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WHEELER'S RAID IN MIDDLE TENNESSEE.

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man, who represented him at Vicks-, terward, by Col. E. M. McCook, who, burg, did not receive the dispatch till with three regiments of cavalry, had it was several days old. Hurlbut been ordered from Bridgeport to purpromptly put his West Tennessee sue him. McCook had the better of corps in motion eastward ; but this the fight; but darkness closed it; and was not enough; and Halleck, on the enemy moved off during the night, learning of the reverse on the Chick- while McCook had no orders to puramauga-hearing nothing from Grant sue him. or Sherman—detached the 11th Wheeler next struck McMinnville, and 12th corps from the Army of in the heart of Tennessee, which, with the Potomac, and ordered them, un- 600 men, a train of wagons, and one der Gen: Hooker, to Middle Tennes- of cars, was surrendered to him withsee, to hold, till further orders, Rose-out a struggle, and where he burned crans's line of communications from a large quantity of supplies. But Nashville to Bridgeport. This trans- here he was overhauled by Gen. Geo. fer of 20,000 men, with all their ar Crook, who, with another cavalry tillery, munitions, and baggage, was division, 2,000 strong, had started made with remarkable celerity, from Washington, Tenn., and had for through the extraordinary exertions some hours been pursuing and fightof Gen. D. C. McCallum, govern- ing Wharton, and by whose order ment superintendent of railroads, M. Col. Long, with the 2d Kentucky, ('. Meigs, Quartermaster General, and charged the rear of the now flying foe W. Prescott Smith, master of trans- with spirit and effect. Wheeler's portation on the Baltimore and Ohio force being superior, he halted and road: the two corps marching from fought dismounted till dark, and then the Rapidan to Washington, taking struck out for Murfreesboro’; but that cars, and being transported by Cum- post was firmly held, and he could berland, Wheeling, Cincinnati, Lou- not wait to carry it; so he swept isville, and Nashville, to the Tennes down to Warren and Shelbyville, see, and there debarked in fighting burning bridges, breaking the railarray, within eight days.

road, and capturing trains and stores, Meantime, Bragg had sent a large taking thence a south-west course portion of his cavalry, under Wheel- across Duck river to Farmington, er and Wharton, across the Ten- where another fight " was had, and nessee at Cottonport, between Chat- the Rebels worsted by the fire of tanooga and Bridgeport, instructed to Capt. Stokes's battery, followed by a cut our communications and destroy charge of infantry, and lost 4 guns,

, our supplies so far as possible. Wheel captured by Crook, though he was er, doubtless thoroughly informed, in inferior force. Wheeler got away made directly for a large portion of during the night to Pulaski, and Gen. Thomas's train of 700 to 1,000 thence into North Alabama; making wagons, laden with supplies, then in his escape across the Tennessee river, Sequatchie valley, near Anderson's near the mouth of Elk; losing 2 more Cross-roads, which he captured" and guns and his rear-guard of 70 men burned; being attacked, directly af- in getting over. Gens. Thomas and * Sept. 23.

Sept. 30.
VOL. II.-28

78

78

78 Oct. 2.

80 Oct. 7.

Crook estimate his lass during this, Brig.-Gen. W. F. Smith, chief engiraid at 2,000 men, mostly prisoners neer, to examine the river below Chator deserters. Ours, mainly in pris- tanooga with reference to crossing. It oners, must have exceeded that num was decided that Hooker should cross ber; while the Government property at Bridgeport with all the force he destroyed must have been worth mil could muster, advancing directly to lions of dollars. Roddy, who crossed Wauhatchie in Lookout valley, menathe Tennessee at Guntersville, threat-cing Bragg with a flank attack. So ening Decherd, retreated on learning much was to be observed and underthat Wheeler had done so, and escaped stood by the enemy. But, while his without loss.

attention was fixed on this move

ment, and on the march of a divisGen. Grant, having assumed at ion, under Gen. Palmer, down the Louisville command of his new de- north bank of the river from a point partment, telegraphed, next day, to opposite Chattanooga to Whiteside, Gen. Thomas at Chattanooga to hold where he was to cross and support that place at all hazards, and was Hooker, a force was to be got ready, promptly answered, “I will hold on under the direction of Smith, and, till we starve.” Famine, not fire, was at the right moment, thrown across the foe most dreaded by the Army the river at Brown's ferry, three or of the Cumberland, though it had four miles below Chattanooga, and a pretty rough experience of both. pushed forward at once to seize the Proceeding forth with to Chattanoo- range of hills skirting the river at ga, the new commander found" Gen. the mouth of Lookout valley, coverHooker's force concentrated at Bridge- ing the Brown's ferry road and a port, preparing to argue with Bragg pontoon bridge to be quickly thrown our claim to supply our forces at across the ferry; thus opening a line Chattanooga by means of the river of communication between our forces and the highway along its bank, in- in Chattanooga and Hooker's in Waustead of sending every thing by wag- hatchie, shorter and better than that ons across the mountains on either held by Braygo around the foot of side of the Sequatchie valley-a Lookout mountain. most laborious and difficult under Hooker crossed, unimpeded, on taking, which left our men on short the 26th; pushing straight on to rations and starved many of our WAUITATCHIE, which he reached on horses. It is computed that no less the 28th. Meantime, 4,000 men had than 10,000 horses were used up in been detailed to Smith; of whom this service, and that it would have 1,800, under Brig.-Gen. Hazen, were been impossible, by reason of their embarked on 60 pontoon-boats at exhaustion and the increasing bad- Chattanooga, and, at

the word, ness of the roads caused by the Au- floated quietly down the river during tumn rains, to have supplied our army the night of the 27th, past the Rebel a week longer.

pickets watching along the left bank, Grant proceeded, the day after his and, landing on the south side, at arrival, accompanied by Thomas and Brown's ferry, seized the hills over

67 Oct. 18.

83 Oct. 23.

81 Oct. 1l.

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