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disabled from old age, or any other but it has provided accommodation cause; and be provided for till he for only one hundred (sick or disis able to go to sea again, or till abled, not old) seamen, and that in exhausted nature sinks to rest in a ward of the City Hospital-not death. And moreover and still the hospital for seamen. We know better, there is the “Snug Harbor,” not what amount of provision has built for the express purpose of pro- been made in Boston, but we do viding a life-long home for aged and know that the allowed time of re. infirm seamen, by the munificent maining is limited, in naval and all bequest of Captain Randall, and other hospitals for seamen. True capable of accommodating vastly it is then, as Dr. D. says, “it is more seamen than have ever yet not charity that they most want, but applied. But the United States Christian sympathy, brotherly kind. government, though it is careful to ness”—and we take the liberty to extort to the uttermost farthing its add, justice, above all. They want twenty cents per month and per such a sympathy and brotherly kindhead from every seaman, provides no ness, as shall lead those who profess hospital for old seamen, not even to feel interested in them, to cry for those who have fought and bled aloud and spare not, to shout aloud in the navy, but compels them to at the doors and in the ears of govfall on the parish for support, just ernment, till it is shamed into jusas if they were poor landsmen, that tice. Those who instruct sailors had never paid a tax. Three com should make it their business to mandments giveth the United States urge them to maintain their rights ; government unto the sailor.

and the time is coming, we hope it Ist. Thou shalt pay thy twenty is close at hand, when the sailor cents per month hospital tax. himself shall have enough intelli

2d. If thou art so imprudent as gence and respectability, virtue and to break thy leg, or so thoughtless social importance, to enable him to as to fall into a consumption, and go personally to the head-quarters presumest to come to the hospi. of his self-constituted " guardians," tal, thou shalt either die or get well and standing up there in all the within four months, else at the end majesty of a full-headed, full-heartof that time thou shalt be turned ed and full-souled man, demand that out of doors.

the bonds of pupilage and infancy 3d. Above all things, be not be sundered, and that he and his guilty of old age. Remember it is brethren of the deep be allowed, thy business to die in battle with the henceforth and forever, all the rights, tempests—but if in thy sheer obsti- liberty and justice, of other adult

, nacy thou wilt live till time causeth free-born citizens. Those who thy once strong and valuable arm to preach to landsmen about seamen, tremble, or unnerves those limbs might profitably, we think, employ which once were worth to us $2 40 some of the time by leaving the per annum, thou mayest take thy dead level of common-place about choice, either to die in the gutter or the “miserable neglectedness of the crawl to the poor house, for we want poor miserable, neglected sailor," thy money for other purposes than and going into some more particutaking care of such as thou.

lars and details. In the city of New York, the The man who pays his one or United States government-tax upon five dollars to the sailor's cause, sailors, has amounted to

will not be convinced that he neg.

lects the sailor, unless it is shown * We are sorry that our inquiries on

that he neglects him in a matter this point, have as yet been fruitless. which has little to do with his own

dollars and cents. What Dr. Dewey says is true, that “the kind of consideration due to them, is not chiefly such as is ordinarily given to the poor.” From his application of the maxim, we are compelled to dissent in the strict letter, though not in the spirit. It does people little good to inform them that others neglect the sailor. In a country like ours, where public sentiment alone can command a repeal of unjust laws and customs, the public sentiment should be roused to a sense of the injustice. When the real oppression and real neglect of the sailor are felt, when public sentiment is roused, when justice to the sailor is done, then shall the conversion of the sailor become an easy work; but you may preach to the sailor till his and your head are bald as a cannon ball, you may scatter your tracts upon his ship's deck, like the pure and plentiful snows from heaven, you may give him “words, words, words” as soft, as sweet and compassionating as ever showered from the lips of the angels, but if you compel him to pay what he feels to be burdensome, unjust and unequal taxes, if you compel him for want of a better harbor to come to anchor in the whirlpools of vice, that open their mouths wide to engulph him as soon as he makes the shore, if you compel him when old, to leave his own hospital and beg a berth in your alms-house, all your preaching and tracts and professions will have little more effect on his mind than the blast of a “stiff sou'wester.” One thing necessary for the highest moral and social good of seamen has never yet been attempted, or alluded to in any discourse or publication that we have ever heard or seen. We mean, the total abolition of the system of paying advance wages to seamen. The system is a perfect anomaly. No other class of workmen are paid, or expect to be paid, till their work is done. The system had its origin, doubtless,

Vol. III.

in the hearts of the sailor landlords, at a time when sailors were all helpless, dissolute men. Landlords would not suffer men to go to sea without some remuneration for the liquor bailed out by the landlord and guzzled by the sailor. Therefore the owners were obliged to pay part of the sailor's wages in advance, not one cent of which went into the sailor's pocket, but all into the till of the landlord, and this happy custom continues unimpaired in any respect, even unto this day. The landlord gets the whole of the money, and the drunken sailor finds himself, on some bright morning, in a ship he has never seen before, and bound on a voyage on which he has been despatched by the landlord, while himself was in no condition to make a contract. The abolishment of this system is necessary, because it will be a death-blow to the dens of the rum-selling landlords, more especially in our southern ports. Few sailors reside in or sail out of those ports, and therefore the landlords must depend upon runaways, and those who leave the ship. They not only readily receive them without a penny, but often employ runners to entice men away, and all for the sake of the month's advance. Sober, steady men need no advance, and often sail without it, because masters will willingly pay a dollar more to men who ship without it, for obvious reasons. But the system, if abolished, as it will be before the sailors' millennium, will be abolished not by the keepers of sailors' homes and temperance boarding-houses, or by any connected with societies for the good of seamen, but by shipowners and masters by general agreement. A proposition like this would meet with opposition from many sailors, all rum-selling landlords, and a few temperance land. lords—for these last must sometimes also depend on the advance for their pay—but a little faith and foresight

would show owners that the decrease (sailors) who, instead of being able both in land-wrecks and shipwrecks to help others, need themselves to be which would follow the abolition of helped. They have come wrecked the system, would soon compensate from sea, or they have been more them, for the greatest generosity to fatally wrecked on shore ; and their the penniless or drunken sailor. We earnings all spent, their clothes, per: have conversed with many ship- haps, half stripped from them, they masters on this subject, and have come knocking at the door of our not found one who thought the pre. Sailor's Home for charity both to sent system just, or of good tenden- body and soul; and it is from pitycy-all thought its abolition neces- ing these strangers and taking them sary and perfectly feasible, pro- in, that this institution fails as yet to vided the owners and masters in support itself.”—p. 16. New York or some other large sea Now we are unable to tell the export would set the ball in motion. act number of distressed seamen

Upon one other most important received into the Home, or the time point alluded to by Dr. Dewey, we and expense of the maintenance of desire to remark, viz. sailors' homes each or all, for neither the secretaand temperance boarding houses- ry's nor treasurer's report has ever particularly the Sailor's Home in given us any clue by which we New York. The greatest and most might ascertain. We find, howev. comprehensive agencies yet put in er, by the last report of the Secreoperation for the good of the sailor tary of the Am. Seamen's Friend are these institutions, and were we Society, that "at least 550” were to speak all that we feel concerning received and maintained at the the good done by the Sailor's Home Home at some expense or er, in New York, we should perhaps be during the past financial year. Let charged with extravagance and fa us then suppose, that these 550 men naticism ; but we will say what we were each an expense of $7, which think none can deny, that it has is certainly a very large allowance, done as much as all other institu- for a shipwrecked seaman is entitled tions together to raise the sailor in to his $15 advance, like any other, his own estimation and that of the and $22 (15 and 7) will maintain a public. Yet it is equally true that man for some time, and even furnish this good has been done at an enor him with an outfit of clothes, sufficient mous expense to the charitable pub- for a short voyage, in which he can lic. In 1843–4, the expenses of the earn enough to clothe himself betHome over and above the receipts ter ; and a man in such circumstanamounted to $9,547 82 ; to meet ces must expect to be shipped sooner which, $6,022 82 had to be drawn than any other.* We take this estifrom the contributions of that year for mate, not because we believe it to be general purposes, only $3,525 have the true one, but because we desire to ing been devoted expressly to the be liberal. Five hundred and fifty Sailor's Home. In 1844-5, the ex men at an expense of $7 each, penses above receipts were $7,422 would cost the Home $3,850,28, to meet which $4,774 63 were which is certainly neither $9,547 82, drawn from the general funds, only nor $7,422 28_but if these men $2,647 65 having been contributed were each an expense of $10, the expressly for the Home.

sum would amount to $5,500, and It becomes, then, a serious ques. yet in last year's account there are tion, What is the reason of this enormous expense ? Dr. Dewey

* If a man is ill or disabled, he is of gives us a reason as follows: course sent to the hospital, for the Sailor's

Home is not a hospital but a boarding. - But, alas ! there are yet many house.

nearly $2,000 unaccounted for. And mean to assert nothing of which it would seem that the managers of we are not perfecıly sure—we only the Am. Seamen's Friend Society know that among the various causes have lately come to the conclusion assigned by the friends of seamen that it ought to take neither $9,547 for the enormous outgoes of the 82 nor $7,422 28 per annum to Home, this has been one of the support the Home-for instead of most prominent—but that there must the $1,250 per annum salary paid exist some cause not yet assigned to the superintendent, besides valua. in the public documents of the soble perquisites, with an ad libitum ciety, is sufficiently evident from the allowance for distressed seamen, we fact, that the Sailor's Home in New have just learned that they have en York, is, so far as we can learn, the gaged this year to give the superin. only sailor's home or temperance tendent only $3,500, and the per- boarding house for seamen in the quisites aforesaid, out of which sum United States which fails to sustain he is to manage to live, and to give itself, while its receipts must be far the necessary assistance to indigent greater. The amount of these reseamen.

ceipts we know not, and therefore This movement, we maintain, is we will allow the reader the same praiseworthy, though, as an impar. privilege which the secretary and tial observer, we are bound to in treasurer give to every member of quire why it was not thought of be- society-the invaluable yankee privfore—but the idea that any thing ilege of guessing for himself. may be saved is so valuable that If the Sailor's Home in New York, we trust the managers, now that it can not be maintained without this has been found, will fasten their expense of $3,500 per annum, we “ grapplings” into it and hold on say, let it be supported and the ex. for some thousands of dollars per pense cheerfully paid; but if this exannum may be considered a deside pense may be spared, if, as we are ratum where the whole receipts of assured, there are good men and the society do not amount to a great truéf men experienced in the busimany thousands. We, and not only ness, men who are accustomed both we, but a great many others, are to holding and driving their own truly gratified to know that there ploughs, who will be glad to take is a limit to this ocean of expense- charge of the Home and pay for it the navigators have “ heaved the $1,000 rent per annum, and engage lead” and brought up hard bottom to take all destitute seamen who may -the Sailor's Home need no longer come, and keep them as long as is be considered a bottomless and ab- necessary without any charge to the solutely insatiable maelstrom, for society--then we suggest, (and we it can be glutted for $3,500 per make the suggestion with a sincere annum.

desire to be understood, though the We undertake not to assign any suggestion may be considered un. reason for the great expenses of the worthy of a thought,) that the arHome. We pretend to no knowledge rangement be made at once. This whatever in the management of will be a clear saving of $4,500 per such establishments, but we should annum to the society, and more also, not marvel if, on examination, it for while a shade of suspicion rests should be found that much of the upon the management of the society, “ nearly $6,000” paid in salaries to the liberal, as well as those who are officers and servants, might well be, always ready and anxious to find ex. or have been, spared. But we do cuses for withholding, will be deternot assert that the salaries are too red from contributing to its support. large or too many, because we We know no reason why the receipts

of the A. S. F. S. do not increase in proportion to the receipts of other benevolent societies, unless that the Christian community begins to doubt the sagacity of its management. Instead of $12,000 or $18,000 per annum, its receipts ought to be at least, $50,000 per annum, considering its immense importance. This year they will, we hope, and indeed have no doubt, be greatly increased by the labors of its additional secretaries, and by certain timely legacies just received, and by the very encouraging assurance that only $3,500 will this year be expended at the Home, over and above its receipts. During the “inefficient” administration of Mr. Greenleaf, the receipts of the society were about the same as at present, and in some years more, even without the help of the Sailor's Home, as an extra forcing pump; and though but little glorification was made, something considerable was done in foreign fields, for the evangelization of seamen; and we think it is really to be regretted, that the embarrassments of the society, should have obliged them to spend so much more time in good wishes, than money in good deeds, for the support of the Gospel in foreign ports; and it is not a matter of surprise or sorrow, that the Foreign Evangelical Society, with a full knowledge of the embarrassments of the A. S. F. S.,

should have done in sending a sea

man's preacher to one of the ports of South America, what, under other circumstances, might have seemed an unwarrantable interference. If, for the future, the Sailor's Home is to be a bill of expense to the A. S. F. S., the account of expenditure on account of distressed seamen should be kept separate, and a separate fund asked for and created; for the charitable public has a right to inquire and to know where its money goes; and slurring the matter over at the end of every annual report, by saying a great deal of

money has been expended for the relief of a great many seamen, is not calculated to quiet the natural curiosity of those who are interested. But we have made inquiries of two individuals, well known to the friends of seamen, Capt. Roland Gelston and Mr. Fred. Hennell, keepers of sailor boarding-houses in the city of New York, accommodating about 1500 me... each per annum, (the Sailor's Home receives about 4500,) in order to make definite statements and to enable the reader to arrive at some definite conclusion. Capt. G. informs us that he pays $800 per annum rent, (an expense which the Home has not,) that he paid all his expenses and cleared $200 in the year ending May 1, 1844, and about $300 in the year ending May 1, 1845. He says that he has never refused to receive a shipwrecked or distressed seaman. In 1844, he received of such seamen 90, and in 1845, 80. In both years he has had a great many boys, from whom he obtained but little money. Mr. F. Hennell, formerly cashier of the Home, opened a boarding house last winter on his own account. He pays $800 rent, and says that thus far his most sanguine expectations have been fully realized—he expects to nett a clear profit this year, of from $1200 to $1500. He has never refused to receive a shipwrecked or distressed seaman—a single “noisy, drunken man-ofwar's-man,” he did refuse to admit, but all others he has unhesitatingly received. Indeed, it must be that all private boarding-houses pay their expenses, else, having no charitable assistance, they must of course be closed; and whatever expense distressed seamen may be to the keepers of such boarding-houses, in the long run they are almost certain to lose nothing by a deed of charity, for if the sailor himself never repays them, sailors are clannish men, and the knowledge that the landlord has done well by a shipmate, will often

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