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THE BLUE,RANK AND FILE, AT APPOMATTOX. whistle as they carried new life to the heart of the

Rebellion. It has run its last train for the Rebels, Extracts from a paper read before the California boys; we'll run it now for the Union ! So over the Commandery of the Loyal Legion, by Major Henry breastworks, once so dreaded : through the log vilT. Lee, Fourth New York Heavy Artillery. Copied lages, where the grey-backs hived; down into the from the Pacific American :

hollow, thick with grapevines; through the brook Major Lee states that the sketch was written in the

over the swamp, up the hill, and into the very arms hospital immediately after Lee's surrender, while the

of the Rebel rear guard, who, from their ambush on impressions of “that glorious campaign" were still

the verge of the South Side riad, in true traditional fresh and strong, and for the sole purpose of preserv- style, welcomed with bloody hands to hospitable ing them, so far as possible:

graves," full threescore of the Irish Brigade. Ah!

the bitterness of it! to know that "some one had I offer no philosophic bistory of the grand event,

blundered." no military criticism of the strategy and tactics of the campaign, but simply a running story of those

We fall back across the brook, lie still and rest glorious days from a mud-crusher's point of view. a while; two miles on the “queek, queek, tubhel The times of which I wrote were days of fierce enthu. queek,” with that tough fight on the top of it, en. siasm and fiery excitement; they were red hot days. titles us to rest, and soon the artillery comes thun

In March, 1865, there was very little of enthusiasm dering up, connection is formed to right and left, and in the Army of the Potomac. Even the war corre this time over we go in fine style, and the stars and spondents had failed to discover among the troops stripes flash at a hundred points along the South Side and report to their papers that wholesale “longing road. "The South Side”ours, Petersburg taken, Richfor the gory battlefield," in which they had dealt so mond gone up, fisteen thousand of Lee's Army already largely on the eve of other campaigns. As for the out of the fight, the rest scouring off as fast as their rank and file, we had sized up our duty in about this legs will carry them, and the Army of the Potomac way: We went where we were told, if we could con with Sheridan and Ord close upon their heels. Lee's veniently get there, and we stayed where we were put Army in full retreat, wi h their backs toward Rich: till it evidently was time to leave.

mond. Three cheers for us, boys! Since Gettysburg, when the grit of the Army of

Don't we feel sorry for the Rebs? Yes, of course the Potomac won that glorious victory, whose upfad we do; just precisely as they would for us, for in ing laurels so many generals' heads ache to wear, up these four years of hand-to-hand fight we have to the commencenient of the last campaign there had

learned to know each other well. Don't we glory in been no enthusiastic impulse in the long-suffering their pure American grit, as they fight us so grundly Army of the Potomac.

in this their very last ditch? To be sure the accession of General Grant to the So stick to it, boys, if the work is hard, and then, command, and the constant arrival of new troops, for home and laurels! So on we go, by Jetlersville, with their innocent eagerness to "know how a battle Amelia Court House, High Bridge, Sailor's Creek feels,” had at the outset of the Wilderness campaign and Farmvilie, Grant's inevitable and irresistible somewhat quickened the general pulse. But Virginia Left still reaching out and stopping them when they pines make tough breastworks, and men fighting un

would have made for Danville, till finally on the ever der the shadows of their ancestral homes are sturdy memorable Sunday, the 9th of April, it went clean opponents, and Gen. Lee was the greatest defensive 'round them at Appomattox Court House, shut the general the war developed.

road to Lynchburg, and Gen. Lee most sensibly conSo whatever enthusiasm the army might have had

cluded that it was time to throw up the sponge on was pretty well battered out of it by the time Gen. bebalf of the Southern Confederacy. Grant's tremendous left had finally forced Lee back I suppose it is seldom given to men to feel that upon his stronghold in Richmond, and we sat down very ecstacy and delirium of joy which rushed over before it to wouder how much better off the Union the Army of the Potomac when Lee surrendered. cause really was than it had been when our army un

We had been expecting it; the most inveterate grumder McClelland occupied nearly the same position

bler had given in, and all we thought and talked just three years before. * * * But all this time Sher about was the surrender of its probable time and idan, the left hand man of Grant, the Left handed,

circumstance. was at work, and at the Five Forks struck the enemy

Since day break there had been a furious galloping a blow that made him reel from Dinwiddie to Rich to and fro of gilded aide, who seemed to carry the mond. And then along the whole line we all went in,

fate of armies on their shoulder straps, and whose and on the 2d of April fairly unearthed the fox. heads were evidently bursting with missions of in

From that time on there was enthusiasm enough finite importance. In vain we strove to check their in the Army of the Potomac. On the morning of

mad career; in vain were canteens and whisky Aasks the 2nd we were slowly feeling our way back from the

waved in their very faces as they dashed madly by. Five Forks, whither we bad gone the night before to And then we knew that the end was dear. support Sheridan, when, like a military Gilpin, came Then Gen. Meade himself, preceded by a score of tearing along a gallant German of our division staff, bug'ers vociferously sounding, and followed by genshrieking at the top of his voice, “By ze right flank eral and staff officers innumerable, rode rapidly to -vile righeet-queek-queek-tubbel queek-ze en the front. Still, there was slight contingency of emee have left ze vorroucke!”

doubt. Of course the power of the rebel army as an So up and ho! for the South Side road, whose en army was forever broken, but might not the Johunies gines have so often mocked us with their taunting get off in squads and bands, and thereby force us to

hunt them for an indefinite length of time through and praise, while others still lie stretched among the those mysterious mountains, for whose fastnesses little pines, and cry and sob and moan because their Gen. Lee had so earnestly longed.

na ures cannot contain the crowding joy. All these, and many other considerations of equal And still from the vast multitude, seething and weight, were we anxiously discussing that Sunday swaying on yonder gently sloping hillside, the deafmorning as we lay massed, with arms stacked, not a eniog din of voices, drums and trumpets still goes half mile from Appomattox Court House.


For a brief moment now and then, the clamor But hark! To our atteutive ears a swilling tumult rounds itself into the grand swelling strains of “Old comes from the direction of the Court House. Soon Hundred," "The Star-Spangled Banner," or "Marchwe distinguish the joyful clang of bugles, the beating ing Along." And the waving banners keep time to of armed hoofs and the fainter cheer of human voices. the solemn movement; but the ecstacy is still too

What makes our cheeks so pale, our eyes so bright, intense for method, and each voice and trumpet, our hearts so still? So we stand, an army turned to drum and banner, rejoices for itself again. stone, and with compressed lips and solemn, eager Surely never was such rejoicing an this. The quick faces, look earnestly and steadfastly toward the west. leaping blood expands its vessels. Our hearts swell The noise of voices swells and deepene, the bugle's and lighten infinitely, and lift us clear away from victorious din splits the very air, the clang of sabres earth and sense, and we dwell for a moment in the swells the tumult, and a thousand thundering hoofs elysium of perfect joy. shake the ground.

After years of desperate struggle and frequent deOut of the dark pine woods, down the rock-strewn feat, the fierce, tumultuous joy of victory Avods our road, like a regiment of whirlwinds they come;

souls with its volcanic flame, tempered and steadied Meade, bareheaded leading them, his grave, scholarly and purified by the glowing fires of patriotism. face flushed with radiance, both arms in the air and Who ever paid greater tribute to the valor of the shouting with all his voice: “It's all over, boys! Confederate soldier than is given out in the foreLee's surrendered! It's all over, now!” Close behind tears along his own proper staff, striving with going? It is fitting that permanent and general all their might to distance the confused crowd of record be made of the profound sensation the sur. general and staff officers, who, in defiance of all render of Robert E. Lee had upon the most powerful order, ride in point of precedence as their horses and army then marshalled on the earth. Pity the people horsemanship deci le, all yelling and cheering and

80 forgetful and so narrow as not to pay homage to waving their hats and swords. Behind them two squadrons of cavalry bring up the rear, and behave,

the heroism that was loyal and steadfast under such as do all, like devils possessed.

trials! Confederate heroes will appreciate the courTh-y sweep around and into the open space where teous references to our side throughout the foregoing. the bulk of the Second Corps lies. In an instant they are engulfed in the living sea. The men listen for a moment to the words of their leaders, and then up to the heavens goes such a shout as none of them will ever hear again. And see! The air is black with hats and boots, coate, knapsacks, shirts and cartridge boxes, blankets and shelter tents, can: teens and haversacks. They fall on each other's necks and laugh and cry by turns. Huge, lumbering, bearded men embrace and kiss like schoolgirls, and then dance and sing and shout, stand on their heads and play at leapfrog with each other.

The standard bearers bring their war-worn colors to the center of the mass and unfurl their tattered beauties amid the redoubleil shouts of the maddened crowd. The band and drum corps seek the same cen: twr, and not a stone's throw apart, each for its.lf, a dozen bands and a hundred drums make discordant concert such as before the continent never heard.

All the time from the hills around the deepmouthed cannon give their harmless thunders, and at each hollow boom the vast concourse rings out its joy anew that murderous shot and shell no longer follow close the accustomed sound.

But soon from the edges of the surging mass, here and there, with bowed heads and downcast eyes men FORTSUMTER 1865, AFTER 580 DAYS AND NIGHTS BOMBARDMENT walk slowly to the neighboring woods. Some sit down among the spreading roots and, with their J. L. Mattison, Jacksonville, Ala:— Replying to heade buried in their hands, drink in the full cup of inquiry about Capt. J. C. Francie, of Gen. Bragg's joy till the whole being feels the suhtle influence of Headquarters, would say he died January 4th, 1886. the sweet intoxication, and others in due and ancient His brother, Joe H. Francis, is now in business in form, on bended knees, breathe forth their gratitude New York City, where he has lived since 1869.


GEN. LEE'S BIRTHDAY IN NEW YORK. said : This camp of old soldiers has existed for the

last four years with one object in view beyond all The fifth annual dinner of the Confederate Vet

o: hers, viz. : To be kind and charitable the one to the eran Camp of New York was given at Scottish Rite

other, to provide assistance to those who are unfor: Hall, January 19th, in honor of the memory of Gen.

tunate, and aged, to close their eyes in death, and R E. Lee. About one hundred and seventy five were

then to provide for them a suitable burial place and seated at the fire tables. In response to “The Day

mark the spot with a little marble slab, to tell who We Celebrate," and "The Star Spangled Banner,'

they were, and what they had been. This assemblage two of our Northern friends responded. The most

of scarred veterans comprises to their view, as true interesting feature of the evening was the presence

patriots as have ever written their names in a counof Mrs. Jefferson Davis, who occupied, with Mrs.

try's history. They have not formed this camp with Gebbart, of Cumberland, Md., and Mrs. Gillen, of

any thought of wrong, or with any intention to injure Mississippi, a box in the gallery of the hall. She

any man. They do not assemble to brood over their was greeted with cheers, again and again, as (leaning disappointments, or to criticise our Government, heavily on a cane) she walked slowly to her seat,

either State or National. In their meetings th-y while the orchestra played Dixie.

neither discuss politics nor religion, but they meet beDuring the evening many of those present paid

cause they wish to perpetuate memories that are drar their respects to the widow of the Confederacy's

to them. They have united for purposes of benevoPresident. Many other Southern ladies were present

lonce and kindness; they wish to make the Society strong enough to lean upon when they are aged and weak, and need protection and care, and they all feel that their lives as soldiers, when they were young, adventurous, and ambitious, was the most in portant period of their existence. They love to recall happy memories of the bivouac, of the tented field, and to tell of the prowess of their commanders and their comrades, and to relate stories of adventure, particular.y those that were humorous in their character, and worthy of being treasured as "good stories." They like to be amused with their old war songs, and to recall the peculiarities of both the whites and the blacks, as they were before the war. In a social point of view, this is particularly interesting to our old soldiers, aud where is the Southern man “with soul so dead" that he could fail to appreciate such an object? The gallant soldier of the North looks upon our Confederate Veteran Camp with chivalrous admiration, and would laugh to scorn the sol. dier of the Confederate Army who feared that he might be censured at the North, in his business connections or otherwise, for preserving recollections and incidents of which he should be proud.

And now, comrades, it has been your pleasure to honor me again by recalling me to the command of

your Camp. I was your first commander, and I have COL. A. G. DICKINSOS.

by experience learned what is pleasant about this Col. A. G, Dickinson, commander of the Camp, position and what is serious and trying. But our presided, and seated with him at the principal table

troubles are our secrets, our pleasures belong to our were Col. Albert Stickney, Gen. Martin T. McMahon, friends. It is with our pleasures that we have to Congressman elect H. C. Mineo, Isidor Strauss, Dis. deal this evening, and the one that is most prominent trict Attorney Fellows, H. W. Knight, Post Com

in my mind and heart is to announce in behalf of mander of U. S. Grant Post, Grand Army of the Re

the Camp our sincere welcome to the noble matrons, public, and Rev. G. S. Baker. Among others were

and their daughters, of the Southern States who are Charles A. Deshon, President Southern Society, H. present here to night, and who participated in our R. Gardeer, Judge R. A. Van Wyck, Gen. H. M. Nel joys and our griefs, as well as the perils and misfor son, Col. W. W. Tayleure, and Dr. C. C. Fite.

tunes of those eventful days that tried our souls. Col. Dickinson made an address, welcoming the

When I look upon their dear faces or come into their guests and giving a history of the Camp, etc. A presence the very air seems purer that I breathe, and toast, in honor of the memory of Gen. R. E. Lee,

the most chivalrous and romantic feelings are rewas drunk in silence, which was responded to, in the

aroused as I bow at the shrine of a true divinity. ahsence of Col. Mosby, by W. S. Kelly. Other

Self-sacrificing and devoted woman of the South, sperches were resonded to by District Attorney your name as emblazoned upon the pages of history Fellows, Col. Albert Stickney and Walter S. Logan. is without parallel, and all high-toned, noble Amer. During the dinner Southern airs were ply-d by the

icans must render to you the meed of praise, which orchestra. "Dixie' and "Old Kentucky Home" were belongs to your modesty, your heroism, your virtues, sung by the company. In the address Col. Dickinson and your accomplishments.


But I must depart from this delightful theme or I FOIBLES OF FANCY AND RHYMES OF THE TIMES. will encroach upon the toast "To Woman," whereas my only object is to bid a hearty welcome to all our Dr. Orion T. Dozier, of Birmingham, Ala., sent the guests, who have done us the honor to meet us upon

VETERAN a neat and beautiful book with the above this great occasion. I say great, not on account of

title. A hasty glance at the titles of the poems was the d nner, not by reason of the fact that noble, hon- at once given and the volume laid aside. It reaporable, and brave men, of all sections, have met us pears, and a more careful perusal is much to the at this banquet, but because of the day we celebrate.

credit of the author. He does not expect to become It is the natal day of the immortal Lee, that self

"famous" by the book, but to continue his vocation sacrificing and devoted hero and patriot, who gave

“at the same old stand." The author's education was tone and character to every action of his life. As abridged by the war, which began when he was fourgentle and as sweet as a child in his domestic life, teen. Four years then in the Confederate Army put the friend of all humanity, he enshrined himself in him under the necessity of paying court to Mammon the hearts of all his countrymen, and won through

and that prevented fond "worship at the shrine of the gifts that had been conferred upon him by na

Minerva and the Muses." While the Doctor has ture's God all the admiration that could be testowed never had opportunity for literary pursuits, he has upon a mortal. This is not a solemn occasion-on occasionally written verses for his own amusement, the contrary it is one of rejoicing. Our whole coun- or to please friends. This volume comprises such try is united by indissoluble bonds of peace, content

of these as he rescued from a fire that burned his ment, and happiness.

office two years ago and what he has written since. Our guests, who are assembled here to-night, repre

Dr. Dozier dedicated the volume "To the ex-Soldiers sent collectively the highest order of intellect, of

of the Southern Confederacy." morality and truthfulness. A quarter of a century

The book has a clear frontispiece in the author's has done its work well; the atmosphere has been

picture. Its departments are "Campaign and Papurified, and the faithful servants of this great re- triotic, Song and Sentiment, Humor and Dialect.” public have been recognized and rewarded. Our rep

The first piece is on the Stars and Bars, facing in resentatives have been called to important and to

colors the first Confederate flag. He concludes the high places. It is the principle of our people, whose

volume with verses in a dialect on “Kickers." inalienable rights no man will ever be bold enough

“An' I dont care one fiddlestick to gainsay, to place in commanding positions our

For what dese kickers say,

I've paid de printers for de job best men, whether born in the North, South, East or

So let 'em kick and bray." West. "In union there is strength," and I rejoice

Copies of the book will be supplied by the Vet. that to-night we see in this assemblage a collection

ERAN at the owner's price. Cloth $1, paper 50 cents. of men and women actuated by patriotic love of our common country. We are now under the same government, the same

THE HERO IN GRAY, BY R. B. STRATTON. flag; we have the same laws, we read the same Bible,

"The Hero in Gray” is the title of a book written and worship the same God. And we are the same people, with the same hopes, the same aspirations, by a blind Confederate soldier who has adopted this and the same destiny.

nieans to try and make a support for himself and

family. The book is richly worth fifty cents to any The attractive card of the Livura Manufacturipg

one who takes an interest in Confederate matters. Company gives notice of a "toilet luxury fragrant

The author and book are endorsed by Garland Rhodes with the attar of roses” which the VETERAN com

Camp of Confederate Veterans. mends. They have moved from Nashville, Tenn., to 111 Duane Street, New York, but the address has not THE AMERICAN LIFE ANNUITY COMPANY. been changed in this number.

On back-cover page of this VETERAN there will be Comrades recently inaugurated a movement at seen the extraordinary notice that $10,000 insurance Amelia Court House to perfect the rolls of the various was paid “forth with” to the widow of the late Col. companies that went from the county. Major C. R. W, L Clarke. See facsimile of her receipt. The Irving, the Senior surviving officer of his rank, was VETERAN has mentioned heretofore the high financial called to the chair, and John A. Gills was made standing of President Mr. Edgar Jones, of the Annusecretary. Committees were appointed, and plans ity Company. No financier in the State ranks above were formulated. A monument association may him. The Secretary of the company, Mr. J. Claude possibly grow out of the movement,

Martin, has been engaged in the active management

of a life insurance corporation the past twelve years, To THE VETERAN: Annapolis, M. D., January 22d,

and he has made the science of insurance a specialty, 1895.-The ex-Confederates living in this vicinity

80 that patrons may rest assured of faithfulness and met to-day and organized a Camp, naming it "The accuracy in their transactions. Apply to Mr. Martin George H. Stewart Camp of Confederate Veterans,"

or to any other representative of the company. with Louis Green, Commander; Eugene Worthington, Lt. Commander, and James W. Owens, Adjutant. W. R. Dougherty, Coldwater, Miss: Please correct

A resolution was adopted recognizing the CONFED- in the VETERAN from January statement that Major ERATE VETERAN, published by S. A. Cunningham, A. S. Vandergriff instead of Major Smith commanded of Nashville, Tenn., as the official organ of this Camp. the Fifth Alabama Battallion at Seven Pines.



Confederate Veteran. the world. She prospered with a Havana hotel. At

the close of our great war she was rich, and gave 8. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Prop'r, S. W. MEEK, Publisher.

homes to Confederates who went to Havana. Of

the number were Jefferson Davis and family. In a Office: 208 WORTI COLLEGE STREET, NASHVILLE, TENN.

personal letter, Mrs. Davis, who was notified of her This publication is the personal property of $. A. Cunningham. All

death, which occurred at Nashville, February 9th, persons who approve its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for Asociations throughout the South, are requested to commend its patron

states: age and to co-operate in extending it.

Just up from quite a severe at

tack of illness, my dear friend's death has depressed Appeals for help are made through the VETERAN, me more than I can readi'y express. and responses are just such as might be expected I have never seen a woman of more sterlinz, noble from a noble people. So quick and cordial is atten. qualities than she had. As Mr. Davis affectionately tion given that it will not fail under any circum said of her once: ‘Had Mrs. Brewer been a man she stances, if possible, to warn against imposition. would have made a great and honorable name in the

Such appeals are having grave consideration, and world.' As a woman, she labored for the good of pathetic as are the circumstances, the VETERAN con those who needed her care, dispensed a wide cbarity, siders that much harm may come of sending peti. not for ostentation or the praises of mankind, but for tions to the entire South for individual benefits. the love of humanity. No one could know her with The precedent is bad, and request is now made of out feeling respect for her integrity of mind. * * * comrades who expect to attend the reunion a: Hous It would have given me mournful pleasure to follow ton to formulate some plan, whereby aid may be her dear remains to their last resting place." rendered quickly, in isolated and extreme cases of need, through a committee appointed by the U. C. V. Judge Nathaniel Baxter, a father of Veterans, deFor instance, if a comrade is in distress, and serves extended notice here. Recently he retired located away from a camp or friends who might help, in usual health, and on Sunday morning messages this committee could supply his needs temporarily were sent to his sons in different parts of the city from a fund that could be created from all sections, that he had fallen asleep. The writer was favored and then let all contributions be sent through com with apartment in private car by Judge Baxter to the mittees who would keep accurate account. The Birmingham reunion, on which occasion the Judge VETERAN has not only given the time, but bas incur was especially agreeable. He told many stories of red expense in helping where there was much merit interest. One is here given about Jas. K. Polk when beyond all doubt, but it has exercised its influence in going to Washington as President of the United securing donations to be sent direct. It now asks for

States. Mr. Baxter was a young lawyer at the time, co-operation by comrades, so that after the Houston

and he rode near the head of a long procession to meeting, public appeals will never be made, except to Nashville, and he happened to have change for the supply funds in such way that donors may know the

President's toll at the turnpike gates, as the keeper extent of charity to applicants.

could not change Mr. Polk's bill. Long afterward,

Mr. Polk called at his oflice, saying he wanted to pay Each State can ceriainly supply its afllicted, and

what he owed him. Mr. Baxter was embarrassed, as a rule Siate Relief Committees are suggested, not having expected reference to be made of the triwhile it might be well to have a small fund to be fing amount, and so was Mr. Polk, but he added : “ It used by the general U. C. V. Committee suggested. will relieve me very much if you will accept, for I

don't owe another cent in the world,” The death roll of those who take deepest interest

When the reunion at Birmingham was over, the in the VETERAN lengthens rapidly. A mere mention

venerable gentleman tarried to visit the locality near

Elyton, where fifty-seven years before he had erij yed of their names would occupy much of its space each

a rest, while a volunteer for the war in Florida. month. Now and then the record includes those

Those who know the upright, kind. hearted man, are whose services were expected to continue far beyond ever anxious to give expressions in his honor. He what can be realized.

was of North Carolina stock, but born in Temessee, The VETERAN has already told of the unstinted

in 1812. The life of fourscore and two years went

out as peacefully as the setting sun. zeal of Mrs. Sarah E. Brewer, in behalf of the cause of causes to the Southern people.

A Grand Encampment of the Texes Volunteer Mrs. Brewer was reared in Tennessre, but in early Guard, will be had at Houston, May 20 to 24. life she was bereft of patrimony, beseft of health, and

There will be given six prizes in Infantry aggre. was a widow. By going to Cuba as a governess, her gating $850, two in Artillery, $150, two in Cavalry,

$150. Prizes are to be given to hands $100, Druin occupation, about that time, suddenly ended, and, in

and Fife Corps, $50, and in Zouaves, $ 0, for one desperate straits, she secured advance payments

company, and if there be two entries, $100 for the from boarders, which enabled her to get a start in first prize. Railroads convey the Military free.

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