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the ruling persons of the province produced with him, kept up the spirits of his partian expectation that a mutual good under. zans; but it was believed they were too standing might be established with General much weakened in all quarters to attempt Ramirez, and we know already that this any thing of importance for some time to has been effected by a convention conclud
The convention between Buenos ed on the 23d February.
Ayres and Santa Fe had restored the inBy the way of Rio Janeiro, letters have tercourse with the interior. Business was been received from Buenos Ayres of the improving, and confidence rapidly reviving. 29th February. They confirm the disasters The meeting of doputies, whenever it of Artigas, who is stated to have sustained should take place, was not likely to encouso complete a defeat in his last engage- rage the wish of the Artigas party, by ment with the Portuguese, that he had not producing a war with the Portuguese, as ten men with him at Mandisovi on the they would be compelled to favour the 20th February. His chief reliance was on wish of their provinces, who, for the most the return of troops sent against Buenos part, are desirous of penetrating into Peru Ayres. This, with the hope that Buenos
or Cuba. Ayres and Santa Fe would still take part
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
House of Lords, May 10.–Lord attempting to divide the community into STANHOPE made a motion for the appoint- separate interests, and the necessity of a ment of a select committee, to take into good understanding being maintained be. consideration the practicability of giving tween the agricultural and commercial employment to the poor, especially in the classes, as the best means of promoting the manufacturing districts. The speech of the permanent advantage of both. The present noble Lord einbraced some of the most distress he ascribed, as has often been done, important topics of political economy, par. to the excess of commandable industry, ticularly relating to the use of machinery, and the diminution of capital; and endeawhich, he contended, had greatly increased voured to prove that the only effectual re the distress of the country, by throwing medy for the evil was to be sought after in the poor out of employment. The noble the removal of the restrictions which at Lord was answered by the Earl of LIVER- present limit and obstruct the transactions POOL, who defended the use of machinery in of the foreign merchant. In support of our manufactures, and maintained, that this opinion the noble Marquis took a des to our superiority in this respect it was to tailed view of our continental and transbe ascribed that the British manufacturer atlantic relations, and concluded by strong. was enabled to undersell the manufacturers ly urging the necessity of using conciof other countries, where the wages of liatory measures towards Ireland, the inlabour was much less. The noble Earl habitants of which, he maintained, would, declared that the members of administra- under a happier administration, become tion were most willing to assist in an great consumers of our home manufac. investigation into the distresses of the ma. tures, and open up a channel for the em. nufacturing districts, with a view to devi. ployment of British capital highly advan sing means for their relief; and that they tageous to the interests of the united kinghad abstained from originating such an dom. He was followed by the Earl of inquiry, only because they were unprepared LIVERPOOL, who concurred with him in all with any legislative measure which pro- his general statements. He stated his mised to lead to an useful end. A similar opinion candidly and fairly, that this intimation had been some nights before country had not flourished in consequence given in the House of Commons by the of the restrictions which it had imposed on Chancellor of the Exchequer, though not trade, but spite of them; and he pro in terms so explicit. The motion of Lord fessed at the same time his readiness to Stanhope was negatived without a divi. promote the proposed inquiries into these sion.
subjects, and to regulate our commerce as May 26.-The Marquis of LANSDOWNE far as may be found consistent with exist brought forward a motion for a committee ing interests, according to what he conceiv. to inquire into the means of extending the ed to be the standard of true policy. He foreign trade of the country, which was was of opinion, that after the fictitious ca. agreed to without a dissenting voice. His pital, which, by overtrading, had given Lordship began by showing the impolicy of birth to much of the present distress, had
disappeared, the manufacturing and com the droits of the Admiralty, the hereditary mercial concerns of the country would re revenues, and other funds received by the cover from their depressed state, and re. Crown. Mr Brougham's proposition in sume their former activity.
regard to these funds was, that they should HOUSE OF COMMONS.- April 28. be taken from the managemeut of the When the report on the address of the Crown, and placed under the immediate House in answer to his Majesty's speech control of Parliament, the Crown receiving was brought up, Lord A. HAMILTON due compensation for the loss, and that took the opportunity of impressing on mi. the personal expenditure of the Royal Fanisters the state of the manufacturing dis- mily, in place of making, as at present, tricts of the west of Scotland, so lately the one of the many complicated articles of scene of disturbance. It was said, that what is called the civil list, should be kept time was the only, though the slow, remedy quite separate from all the other expences for preventing evils; but government was of the civil government. The motion of bound to do its utmost to mitigate the Mr Brougham was negatived by a majori. suffering. Last year L. 50,000 had been ty of 116, the numbers being, for the mo. voted for emigration, and something else tion, 153,--against it 273. In the course ought to be tried. The Hon. Member for of the debate, however, it was stated, by Glasgow, now in his place, will know the the Chancellor of the Exchequer, that, in urgency of this case, and the necessity ex. order to bring those funds more directly isting, that steps should be taken to promote under the control of Parliament, an account emigration, or afford other relief. At this of their amount and of their application by moment, even to many existence was a the Crown should, as a matter of course, burden, and without food or rainent, what be laid before the House every session. remained for them to hope ? Assistance of May 9_.Sir J. MACKINTOSH brought any kind would tend more than any thing forward several important propositions reto put down the turbulent spirit which had lating to the criminal laws of the country, lately evinced itself. He feared, that n. the object of which was to soften the severinisters were not aware of the extent or ty of our criminal code, by substituting, intenseness of the evil, and attributed too for certain offences, the punishment of much to disaffection and too little to dis- transportation for that of death. He also tress. He wished to know, before he sat proposed thut a new Committee should be down, what had been done with the appointed, with the same powers, and for L. 50,000, how far it had been effectual, the same purposes, as last year, which was and whether the Chancellor of the Exche- agreed to. quer was prepared to proceed farther in the On the same evening Alderman Wood
brought forward his motion that a Secret The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER Committee of the House should be appointdid not wish to go into any detail with regard ed to examine into the characier and trans. to the particular question, as to the mea actions of Edwards the spy for the last two sures ininisters meant to pursue for en. years; which, after a discussion of some couraging emigration. He thought the length, was negatived without a division. Noble Lord miscalculated the means of the Mayl).-MTMABERLEY, in moving for country. Considerably more than L. 50,000 an account of the outstanding Eschequer had been expended in shipping 5000 per. Bills, and the interest due thereon, entered sons for the Cape of Good Hope. Emi. at some length into a review of the state of gration to America he considered very in the Finances, and commented with conjudicious from the present condition of the siderable force on the plan proposed by the United States, and the severe distress there Chancellor of the Exchequer last Session, prevailing. In the British colonies land for constituting a Sinking Fund of had been granted to a considerable extent, L.5,000,000. The Hon. Member contend. but in consequence of the imniense nun ed, that this plan was visionary, and under ber of emigrants, the strongest representa. existing circumstances could never be retions had been received from Canada. He alized; the new taxes out of which the was not at present prepared to recommend Fund was to have been constituted having any new plav. Before a fresh colony was failed to be productive, our expenditure sent out to the Cape of Good Hope, it having exceeded our income, and the Sink. would be wise to wait until some accounts ing Fund having fallen into arreat a very were obtained from the settlement lately considerable sum in the course of the last made there.
year. Mr Maberley, as he did repeatedly May 4.—Lord Archibald HAMIL- during the last session, urged Ministers to tox moved the re-appointment of the meet the evil boldly, and adopt the cnly Select Committee on the : cots Royal Burgh measure which could, in the slightest manquestion. The motion was acceded to, per, relieve the finances of the country and the Committee nominated.
from their present state of embarrassment, May 5. Mr BROUGHAM brought for. namely, to impose a tax on rcal property, ward his motion, to take into consideration by which, he contended, a sum of
L.10,000,000 at least might be raised, with members, considered the bill entitled to out affecting labour, trade, or professions. the sanction of the House, precisely beIf this measure was adopted, he contended, cause it did possess that tendency, and bethe assessed taxes might be repealed, as a cause, by adopting it, parliament would boon to the middling classes, and a surplus convince moderate men, who thought some of L.4,000,000 at least would still be left to reform necessary, of its disposition to con. aid the revenue. He concluded by moving sult that feeling, when it could be done in for an account of exchequer bills and Irish so safe and unexceptionable a manner. treasury bills, outstanding on the 5th of Mr BEAUMONT, however, the member for January 1819; distinguishing the differ- Northumberland, intimated his intention ent classes, and the principal from the in- of moving in the Committee, that, instead terests. The Chancellor of the Exchequer of transferring the franchise to Leeds, and declined entering into any premature dis- thus creating a new borough, it should be cussion on the subject of the finances of the given to the West Riding of Yorkshire; country, and signified his assent to the mo. for which purpose the county of York tion. After some observations on the part should be divided into two counties, of of Mr J. Smith, Mr Baring, Mr Grenfell, which the North and East Ridings should and Sir J. Newport, the motion was una. form one, and the West Riding the other. nimously agreed to.
This intended amendment met with the May 15.-Lord A. HAMILTON moved a concurrence of all parties; for both Lord resolution to this effect, that the House Castlereagh and Mr Canning allowed, that, should agree with the Sixth Report of the if the principle of transfer was to be adopte. Parliamentary Commission for inquiring ed at all, they should decidedly prefer give. into the fees and emoluments of offices con- ing the elective franchise, forfeited by nected with the Courts of Justice in Scot. Grampound, to the West Riding of Yorkland, and that a fifth Baron was unneces. shire. sary to do the business or discharge the May 5.-_Lord ARCHIBALD HAMILduties of the Court of Exchequer in that Ton brought forward his motion, in the country. It was supported by Mr Tierney House of Commons, for a return of the and opposed by the Lord Advocate ; Lord freeholders in the different counties of ScotCastle reagh moved the previous question. land, for the purpose of grounding on it a The House divided on the original ques. subsequent motion, to improve the county tion, when the numbers were--for it 177, representation in this part of the United against it 189_Majority 12.
Kingdom. His lordship's molion, involve May 16.-Colonel Ďavies moved for ing no specific measure, received no oppothe appointment of a Select Committee to sition from ministry, and was of course acexamine the military expenditure, which ceded to. now amounts to nearly seven millions, and May 26.-Lord MILTON moved for the on which, he alleged, a saving of at least repeal of the Duty on Foreign Wool. four hundred thousand pounds might be After some discussion, the House divided effected, by having it differently modified. - for the motion, 128-against it, 202 The motion was negatived by a majority majority against the motion, 74. of 80.
Muy 30.-The case of the agricultural May 19.-An interesting debate took petitioners was brought under the consiplace upon the second reading of Lord deration of the House of Commons, by a John Russell's bill for transferring the motion of Mr Home Sumner, for referring elective franchise of the borough of Gram- their petitions to a Select Committee ; and, pound to the unrepresented town of Leeds. to the surprise apparently of all parties, Lord CASTLEREAGH wished rather that the motion was carried by a majority of the forfeited franchise of Gramp und should 49), the numbers being 150 to 101. Lord be extended to the adjoining hundred, ur- Castlereagh, Lord Milton, and others, exging, in support of this plan, the precedents pressed regret at the decision of the House, with respect to Cricklade, New Shoreham, and a motion was made to defer the apand Aylesbury, as also, the risk that would pointment of the committee till next day : otherwise be incurred of losing the Bill al- which motion was afterwards withdrawn, together in the other House.--He objected and it was at last agreed that the debate likewise to the bill in its present shape, as should be adjourned till the following day, tending to recognise, especially by its pre- when there would be a fuller attendance of amble, the general principle of Parliament. members. The object of the agriculturists, ary Reform, and as admitting the expe- in their application to parliament, is, as diency of bestowing the rig it of sending they themselves state, not to procure any members to parliament upon those popu- new measure, but to render the one prelous and wealthy towns, which did not at sently in force efficien: for its proposed end, present enjoy such a privilege. This view which is stated to be, to secure to the of the question was also supported by Mr grower of corn the remunerating price of Canning. Mr Tierney, on the other hand, 80s. per quarter. Mr Wynn, Sir J. Newport, and other May 31.--The adjourned debate on the
agricultural petitions was resumed, After a majority of 143. By this decision the the appointment of the committee it was only point which will engage the attention moved by Mr Robinson that their inqui. of the committee will be, whether the prories should be limited to the actual mode of visions of the act of 1818 have been duly striking the averages, which was carried by and fairly executed.
ed with much solemuity and candour, with, · EMIGRATION.-The depression of trade at the same time, an enlightened and conin this country has of late driven thousands scientious regard to the interests of truth. of our artisans to seek the means of sub. Alterations of the basis were proposed, mosistence in distant climes. Upwards of 600 dified, or adopted on both sides with the individuals embarked in the course of lastutinost liberality and pious vigilance. Even month at Liverpool for the Cape of Good those who felt themselves constrained occa. Hope : and more than double that num. sionally to take different views from their ber" have in the same period sailed from brethren, showed that they were actuated the ports of Leith, Greenock, and Dum- by principle, and stated their objections fries, for Canada. Various emigrating so. with all the love of brethren, and all the cieties in the west of Scotland are also, under calmness of men who had truth for their the auspices of government, preparing to object. The basis was finally approved embark for Quebec; where, as soon as they and sanctioned by both Synods, on the arrive, they will receive the government al. evening of Friday week ; the union, of lowance in the following way:-L. 2 to course, is effected, and nothing remains defray the expences of their journey to but certain subordinate arrangements, pretheir own particular part ; L. 3 when they paratory to the formal junction of the two arrive ; other L. 3 in three months after- courts, which will take place at their next wards; and the remaining L. 2 in other meeting in September. As full liberty of six months. The government also fur. exoneration has been allowed to those who nishes the emigrants with a portion of land have not gone along in all points with gratis, and with agricultural implements their brethren, it may be presumed that and seed, at prime cost.
they will feel it to be their duty to acqui. 3. Union of the Secession Church.--The esce in the decision. The committees have public will scarcely require to be remind- been re-appointed to make the necessary ed of that proposal for union betwixt the arrangements for the formal incorporation two great branches of the Secession, which of the two Synods, and the future operawe had the pleasure of announcing last year tions of the united churches. Thus have about this time. Aroused as if by an in two great portions of the religious com. stinctive impulse of fraternal affection, the munity, which had been separated for more people belonging to those two bodies pro- than 70 years, been happily re-united ; ceeded to petition their respective synods, and a laudable example has been exhibited, to devise the means of reunion. The num. which, it is hoped, will influence the feel. ber of petitions presented on this subject to ings and the conduct of other denominathe two synods was altogether unprecedent- tions of professing Christians. ed.—These petitions were met with a kin Circuit Intelligence.--Southern Circuil. dred spirit on the part of the courts. They —Dumfries.- 15th April.- Michael and entered instantly and cordially upon the Daniel Gallocher, for stealing, were senbusiness, and appointed large and respect- tenced, the former to seven years trans. able committees to meet together, to confer portation, and the latter to twelve months on the interesting subject, and to devise imprisonment. George Brown and James the best means of accomplishing this most Dougherty were sentenced to twelve months desirable object. At the meeting of both iinprisonment, for breaking into an outsynods, held last week, these important house at Laneside and stealing wearing appå. papers were laid upon the table of the re rel. Dougherty, on receiving sentence, cried spective courts, and were read as introduc- aloud, " It's a d-'d good thing the hemp tory to the discussion. Ministers and el. is so dear." John Hegin was next brought ders, belonging to the two bodies, from all to the bar. He was accused of an assault, parts of the country, crowded to the scene with intent to commit a rape, on the 5th of deliberation, and not a few, who had no September last, on Jean Michael, wife of seat in the deliberative assemblies, attend. William Hunter, blacksmith, at Creetowa, ed to watch the developement of this im- at a place on the public road between Creeportant process. Never was either court town and Knockains. He was found guil. so full, and the deliberations were conduct- ty on the clearest evidence. Before the
trial began, the Court was ordered to be breaking, was sentenced to be imprisoned cleared. Hugh Kerr, of Annan, painter, for six months in the jail of Campbeltown. was found guilty on an indictment for a Lachlan M.Millan, from South Knap. violent assault upon Mr Thom, Surgeon, dale, for hamesucken and assaull, to twelve of the same place, in February last. Veré months' imprisonment. dict damages L. 25, and expences.
Roderick Boyd and George White, for Jedburgh.--April 20.—John Renwick, theft, were ordered to be imprisoned for horse-dealer at Bewcastle, in the county of six months in the jail of Inverary. Cumberland, was placed at the bar, ac Glasgow.—May 4.—The business before cused of the crime of stealing a horse be- the Circuit here closed late on Tuesday longing to Hugh Goodfellow, baker in Ha. evening, (the 2d inst.) The length of the wick, on the 22d day of September last. sittings of the Court, six days, twelve hours The pannel pleaded not guilty, and at- a.day, is unprecedented. The increase of tempted in bis defence to prove, that he crime in the Western District of Scotland, purchased the horse from a stranger, and when conspared with former times, is alarmlikewise to prove an alibi. After the Judge ing in the extreme. In the Autumn Cirsummed up the evidence, the Jury retired cuit of the year 1796, not one trial took for a few minutes, and upon their return, place at all the Western Circuit, which inunanimously found by a viva voce verdict cludes many counties : how melancholy the prisoner guilty. The Court having then is the change when, at this time, at met the next day, sentence of transporta. the Circuit here alone, 47 cases came betion for 14 years was pronounced upon the fore the Court, which included no less than prisoner.
72 individuals. West Circuit. Stirling.- April 22. The case which excited most interest William Hamilton, labourer at Balfron, was that of Richard Smith, alias Curly, county of Stirling, accused of mobbing and accused of breaking into the house of Lewis
rioting, and obstructing the officers of jus. M'Lellan, candlemaker, Charlotte Street, 'tice in the execution of their duty, and fore on the 3d February, and stealing a drescibly rescuing from them a person of the sing-glass, two pair of blankets, a bed. name of John Maitland, whom they were cover, a printed gown, and various other .conducting to the jail ot Stirling, in virtue articles, and of being habit and repute a of a warrant of the Justices of the Peace, thief, pleaded Not Guilty. This pannel in an Excise Court held at Drymen on the was tried at Edinburgh with Woodness,
10th day of September last. The prisoner who was lately executed at Linlithgow. .pleaded Guilty, and his counsel having He is only about sixteen years of age. The stated that he had already suffered an im- crime having been clearly proven, Mr prisonment of nearly five months, he was, Hope addressed the Jury very shortly for after a suitable admonition from Lord Gil- the Crown, and declared that he could not, Jies, sentenced to six months' farther im- consistently with his duty, and taking into prisonment in the jail of Stirling.
consideration all the circumstances of the James Smith, also residing in Balfron, case, restrict the libel. Mr Millar addresaccused of the same crime, was outlawed sed the Jury for the prisoner. The Jury for not appearing.
found the prisoner Guilty ; but on account The Court next proceeded to try Joseph of the youth of the pannel, unanimously Bowles, corporal in the rifle brigade, accus- recommended him to mercy. After a most ed of murder, by subbing John Macgre- impressive address from Lord Gillies, the gor, in the parish of Killermont, on the prisoner was sentenced to be executed on 27th day of December last. He was found the 31st May. While the Jury were connot guilty.
sulting, the poor boy showed in his exDugald Leitch, accused of stealing a pressive countenance the violence of the watch from John Gilchrist, watchmaker in contending passions of fear and hope. The Kilsyth, and of being habit and repute a former, however, appeared to predominate, thief, pled Guilty to the theft, and was sen- his under jaw was extended unnaturally, his tenced to seven years' transportation. teeth chattered, he had slight flushings
Andrew Dunn, for theft, sheep-stealing, with a leaden paleness intervening, and and housebreaking, was sentenced to trans- when the awful decision of Guilty was portation for life.
given, his chin sunk on his breast, and he Inverary.-April 17 and 18.—Malcolm was the very picture of despair. He paid M‘Taggart, accused of murder, pleaded very great attention during a long trial, Not Guilty; and, after a proof was led, and this, added to his mental anguish,
the Advocate-depute, in sumuing up the rendered him almost unable to retire from evidence, passed from the charge of murder, the bar, which he did slowly, while the and limited the libel to culpable homicide ; tears rolled down his cheeks. He, how. the jury found a verdict of Guilty; and ever, did not speak. (Smith was executed the pannel was sentenced to twelve months' at Glasgow on the 31st May, anl behaved imprisonment in the jail of Inverary. with fortitude, penitence, and resignation. ]
Daniel Campbell, for thest and house. Two other men, Park and M'Guire,