus, as quoted by Montfaucon) and that the attitude, by which the Cnidian, Medicean, and Mr. Hope's Venus are characterized, belonged to that class of persons, appears from some indelicate passages in Apuleius Metamorphos, L. ii. p. 36. ed. Bipont. Mr. Hope's Venus, of Parian marble, found at Baiæ, one of the most perfect Statues known, is in the attitude of the Medicean Venus, as to both arms; but both that and the figure of the Cuidian Medallion is taller than the famous Florentine Statue alluded to; nor are the Portraits similar. It is probable that many Venuses are portraits of favourite females, placed in the Medicean attitude, from popularity of the pattern. (To be continued.)
Louth, June 8. INS N answer to W. S. in p. 386, who is anxious to know what Selby Estate is alluded to in Hasted's History nected with the loss of that Estate to of Kent, or any circumstances conthe right heir; I beg leave to observe, that Thomas James Selby, esq. died in 1772; and in his Will (proved in December of that year) left his Estates to his "right and lawful heir ;" for the better finding out of whom, he directed advertisements to be published immediately after his decease in some of the public Papers. He then adds:
"I do hereby order and direct the legacies to be paid by the said heir, his heirs, executors, or assigns, within twelve months after my decease; but should it so happen that no heir at law is found, I then do hereby constitute and appoint William condition he takes the name of Selby, I Lowndes, Esq. my lawful heir; and on give him the Estates and all the Manors before mentioned."
From the following Pedigree (which was communicated to me by a gentleman who resides in the vicinity of Spilsby), it appears that the present heir at law of the said Thomas James
Selby, Esq. is Mr. John Hattersley, of Barton upon Humber.
I should esteem it a favour if any of your Correspondents well acquainted with legal subjects, would
inform me whether, under the circumstances above-mentioned, the Selby Estates may not still be recovered. I and others are of opinion that they are recoverable by the heir at law.
Thomas Selby of Goxhill, co. Lincoln, baptized (Aug. 28, 1635), Mary Smith. Nov. 5, 1609; buried 1643.
Elizabeth, baptized Dec. 16, 1693. Amram Hattersley.
Matthias Hattersley Mary Read.
John Hattersley of Barton upon Humber, now living, 1820.
tify W. S.'s wishes respecting the Selby Estate, noticed in the Minor Correspondence, p. 386, I beg leave to state that the Selby Estate alluded to is situate at Whaddon in the county of Bucks, and is of the annual value of about 30001. It was formerly the property of Serjeant Selby, who died about 50 years ago, and who by his will devised it to William Lowndes, Esq. of Winslow in Bucks, in the event of no person being able to prove himself the Serjeant's heir at law within 20 years after his death: there were several claimants, but they all failed in the necessary proofs of their lineage and affinity to the Serjeant. Mr. Lowndes, after the expiration of the twenty years, took the name of Selby in addition to that of Lowndes; and on his death, a few years back, the Estate devolved on his son William Selby Lowndes, Esq. who now resides at Whaddon, and who represented the County of Bucks in the last Parliament. J. A.
sanctioned by the approbation of As
is true that the
may alter the paternal Coat of Arms of any personage as he thinks proper: yet when such an honourable mark of favour is conferred, I think the Heralds ought to be guided by the usage of past ages, when the science was in greater cultivation than at present, rather than any fantastic conceit of recent growth.
OSCAR seems by his question to be but little acquainted with the prin ciples of marshalling Coats of Arms; he might have seen in any book that is written on the subject, that the Shield of a widower is not at all different from that of a married man whose wife is living. If a person, after his wife's death, quartered her family Coat with his own, as Oscar supposes he should, it would be taken for his mother's, according to the rules by which I have always understood Arms to be marshalled.
Londiniana, p. 401.
It appears by a passage in Hudibras that the Round Church in the Temple was formerly public, and was the haunt of characters not of the best description.
"Retain all sorts of witnesses
That ply i' th' Temples, under trees,
Part III Canto iii. p. 213. edit. 1684.