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1916

THE WEEK

51

This assumption was confirmed when Rus- had never seen and understood the language of sian troops crossed the frontier and occupied affairs with the ready ease of one to the manstrategic points. Then followed an agree

ner born-or that nature which seemed in its ment by which Mongolia was to be free

varied richness to be the familiar of men of to make industrial and commercial treaties

every way of life. ...

In the case of a man-I would rather say of with any nation, but subject to Russian

a spirit-like Lincoln, the question where he was approval, the Mongolians pledging to Russia

is of little significance, but it is always what he certain agricultural and trading privileges. was that really arrests our thought and takes Thus Russia obtained all the benefits of a hold of our imagination. It is the spirit always “sphere of influence "—that is to say, pre- that is sovereign. . . dominating influence—without the evils of There is a very holy and very terrible isolaactual administration.

tion for the conscience of every man who seeks Mongolia is really a buffer state between

to read the destiny in affairs for others as well Russia and China. In 1913 China recog

as for himself, for a nation as well as for indinized the autonomy of Outer Mongolia, an

viduals. That privacy no man can intrude upon.

That lonely search of the spirit for the right agreeable circumstance to Russia, since Outer

perhaps no man can assist. This strange child Mongolia is next to her. Not so Inner

of the cabin kept company with invisible things, Mongolia, and it would seem as if, so far as was born into no intimacy but that of its own it is concerned, Russia had given way to silently assembling and deploying thoughts.... Japan.

The only stuff that can retain the life-giving The Japanese contend that China has heat is the stuff of living hearts. And the never really conquered Mongolia, and that hopes of mankind cannot be kept alive by the shrewdness of the Chinese traders in the words merely, by constitutions and doctrines of province has furthered the discord. Perhaps right and codes of liberty. The object of Japanese traders, backed by Japanese police,

democracy is to transmute these into the life

and action of society, the self-denial and selfwill succeed better. We shall see.

sacrifice of heroic men and women willing to

make their lives an embodiment of right and LINCOLN MEMORIALS

service and enlightened purpose. Last week the attention of the country was

The commands of democracy are as imperadrawn to two Lincoln memorials. One is two tive as its privileges and opportunities are wide

It miles from Hodgenville, Kentucky, where the and generous. Its compulsion is upon us. rude log cabin in which Abraham Lincoln

will be great, and lift a great light for the guid

ance of the nations, only if we are great and was born has now been housed in an impos

carry that light high for the guidance of our ing granite building, a gift from the Lincoln

own feet. We are not worthy to stand here Farm Association, together with a large en- unless we ourselves be in deed and in truth real dowment fund. Mr. Robert J. Collier, of democrats and servants of mankind, ready to New York City, is Chairman of the Executive give our very lives for the freedom and justice Committee of the Association.

and spiritual exaltation of the great Nation The chief feature of the ceremony of turn

which shelters and nurtures us. ing over the decd to the property to the Nation was an address by President Wilson.

The other Lincoln Memorial is the still In it we have Mr. Wilson at his best. We more imposing temple, nearly two hundred quote here and there :

feet long by a hundred wide, rising on the

banks of the Potomac at Washington. The This little hut was the cradle of one of the

marble blocks of the exterior are said to be great sons of men, a man of singular, delightful, vital genius who presently emerged upon the

the largest ever employed in any quantity on great stage of the Nation's history, gaunt, shy, a public building. The steps extend four ungainly, but dominant and majestic, a natural hundred feet from the edifice and the retainruler of men.

ing wall is one hundred and eighty-seven by Whatever the vigor and vitality of the stock three hundred and twenty-seven feet-difrom which he sprang, its mere vigor and mensions which may give some idea of the soundness do not explain where this man got proportions of the monument. All of the his great heart that seemed to comprehend all

exterior columns in the Doric colonnade have mankind in its catholic and benignant sympathy, the mind that sat enthroned behind those

now been completed and half of those in the brooding, melancholy eyes, whose vision swept

interior have been placed. The structure will many a horizon which those about him dreamed be finished, it is now announced to our gratinot of-that mind that comprehended what it fication, in June, 1917, a year ahead of time.

as

Both memorials will be National shrines. given by E:vald in his “ History of Israel” The interior of one speaks of Lincoln's ori- in all probability the origin al form: gin. The interior of the other will speak of his life. It will contain the statue by Daniel

I am Jahveh, thy God, whɔ delivered thee out Chester French ; on the walls are to be

of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

I engraved the Gettysburg Speech and the

1. Thou shalt have no other God before me. second Inaugural Address, and mural decora

2. Thou shalt not make to thyself any graven tions are to typify some of Lincoln's inspired

image. words.

3. Thou shalt not idly utter the name of Jah

veh thy God. REVISING THE

4. Thou shalt remember the Sabbath day, to TEN COMMANDMENTS

keep it holy. A commission of the Protestant Episcopal

5. Thou shalt honor thy father and thy Church will probably report at the coming

mother. General Convention a revision and shortening

II of the first five of the Ten Commandments

1. Thou shalt not murder. for the use of the Church in its liturgy. It is

2. Thou shalt not commit adultery.

3. Thou shalt not steal. possible that to some of our readers this may

4. Thou shalt not bear false witness against seem to be an unwarrantable change in the

thy neighbor. Bible ; especially it may seem so to those

5. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house. who think that reverence for the Bible requires that its exact form, if not its exact

We agree with our correspondent Dr. phraseology, should always be used in quot

Chorley, who, recently forecasting the quesing from it.

tions likely to come before the Episcopal In fact, however, the change proposed by Convention, commended the adoption of this commission carries us back approxi

such a revision of the common form of the mately to what was in all probability the

Ten Commandments. original form of the Ten Commandments. Of these Commandments there are two THE NATIONAL TENNIS forms: one in Exodus xx. 2-17, the other . CHAMPIONSHIP in Deuteronomy v. 6–21. The most impor- One of the great events of the athletic tant difference in these two versions is that, year is the National Tennis Championship in the Exodus version, which is probably the now played annually at Forest Hills, New older, the duty of Sabbath observance is York. This year's contest was of perhaps based upon the statement that on the seventh more than usual interest, for, added to the day Jehovah rested, while in the Deuteronomy keen rivalry between the East and the West version it is made a memorial of the emanci- of the United States, there was introduced pation of Israel from Egypt. “Remember the possibility that the cup might even cross that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, the Pacific to the land of Japan. Japan's and that the Lord thy God brought thee out representative in the tournament, Ichiya thence through a mighty hand and by a Kumagae, whose record in recent tournastretched-out arm : therefore the Lord thy ments raised the thought that he might beGod commanded thee to keep the sabbath come a real contender for the championship day.” The statement that the Ten Com- cup, failed, however, to endure beyond the mandments were engraved on two tables early rounds of the contest. He fell before of stone which Moses was able to bring down the racquet of George M. Church in the in his hands, descending a somewhat steep second round. mountain with no prepared path, furnishes In the fourth round of the tournament one of the reasons for believing that the Ten California's brilliant McLoughlin, twice winner Commandments in their original form were of the National Championship, also fell before simple statutes unattended by reasons or Mr. Church. But Maurice E. McLoughlin arguments for their observance, and that was avenged the next day when Church was these were added later by way of comment to defeated by Robert Lindley Murray, of the original commands by the sacred histo- McLoughlin's home State. The semi-final rians. The form of the Commandments round found three representatives of the which will be recommended by the commis- West, Clarence J. Griffin, William M. Johnsion will be, we presume, substantially that ston, and Robert Lindley Murray, still sur

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WILL THE HINDENBURG STATI'E BE RELIEVED OF ITS ADORNMENTS?

WHAT I WOULD HAVE DONE

55

THE RESCUE OF THE

viving the contest. The only Easterner left

WHAT I WOULD HAVE DONE was Richard Norris Williams, of Philadelphia, National title-holder in 1914. Of these men, You ask me what I would have done if I Williams and Johnston, the present title-holder, had been President during the last four years. came through into the finals. California's

I cannot tell you what I would have done. hopes of again wresting the title from the For the President is not an autocrat. In East were destined, however, to be disap- deciding upon his policies he must be guided pointed, for Williams won the final match by by the advice of his Cabinet, who are his a score of 4-6, 6-4, 0–6, 6–2, 6–4. The chosen counselors; and in carrying them into match between Williams and Johnston was effect his action must be determined by the one of the most interesting in the history of support he can win from Congress. He the American game. In short, it was fully is a leader, not a lawmaker. But I can tell worthy of the splendid sport of which these you what the President could have attempted, two men are masters.

and what, if I had been President, I hope I should have had the courage to attempt.

I would have secured for my advisers men SHACKLETON PARTY

who believed in the greatness of the AmeriWelcome news came from Chile last week, can Nation and in the courage and patriotism of the success of Sir Ernest Shackleton in of the American people, men all of whom put rescuing the twenty-two men of his party who not safety first, but duty first. There were have been isolated on Elephant Island, in the differences of opinion in Lincoln's Cabinet ; South Shetland group, since last April. but they all believed in maintaining the Union

This was the fourth attempt made by their at any cost, and they all believed in “liberty commander to save these men from starva- National, slavery sectional." There were tion. Previous attempts failed because of differences of opinion in Buchanan's Cabinet ; the impossibility of finding a suitable ship; some of them believed in preserving the the first was actually made in an eighty-ton Union, some desired its destruction. I would whaling vessel. Finally, the Chilean Govern- have sought to organize a Cabinet like that of ment lent Shackleton a small Government Lincoln, not like that of Buchanan. I would steamer, the Yelcho, and he sailed in her have invited as my counselors only men who on August 26 from Punta Arenas, on the would advise me how to fulfill the Nation's Strait of Magellan, the southernmost town in obligations, never how to escape them. What the world. The sea and ice must have been of the specific policies outlined below I would favorable, for a week sufficed for the rescue have adopted would have depended partly on and return voyage.

Great fear had been felt their counsels, partly on the question how far I for the lives of the men, who had only five could depend on the Congress and the people weeks' rations when Sir Ernest left them on to support me in them. Some of the things I the island. The chief hope for sustaining should like to have done are these : life was that they might kill penguins; and I should like to have acquainted myself that not very palatable bird, in fact, - saved with the coming events which cast their shadtheir lives.

ows before, to have been familiar with such The story of the early disasters which had books as Bernhardi’s “ Germany in the Next befallen both sections of the Shackleton expe- War ” and Sarolea's “ The Anglo-German dition to the Antarctic continent has already Problem ;" with the campaign in England of been told in The Outlook, as also of the terrible General Roberts for compulsory military crushing in the ice of Sir Ernest's own ship, the service ; with the anticipations of the more Endurance, its abandonment, the distressing far-seeing European statesmen of an impendjourney in small boats driven through raging ing war. I should like to have secured for seas and dragged over ice to the inhospitable our representatives abroad, both in the diplittle bit of land called Elephant Island, and lomatic and the consular service, men of inthe further journey of Shackleton and five sight and foresight, of diplomatic temper and men in a single boat from Elephant Island diplomatic experience, and I should have deto the coast of South Georgia to seek for pended on them to keep me informed of help. When the full story is narrated, it will conditions and prospects. assuredly form one of the most thrilling tales As soon as there was adequate reason of hardship, courage, and adventure in all the believe that Germany meant to violate Belannals of polar exploration.

gium's neutrality, I should like quietly and

to

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