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CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. Eight Missions of the Society, passing the Slave Trade, and the melioration of conceive the difficulties which have Africa.
from Western Africa, by the MediterThe Committee of the Church Mission- ranean, to the Northern, Southern, and arySocietycommenced theirTwenty-first Western Missions of India ; and reReport with a few pages of remarks;iu turning, by Ceylon and Australasia, which, among other points, they ac- to the West Indies. Our abstract in the knowledge the services of various present Number, will be confined to the friends of the institution; they urge
first of these stations; namely, the formation of new associations, wher
THE WEST-AFRICA MISSION. ever practicable and expedient, and In reference to this sphere of the the donation of standard books to the Society's exertions, the Committee libraries of the Society's Missions ; they allude to an Acl lately passed, to state that the receipts for the year bad abolish the African Company, to vest been 31,0001., and the disbursements its possessions in the Crown, and to 32,000l. ; that two hundred persons annex these possessions, and all others were employed by the Society in its which may belong to bis majesty bebenevolent objects, and not less than tween the twentieth degree of North ten thousand children were ander in- Latitude and the twentieth degree of struction under its anspices; that out Sonth Latitude, to Sierra Leone. All of many persons who had offered their the British possessions on this coast, services to the Society, eleven had scattered throughout forty degrees of been accepted, three of whom were latitude, will be thns placed under studying at Trinity College, Dublin; the colonial administration of the Goand that William Bowley, of Chunar, vernor of Sierra Leone, at present Sir and Abdool Messeeh, of Agra, had Charles MacCarthy, who has manibeen ordained Lutheran ministers. The fested a uniform determination to emCommittee then proceed to survey the ploy his power for the destruction of
been surmounted in bringing the colony The Banana Islands, which lie off the of Sierra Leone to its present improved, south-western coast of Sierra Leone, and still very improving, state. Roads have been transferred to the British are cut iv every direction, useful for Crown. The family of the Caulkers, communication : many towns and vil. the native chiefs to whom they belong. lages are built; and others, as the Black ed, have considerable possessions and population increases, are building: more influence in the Sherbro, and are ready improvement, under all circumstances to give their best assistance to the im. of climate and infancy of colony, is provement of Africa, and would wil scarcely to be supposed. I visited all lingly receive and countenance Chris- the Black towns and villages, attended tian teachers. An opening for the ex. the public schools, and other establishitension of the Society's labours much ments; and I never witnessed in any furtber down the coast had also been population more contentment and hapsuggested; namely, at Fernando Po, an piness. The manner in which the public island a little north of the line, and on schools are here conducted reflects the the neighbouring shores of the conti, greatest credit on those concerned in Dent.
their prosperity; and the improvement Colony of Sierra Leone.
made by the scholars proves the apti. This colony had made cousiderable tude of the African, it moderale pains advances in population and strength. be taken to instruct him. I have atIts cultivation and its commerce are tended places of public worship in every rapidly increasing; and it bids fair, quarter of the globe; and I do most confrom its augmenting intercourse with scientiously declare, never did I wit. the interior, to afford the best oppor. ness the ceremonies of religion more tunities for ascertaining the condition piously performed, or more devoutly of those unexplored regions, and for attended to, than in Sierra Leone.” communicating to them Christianity The Chief Justice also expresses the and its attendant blessings.
delight with which he had witnessed the From the returns it appeared that to worship of the liberated Negroes at the 9565 inhabitants at the beginning of their establishments in the interior of 1919, there were added, up to July the the colony; and coogratulates the So8th of 1820, 2944; making a total of ciety on the success of its exertions to 12,509, exclusive of the military and diffuse the light of the Gospel over the their families. This increase consists darkness of Africa. of liberated Negroes, and discharged The influence of religion is also widedative soldiers with their families. The ly extending itself within the colony. addition of four settlements of Negroes We shall extract a few particulars on to those previously formed in the colony this subject, from the reports received was stated in the last Report. The from different parishes in the colony in Dumber of parishes was, at the last which the Society's agents are located. returns, fourteen. The object of the From Freetown, the late instructress Governor, in this increase of settlements, wrote, a short time before her death ;was not only the acconimodation of the “ We bave now 137 girls in the school, new inhabitants, but the extension of I never found children in England more coltivation. It was his design also to teachable, or so anxious to learn. They make provision for the reception of seem much attached to me, and I feel those natives, whom the vigilance of his great love to them.” The whole nummajesty's navy seemed likely to rescue, ber of scholars in the schools at this in increasing numbers, from their op. place, was about 500. The attendance pressors. From Jannary 1, 1819, to during the rains was more regular than July 6, 1820, there were in the colony, nsual; there being occasion to omit 455 marriages; 571 births; and 1261 school only three days on account of baptisms of adults and infants; and, at them. A Sunday-school had been openthe latter date, there were 2097 child- ed, and about 120 boys, girls, and ren and adults under education. The adults, attended. A Missionary Assototal number of marriages celebrated ciation had been formed among the in the colony amounts to 1374.—Sir boys, who had begun to collect about George Collier bears strong testimony 10l. per annum. to the great improvement of the colony. At Kissey, another statiou for recap"It is hardly possible,” he remarks,“ 10 tured Negroes, the number of boys in
the schools had varied from 60 to 66, “ It has pleased the God of all grace'
We must pass over many pleasing like many others, will, through the statements from Waterloo, Kent, Char. grace of God, come and hear the Gospel. lotté, Leopold, Gloucester, and Wil. They have promised to build at Regent's berforce, to collect a few particulars Town, when the rains have' abated. respecting the state of Regent's Town. “ All the communicants continue to
The native assistants of the mission at attend the Lord's Supper every first' this place, William Tamba and William Sunday of the month, unless sickness' Davis, improve themselves in the day, prevents then. Their general conduct and in the evenings and on Sundays visit is more consistent : more peace and their countrymen in the neighbourhood. harmony are exercised and experienced. David Noah renders great assistance to A few were reported by me as having Mr. Jolinson in the schools and in visit. backsliddeu; and three or four have ing the sick.
since fallen into errors and sin; but I A connected view of the progress of am happy to say, tbat most of them have this mission during the last year, is returned with deep humility." given in Mr. Johnson's reports to the “ Three communicants have put off meetings of chaplains and missionaries, this mortal, and have put on immortaThe followiug are a few passages from lity. I trust I can say that they died in these reports.
the faith. When the hour of dissolu. « The communicants are going on tion drew nigh, they expressed their better than perhaps could be expected. firm belief in the Lord Jesus Christ. As far as I can ascertain, they are gene.
« Last month the half-yearly meeting tally growing in grace, and in the know. of the Benefit Society was held. This ledge of oar Lord Jesus Christ. There Society consists of none but communiare some whose conduct is not altegether cants. The contributions aud donaconsistent; but there is nothing unac- tions for six months amounted to 111. countable in that. When a child first be. 7s. 11d. of which 111. 4s. 6d. were exgins to walk, it will frequently stuinble. pended for the sick and for women in There is, however, not one of these peo. their confinement. ple but will, when detected in his weak. “ The school-honse for the girls (a ness, express deep sorrow on account of stone building, two stories higli, 73 feet his inconstancy. Three have been ex. by 30, the piazza included) is finished; communicated, until their conduct shall and one of the same size, for the boys, agree with their profession. One died is in a state of forwardness. The inside in the faith last Sunday: the last words of the church, and part of my house, which I heard him speak were, ' I de. are also finished. pend on nothing else save the blood of “ As respects cultivation, much has Jesus !'”
heeu done. Cassada, cocoa, IndianA few months after, Mr. Johnsou corn, &c. we have in great abundance : writes
8352 bushels of cassada were sold to
Government this last quarter, and is. gress of this settlement. Sir Charles sued, in lieu of rice, to the different MacCarthy assured the Committee of towns in the mountains; and a consi. the Society, in reference to Mr. Johnderable quantity remains yet to be sold. son's labours at this station, that the The payment for the cassada amounts effect of them had been under-rated tó 5221. sterling; besides Indian-corn, in his communications, rather than too &c. which has been sold in the markets highly coloured as some might imagine. at Regent's Towu and Freetown. His excellency stated, that the Foreign
Several of the people are prepar. Commissioners now resident at Freeing to boild permanent houses, with the town on the Mixed Commission for the money which they have received for the adjudication of slave vessels, once ate fruit of their industry. Three have tended public worship at Regent's Town commenced already."
in his company, and all expressed their A few months after, Mr. Johnson re- surprise and gratification at the state of ports
the congregation. “ Í stated in my last, that we had 36 The opening of the Christian Institucandidates for baptism : 34 were bap. tion with 26 youths was stated in the tized on the first Sunday in November; last Report. Owing to the want of and continue to walk, so far as I koow, teachers, the instruction of these youths agreeably to the Gospel.
had very much devolved, in the midst * There are a considerable number of his other labours, ou Mr. Johnson. who are candidates for baptism; and, Seven of the most promising of them, if their conduct shoald continue to be with William Tamba, William Davis, consistent, will, if it please God, be and David Noah, were receiving inbaptized at a future period. About Struction from him, twice a day, on 300 have attended at the Lord's Table such subjects as were likely to enlarge every month. Since the rains have their minds. He had also two classes, abated, the scholars in the evening containing 18 youths, uoder special inschool bave increased. The number of struction, chiefly in English Grammar. scholars is 473.
At an examination, wbich took place “ I am happy to state that 50l. have before the chaplains and missionaries, been collected, this last year, among their writing indicated great improvethe people of Regent's Town, in aid of ment: they appeared fully to 'upder. the Chorch Missionary Society; and 71. stand the English Grammar; and their in aid of the British and Foreign Bible answers to the questions put to them Society. More cassada has been sold on various parts of Scripture afforded to Government.”
great pleasure to all present. Mr. JohnMr. Johnson elsewhere writes son writes" I hope that some will
« Oar présent population is 1216. very soon be able to conduct a school; Of these, 525 are under rations from but we will not part with them, till we Government: the remainder maintain can send them away with safety." themselves. Only boys and girls, me- It is the wish of the Society, grad. chanics, and such as are infirm, receive ually to place the schools in Freetown support from Government. At present and in the country towns, on such a foot. we issue half rice, and the other half ing as to afford an education to the cassada, which we buy from those who children of the colony adequate to all maintain themselves. As we have more the purposes of the labouring and tradCassada than we can consume, I solicit- ing classes of this rising community; ed his excellency to allow us to supply and, from these schools, to select, as either Bathurst or Leopold. He grant. opportunity offers, youths of sound ed my request, and our people now sup. principles, good character, and promisply Gloucester and Bathurst with half ing talents, to receive, in the Instituprovision, as also those of Regent's tion, the advantages of Christian edu. Town who receive rations. I must con- cation. Such an institution may thus fess, that, when I inspected vor farms, become the head-quarters of teachers, I was agreeably surprised, as the pro- sent out on excursions among the gress of our agriculture far surpassed heathen, wbo might return and repose my expectation. What is this but the for a while, and then renew their jourfruits of the Gospel?"
neys, till prospects of permanent usefulThe testimony of various witnesses ness should open before them. Natives entirely accords with the represent. in authority, in different places, who ations here given of the rapid pro might wish for schoolmasters, might be supplied from such an Institution : and ever the first glow of British feeling may thiese school. masters might read the dictate, on hearing of their attachment, Scriptures to the people, and prepare enlightened humauity will not repine, the way for missionaries. Such are some, if, under their present circumstances, of the pleasing prospects which appear they are becoming daily more closely to be unfolding upon Africa, by means connected with the American Governof the invaluable labours of the Church ment, which has evinced an active soliMissionary Society.
citude for their civilization. (To be continued.)
“ Our recluse told us, that they have
a general idea of a Supreme Being; NORTH-AMERICAN INDIÁNS.
but no religious days, nor any religious An interesting narrative has lately ap- rites, unless, as he is disposed to bepeared in the Missionary Register, of lieve, their Green-Corn Dance be one. an extensive journey among several of Before the corn turns yellow, the inthe Indian tribes of North America, by habitants of each town or district as. Mr. Hodgson, a gentleman of Liverpool, semble ; and a certain number enter the from which we shall select a few pas. streets of what is more properly called sages descriptive of the religious state the town, with the war-whoop and of the natives, and of the missionary savage yells, firing their arrows in the settlements of Elliot among the Choc- air, and going several times round the taws, and Brainerd among the Chero- pole. They then take emetics, and fast kees, which the writer inspected in the two days; dancing round the pole a. course of his route.
great part of the night. All the fires The first of the Indian natious visited in the township are then extinguished, by Mr. Hodgson was the Creek, re- and the hearths cleared, and new fires specting whose moral condition we learn kindled by rubbing two sticks. After : the following particulars.
this they parch, some of the new corp, “ My host regretted, in the most and, feasting a little, disperse to their feeling terms, the injury which the several homes. Many of the old chiefs morals of the Indians have sustained
are of opinion, that their ancestors infrom their intercourse with Whites; and tended this ceremony as a thank-offerespecially from the introduction of ing to the Supreme Being, for the fruits; whiskey, which has been their bane. of the earth, and for success in bunting A murderer is now publicly executed; or in war. the law of private retaliation becoming “ The more reflecting of the Creeks gradually obsolete. Stealing is punish- think much, but say little, of the change ed, for the first offence, by whipping; which is taking place in their condition. for the second, by the loss of the ears; They see plainly that, with respect to for the third, by death—the amount their future destiny, it is a question of stolen being disregarded. My host re. civilization or extinction; and a ques. members when there was no law against tion, the decision of which cannot be stealing'; the crime itself being almost long postponed. They are therefore beunknown-when the Indians would go, come very solicitous for the establisha hunting, or · frolicking,' for one or ment of schools; and the introduction two days, leaving their clothes on the of the various arts, from which the, bushes opposite their wigwams, in a Whites derive their superiority. In some populous neighbourhood, or their silver of these, they have already made contrinkets and ornaments hanging in their siderable progress; and the nation, at open
buts. Confidence and generosity this time, exhibits a very interesting were then their characteristic virtues. spectacle of society in several of its A desire of gain, caught from the earlier stages.” Whites, has chilled their liberality; and Mr. Hodgson next visited the Choc. abused credulity has tanght them sus., taw nation, of whom he says-picion and deceit. He considers them to “ The law of retaliation is still almost be still attached to the Englishı, although in full force among the Choctaws; the disappointed in not having received nearest relation of a fugitive murderer greater assistance from them in late being liable to expiate the offence. Au wars. This, however, they attribute, intelligent Indian told me, however, rather to the distance of the British, that the Choctaws are becoming more which renders them less valuable allies anxious than formerly that the offeuder than they expected, than to a treache. himself should suffer; and that his farous violation of their promises. Wbat- mily and that of the deceased generally