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daily additional testimonies of his sincerity SPAIN.-The revolution in this country in conforming to the new order of things. has proceeded without any check since the He has issued two decrees, the one declaratrocious massacre at Cadiz on the 100 ing all Spaniards who shall refuse the new March. It appears that Gen. Freyre was oath, to be incapable of holding public not implicated in the horrid butchery per- offices, and to be unworthy of remaining petrated on that awful day, by the brutal in the country; the other, giving effect to soldiery upon the unsuspecting inhabitants. a decree of the Cortes, of July 1813, aHe had not received any account of the ac- bolishing the exclusive privileges known ceptance of the Constitution by the King, by the name of the Royal Patrimony. The which took place at Madrid only on the 7th, patriot chiefs are preferred to commands in and in proclaiming the Cortes he was yield- the provinces.
The celebrated partisan, ing to the desire of the populace. The called the Empecinado, is second in commassacre was entirely the act of the soldiers mand in Old Castile, under Count Montijo, of certain regiments, in a drunken frenzy the governor general. The gallant Riego of pretended devotion to the King, of whose and Colonel Quiroga are appointed Maredetermination to summon the Cortes, from chal-de-Cainps to the King. The famous the distance, of course, they were ignorant. exile Arguelles is appointed the Spanish These men were closely confined in their Minister of Finance. Mina is nominated barracks after the 10th, until an opportuni. Captain-General of Navarre. Villa Campa, ty occurred of withdrawing them in the who, ever since the restoration, has been imnight to Port St Mary, in order to avoid prisoned in Catalonia, and who was elected the vengeance of the justly incensed people. by the people Captain-General of Catalonia, When they arrived at their quarters in has been confirmed in his appointment. Port St Mary's, their former companions The Inquisition has disappeared, and the in arms were drawn up to receive them, king has appointed its revenues to be apand expressed the utmost abhorrence of plied towards the expences of the state. their conduct. They were then, as a mark The Cortes is ordered to assemble on the of ignominy, deprived of their arms and 9th of June. The number of members for other insignia of a soldier, and marched Old Spain is 149, and for the colonies 30, barefooted to a small village, called Chipio. whose places are for the present to be ocna, there to remain till otherwise disposed cupied by natives of South America, now of. Among the dead bodies of the victims in Spain, for whose election the processes of the 10th, there were found 13 females are pointed out in the decree for calling the and ten children. On the 17th, magnifi. Cortes. cent funerals were given at San Fernando A royal decree, dated Madrid, the 25th to the martyrs of that day. The royal de- March, has been promulgated, by virtue of crec for proclaiming the Cortes arrived on which all individuals implicated by the the 12th ; but up to the 19th the shops proceedings instituted against Mina, Por. and the houses remained closed, few per- lier, and Lacy, and in other affairs of the sons venturing into the streets; and iner same nature, are restored to the enjoyment cantile transactions were so completely sus. of all their honours and former stations. pended, that no bills were paid, or indeed A second decree has been dispatched to offered for payment. On the 20th, the Don Pedro Avar, Captain-General of Galwhole of the troops in Cadiz took the oath licin, and other competent authorities, anto the Constitution, the naval service have nouncing that “ the King has resolved ing set the example on the preceding day. that the army of Gallicia, under the orders The ceremony of proclaiming the Constitu- of Lieutenant-General Count de St Roman, tion took place on the afternoon of the 21st, who opposed the revolution, shall be imat four o'clock, in the Plazza de San An- mediately dissolved.” The remains of the tonio, the chief scene of the massacre of the patriot Lacy, who was shot in Majorca, 10th, and which is in future to be called are to be translated to Barcelona, where the Plazza Constitutional. All the chief men preparations are making for solemnising of the city attended, and notwithstanding funeral honours to his memory. the late terrors they had endured, thou But, although the King appears to act sands of ladies were seen walking the streets. sincerely, he does not receive an entire reA general illumination for three nights was turn of confidence. Colonel Infantes, the to take place by order.
delegate from Quiroga's head-quarters to Meanwhile the king continues to give the King, has plainly told his majesty that
the army will hold possession of the Isle de of the respective districts are to return to Leon until after the assembly of the Cortes. the Departmental Electoral College, a list A severe animadversion on the whole of his of candidates, equal to the whole number conduct has been addressed to the King by of deputies, to be supplied by the departthe superior junta of Arragon. This do- ments, and from these lists the College of cument is dated on the 13th ult. and a- the Department is to elect the deputies. mong the signatures affixed to it are those The proposition of the minister having of the Marquis de Lazin, elder brother of been read, the whole left side of the chamPalafox, and of Don Martin de Garay. ber rose, and vociferated against the irreguThey loudly execrate the pernicious minis- larity of receiving the communication, as ters who betrayed the King, in 1808, into the former project was still before them. a fatal security as to the designs of Bona- The president decided that the chamber parte; and those who, in 1814, equally de- was bound by established usage to receive ceived him on his return to Spain. The the proposition, and he accordingly declar. Juntas of Arragon and Gallicia, like the ed it received, amid conflicting shouts of army in the Isle de Leon, are resolute to opposition and applause. Many members remain at their post as long as the public of the left still continued to clamour, and interest shall require.
several of them together addressed the preThe King of Spain has addressed a long sident in the most vehement language. The proclamation to the South Americans, call latter put the question of the order of the ing upon them to return to their allegiance. day, in order to restore tranquillity, but In this document he confesses the error could not succeed. All was vehemence into which he fell on his restoration in and confusion ; several members rushed to 1814, and admits that nothing but his re- the tribune, and struggled to obtain a hearturn to the true principles of the Constitu- ing. General Foy at length succeeded, and tion could have saved the State. He ex- observed that the reception of the law was patiates on the horrors which must have obligatory on the chamber. The uproar been experienced in Spanish America, from still continuing, the president rose, and dethe long and unnatural warfare carried on clared the sitting suspended for the interwith such bitterness between persons speak- val of an hour, on which the deputies ing the same language, holding the same quitted their seats, and formed themselves religious faith, and acknowledging the same into different groupes, when some animat. common origin ; and calls on them to lay ed debates ensued. At the expiration of aside all animosity, to throw down their the hour, the president again wok the chair. arms, to return to their connection with the The question of the printing and distribumother country, and to enjoy, in common tion of the communication was then put, with her, the blessings secured by the Con- and carried almost unanimously, after stitution to all Spaniards.
which the chamber adjourned. FRANCE.-It appears the ministers of Numerous prosecutions have been comLouis have been defeated in the Chamber menced against periodical publications and of Deputies on the question of the law of other works. elections. The committee to whom the first The feelings of a French audience, on project for an alteration of the law was the subject of the censorship, were lately referred had decided on its rejection, displayed in a decided manner at the Colwith the exception of four or five articles, lege du Plessis, when M. Raoul-Rochette, which they thought might, without any just appointed Censor, commenced his lecdisadvantage, be added to the existing law; ture on modern history. The professor and the French ministers, being apprised was silenced by cries of " A bas le Cenof this determination of the committee, re seur ;" and the Committee of Public Insolved to withdraw their first project, and struction have suspended the lectures for to present one with such modifications as a time. might render it more acceptable to tlie The trial of the assassin of the Duke de chamber. Accordingly, on Monday the Berri has not yet come on. Some weeks 17th April, the Minister of the Interior, since, when the widow of the deceased was pretending that it was now too late in the walking on the terrace of the garden session to discuss the project already before of the Tuilleries, an individual of resthe chamber, presented a new one, which pectable appearance insulted her in the proposes to retain the present number of grossest language, when an officer of the deputies, and the existing qualifications as royal guard caused him to be apprehendto the electors, but alters the mode of elect- ed and lodged in the guard-house. But a ing the deputies, so as, the minister alleg- more atrocious attempt was made on this ed, to diminish the influence which par- unfortunate Duchess on the night of the ty acquired, from the indolence of some 28th April. A loud explosion was heard inembers of the Electoral Colleges declin- in the neighbourhood of the pavilion of ing to take the trouble of going to the the Tuilleries, inhabited by her Royal chief places of the departments to give Highness ; and upon an inquiry into the their votes. On the new plan, the electors cause, it was found that a petard, with a
lighted fusée, had been thrown beneath the Great Britain, Russia, and France, and gallery. “The design of the miscreant the distracted state of the Spanish mowho threw it (says a Paris paper) appears narchy. Congress has, therefore, postto have been, by this wicked plan, to cause poned the consideration of the question una shock to an august widow, which might til next Session. destroy the hopes which France reposes on SPANISH AMERICA.According to adthe birth of a descendant to her illustrious vices from Jamaica of the 26th of Februafamily. Her Royal Highness was awakened ry, Bolivar took possession of Calaboza on by the explosion, but no other accident re the 5th of that month, and soon after ensulted from the deed."
tered Ortez, having dislodged the SpaniRUSSIA..The Emperor Alexander has ards, under Morales, from both places, afordered the Jesuits to be expelled from his ter some hard fighting. Part of Bolivar's dominions, in consequence of their renew. army arrived at Savanos del Occumare. ed attempts to proselytize his subjects of the Morillo was at Valencia with 4000 men, Greek Church.
where he was to be joined by the remains PRUSSIA.-Letters from Berlin, of the of Morales's force, with the intention of 14th April, state, that, on the preceding making a grand stand against the further day, a tumult of a very formidable nature progress of the Venezuleans. occurred in that city. About 300 indivi. Lord Cochrane has raised the blockade duals of the working-classes-by what mo of Callao. It is stated, that he had taken tives impelled, or by whom instigated, is this step in order that he might attempt not known-suddenly made an attack on the capture of some of the Spanish ships the guard-house, which was occupied at of war cruizing in those seas. When the the time by not more than 30 soldiers. accounts came away, he was in active purIt was not till two or three detachments of suit of the Prueba, 74, being one of the the military had been brought against them last ships which sailed from Cadiz in the that the insurgents were reduced to sub- spring of last year, for the Pacific Ocean. mission, when several of the ringleaders REVOLUTION AT BUENOS AYRES.-were secured and thrown into prison. The Letters have been received from Monte same afternoon Baron de Humboldt had Video, dated 6th of February, communian audience of the King, which lasted three cating the important intelligence, that a rehours. By letters of the 16th, from the volution had taken place at Buenos Ayres. same place, we learn that M. Jahn has This important change, it is said, was ocbeen sentenced to imprisonment for life by casioned by the entrance of Monteneros, the Court'appointed to try him ; but that the or Indian viountaineers, commanded by King, in recollection of former services, Colonel Bustos, who were previously joinhas remitted the punishment to imprison- ed by the forces under General Belgrano. ment for ten years, and subsequent banish. The Supreme Director, Puerreydon, havment from the Prussian territory. M. ing no force sufficiently numerous to renJahn is about 50 years of age. Two Se. der opposition likely to be attended with cretaries of the War Office at Berlin, who success, fed from the place, taking refuge had quitted their functions without per on board the American sloop of war John mission, and had received public notice Adams. It is stated farther, that the Briin the Gazette to resume them, both com tish vessels of war on that station had apmitted suicide in the neighbourhood of proached as ncar as possible to Buenos Altona. The reasons for the act are not Ayres to afford protection to British per. given.
sons and property. A new Constitution, AMERICA.
termed Federal, had been formed, and all UNITED STATES.-New York papers the Old Members of the Government dishave been received to the 6th April. The placed, and other persons had been nomidecision of the question between the Go. nated to discharge their several functions. vernments of the United States and Spain, General Rondeau, the Ex-director, had respecting the Floridas, has been deferred. previously left Buenos Ayres, to oppose A message has been sent by the President the army under General Artigas, and it to the House of Representatives, in which would seem that he was incapacitated from he recommends farther forbearance, in con- affording assistance to Buenos Ayres by the sequence of the friendly suggestions of operations of Artigas.
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
The New Parliament met on the 21st of swearing in of members. On Thursday April, and from that day till Thursday the his Majesty opened the session in person ; 27th, both Houses were occupied in the and being seated on a new throne erected
for the purpose in the House of Lords, the perseverance, and had poisoned the minds Commons also being in attendance, the of the ignorant and unwary. King delivered the following speech : “ I rely upon the continued support of “ My Lords, and Gentlemen,
Parliament in my determination to main. “I have taken the earliest occasion of tain, by all the means entrusted to my assembling you here, after having recur. hands, the public safety and tranquillity. red to the sense of my people.
Deploring, as we all must, the distress “ In meeting you personally, for the which still unhappily prevails among first time since the death of my beloved many of the labouring classes of the comFather, I am anxious to assure you that I munity, and anxiously looking forward to shall always continue to imitate his great its removal or mitigation, it is in the mean example in unceasing attention to the pub- time our common duty, effectually to prolic interests, and in paternal solicitude for
tect the loyal, the peaceable, and the in. the welfare and happiness of all classes of dustrious, against those practices of turbu. my subjects.
lence and intimidation, by which the period “ I have received from Foreign Powers of relief can only be deferred, and by which renewed assurances of their friendly dispo- the pressure of the distress has been incalsition, and of their carnest desire to culti.
culably aggravated. vate with me the relations of peace and dangers which they have incurred, and of
" I trust that an awakened sense of the amity.
the arts which have been employed to se “ Gentlemen of the Ilouse of Commons, duce them, will bring back by far the great
66 The estimates for the present year er part of those who have been unhappily will be laid before you.
led astray, and will revive in them that “ They have been framed upon princi- spirit of loyalty, that due submission to the ples of strict economy; but it is to me a laws, and that attachment to the constitumatter of the deepest regret that the state
tion, which subsist unabated in the hearts of the country has not allowed me to dise of the great body of the people, and which, pense with those additions to our military under the blessing of divine Providence, force which I announced at the commence- have secured to the British Nation the enment of last Session of Parliament.
joyment of a larger share of practical free“ The first object to which your attention dom, as well as of prosperity and happiness, will be directed is the provision to be made than have fallen to the lot of any nation in for the support of the Civil Government, the world.” and of the honour and dignity of the The Address in answer to the Speech Crown.
was moved in the House of Lords by Lord " I leave entirely at your disposal my Granville, formerly Lord Leveson Gomer, interest in the hereditary revenues; and 1 and was seconded by Lord Howard of El. cannot deny myself the gratification of de
fingham. It was, as is customary on all claring, that, so far from desiring any ar such occasions, a mere echo of the Speech, rangement which might lead to the imposi- and consequently afforded nothing which tion of new burthens upon my people, or
any of the Opposition Lords felt themselves even might diminish, on my account, the justified in particularly opposing. Lord amount of the recluctions incident to my Holland declared, however, that he could not accession to the Throne, I can have no wishi, agree to that part which praised the wisunder circumstances like the present, that com and firmness of the late Parliament any addition whatever should be made to and its late measures, and he believed that the settlement adopted by Parliament in the late Restrictive Acts had had no share the year 1816.
in tranquillizing the country ; but that, on “ My Lords, and Gentlemen, the contrary, he was of opinion, they had “ Deeply as I regret that the machina- been productive of much evil. The Martions and designs of the disaffected should quis of Lansdowne hoped that the magnahave led, in some parts of the country, to nimous example of the Sovereign, in giracts of open violence and insurrection, I ing up his hereditary revenues to the discannot but express my satisfaction at the posal of Parliament, would be duly apprepromptitude with which these attempts ciated by the country, and followed on the have been suppressed by the vigilance and part of his Majesty's Ministers by the activity of the magistrates, and by the zeal. strictest attention to economy. He expresous co-operation of all those of my sub- sed a hope that trade would be relieved by jects whose exertions have been called forth ap abolition of some of the present heavy to support the authority of the laws.
prohibitory duties. The Earl of Liverpool “ The wisdom and firmness manifested said, his opinions on that subject were well by the late Parliament, and the due exe- known to many eminent men in trade; cution of the laws, have greatly contributo but for the present he was only anxious ed to restore confidence throughout the that nothing he might say should lead any kingdom; and to discountenance those one to embark in imprudent speculaprinciples of sedition and irreligion which tions. He assured the House that his Mahad been disseminated with such malignant jesty's example would induce Ministers to
apply themselves to every means of pru. pledged, by their votes on this occasion, to dential economy. The Address was ulti- approve of such measures, in reference to mately carried nem. diss.
some of the topics of the Address, as might In the House of Commons the Address be in the contemplation of his Majesty's was moved by Sir E. Knatchbull, and se. Ministers. There was a fuller attendance conded by Mr Wilmot, and was unani- of Members than usual on the first day of mously agreed to, after a few words from a Session. Lord Castlereagh was not in Mr Tierney and Sir F. Burdett, who guard the House. ed themselves against being considered as
NEW HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Bridport-*James Scott, "Chr. Spyrrier Those marked (+) are new for their re Bristol-R. H. Davis, H. Bright spective places.
Bucks Earl of Temple, +Hon. Rt. Smith Those marked (8) are returned for more Buckingham-Sir Geo. Nugent, Bart. W. than one place.
H. Fremantle Abingdon-John Maberly
Bury St Edmund-*Lord John Fitzroy, Alban's St-W. T. Robarts, *C. Smith +Hon. A. P. Upton Aldborough—H. Fynes, "G. C. Antrobus Callington—Sir C. Robinson, Bart. Hon. Aldeborough—Joshua Walker, tJa. Blair
E. P. Lygon Amersham-T. T. Drake, W. T. Drake Culne-Hon. Jas. Abercrombie, Jas. MacAndover-T. A. Smith, *Sir J. Pollen donald Anglesea Co.-*Earl of Uxbridge Cambridgeshire-Lord F. G. Osborne, Appleby—+Right Hon. G. Tierney, J. A. Lord C. S. Manners Dalrymple
CambridgeHon. F. W. Trench, *E. M. Arundel-Robert Blake, "Lord Bury
Cheere Ashburton—Sir L. V. Palk, Bart Sir Cambridge Univ.-Lord Palmerston, J. Singleton Copley
H. Smith Aylesbury-Lord Nugent, Wm. Rickford Camelford-*Earl of Yarmouth, .M. MilBanbury-Hon. H. Legge
bank Barnstaple--. M. Ommaney, Michael Canterbury-S. R. Lushington, Lord ClifNolan
Cardiganshire-W. E. Powell
Carlisle-Sir J. Graham, Bart. $J. C.
Carmarthenshire Hon. George Rice Beeralston-Lord Louvaine, Hon. Joce- Carmarthen-Hon. J. F. Campbell lyn Percy
Carnarvonshire-Sir Ko. Williams, Bart. Berkshire-Charles Dundas, Hon. Richard Carnarvon.-Hon. Charles Paget Neville
Castle Rising-Earl Rocksavage, Hon. F. Berwick_*Lord Ossulston, “Sir D. Milne Greville Howard Beverley—*G. L. Fox, J. H. Wharton Cheshire-D. Davenport, Wilbraham EBowdley-SW. A. Robarts
gerton Bishop's Castle Hon. Douglas Kinnaird, Chester-Lord Belgrave, General Gros
*Robert Knight, t-Holmes, "-Rogers, (a double return)
Chichester-Lord J. G. Lennox, Rt. Hon. Blechingley-Marquis of Tichfield, "Hon. W. Huskisson E. H. Edwards
Chippenham-*W. A. Madocks, *SJ. H. Bodmin-Davies Gilbert, J. W. Croker Grossett Boroughbridge-M. Lawson, *R. Spooner, Christchurch-Rt. Hon. W. S. Bourne,
G. Mundy, *H. Dawkins, (a double Rt. Hon. G. H. Rose return)
Cirencester-Lord Apsley, Joseph Cripps Bossiney-Sir C. Domville, Bart. Hon. J. Clitheroe-Hon. R. Curzon, Hon. W. Cust W, Ward
Cockermouth-Rt. Hon. J. Beckett, J. H. Boston-*Henry Ellis, "G. J. Heathcote Lowther Brackley-R. H. Bradshaw, H. Wrottesley Colchester-D. W. Harvey, James B. Bramber-Wm. Wilberforce, John Irving Wildman Breconshire-Colonel Wood
Corfe Castle Henry Bankes, Geo. Bankes Brecon—George G. Morgan
Cornwall—Sir Wm. Lemon, Bart. J. H. Bridgenorth— Thomas Whitmore, *W. W. Tremayne Whitmore
Coventry-E. Ellice, Peter Moore