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the latter have formed for the extinction of human rights, and the trammelling of human intellect. In France, that land from which the friends of liberty, at one time, expected so much good to proceed, ultra royalism appears to be more strongly fixed than at any period since the ascension of Louis the sixteenth The liberals seem to have had no weight whatever in the late election of deputies to the legislative body of the nation. Only seventeen out of four hundred and thirteen members, are supposed to be friendly to the cause of popular rights. The Bourbon ministry may therefore be expected to wield, without reserve or controul, the whole resources of France and Spain united, for the purpose of rivetting the chains of despotism on necks of the forty millions of human beings who inhabit those countries. Liberty has been at length totally expelled from those beautiful regions, where for nearly half a century back, her friends have been making powerful and unceasing efforts to procure her a safe and permanent abode.
On the various important questions agitated in the British parliament we at present have little space for comment. The bill to relieve commerce of many of the imposts and regulations by which its operations have been so long shackled, indicates a disposition on the part of ministers to legislate on large and liberal principles. The measure is eertainly a bold one; and the reasonings of its advocates are forcible, and, at least, theoretically just. But whether its practical results will be as beneficial to the nation as they appear to expect, remains to be tried. As we wish well to every experiment that has liberal principles for its basis, we cannot withhold our good wishes from this. If Great Britain finds it successful, other nations we doubt not will follow her example, and extinguish trading monopolies all over the civilized world.
There is another subject submitted to the consideration of parliament which we cannot refrain from noticing, we mean the proposition to effect a gradual abolition of slavery in the British colonies. The plan recommended by the ministers for this purpose, will not, it is truc, be so prompt in accomplishing the laudable and humane object proposed, as could be wished; but still it will do much for the slave population, and is the commencer ment of a system, which we trust will be pursued until it effects whatever reason and humanity may require in relation to this important subject.
From contemplating the degraded condition of the countries subject to the Holy Alliance, it is some relief to turn our eyes towards heroic Grece. There the cause of human rights still continues to triumph. It is true, that the Turks are said to be putting forth their full stregth, and to have assembled an army of eighty thousand men, in order to crush the new born liberties of regenerated Grece. But the friends of freedom need not fear the result ; for there are now prudent heads and valiant hearts, worthy of the cause, and of the country for which Leonidas and Philopomen fought, industrious and vigilant in her defence. The soldiers of modern Grece have already shown themselves worthy of their ancestors; and their is little doubt but the sons of a people who could defend their liberties from millions of invading Persians, will, when animated as they now are, with the spirit of their fathers, either drive from their venerated country eighty thousand musselmen, or make it their grave.
The enthusiasm with which Lord Byron has espoused the cause of Grece has excited towards him our warmest admiration, as a philanthropist; and we trust that although our conscience will not permit us to eulogise him as a tasteful poet, we shall soon lave it in our power to applaud him as a fortunate soldier. In criticising the style of his poetical compositions, we were bound in duty to censure, and to censure severely. But with his character as a man, we had no business, and we took none. We acknowledge that his connubial squabble, and the tenor of many of his writings, gave us an unfavourable opinion of his morality; nor did we think, judging from the cynical tone of many of his pieces, that he could be overstocked with good nature. But to these things we never alluded, for we considered his personal quite distinct from his literary character; and his literary character alone we thought amenable to our jurisdiction. Whatever may be our opinion at this moment, of his private character, we have no inducement to express it; but we conceive that his noble behaviour towards the Greeks calls on us, and on every man who has the means of laying his sentiments before the public, to pay that tribute of approbation, which it so richly merits,
and to praise which may stimulate others to do likewise. There is another reason-we wish not to conceal it-why we feel particularly gratified that his Lordship has betaken himself to a pursuit which is likely to afford full employment of a useful nature to his active mind; this reason is, our expectation that he will not, for a long time, have leisure or inclination to continue his barbarous assaults on the purity and refinement of English versification. Since Lord Byron has gone to war against the Turks we trust that he will war no longer against our poetry, and that its true classical structure will be able to recover froin the severe wounds he has already inflicted on it, before he shall have an opportunity to renew his hostilities.
The intelligence of war between England and Algiers is confirmed. That it will result in the chastisement and submission of those lawless barbarians may be anticipated ; but that the demolition of their stronghold, the only event which will finally secure the christian nations from a recurrence of their depredations, will take place, is rather to be desired than expected. About seven years ago, the British fleet humbled them, but the ministry granted them peace on terms which they have not scrupled to infringe. Whether they will again be trusted with the power of violating treaties by plundering the neighbouring nations, remains to be seen. We trust, however, that the restraints that shall be laid on them will be more effectual than the former.
But bustling as the affairs of the old hemisphere, at present are, they fall short of that ardent passionate activity which is displayed by the gladiators on our own political arena. In comparison to the eagerness with which political views are prosecuted in this country, the zeal of the European statesmen is absolute insipidity. In Europe they witness only the mere prose of political maneuvering; here we experience the very soul of its poetry, that is, if poetry and passion be synonymous, as has lately been asserted in Philadelphia. Here, Heaven knows, we have the passion of politics exhibited in a style as discordant and inharmonious as the most exquisitely modernized taste can desire.
To speak, however, without metaphor, thc approaching presidential election has aroused the energy of every expectant of office; and spouters, as well as scribblers, are now in the fol swing of alternate eulogy and vituperation. Each man has arranged himself, primed to the very foretop with fire and fury, on the side of that candidate whom he supposes to possess the best chance of gaining the contested chair ; and henceforward, until the important decission be made, we need expect nothing but that
“ Harsh words, jealousies, and fears,
For ourselves, we have no intention to engage in the contest; but we shall exercise the privilege of a looker-on, and perhaps occasionally cheer or hiss, as we may see the combatants deserve. At present we are much tempted to comment on the three re. markable explosions of political wrath which have taken place within these few weeks, and which now engross so much of the public attention-we mean, the dispute between a certain letterfinding Senator and the President; the rupture between the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Ambassador to Mexico; and the disgraceful outrage committed by the Legislature of NewYork on one of her most virtuous and popular citizens.
But we are aware that we should not be able to express our sentiments on subjects so fruitful of ideas, with sufficient brevity to suit the very limited space which we have now lest for political remarks in this number. We shall therefore not attempt it. If, however, our attention be not called to subjects more immediately interesting to our readers, we may, on a future occasion, devote a few pages to the consideration of at least some of these extraordinary transactions.
AMERICAN LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
H. C. Carey, and I. Lea, have in the Press: Notes on Mexico, with Maps, and an Appendix of Documents By a South Carolinian. In 8vo.
A System of Midwifery, by W. P. Dewees, M. D. In or large vol. 8vo. with plates.
O'Halloran or the Insurgent Chief, a novel, in two volumes. By the author of “ The Wilderness," and “ Spectre of the Forest."
Long's Second Expedition-Narrative of an Expedition to the Source of the St. Peters, Lake Winnipeck, Lake of the Woods &c. performed in the year 1823; by order of the Hon. John C. Calhoun. Secretary of War ; under the direction of Stephen H. Long, Major of United States' Engineers. In 2 vols. 8vo. with plates.
Essays on Variolous, Vaccine, and Varioloid Diseases, by N. Chapman, M. D. In 8vo.
Chapman on Fever. In 8vo.
Conversations on Chemistry, new edition, with Notes, by W. Keating
Digest of American Reports. In 4 vols. royal 8vo. By T. J. Wharton, Esq.
Sayings and Doings; or Sketches from Real Life, in 2 vols. 12mo.
Abraham Small, has in the Press: A dissertation on the nature and extent of the jurisdiction of the Courts of the United States, by Peter S. Duponceau, Esq. with an introduction and an appendix, in which will be contained a sketch of the national and judiciary powers exercised in the United States, from the settlement of the colonies to the time of the adoption of the Federal Constitution; by Thomas Sergeant, Esq.
History of the colonies planted by the English on the continent of North America, from their settlement to the commencement of that War which terminated in their Independence.
A Treatise on the principles of Pleading in Civil Actions; comprising a summary view of the whole proceedings in a suit at law by Henry John Stephen, Esq.
A compendium of the Law of Evidence, by Thomas Peak, Sergeant at Law, 5th edition, with the addition of notes and references to all the American authorities, by Joseph P. Norris, jr. Esq.
A Treatise on the Law of Partnership, by Neil Gow, Esq. with the addition of American notes and references, by Edward D. Ingraham, Esq.
Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 2d, new series, quarto, with several plates.
Conversations on Chemistry, in 1 vol. 12mo. with the notes of Professors Cooper, and Keating.
Sumner L. FAIRFIELD is preparing for the press, a Metrical Romance, entitled Movanna or the Avenger, founded on the history of a celebrated Indian prophet recently deceased.Also a didactic poem entitled, The Pleasures of Melancholy.