« 上一頁繼續 »
EARL OF Lisburnb.
May 6. Near Stamford, co. Lincoln, in his 65th year, the Right Hon. Wilmot Vaughan, Earl of Lisburne, Viscount Lisburne, Baron of Fethers. The Earl was born May 3, 1755, succeeded his father Wilmot, the late Earl, Jan. 6, 1800, since which period his Lordship has laboured under a mental affection, which rendered it necessary to place his estates under the direction of trustees. Dying unmarried, the Earl is succeeded in his titles and estates (amounting to near 18,000l. per ann.) by his half-brother, the Hon. John Vaughan, now Earl of Lisburne, &c. The first peer of this noble family was John Vaughan, created in 1695, by William III. Baron of Fethers, co. Tipperary, and Viscount Lisburne, co. Antrim. He was grandson of Sir John Vaughan, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, in 1668. The present Peer is the sixth Viscount and Baron, and third Earl. The Barony of
Fethers is derived from a town in the County of Tipperary, now, according to modern usage, called Featherd.
EARL OF SELKIRK.
April 8. At Pau, in the South of France, in his 49th year, the Right Hon. Thomas Earl of Selkirk, Lord Lieutenant of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. His Lordship was born in 1774. He was the youngest of five sons (all of whom attained to manhood) of Dunbar, 4th Earl of Selkirk, who died in 1799. In the latter end of 1807 he married Jane, daughter of James Wedderburn Colville, Esq. by whom he has left one son, now Earl of Selkirk, born in 1809, and two daughters. Her Ladyship accompanied the Earl to North America, and after wards to France, and continued, with painful and unwearied assiduity, to administer, till the last hour of his life, those kind and soothing attentions which wealth can neither purchase nor reward. The mortal remains of this excellent man were interred in the Protestant buryingground at Pau.
Few men were possessed of higher powers of mind, or capable of applying them with more indefatigable perseverance. His Treatise on Emigration has long been considered as a standard work, and as having exhausted one of the most difficult subjects in the science of political economy. His Lordship is also advantageously known to the public as the
author of some other literary produe tions, all of them remarkable for the enlargement and liberality of their views, the luminous perspicuity of their statements, and that severe and patient spirit of induction which delights in the pursuit, and is generally successful in the discovery of truth.
To his friends, the death of this beloved and eminent person is a loss which nothing can repair. His gentle and condescending manners wound themselves round the hearts of those admitted to his society, and conciliated an attach. ment which every fresh interview served to confirm. With those connected with him by the ties of kindred, and the sweet relations of domestic society, bis Lordship lived in terms of the most affectionate endearment. Indeed, seldom has there existed a family, the members of which were more tenderly attached to each other than that of which his Lordship was the head; and few families have experienced a more severe suc cession of those trials, by which the Almighty chastens the bearts and disciplines the virtues of his creatures.
His Lordship was eminently exemplary in the discharge of every social and private duty. He was a considerate and indulgent landlord, a kind and gracious master; to the poor a generous benefactor, and of every public improvement a judicious and liberal patron.
The latter years of the life of this lamented Nobleman were employed in the establishment of an extensive colony in the Western parts of British America. In the prosecution of this favourite object, he had encountered obstacles of the most unexpected and formidable character. With these, however, he was admirably qualified to contend; as, to the counsels of an enlightened philo. sophy, and an immoveable firmness of purpose, be added the most complete habits of business and a perfect know! ledge of affairs. The obstructions be met with served only to stimulate him to increased exertion, and after an arduous struggle with a powerful confederacy, which had arrayed itself against him, and which would, long ere now, have subdued any other adversary, he had the satisfaction to know, that he bad finally succeeded in founding an industrious and thriving community. It has now struck deep root in the soil; and is competent, from its own internal resources, to perpetuate itself, and to
extend the blessings of civilization to those remote and boundless regions.
His Lordship, besides his work on Emigration, published a pamphlet on the Scottish Peerage, and the following tracts :-"Speech in the House of Lords, Aug. 10, 1807, on the Defence of the Country, 8vo; "Observations on the present State of the Highlands," 8vo, 1805, 2d. edit. 1806; on the Necessity of a more effectual System of National Defence," 8vo, 1808; "A Letter to John Cartwright, Esq. on Parliamentary Reform," 8vo.
HON. A. R. Butler Danvers. April 26. At Boulogne, the Hon. Augustus Richard Butler Danvers, uncle and presumptive heir to the present Earl of Lanesborough. He married, first, March 2, 1792, Miss Danvers, sole heiress of sir John Danvers, Bart. of Swith land Hall, co. Leicester, on which he assumed the name and arms of Danvers; and 2ndly, May, 1802, Eliza Bizarre, daughter of Humphry Sturt, Esq. of Critchill House, co. Dorset. By his first lady he has left issue George Jobn Danvers, born Dec. 1793, now heir presumptive to the Earldom of Lanesborough, married, Aug. 29, 1815, Frances Arabella, third daughter of Colonel Stephen Fremantle.
REAR-ADMIRAL SIR C. FORTescue, Lately, at Cullenswood, near Dublin, in bis 70th year, Rear Admiral Sir Chichester Fortescue, Knt. Ulster King of
Arms. He was third son of Chichester
Fortescue, esq. of Dromisken (Louth), by the Hon. Elizabeth Wellesley, sister of the first Earl of Mornington, and aunt to the Marquis of Wellesley and the Duke of Wellington. He was appointed Captain in the Navy, Nov. 2, 1780, and retired as Rear Admiral, March 5, 1799. He succeeded his brother, Gerald Fortescue, Esq. as King of Arms, Jan. 31, 1788. By his deccase, compensation annuities, granted to his office of King of Arms, at the Union, amounting to 10214. 5s. (besides his pay as Rear Admiral), reverts to the public purse. Sir William Betham, who has for many years acted as Deputy King of Arms, is now Ulster Principal King of Arms. His succession to that dignity on the demise of Sir C. Fortescue, the late King, was not a matter of course, the deputy being by no means heir-apparent; but the honour was conferred upon him by his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, as a mark of special fa
April 26. At Doncaster, in his 69th year, Edward Topham, Esq. of the Wold Cottage, in Yorkshire, one of His Majesty's Deputy Lieutenants, and during many years an acting Magistrate for the North and East Ridings of that County. He was the son of Dr. Francis Topham, Master of the Faculties and Judge of the Prerogative Court at York ; Was educated at Eton, and at Trinity College, Cambridge. On leaving the University, he obtained a Commission in the Guards, became Adjutant, and afterwards rose to the rank of Major. He possessed a considerable share of literary taste and talent, which has been displayed in several poetical effusions, particularly in Prologues and Epilogues, in which he excelled. He was at one time a proprietor of the Newspaper called the World; on leaving which he retired to his family seat in Yorkshire, with three daughters, whom he had by the once celebrated Mrs. Wells.
No man had more the manners of a
gentleman, or more of the ease and elegance of fashionable life, than Major Topham. Though fond of retirement, he communicated himself through a large circle of acquaintance, and was of a temper so easy and companionable, that those who saw him once knew him, and those who knew him had a pleasing acquaintance; and, if services were required, a warm and zealous friend. His knowledge of life and manners enlivened his conversation with a perpetual novelty, while his love of humour and ridicule
(always restrained within the bounds of benevolence and good-nature) added to the pleasures of the social table, and animated the jocundity of the festive board.
His several publications are:-Letters from Edinburgh, containing Observations on the Scotch Nation, 8vo. 1776. Address to Edmund Burke, Esq. on his Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol, 4to, 1777. The Fool, a farce, 8vo, 1786. Life of the late John Elwes, Esq. 8vo. 1790; new edition, enlarged, 1805. An Account of a remarkable Stone which
fell from the Clouds on his Estate in Yorkshire, 4to, 1798. Major Topham also wrote a farce called Deaf Indeed!
acted in 1780; another, of the name of Small Talk, in 1786; one, bearing the title of Bonds without Judgment, which made its appearance in 1787; and another, which obtained some notice, having the name of the Westminster Boy, acted for the benefit of Mrs. Wells.
ARTHUR YOUNG, Esq. F. R. S. April 12. In Sackville-street, in his 79th year (the last ten of which he had been
been blind) Arthur Young, Esq. F. R. S. Secretary to the Board of Agriculture. He was born at Bradfield Hall, in Suffolk, the paternal estate, consisting of about two hundred acres of land, on which the family have resided above two centuries. He was a younger son, and being intended for trade, was appren ticed to a wine-merchant at Lynn. About 1761, however, his commercial pursuits were changed for those of agriculture, being called to the management of the farm at Bradfield. Here he experienced many losses and disappointments owing to his inexperience and propensity to new theories and projects: the event of which was a temporary remoyal from the estate. He now took a farm in Hertfordshire near North Mimms, where he made numerous experiments, but after residing there about nine years, he found his embarrassments increase, in consequence of which he returned to Bradfield Hall, and his mother dying soon after, he came into full possession of the estate. His death was accelerated by the stone, which painful complaint he bore with Christian resignation. His remains were interred in the churchyard of Bradfield, his native parish. The funeral was attended by a large assemblage of poor from the surrounding country, all anxious to testify their respect for the loss they had sustained in so benevolent a benefactor; his kindnesses must be long regretted both by "The young who labour, and the old who rest,"
as few men with so limited an income conferred greater benefits in their neighbourhood.
Mr. Young is well known to the public as a voluminous writer on Agriculture and Political Economy. One of bis earliest works, and which first called the attention of the country gentlemen of England to the value of their landed property, was published about fifty years ago, entitled "A Farming Tour through the East, South, and North of England, in nine volumes octavo," and we believe that most of the modern improvements in agriculture originated from this work. His account of Ireland, drawn up after a most minute survey made in the year 1776, is allowed, even by those most inimical to his writings, to contain a fund of intelligence rarely found in any single book; and it is no slight proof of its merit that Miss Edgeworth remarks, that "it was the first faithful portrait of its inhabitants;" it, indeed, proved to be of the highest utility to the Irish nation. The "Annals of Agriculture" were com menced in 1784, and he continued to
conduct it, as Editor, till the period of his blindness, inserting from time to time his own ingenious and interesting experiments; for the information con tained in this work he received the late King's approbation, and personal thanks, on the Terrace at Windsor, and his Majesty afterwards sent some accounts of the late Mr. Ducket's farm at Esher, which were inserted under the signature of "Ralph Rohinson," and have been copied into all the published memoirs of George III. In 190 bis "Travels in France" appeared, the result of three journeys performed through every province of that kingdom, in 1787, 88, and 89. It was translated into the French language, and gave the inhabitants a higher idea of the value of their own soil and climate than they before possessed. Nearly from this period Mr. Young became Secretary to the Board of Agriculture (1793), and his time was chiefly devoted to the objects of that Institution, though he occasionally printed some political pamphlets, applicable to the disturbed and distressed state of the Nation; amongst the most conspicuous was, "The Example of France a Warning to Britain," He also drew up the Agricultural Reports for the Counties of Lincolnshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Hertfordshire, and Oxfordshire. Of the last pamphlet which he wrote, the "Edinburgh Review," lately published, says, -"We are indebted to the researches of Mr. Young for much valuable information respecting the rate of wages at different periods."
Mr. Young had been a Member of the Royal Society nearly fifty years, and his name will be found inserted in the lists of most of the Agricultural Societies of the United Kingdom; and in many of the Academical and Economical Institutions on the Continent of Europe, and also in America. The striking features in this gentleman's personal qualities were an ardent industry, indefatigable perseverance, and a lively imagination. His manners and address were peculiarly pleasing; his conversation highly animated and instructive; his countenance strongly marked his decision of character, and the strength of bis understanding. The publications of Mr. Young are too numerous to be here inserted; the more principal ones are above alluded to.
The Rev. JAMES JOHN TALMAN, (whose death we announced in our last, p. 381,) was the son of the Rev. James Tal* "On the Depreciation of Money," &e.
man, M.A. Vicar of Christchurch, Hants, and afterwards Rector of Birch, Essex. He was born at the parsonage of Christchurch, October 1768, and married in January 1794, Mary, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Forster, Registrar of the University of Oxford, and niece to the Rev. Dr. Forster, of Colchester *. A malignant erysipelas caused the death of this excellent man at the comparatively early age of 51, to the inexpressible grief of an affectionate widow and eleven children (seven daughters and four sons), and a respectable circle of friends, who knew his worth, and admired his talents. Those talents were of an order far more extensive than, from his secluded habits and retired mode of life, was generally known. His distinguished Friend and Diocesan, however, to whom he was also Chaplain, was well acquainted with the superiority of his abilities. In the Bishop of Rochester's edition of Burke's Works, in a letter from his Lordship to the Right Honourable William Elliot, at the beginning of the ninth volume, the following passage occurs:
"You know the peculiar difficulties [ labour under from the failure of my eyesight, and you may congratulate me upon the assistance which I have procured from my neighbour, the worthy Chaplain of Bromley College, who, to the useful qualification of a patient amanuensis, unites that of a good scholar and an intelligent critic. Yours affectionately, WILLIAM ROFFEN."
To an intimate acquaintance with the classical writers of Greece and Rome, Mr. Talman added a comprehensive knowledge of the most esteemed works of the moderns in the various branches of elegant literature. In the walk of science, next to his professional researches in theology, which were exten. sive and profound, the study of chemistry and medicine was his peculiar delight. To a strong masculine understanding, - he joined an acuteness of penetration, which no sophistry could impose upon, and no artifice elude. His judgment, therefore, was correct; and his opinion, when solicited, was given with candour and modesty. Independent in his principles, and upright in his conduct, though cultivated and caressed by the great in his vicinity, his mind was unstained by the baseness of adulation, while his behaviour to those placed under bis jurisdiction in the College was in all respects obliging and conciliatory.
Mr. Talman was also grand nephew of Christopher Pitt the poet, and of Bp. Lowth.
In all the great duties of life his character shone forth with conspicuous lustre ; but more particularly so in the important functions of a husband and a parent; and he was never more truly happy than when surrounded at his table by his young, numerous, and amiable family. That they were not left wholly unprovided for by his untimely decease, must have afforded him consolation in his expiring moments! He was indebted for the preferment which he, for so short a time only, enjoyed, to the kind patronage of the Bishop, who has generously promised to extend that patronage to his orphan family. May the exertions of his Lordship be crowned with success; and may the descendants of Mr. Talman long continue to flourish, the inheritors of his exalted worth, and the imitators of his impressive example!
PATRICK COLQUHOUN, Esq. LL.D.
April 25. In James-street, Buckingham Gate, aged 76, Patrick Colquhoun, Esq. LL.D. late one of the Magistrates of the Police Office, Queen-square, Westminster, and Receiver of the Thames Police Office. This most active Magistrate, and intelligent Writer, was Au
thor of the following highly-useful and important works:-Observations on the State of the Cotton Manufactures, 1783, -Two pamphlets on the same subject, 1788. A Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis, 8vo. 1796; 8th edition, 1806-State of Indigence in the Metropolis explained, with Suggestions for the Relief of the casual Poor, 8vo. 1799. Observations on the Office of Constable, 8vo. 1799.-On the Commerce and Police of the River Thames, 8vo. 1800.A Tract on the Abuses of Public Houses, 1800.-A Treatise on the Functions and Duties of a Constable, 8vo. 1803.-A tion for the labouring People, 8vo. new and appropriate System of Educa 1806.-A Treatise on Indigence, 8vo. 1807-A Treatise on the Wealth, Power, every Quarter of the World, including and Resources of the British Empire in the East Indies, 4to. 2d edition, improved, 1815.
BRAMPTON GURDON DILLINGHAM, Esq.
March 7. At his seat, Grundisburgh, Suffolk, Brampton Gurdon Dillingham, Esq. The venerable character whose name is recorded in this brief memoir, although undistinguished in the pages of literature, or in the annals of politicks, is by no means unworthy of the pen of the biographer, or of the imitation of posterity. In the milder walks
of retirement, we are to look for his peculiar excellence, and we shall not search in vain, for there his activity and benevolence long shone with undiminished lustre, and ceased only with his latest breath.
He was descended from the antient and wealthy family of the Gurdons in Norfolk (the name of Dillingham having been assumed in consequence of a testamentary injunction); and in 1759 was admitted of Clare Hall, where he honourably graduated A. B. and M. A. At his then early period of life, when young men of family and independance, giddy with the united incitements of opulence and health, usually wander in the mazes of frivolity, and are immersed in the vortex of dissipation, Mr. Gurdon settled at Letton Hall, the seat of his ancestors, where, in the bosom of an extensive and happy tenantry, he diffused those benefits which are naturally produced when an enlightened gentry cheer with their smiles the mansion and shades of their forefathers. Here in the magisterial chair for upwards of fifty years he sat, the mirror of justice and humanity, while his attention to, and his sentiments concerning the interior economy of the various prisons which officially came within his cognizance, would have done honour to that illustrious name who fell a victim to his philanthropy.
In 1789 he was appointed to serve the office of Sheriff for his native county; and during his year of office an unusual propriety was remarked in many of the arrangements he made, and particularly in the order and method he introduced in the execution of criminals, which in that period were unhappily so frequent. In order to produce the beneficial effects intended by such aweful spectacles, he was unsparing both of his attendance or of his purse, and he amply succeeded in creating a solemnity which before his time had rarely been witnessed; the recollection of its imposing influence is still familiar to the minds of many of his survivors. In all these public stations he pursued one undeviating_line of rectitude, guided by a firm and enlightened mind. These are, however, but trivial decorations of his character, compared with what was exhibited in his Christian course. In this his numerous admirers may partially imitate, but they can never surpass it; for continuing untainted with the poison of political ambition, and, secluded in an elegant retirement, he had leisure to bring into action those higher Christian duties, which, when persevered in, cannot be too highly appreciated for their moral Consequences.
It shall not here be suppressed that the breath of suspicion has whispered abroad that the declining years of this amiable man were marked by a dereliction from the paths of sound orthodoxy in which he and his ancestors (whose names are among the most illustrious divines of their day) had trod. These suspicions, however, are but the results of a partial observation of Mr. Dillingham's motives, or of a too unbending adherence to opinion on a given subject which men have previously formed. In the instance before us they must instantly melt away before the penetrating rays of truth. It will be found that he lived and died the oldest member and admirer of the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge; on the establishment of the Bible Society he afforded also to that young sister his fostering aid, and was instrumental, by his influence and bounty, in forming several Tract Societies, over which he presided, as he did also over a branch society of the parent stem. Neither party motives, or an over-heated enthusiasm, called forth his patronage of the Bible Society; he was therein solely guided by that love of human nature, and by that tolerant spirit which characterized every action of his life. Ever alive to the welfare of the Church of England, he watched her interests with the solicitude of a genuine son, and omitted no opportunity of testifying his admiration of her allprevailing superiority. Rigidly constant in a double attendance at his parishchurch, and in the punctual observation of her Sacraments, to which he carefully trained his numerous domestics, he secured by his example and presence such a punctual attendance of the congregation as can rarely be effected by zealous divines. The most infallible testimony, however, of his attachment to the Church within whose pale he was boru, is to be viewed in the annual provision which be made during the latter years of his life for the full performance of the ministerial functions in those churches on his estate where the smallness of their revenue would not admit of more than an alternate service, and he placed the final seal of his steady attachment to it by making a donation of 2001. to one of the livings in his patronage only a few months before his decease; so that to the few who have questioned his religious firmness, the divine maxim, that "no man can serve two masters," may perhaps be aptly and conclusively offered to their contemplation.
On the marriage of his eldest son, Mr. Dillingham removed from Letton to Grundisburgh Hall, a seat on his Sul