the vestments and kirk gear should be cross, white before and behind, togesold, and out of the readiest to pay ther with an staff with a white cloath the said fifty pounds. In the volume on the head thereof, that they may commencing at 1561, one of the first be known wherever they pass. "Item, ordinances of the council prescribes, That there be twae close biers, with “ That a warm study be made for four feet covered with blick, and an Jolin Knox.”

white cross with an bell at the head, Another act ordains that four hun- hinging upon the side of the said bier, dred* to be given to Juhn Knox which shall make warning to the peoof yearly stipend, out of the readicst ple. Item, That wher.soever any perannualls, prebendaries, und chaplain- son falls sick in ane house, that the ries which perteined to monks, friers, haill household be kept within doors and priests.

till the baillies be acquainted, under

the pain of death. Item, That the Prices of Wines and Vivres. buriall place be in the Greyfriers, The Book from 1496 to 1551.] Or- seven foot deep. Item, That nae per. dains the pint of French wine, claret, son be found selling woolen or linen or whyte, to be sold at six pennies, cloath. Item, That nane of the inand the ale at 20 pennies the gallon. fected persons geols be abstracted, The twopenny loat appointed to weigh under the pain of death. Item, Also 10 ounces under pain of escheat. as soon as any house is infected, that

they immediately pass to the muir Lighting the Cily.

with their household, and incontiOrdains ilk candlemaker, barber, nently the house be cleansed. Item, apothecary, taverner, baxter, inkeeper, That the cleansers stay without town to have an bowett or lanthorn in the till they be sent for, and that an offiHigh Street; and for the closes the cer goe along with them and take noinhabitants to furnish candles night tice that they have no communing about, at the command of the buillie, with any person, nor interchange under pain of an unlaw.

goods with them. Item, That nae

cleansed person enter the town withWeapon-schawing:

out the licence of a baillie, and be Book from 1551 to 1558.] Ordains conveyed by an officer to a place apweapon-schawing to be upon the west pointed for them, under the pain of end of the Burrow Muir, and ilk death; and that they come not forth merchant and craftsman to be there of their houses while the space of weill bodin in feir of weir, with suf- twenty, days, and in the mean time ficient weapons. There is also an act not to keep company with clean pera relative to the queen's order for un- sons. lawing all persons that had not suffi Another act ordains the infected cient arms at the weapon-schawing, cloaths on the Burrow Muir to be and declaring, that she would cause cleansed ; and every person within fifpunish the magistrates who were ne- teen dayes to seek their own, othergligent in uplifting the unlaws. wise the same will be sold for the use

of the poor. Ordinances in time of the Plague. It seems that the unhappy wretches

Book from 1561 to 1571.] Impri- who were infected and banished from mis, ordained, That nae person be the city to the Burrow-muir were, as permitted to go to the Burrow Muir might have been expected, somewhat to visite the infectel of the plague till slow in obeying the severe statutes eleven o'clock in the fore noon, and which were promulgated regarding that ane officer who is alwayes to stand them. This accounts for another act at the West Port goe along with them. which we find soon after passed, orItem, That there be cleansers chosen daining irons and shakells to be taken for cleansing houses and cloaths. Item, to the Borough-muir, for shakelling That there be several men appointed and punishing of such as shall transfor burying of the dead. Item, That

gress among the infected folk. the cleansers and buryers of the dead have an gray gown, with St Andrew's These simple extracts give us a

strong and horrid picture of the miThe sum is here left blank in the ori. sery of the town during the plague. ginal.

But as I am well aware that these



precious morsels of antiquarian lore art the wind blows, and whether or may not prove quite so savoury and not it has rained in the course of the palatable to the taste of your readers day. However, I am not an enemy as to that of Mr Oldbuck, we shall to this kind of conversation, since a here close his common-place book for sensible scientific man sometimes the present, and deposit it in the makes a remark at once highly insanctum where it was originally found, structive and tolerably amusing; but the escrutoire of the venerable Bishop still these are but gleams of intellecof Ross--the historian of Scotland, tual light that flash through the dense and the champion of Queen Mary. fog of stupidity that seems to enveHowlett Hall, June ?, 1820. lope every creature's faculties previous

to dinner at another person's house. Then the gentleman pulls out his watch, and the lady enumerates who is still to come, and conjectures the

causes of delay; of some because they MR EDITOR,

are always punctual, and of others beAs the Spectator has left off look- cause they are never so, and as every ing on, and the Tatler has given up new comer causes a new commotion, talking; as the Guardian takes no there is no peace till all are arrived, more care, and the Rambler is no and then, indeed, an intimation from longer abroad ; the Lounger gone to the cook puts us all in a greater bustle sleep, and the Mirror laid aside; not than ever. The gentleman of the an Idler or an Adventurer to pick up house conducts the principal lady ; a stray vice or virtue, and put them the principal gentleman, if an old in their proper places; the Connois- fashioned man, I am not so sure about seur become blind, and even the the new school, takes charge of the World passed away : in short, as there lady of the house ; a few elderly lais no Censor for public morals and dies of a certain rank are handed down manners, and as public morals and in correct order ; three or four masmanners take but sorry care of them- ters play beaux to three or four misses; selves, it would be a very acceptable and those who, like your present cordeed of charity in you to leave now respondent, are of 'no very decided and then a corner of your Miscellany rank in society, generally shift for for complaints, and various other lit- themselves, and when arrived in the tle amusing and interesting matters; room, drum upon the back of the and occasionally to give a few words nearest chair, either until the master of adınonition yourself upon those or mistress of the feast assign them a grievances that are pointed out to place, or they find means to crop your attention.

quietly into one themselves. For my And, in the first place, Mr Editor, own part, I prefer the latter, as an I should esteem it as a particular fa- unlucky arrangement may condemn vour, if you would take the present one to the side of the stupidest man system of dinner parties under re- in the room, which is certain in some visal and correction, as it stands la constitutions to render the lady sulky Inentably in need of both; for what all the time of dinner. can be more stupid, to the female Well, Mr Editor, behold us seated; part of the company at least, unless the blessing asked, and the grand atthey are great lovers of good eating tark made; the soup-ladle and the and good wine? For example, --we fish-slice are put upon active service, are invited to dinner at five o'clock; and for a short time comparative sigo tolerably near the hour; a general lence reigns. Why it is, I know not, move among the male part of the al- but that so it is, I am positive, that ready arrived guests, to give the new. as if by general consent, people say ly arrived lady the best place; the little while they are taking their soup. newly arrived lady makes a few gri- Whether this abstinence in one remaces, and takes it. A few hums and spect is essential to gratification in haws; some faint attempts at con- another, and that it is considered pruversation; you learn what in Edin- dential to take off the kcen edge of burgh you are never in ignorance of, appetite with as little delay as possiwhether the courts are sitting or not; ble, I shall not attempt to deterinine,-and are obligingly told from which it may be merely a picce of good breed

ing. The second course is different; the entertainment of the rest. The no sooner does that appear, than all elder and married ladies frequently tongues are let loose, and a variety of form little committees upon their do subjects are, if not discussed, at least mestic affairs, for.even the finest lady tossed and bandied about, intermixed takes an interest in the abilities of her - with,-Shall I help you to a little of woman or her butler ; you hear of the this? shall I help you to a little of good or bad qualities of these distinthat? &c. Then woe to the unlucky guished personages; or you may be wight under whose dispensing care regaled froin another quarter with the boiled turkey is placed, and his anecdotes of Master Billy and Miss equally unfortunate partner who has Nanny, and led into all the arcana the superintendence of the tongue or of the nursery. The younger part of ham,--for them there is neither pause the company have recourse to the last nor peace, but with these two excep- party, or to anecdotes of their acquainttions, a sort of general conversation ance; should you be amongst the ensues, but which is soon put an end number, you fare as well as you can to, for after a few repetitions of, upon the scanty inental repast, of "Shall I have the honour of taking which a share is open to you. Should wine with you?" -Oh dear! Mr you be a stranger, those who are a Editor, where is the language that little older than yourself will deem it can express the horrors of a wine dis- sufficient attention to say, “ Were cussion given con amore! Not more you at Smart's last ball? very seinsufferable to Governor Tempest and lect?” “ Have you seen the regalia?" Sir David Daw, was Emily's “ drow- “ Don't you admire the prospect sy, dreaming game of chess,” than is from the Calton?” “ Did you see to female ears this eternal, disgusting, Miss Clara Fisher ? wonderful child !” never-ending, never-to-be-ended sub--and then drop you: those who are ject, when you hear of the flavour, a little younger imagine themselves and the body, and the richness and exempt from all necessity of' addresthe raciness, and the delicacy and the sing you at all. Sipping your coffee energy, and the age and the youth, may get over five minutes of this pe- and the voyages and the no-voyages, riod, and tea may even be spun out and the numberless et ceterus con- to fifteen. After ihe latter has made cerning this or that sort of wine, con- its appearance, conjecture begins to

tinued not only through the remain- be busy respecting the gentlemen, der of dinner, but attached to the Si- whose occasional bursts of merriment cilian, or the hermitage, or whatever tantalize you by the intimation that you coax down your cheese with, and they, at least, are enjoying themselves. even intruding upon the dessert, At length stragglers from the main where the fairest fruits of the earth body appear ; the company generally are passed over in silence, bit and put themselves on the alert; by demasticated, and swallowed without a grees the whole party are re-assempassing compliment, even to the fruit- bled; in these improved days no genful grape, from which all the subject tleman enters the drawing-room in an of panegyric proceeds,--and a disser- improper state. The “ feast of reatation upon cluret crowns the whole! son and the flow of soul” begin to cirShould some gentleman, less an ad- culate, when some formal dowager mirer of the gifts of Bacchus, endea- gives the signal of departure; the vour to subsiitute those of Minerva, current of conversation is checked ; and introduce a conversation more one drops off after another ; carriages worthy the men who so often meet crowd the street, and chairs the hall, around the social board in Edinburgh, and home we go, to yawn and pull off his lead is probably followed, and in- our finery for the remainder of the struction and delight succeed; but evening. alas! for how short a time. Thie All this, Mr Editor, is very melanlady of the house rises from her seat, choly, and quite unnecessary. Pray and the guests of her own sex accom- tell these good people that there is pany her to the drawing-room, and not the slightest reason in the world here, Mr Editor, the matter is but why they should be less agreeable for little mended; the ladies seem to con- half an hour preceding dinner when rider this as the season of ease, when they are abroad, than when they are -210 one is obliged to exert herself for at home; that althcugh there are, nu

doubt, women in the world who pre- that of Bedford the honour of an imfer folly to wisdom, yet the entertain- mediate descent from the sainted wriment of these ladies may safely be left ter. to those men who are capable of no The materials from which the too thing better; that the majority of scanty memoirs of this excellent per women really do enjoy the conversa- son's life are compiled, appear to be tion of sensible men, and that, ale drawn from sources no less authentic. though few perhaps can take any The amiable and elegant Editor has share, many can make very respecto, conferred a favour on the public, by able listeners. That discussions upon thus embalming all that has been prethe merits of wine as effectually ex- serveil of a mind it has long been acclude them as algebra or metaphy- customed to venerate. It will not be sics could do, and that, as it neither foreign to our purpose to introduce possesses the solid advantages of use

our observations on this work, by a ful knowledge, or the gayer attrac- quotation from the well written pretions of merely general topics, it face by which it is preceded. woull be infinitely better to reserve it for a bonne bouche to themselves “ The biographers of those who have after the ladies have withdrawn. And been distirguished in the active paths of the ladies themselves might be ad- life, who have directed the councils or monished, that, notwithstanding good haps, an easier task than those who en.

fought the battles of nations, have, permanners may prompt attention to

gage to satisfy the curiosity sometimes extheir relations, yet, in fact, nobody cited by persons whose situation, circumcares much about any nursery or ser- stances, or sex, have confined them to privants but their own; that to those vate life. To the biographers of public who have neither children nor esta- characters, the pages of history, and the blishments, such details are inexpres- archives of the state, furnish many of the sibly tedious ; that last night's ball is documents required ; while those of privery uninteresting to those who were vate individuals have to collect every parnot there, and probably know none of ticular from accidental materials, from the parties; and that without one combining and comparing letters, and shade of pedantry, or bas bleu-ism, tended to convey any part of the informa

otherwise insignificant, papers, never in(if I may be allowed such a term,)tion sought in them. there can never be any loss in culti

“ In this predicament is placed the au. vated society, for general conversation thor of the following pages. The veil on the literature of the day, music, which covered the unassuming virtues of the fine arts, nature, manners, and Lady Russell in early life, naturally inthe thousand topics that start into creases a desire, in intelligent minds, to being as it were of themselves, and become acquainted with her sentiments are continually presenting subjects and situation before she was called to the matter for the exercise of reason, wit, exercise of the most difficult virtues, and ingenuity, and every other power, by

the display of the most heroic courage. which that very delightful one of

“ Few of her sex have been placed in

such a distinguished situation. Still fewer, pleasing in company can be accom- after having so conducted themselves, have, plished.

like her, shrunk from all public notice, E.

and returned to the unobtrusive performance of accustomed duties, and the unostentatious consolations of accustomed piety.

“ The incidents in the life of Lady RusLIFE AND LETTERS OF LADY R. sell will be found so few, and her superior RUSSELL.

merits remain so much confined within the

pale of private life and female duties, that, These letters come in no question- unlike most heroines, her character deserves able form from the repositories of the to be held up yet more to the example than Devonshire family, who share with to the admiration of her country-women.”

This passage is followed by some Some Account of the Life of Rachael Wiiothesley Lady Russell, by the Editor genealogical details, which would have of Madame Du Deffand's Letters; follow. little interest in a detached form, ed by a series of Letters from Lady Rus- though their connection with general sell 'to her Husband, William Lord Rus. history, and very interesting biograsell, from 1672 to 1682, &c. London, phy, entitles them to a place in the 1819.




year 1636.

Lady Rachael was the daughter and The first specimen we have of her co-heiress of that virtuous and loyal' writing is in a letter addressed to her Earl of Sorthampton, whom all par- husband, not long after their happy ties agree in praising. His death is union. It is to be observed, that ber Inus noticed in the introduction. early education seems to have been “ Lord Southampton died in 1607. His the time of the Usurpation, and her

much neglected. She was a child at unfeeling master had for some time been father, involved in the fallen fortunes desirous to snatch from his feeble hand the treasurer's staff which he still held, that he of his master, was too much engrossmight place it with those to whom he eduand too frequently under a neces might, with less shame, and less fear of sity of changing his residence, to atremonstrance, confide the secrets of his po- tend much to the progress his chillitical dishonour. The disgrace of Claren

She, however, having, at a don, which followed soon after the death of more allvanced period, the whole his friend, seems to have formed a melan- charge of her family devolved upon choly era in the avowed venality and pro- herself, soon conquered the effects of Aigacy in the court of Charles.”

this deficiency, her style becoming Lady Rachael was born about the clearer, and her orthography more Her mother, who was of a

correct, as she grew older. Our readdistinguished Hugonot family in

ers will perceive in this first letter the France of the name of Ruvigny, died kind of defects now alluded to. while she was an infant. The mar

“ I will not endeavour to tell you what riages of the nobility in these days, of you that we may meet again (God per

I suffer by being parted from you, but beg especially in the case of heiresses, ap- miiting) as soon as may be. Things are pear to have been managed in a manner that excluded choice. The fami- moved by my sister being able to resolve,

here just as they were : no obstruction rely compact arranged the matter while but will, I guess, to-morrow: for yester the parties were under age, probably day Sherwood wrote word the Duke, at inere children. The marriage took farthest, would be at Dover as this moreplace, and the husband was sent to ing, then he was to ask for the boat, and travel, while his young bride was the report she then receives, which will be growing up to woman. Of the exact

to-morrow, being Friday, will certainly date of Lady Russell's marriage with make her determine ; but, whatever that Lord Vaughan, son to the Earl of is, I desire you will allow me to come to Carberry, we have no account, but it you on Tuesday, unless you intend, as the

coachman says you do, to be here on Mos.

We seems to have been about 1653.

day. Your father says you promised him find her in 1655 living with him in

to come again. I cannot acquaint you Wales, and a letter, addressed to her with my sister's resolves till the Saturday's that year, gives the impression of her post ; so cannot have your's, whatever ve being at that early period (listinguish- shall do, till the Wednesday after, which, ed for wisdom and worth, and of her by your pardon, I must not stay for; 50 Lord's being rather indolent, the wri- that unless I see you on Monday, I am of ter of the letter rallying him on habic opinion you will meet nie at Stratton on tual procrastination. In the year 1655 Tuesday or Wednesday. On Saturday you she became the mother of a shorts shall have more of my mind; but the

coachman says he is appointed to be at lived infant, and very soon after a widow. In 1667 she was living with Bagshot on Monday. I do all I can to

off going to Dover. My Lady Shrews. her only and much beloved sister, bury is returned from Dover without more Lady Noel, and she was married to

company than she cari ied with her. Here the second son of the Earl of Bedford was an alarm on Tuesday night by guns in 1669, who appears to have paid his being heard ; the cause was, seren of our addresses to her for about three years ships, intending to go to join the Duke, before. She retained the title of Lady found theinselves just upon the Dutch Vaughan for some years. The milch fleet, upon which they retired; and the was every way considered as very ad- Dutch followed so close that the castle

There is differ. was then called, his elder brother, ing; they say still a few days must now vautageous to Mr Russell, as he shot upon the Dutch.

ence in opinions about the fleets engage though hypochondriac, and quite re

show it. Mrs Laton and her she friend, tired from the world, still retaining not your's, at least not your best, (I praise the title ; upon bis death, Lord Wil. God) were yesterday in every corner of liam succeeded, and his consort was your house, and without the house ; she afterwards known as Lady Russell. praised it, and seems to like it as we

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