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infantry under IIill against Warren, tle after 1 P. M.; but Ewell was not and under Ewell against Sedgwick : at first in so great force as Ilill was; the former driving in the 5th N. Y. and the advantage here was on our cavalry with loss, and striking War- side: the enemy being obliged, at 3.) ren heavily and full in front, long P. M., to give ground, after a most before he had reached Parker's store, determined effort: Maj.-Gen. J. M. and before Hancock had orders to Jones and Brig.-Gen. Stafford havarrest his southward march and, ing been killed. Rhodes's division, led facing westward, swing in on War- by Gordon, next charged vigorously, ren's left. In short, the battle com- and pushed back our advance with menced before our army was in posi- loss, taking some prisoners. In a tion, and while our Generals still return charge from our side, Gen. supposed that there was no considera- Pegram fell severely wounded. Hereble Rebel force at hand—as Lee evi- upon a general advance on our side dently intended to have it. And was ordered, but arrested by the Hill, having, by an early advance, coming of night. The Rebels claimed secured a strong and sheltered posi- 1,000 prisoners to our 300 as the net tion on a ridge crossing the road, product of the day's work; otherrepelled with loss the brigades of wise, the losses were nearly equal. Bartlett and Ayres, of Griffin's divi- | Grant had decided to open next sion, that were first sent up against morning" by an advance along our him; not pressing far his advan- whole front; Burnside's corps having tage until about 3 P. M.; when, per- arrived during the night by a forced ceiving the approach of Hancock, he march, and been distributed to the attempted the favorite Rebel ma- points where it seemed to be most neuver of interposing a strong force needed. Sedgwick was ordered to between our usually loosely joined move at 5 A. M.; but the enemy were commands, but was checked by Han- upon him a quarter before; attemptcock's arresting his direct advance ing to turn our right flank, which was and pushing rapidly to the right, to held by Gen. Wright's division, with close on Warren. This was effected, | Gen. Seyinour's provisional division not a moment too soon; the enemy's still nearer the Rapidan. This atcharging column being already on tack, twice repeated during the foreWarren's left flank; but Hancock, noon, but not resolutely (being a feint with his division Generals, Birney, to mask the real attack on Hancock), Barlow, and Gibbon, struck heavily on was repulsed, and our line advanced their right, and two hours' stubborn a few hundred yards to a more favorand bloody conflict, with musketry able position. alone, resulted in great loss to both At 8 A. M., our whole front was sides, and little advantage to either : assailed, and again two hours later, Hancock's corps, which had, ere this, as if the enemy were feeling for a been strengthened by Getty's divi- weak point. Then, efforts were made, sion of Sedgwick's, saving itself from as before, to push in between our rout by the most obstinate fighting several corps and their divisions; and Sedgwick had been attacked a lit- at length to strike with crushing force
16 Friday, May 6.
GEN. WADSWORTH KILLED-SEYMOUR CAPTURED. 569
on one wing and then the other ; | striking heavily on Stevenson's diviand this proved the more successful sion of Burnside's corps, drove it back maneuver. It was evident that the and rushed through the gap. HanRebels, in their perfect knowledge of cock promptly sent Col. Carroll, witli the country, and in the facility of the 3d brigade of his ad division, to moving their forces from left to right strike the advancing foe in flank, and back again in the rear of their which was admirably done: the ene defenses and fighting line, thus thor- my being driven back with heavy oughly screened from observation on loss, and our troops regaining their our part, possessed advantages fully former position. counterbalancing their deficiency in Thus ended the battle on our left; numbers.
but, the enemy, massing swiftly and On our left, Gen. Hancock had heavily on our right after our Generals moved out, at 5 A, M., and had pushed supposed the day's fighting overystruck forward, fighting, crowding back Hill again, under Gordon, just before dark, and taking many prisoners, nearly two at that flank; surprising and routing miles, across the Brock road, on his Truman Seyinour's and then Shaler's way to Parker's store. Here he was brigade, taking nearly 4,000 prisonstopped by the arrival of Longstreet; ers, including Seymour himself. For wlio, after a brief lull, charged in a moment, it seemed that our army, turn, throwing our front into confu- or at least its right wing, was expossion, and requiring the presence of ed to rout; but Gen. Sedgwick expart of Burnside's men to restore and erted himself to restore his lines, and steady it; when Longstreet in turn succeeded : the enemy making off was pressed back, falling severely with most of their prisoners in triwounded—it was said by a fire from umph. In fact, this charge had been his own men. Again a desperate at- made at so late an hour that no fartack by the enemy bore back the front ther success than was achieved could of the 2d corps to its intrenched line wisely have been aimed at. Our arand abatis along the Brock road; my rested, after the second day's near which, but farther to the right, bloody struggle, substantially on the Gen. James S. Wadsworth, gallantly ground held by it at the beginning. struggling to stem the adverse tide, Early next morning, some guns was shot through the head and mor- (which had just been posted on our tally wounded; as Gen. Alex. Hays right) opened; but there was no rehad been the day before.
ply; then our skirmishers advanced, But, another lull now occurring, but were met by skirmishers only; our front was straightened and and it was soon evident that Lee had strengthened ; Gen. Burnside’s corps intrenched his whole front, and was having been thrown in between Han- willing to receive an attack behind cock and Warren, so as to give our his works, but not inclined to advance line the full strength of our infantry. again and make one. And, as fightHardly had this been done when the ing in this labyrinth was nowise now united corps of Hill and Long- Grant's choice, but Lee's wholly, and street fell furiously upon our left and as the latter did not invite a persistleft center, pushing them back, and, lence in it, Grant resolved to resume his march ; and accordingly put his / Among our wounded in this concolumns in motion southward, aiming test were Gens. Hancock (slightly), to clear the Wilderness and concen- Getty, Gregg, Owen, Bartlett, Webb, trate his army on the high, open and Carroll. ground around Spottsylvania C. H. Of the Rebel killed, the most conThe only serious conflict this day was spicuous were Maj.-Gen. Sam. Jones an indecisive one near Todd's store, and Brig.-Gen. Albert G. Jenkins. between four brigades of our cavalry Among their wounded were Gens. and a like force of J. E. B. Stuart's, Longstreet (disabled for months), Stafwith a loss about 250 on either side. ford (mortally), Pickett, Pegram, and As Stuart attacked, and failed to Hunter. Doubtless, their aggregate achieve any advantage, Sheridan losses were much less than ours, esclaimed the result as a triumph. pecially in prisoners; but they were
Our losses in this terrible struggle nevertheless severe, as they were esin the Wilderness were nearly 20,000 timated by themselves at 8,000. men, of whom some 6,000 were taken prisoners. Our loss in officers was Warren, starting at 9 P. 31. of the heavy. The country's salvation 7th, preceded by cavalry, emerged " claimed no nobler sacrifice than that from the Wilderness at Alsop's farm, of Gen. James S. Wadsworth, of New where the Brock road crosses the York. Born to affluence and social little river Po; but he had been dedistinction, already past the age of tained by the obstruction of his roads military service, he had volunteered by the enemy, and by the cavalry in 1861, under the impulse of a sense fight in his front, so that Longstreet's of duty alone. As an aid of Gen. corps had arrived before him, and McDowell, he was conspicuously use- taken post across the little river Ny, ful at Bull Run; accustomed to every with his guns planted on the ridge luxury, he had courted, ever since, beyond, to sweep our columns as they the hardships and perils of the field; advanced. After a mutual cannonmade the Republican candidate for ade, Robinson's overmatched division Governor in 1862 by an overwhelming was advanced to the assault, but remajority, he could not have failed to pulsed ; Robinson being severely be elected, could those have voted wounded. Later in the day, when who, like himself, were absent from part of the 6th corps had come up, the State at the call of their country; the assault was renewed, Griffin's and, though he peremptorily declined, division taking part; when the ene his fellow citizens, had he lived, my were driven back, with a loss of would have insisted on electing him 1,500. Ours was judged to be less. Governor in 1864. Thousands of Miles's brigade of Hancock's corps the unnamed and unknown have was attacked this day at Corbyn's evinced as fervid and pure a patriot- bridge, but beat off its assailants. ism, but no one surrendered more for Wilson, with our advance cavalry, his country's sake, or gave his life penetrated to Spottsylvania Court more joyfully for her deliverance, Ilouse; but, being unsupported, was than did James S. Wadsworth. compelled to retire.
1: Sunday, May 8.
l'Run ; acurted, evene field ; a.de, Robir
ROPOSE TO FIGHT IT OUT ON TMIS
FIGHTING AT SPOTTSYLVANIA C. H. 571 Next day, our army cleared the they were obliged at dark to abanWilderness and was concentrated don. The day closed with no decisive around Spottsylvania Court IIouse, success; our aggregate loss having now held by Hill and Ewell: War- been severe; the enemy's—because ren in the center, Hancock on the of their position - probably much right, Sedgwick on the left. While less. placing his guns, and bantering some Gen. Grant dispatched next mornof his men, who winced at the sing- ing to the War Department the foling of Rebel bullets, Gen. Sedgwick lowing pithy but rather roseate bulwas struck in the face by a sharp- letin: shootor's missile shooter's missile, and fell instantly nd fell instantly
“HEADQUARTERS IN THE FIELD,
“ May 11, 18648 A.M. dead. He was a native and citizen " We have now ended the sixth day of of Connecticut, a bachelor of 40, a very heavy fighting. The result, to this thorough soldier, greatly beloved for
time, is much in our favor.
“Our losses have been heavy, as well as his social qualities by all who knew those of the enemy. I think the loss of the him. Gen. Wm. H. Morris, of New enemy must be greater.
“We have taken over 5,000 prisoners by York, was severely wounded this day.
Gen. H. G. Wright next day suc- except stragglers. ceeded to the command of the 6th
LINE, IF IT TAKES ALL SUMMER. corps, and Gen. Burnside came into “U. S. GRANT, Lieut.-Gen. Commandposition on our left; when our batte ing the Armies of the United States." ries opened on the enemy's position, This day was spent in reconnoiter. and charges on his rifle-pits were ing, skirmishing, and getting ready made by Barlow's and by Gibbon's for the morrow. The afternoon was divisions, in front of the 2d and 5th rainy. Hancock, at nightfall, was orcorps, bringing on a general engage- dered to leave at midnight his posiment. We finally attempted to turn tion fronting Hill, and move silently the enemy's left flank, but failed; to the left, taking post between Barlow's division, which had ad- Wright and Burnside, so as to be vanced across the Po, being ordered ready for work early in the morning. to return, was fiercely attacked on When morning came, the rain had its retreat, and at one time in danger given place to a fog of exceeding of destruction, but finally extricated density, under cover of which, Hanwith some loss, including a gun. cock sternly advanced, in two lines ; Several charges on our part were re- Barlow's and Birney's divisions formpulsed with loss—Brig.-Gens. J. C. ing the first; Gibbon's and Mott's Rice and T. G. Stevenson being the second. Before them was a saamong our killed. Late in the after-lient angle of earthworks, held by .noon, a most gallant charge was Edward Johnson's division of Ewmade from our left by Wright's 1st ell's corps. Swiftly, noiselessly sweepdivision, Col. Upton, and 3d, Gen. ing over the rugged, difficult, thickD. A. Russell, who rushed over the ly wooded intervening space—some first line of Rebel defenses and took 1,200 yards—Barlow's and Birney's 900 prisoners, beside several guns, divisions dashed, with a thundering which, for want of proper support, cheer, over the front and flank of the
• May 9.
enemy's works, surprising and over- ous. Their case was desperate—for dewhelming the Rebels in their trench- feat now was annihilation—and they es, and capturing Johnson, with most fought with invincible ardor and resoof his division ; also Brig.-Gen. Geo. lution. Grant had fully prepared for II. Stewart'' and part of two bri- the emergency; Wright's (6th) corps gades; also 30 guns. The number hurried up to the aid of Hancock, of prisoners secured and sent to the and Warren and Burnside charged rear was over 3,000.
promptly and bravely on our right; IIancock wrote in pencil to Grant: but the enemy's position here was so “I have captured from 30 to 40 guns. strong that he held it and at the same I have finished up Johnson, and am time dispatched aid to his endangered going into Early.” He had in fact, right. Charge followed charge in though he did not know it, all but quick succession, and the mutual carcaptured Lee himself, and had nearly nage was fearful. Seeing that no imcut the Rebel army in two. But the pression was made by our attacks surprise was now over, and the rally along the enemy's unshaken front, of the Rebels was prompt and vigor- they were intermitted, while Cutler's .
10 Stewart was an old army friend of Han-Confederate Army, and, under the circumstances, cock, who, when the former was brought before I decline to take your hand." "And under any him as a prisoner, held out his hand, cordially other circumstances. General, I should not have inquiring, “How are you, Stewart ?" The latter offered it," was the prompt and fit response of haughtily replied, “I am Gen. Stewart, of the the victor.